Charops eduardoi Santos & Onody

Santos, Alvaro Doria Dos, Onody, Helena Carolina & Brandão, Carlos Roberto Ferreira, 2019, Taxonomic contributions to the genus Charops Holmgren, 1859 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), with description of seven new species from Brazil, Zootaxa 4619 (1), pp. 45-76: 52-55

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4619.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:44177B4C-17ED-4EA6-B32C-2DA5D9F35B32

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D008C449-FFB6-FF93-FF7E-FD46FACFFF5D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Charops eduardoi Santos & Onody
status

sp. nov.

Charops eduardoi Santos & Onody   sp. nov.

( Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 A–H, 11D, 13)

Material examined: Holotype: ♀ ( MPEG 03048867 View Materials ), BRASIL: Pará, Belém, Mocambo, Malaise , 16.ix.2011, Rocha, J.; Santos, I.; Lobo, D. PIBIC.;  

Paratypes: 1 ♂ ( DCBU 330663 View Materials ), Amazonas , Manaus 14.vi.1979   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 186492 View Materials ), same data except 2f 3 km 23, 22.x.1986   .; 1 ♀ ( INPA), 26km NE Manaus Reserva Ducke , 10.xi.1988   , J. A. Rafael, Arm. Suspensa 20m.; 1 ♀ ( INPA), Novo Aripuanã , Res. [Reserva] Soka, 17–25.viii.1999, Malaise, J. F. Vidal & A. L. Henriques col.   ; 6 ♂ ( MZSP 21057 View Materials , 21059 View Materials , 21067 View Materials , 21068 View Materials , 21070 View Materials , 21071 View Materials ), Ceará , Crateús , Serra das Almas– Grajau, 05º07’05”S 40º52’25”W, 03–08.vi.2009, Brandão & Eq. col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( UFES 92517 View Materials ), Espírito Santo , Santa Teresa Est. [Estação] Biol. [Biológica] Santa Lúcia, 13–17.x.2008   , Tavares, M. T. & eq. col.; 1?# ( CEIOC 34575), Faz. [Fazenda] Je- rusalém, 20.ii.1914   , J. F. Zikan; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 150388), Minas Gerais, São Roque de Minas , Serra da Canastra, 20º18’48.4”S 46º31’46.1”W, Malaise 03 (850m), 04.x.2009, J. F. Nunes col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 279220 View Materials ), Serra da Man- tiqueira (RPPN–APA–UCF), 22°21’16”S 44°47’56”W, Armadilha Malaise 1 (1443m), 25.x.2015 GoogleMaps   , A. S. Soares e L. A. M. Soares cols; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330660 View Materials ), Sete Lagoas Malaise , 13–27.iii.2000, I. Cruz col.   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330662 View Materials ), same data except 15–30.v.2000   , 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330661 View Materials ), same data except 29.v–12.vi.2000   , 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330659 View Materials ), same data except 11–12.ix.2000   , 1 ♀ ( DCBU 148215 View Materials ), same data except EMBRAPA Milho e Sorgo, 19º28’16.8”S 44º10’33.8”W, Armadilha Malaise, 741m, 19–29.xii.2011 GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048869 View Materials ), Pará , same data as holotype   .; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048870 View Materials ), same data except 26.vii.2011   .; 1 ♂ ( MZSP 62098 View Materials ), same data except EMBRAPA/CPATU, Malaise , 16.ix.1978   , A. X. Morati; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048871 View Materials ), same data except Tenoné , 23.vi.1999   .; 2 ♀ ( MPEG 03048872 View Materials , 03048873 View Materials ), same data except Parque crocodilo zoo, Isca Mutum, 30.vii.1999   , J.M.F. Ribeiro; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048874 View Materials ), same data except 27.x.1999   ; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048875 View Materials ), Morelândia , 4–7.vii.1988   , malayse, J. Dias.; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048876 View Materials ), Ourém , Patauateva, 23.viii.1992   , Malayse, B. Mascarenhas; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048877 View Materials ), S. [São] João de Pirabas , Boa Esperança, 18–24.x.1990   , armadilha suspensa 10m, A. L. Henriques; 1 ♀ ( CESC 9446), Rio Grande do Sul , Santa Cruz do Sul, Cinturão Verde, 05.iv.2004   , M. G. Hermes; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 135578 View Materials ), Rondônia , Porto Velho, Reserva do Cuniã, 8º50’18.97”S 63º52’21”W, 158,15m, Armadilha Malaise, 26.i.2011, A. S. Soares col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( MZSP 62097 View Materials ), same data except Rio Madeira , Área Caiçara , AHE Jirau, 09º 26’ 14.6”S 64º 49’ 58.2”W, Transectos C 2–C4, Margem Direita, Malaise, 28.iv–12.v.2013, Fernandes, F col GoogleMaps   ,; 1 ♀ ( INPA), Roraima , Ilha de Maracá, 21–30.xi.1987   , Malaise, J. A. Rafael e equipe col.; 1 ♀ ( LRRP 10224), São Paulo , Luís Antônio , Est. [Estação] Ecológica de Jatai , Mata Ciliar , Arm. [Armadilha] Luminosa, 21º36’47”S, 47º49’04”W Ponto 2, 23.xii.2008. R. I. R. Lara & Equipe col. GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 76209 View Materials ), Ribeirão Grande , Parque Estadual de Intervales, 24º16’23.6”S 48º25’21.8”W, Armadilha Malaise 5, 22.iii.2010 GoogleMaps   , N. W. Perioto e eq. cols.; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330664 View Materials ), São Carlos UFS- Car, Cerrado Malaise 21º58’S 47º53’W, 20.x.1998 A. M. Penteado–Dias col. GoogleMaps   ; 1?# ( DCBU 176880 View Materials ), Teodoro Sam- paio, Sítio PEMD, 22°3’’61”S 52°21’43”W, armadilha Malaise (355m), 17.ix.2011, P. R. Lopes col.  

