Charops eduardoi Santos & Onody, 2019

Santos, Alvaro Doria Dos, Onody, Helena Carolina & Brandão, Carlos Roberto Ferreira, 2019, Taxonomic contributions to the genus Charops Holmgren, 1859 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), with description of seven new species from Brazil, Zootaxa 4619 (1), pp. 45-76 : 52-55

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4619.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:44177B4C-17ED-4EA6-B32C-2DA5D9F35B32

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/D008C449-FFB6-FF93-FF7E-FD46FACFFF5D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Charops eduardoi Santos & Onody
status

sp. nov.

Charops eduardoi Santos & Onody sp. nov.

( Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 A–H, 11D, 13)

Material examined: Holotype: ♀ ( MPEG 03048867 View Materials ), BRASIL: Pará, Belém, Mocambo, Malaise , 16.ix.2011, Rocha, J.; Santos, I.; Lobo, D. PIBIC.;

Paratypes: 1 ♂ ( DCBU 330663 View Materials ), Amazonas , Manaus 14.vi.1979 ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 186492 View Materials ), same data except 2f 3 km 23, 22.x.1986 .; 1 ♀ ( INPA), 26km NE Manaus Reserva Ducke , 10.xi.1988 , J. A. Rafael, Arm. Suspensa 20m.; 1 ♀ ( INPA), Novo Aripuanã , Res. [Reserva] Soka, 17–25.viii.1999, Malaise, J. F. Vidal & A. L. Henriques col. ; 6 ♂ ( MZSP 21057 View Materials , 21059 View Materials , 21067 View Materials , 21068 View Materials , 21070 View Materials , 21071 View Materials ), Ceará , Crateús , Serra das Almas– Grajau, 05º07’05”S 40º52’25”W, 03–08.vi.2009, Brandão & Eq. col. GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀ ( UFES 92517 View Materials ), Espírito Santo , Santa Teresa Est. [Estação] Biol. [Biológica] Santa Lúcia, 13–17.x.2008 , Tavares, M. T. & eq. col.; 1?# ( CEIOC 34575 ), Faz. [Fazenda] Je- rusalém, 20.ii.1914 , J. F. Zikan; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 150388), Minas Gerais, São Roque de Minas , Serra da Canastra, 20º18’48.4”S 46º31’46.1”W, Malaise 03 (850m), 04.x.2009, J. F. Nunes col. GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 279220 View Materials ), Serra da Man- tiqueira (RPPN–APA–UCF), 22°21’16”S 44°47’56”W, Armadilha Malaise 1 (1443m), 25.x.2015 GoogleMaps , A. S. Soares e L. A. M. Soares cols; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330660 View Materials ), Sete Lagoas Malaise , 13–27.iii.2000, I. Cruz col. ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330662 View Materials ), same data except 15–30.v.2000 , 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330661 View Materials ), same data except 29.v–12.vi.2000 , 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330659 View Materials ), same data except 11–12.ix.2000 , 1 ♀ ( DCBU 148215 View Materials ), same data except EMBRAPA Milho e Sorgo, 19º28’16.8”S 44º10’33.8”W, Armadilha Malaise, 741m, 19–29.xii.2011 GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048869 View Materials ), Pará , same data as holotype .; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048870 View Materials ), same data except 26.vii.2011 .; 1 ♂ ( MZSP 62098 View Materials ), same data except EMBRAPA/CPATU, Malaise , 16.ix.1978 , A. X. Morati; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048871 View Materials ), same data except Tenoné , 23.vi.1999 .; 2 ♀ ( MPEG 03048872 View Materials , 03048873 View Materials ), same data except Parque crocodilo zoo, Isca Mutum, 30.vii.1999 , J.M.F. Ribeiro; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048874 View Materials ), same data except 27.x.1999 ; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048875 View Materials ), Morelândia , 4–7.vii.1988 , malayse, J. Dias.; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048876 View Materials ), Ourém , Patauateva, 23.viii.1992 , Malayse, B. Mascarenhas; 1 ♀ ( MPEG 03048877 View Materials ), S. [São] João de Pirabas , Boa Esperança, 18–24.x.1990 , armadilha suspensa 10m, A. L. Henriques; 1 ♀ ( CESC 9446 ), Rio Grande do Sul , Santa Cruz do Sul, Cinturão Verde, 05.iv.2004 , M. G. Hermes; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 135578 View Materials ), Rondônia , Porto Velho, Reserva do Cuniã, 8º50’18.97”S 63º52’21”W, 158,15m, Armadilha Malaise, 26.i.2011, A. S. Soares col. GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀ ( MZSP 62097 View Materials ), same data except Rio Madeira , Área Caiçara , AHE Jirau, 09º 26’ 14.6”S 64º 49’ 58.2”W, Transectos C 2–C4, Margem Direita, Malaise, 28.iv–12.v.2013, Fernandes, F col GoogleMaps ,; 1 ♀ ( INPA), Roraima , Ilha de Maracá, 21–30.xi.1987 , Malaise, J. A. Rafael e equipe col.; 1 ♀ ( LRRP 10224 ), São Paulo , Luís Antônio , Est. [Estação] Ecológica de Jatai , Mata Ciliar , Arm. [Armadilha] Luminosa, 21º36’47”S, 47º49’04”W Ponto 2, 23.xii.2008. R. I. R. Lara & Equipe col. GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 76209 View Materials ), Ribeirão Grande , Parque Estadual de Intervales, 24º16’23.6”S 48º25’21.8”W, Armadilha Malaise 5, 22.iii.2010 GoogleMaps , N. W. Perioto e eq. cols.; 1 ♀ ( DCBU 330664 View Materials ), São Carlos UFS- Car, Cerrado Malaise 21º58’S 47º53’W, 20.x.1998 A. M. Penteado–Dias col. GoogleMaps ; 1?# ( DCBU 176880 View Materials ), Teodoro Sam- paio, Sítio PEMD, 22°3’’61”S 52°21’43”W, armadilha Malaise (355m), 17.ix.2011, P. R. Lopes col.

Diagnosis. Relatively large sized; antenna with 50–53 flagellomeres; supraclypeal area subquadrate; width of supraclypeal area 1.07× its height; juxtacoxal carina complete, with first perpendicular carina reaching pleural carina, ovipositor straight.

Description. Female ( Fig. 4H View FIGURE 4 ): Fore wing 6.8–8mm.

Head. Densely punctate and covered with setae; lateral height of head 0.70–0.84× the size of mesopleuron; mandibles short and stout, apex 0.73–0.8× as wide as base, upper tooth broader than the lower tooth; malar space 0.38–0.51× as long as basal width of mandible; inner margin of eyes parallel near clypeus; supraclypeal area subquadrate ( Fig. 4A View FIGURE 4 ); width 1.05–1.1× its height; lateral ocellus separated from eye by 0.15–0.33× its own diameter; interocellar distance 0.70–1.05× diameter of lateral ocelli; interocellar area with sparse small setae; antenna with 51–53 flagellomeres; width of first flagellomere 3.75–4.07× its height; height of second flagellomere 0.51–0.57× height of first flagellomere; last flagellomere cone shaped with a rounded apex, occipital area slightly imbricate.

Mesosoma . Pronotum dorsolaterally imbricate, laterally and ventrolaterally polished with transverse wrinkles; epomia present reaching the base of mesoscutum; mesoscutum punctate; scutellum and post scutellum densely covered with setae; mesopleuron dorsolaterally reticulate, with several complete wrinkles and covered with setae; speculum denudate with faint wrinkles ( Fig. 4C View FIGURE 4 ); epicnemial carina present, reaching only mid part of mesopleuron; mesopleuron ventrally foveolate without wrinkles and covered with setae; sternaulus absent; posterior transverse carina of mesosternum forming two conspicuous teeth produced near the coxal area; metapleuron punctate and covered with setae with its posterior part densely covered with setae; juxtacoxal carina complete with first perpendicular carina reaching pleural carina, second, third and fourth perpendicular carinae present, reaching pleural carina; juxtacoxal area reticulate; pleural carina complete; spiracle elliptical with its width 0.36–0.45× the spiracle height; propodeum hairy and reticulose; petiolar area, areola and basal area with vestigial wrinkles ( Fig. 4B View FIGURE 4 ); lateral longitudinal carina of propodeum incomplete not reaching propodeum neck; median longitudinal carina of propodeum complete; propodeum neck 0.76–0.86× the size of hind coxa.

Legs. Height of fore t1 0.69–0.79× height of fore t2–t5; height of mid legs with t1 0.76–0.85× height of mid t2–t5; height of hind legs with t1 0.79–0.82× height of hind t2–t5.

Wings. Hyaline and covered with small setae; fore wing: vein 1cu-a arising after of 1M+Rs; vein 2/Cu 1.59–2× the size of 2cu-a; vein 1/Rs+M curved; bulla of 1/Rs+M placed after its midlength near 2/M; 2/RS 0.28–0.40× as long as 2/M; bulla of 2m-cu placed near 2/M 0.19–0.4× the distance between the bulla and 4/Cu vein; hind wing: vein 1-Rs forming a curve with 1r-m angle; hind wing with 5 hamuli.

Metasoma. Tergites imbricate; first tergite with sparse small setae, first sternite glabrous with subpetiolar process ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ) sinuous on its anterior part and almost straight on its posterior part; tergite II 0.82–0.88× the length of tergite I; remaining tergites and sternites finely punctate covered with small setae; thyridium rounded ( Fig. 4E View FIGURE 4 ); ovipositor sheath covered with setae; ovipositor straight, with 1.66–2.02 mm long; ovipositor notch not deep ( Fig. 4G View FIGURE 4 ), distant from apex 0.38–0.47× length of ovipositor; ovipositor notch angle 113–131º; ovipositor ventral valve with a lobe near apex.

Color. Pubescence golden. Head: black; palpi yellow; mandibles yellow with brown teeth; ocelli pale yellow; antenna dark brown, scape and pedicel bicolored, anteriorly yellow and posteriorly brown. Mesosoma : black; tegula, fore leg yellow with t5 brown; mid leg with black and yellow coxae, trochanter and t4 yellow, t5 brown; hind leg coxae black with light brown trochantellus, femur to t5 brown, tibial spurs light brown. Metasoma: first sternite light brown; first tergite brown ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ); tergite II dorsally dark brown and ventrally orange brown with a distinct black stripe on its posterior part, thyridium pale brown; sternite II dark yellow; remaining tergites dorsally black and ventrally orange brown; remaining sternites dark-yellow; ovipositor sheaths and cerci black, ovipositor orangish brown.

Male ( Fig. 11D View FIGURE 11 ): Similar to female in structure and color, except: lateral height of head 0.71–0.8× the size of mesopleuron; apex 0.87–0.96× as wide as base; malar space 0.43–0.60× as long as basal width of mandible; width of supraclypeal area 0.94–1.1× its height; lateral ocellus separated from eye by 0.31–0.46× its own diameter; antenna with 50–52 flagellomeres; width of first flagellomere 2.8–4.9× its height; height of second flagellomere 0.51–0.67× height of first flagellomere; spiracle width 0.2–0.36× its height; propodeum neck 0.82–0.96× size of hind coxae; fore leg with height of t1 0.71–0.80× height of fore t2–t5, mid legs with height of t1 0.81–0.89× height of mid t2–t5 and hind legs with height of t1 0.71–0.83× height of hind t2–t5; length of tergite 2 0.85–0.92× length of tergite 1; gonoforceps and cercus also black.

Biology: Host unknown.

Comments: Very similar to Charops katiae sp. nov. from which it can be easily differentiated by its straight ovipositor (vs upcurved ovipositor).

Etymology: This species is named in honor of Eduardo Mariani dos Santos, first author’s father.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

DCBU

Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Ichneumonidae

Genus

Charops