Diagnosis. Relatively large sized; antenna with 50–53 flagellomeres; supraclypeal area subquadrate; width of supraclypeal area 1.07× its height; juxtacoxal carina complete, with first perpendicular carina reaching pleural carina, ovipositor straight.

Description. Female ( Fig. 4H View FIGURE 4 ): Fore wing 6.8–8mm.

Head. Densely punctate and covered with setae; lateral height of head 0.70–0.84× the size of mesopleuron; mandibles short and stout, apex 0.73–0.8× as wide as base, upper tooth broader than the lower tooth; malar space 0.38–0.51× as long as basal width of mandible; inner margin of eyes parallel near clypeus; supraclypeal area subquadrate ( Fig. 4A View FIGURE 4 ); width 1.05–1.1× its height; lateral ocellus separated from eye by 0.15–0.33× its own diameter; interocellar distance 0.70–1.05× diameter of lateral ocelli; interocellar area with sparse small setae; antenna with 51–53 flagellomeres; width of first flagellomere 3.75–4.07× its height; height of second flagellomere 0.51–0.57× height of first flagellomere; last flagellomere cone shaped with a rounded apex, occipital area slightly imbricate.

Mesosoma   . Pronotum dorsolaterally imbricate, laterally and ventrolaterally polished with transverse wrinkles; epomia present reaching the base of mesoscutum; mesoscutum punctate; scutellum and post scutellum densely covered with setae; mesopleuron dorsolaterally reticulate, with several complete wrinkles and covered with setae; speculum denudate with faint wrinkles ( Fig. 4C View FIGURE 4 ); epicnemial carina present, reaching only mid part of mesopleuron; mesopleuron ventrally foveolate without wrinkles and covered with setae; sternaulus absent; posterior transverse carina of mesosternum forming two conspicuous teeth produced near the coxal area; metapleuron punctate and covered with setae with its posterior part densely covered with setae; juxtacoxal carina complete with first perpendicular carina reaching pleural carina, second, third and fourth perpendicular carinae present, reaching pleural carina; juxtacoxal area reticulate; pleural carina complete; spiracle elliptical with its width 0.36–0.45× the spiracle height; propodeum hairy and reticulose; petiolar area, areola and basal area with vestigial wrinkles ( Fig. 4B View FIGURE 4 ); lateral longitudinal carina of propodeum incomplete not reaching propodeum neck; median longitudinal carina of propodeum complete; propodeum neck 0.76–0.86× the size of hind coxa.

Legs. Height of fore t1 0.69–0.79× height of fore t2–t5; height of mid legs with t1 0.76–0.85× height of mid t2–t5; height of hind legs with t1 0.79–0.82× height of hind t2–t5.

Wings. Hyaline and covered with small setae; fore wing: vein 1cu-a arising after of 1M+Rs; vein 2/Cu 1.59–2× the size of 2cu-a; vein 1/Rs+M curved; bulla of 1/Rs+M placed after its midlength near 2/M; 2/RS 0.28–0.40× as long as 2/M; bulla of 2m-cu placed near 2/M 0.19–0.4× the distance between the bulla and 4/Cu vein; hind wing: vein 1-Rs forming a curve with 1r-m angle; hind wing with 5 hamuli.

Metasoma. Tergites imbricate; first tergite with sparse small setae, first sternite glabrous with subpetiolar process ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ) sinuous on its anterior part and almost straight on its posterior part; tergite II 0.82–0.88× the length of tergite I; remaining tergites and sternites finely punctate covered with small setae; thyridium rounded ( Fig. 4E View FIGURE 4 ); ovipositor sheath covered with setae; ovipositor straight, with 1.66–2.02 mm long; ovipositor notch not deep ( Fig. 4G View FIGURE 4 ), distant from apex 0.38–0.47× length of ovipositor; ovipositor notch angle 113–131º; ovipositor ventral valve with a lobe near apex.

Color. Pubescence golden. Head: black; palpi yellow; mandibles yellow with brown teeth; ocelli pale yellow; antenna dark brown, scape and pedicel bicolored, anteriorly yellow and posteriorly brown. Mesosoma   : black; tegula, fore leg yellow with t5 brown; mid leg with black and yellow coxae, trochanter and t4 yellow, t5 brown; hind leg coxae black with light brown trochantellus, femur to t5 brown, tibial spurs light brown. Metasoma: first sternite light brown; first tergite brown ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ); tergite II dorsally dark brown and ventrally orange brown with a distinct black stripe on its posterior part, thyridium pale brown; sternite II dark yellow; remaining tergites dorsally black and ventrally orange brown; remaining sternites dark-yellow; ovipositor sheaths and cerci black, ovipositor orangish brown.

Male ( Fig. 11D View FIGURE 11 ): Similar to female in structure and color, except: lateral height of head 0.71–0.8× the size of mesopleuron; apex 0.87–0.96× as wide as base; malar space 0.43–0.60× as long as basal width of mandible; width of supraclypeal area 0.94–1.1× its height; lateral ocellus separated from eye by 0.31–0.46× its own diameter; antenna with 50–52 flagellomeres; width of first flagellomere 2.8–4.9× its height; height of second flagellomere 0.51–0.67× height of first flagellomere; spiracle width 0.2–0.36× its height; propodeum neck 0.82–0.96× size of hind coxae; fore leg with height of t1 0.71–0.80× height of fore t2–t5, mid legs with height of t1 0.81–0.89× height of mid t2–t5 and hind legs with height of t1 0.71–0.83× height of hind t2–t5; length of tergite 2 0.85–0.92× length of tergite 1; gonoforceps and cercus also black.

Biology: Host unknown.

Comments: Very similar to Charops katiae   sp. nov. from which it can be easily differentiated by its straight ovipositor (vs upcurved ovipositor).

Etymology: This species is named in honor of Eduardo Mariani dos Santos, first author’s father.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

DCBU

Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos