Aleiodes santarosensis Shaw & Shimbori

Shaw, Scott R., Shimbori, Eduardo M. & Penteado-Dias, Angelica M., 2020, A revision of the Aleiodes bakeri (Brues) species subgroup of the A. seriatus species group with the descriptions of 18 new species from the Neotropical Region, ZooKeys 964, pp. 41-107: 41

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.964.56131

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C84F8638-5169-4006-9E64-2CF6F560F4EE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0DB7477F-54D6-46EB-885E-410E5826A6F2

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:0DB7477F-54D6-46EB-885E-410E5826A6F2

treatment provided by

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scientific name

Aleiodes santarosensis Shaw & Shimbori
status

sp. nov.

Aleiodes santarosensis Shaw & Shimbori   sp. nov. Figs 76-78 View Figures 76–78

Type material.

Holotype, female ( UWIM) "Costa Rica, Guanacaste, Pr. Guan. Conservation Area Santa Rosa hdq. 200m lighttrap, 7-VII-1997 L. J. van der Ent."

Paratypes. 4 females, 12 males ( UWIM), same as holotype; 2 females, 1 male ( UWIM), same data except “6.VII.1997”; 1 female, 2 males ( UWIM), same data except “27-30.VI.1997”; 1 male ( UWIM), same data, except “… at Dorms UV Light, 3 June 1995 Dadelahi, Prie, Zitani"; 1 female ( INBIO) "3km NO de Nacaome, 100m, P. N. Barra Honda, Prov. Guan. COSTA RICA, 3 a 30 mayo 1993 M. Reyes L-N 239000, 386000."

Description.

Body length 6.8-8.3 mm. Fore wing length 6.0-6.9 mm.

Head (Fig. 77 View Figures 76–78 ). In dorsal view eye length/temple 4.9-6.3. Eye height/head width 0.42-0.44. Eye height/minimum distance between eyes 1.3-1.4. OD/POL 3.8-5.2. OD/OOL 2.9-3.8. Frons excavated. Frons lateral carina absent. Occipital carina dorsally complete and nearly straight. Occiput in dorsal view nearly straight, not indented medially. Occipital carina ventrally meeting hypostomal carina. Mid-longitudinal crest at upper face present. Hypoclypeal depression/face width 0.35. Malar space/eye height 0.16. Face height/width 0.7. Clypeus height/width 0.75. Clypeus convex, granulate. Sculpture of head shiny granular-coriaceous. Face transversely rugose-striate around median crest.

Antenna. Antennal segments 51-54. Antenna/body length 1.1-1.2. Scape/pedicel length 2.0-2.1. Length of first/second flagellomere 1.1-1.2. Fourth flagellomere length/apical width 1.4-1.6. Tip of apical flagellomere pointed.

Mesosoma. Length/height ~ 1.6. Width of mesoscutum/width of head 0.7. Mesoscutum length/width 1.1-1.2. Pronotal collar/vertex 1.0-1.1. Prescutellar sulcus with 7-9 distinct carinae. Mesoscutum posterior border with distinct complete carina. Metanotum with mid-longitudinal carina complete, connecting to a carinate pit posteriorly. Metanotum mid-pit present, delimited by carinae. Mid-longitudinal carina of propodeum present at basal ~ 0.7, absent posteriorly. Ventral mid-line of mesopleuron set within shallow smooth sulcus; pit at ventral mid-line weakly indicated. Notauli weakly indicated anteriorly, indistinctly crenulate. Sternaulus weakly indicated anteriorly, rugose. Sculpture of mesosoma mostly granulate. Pronotum granulate ventrally, pronotal groove mostly crenulate, short subventral longitudinal carina present. Mesopleuron rugose below subalar groove. Subalar groove sparsely crenulate. Mid-posterior region of mesoscutum rugose, with a short mid-longitudinal carina posteriorly, with irregularly carinate notauli. Mesoscutellar trough entirely costate. Metanotum mostly smooth, with one or two pairs of lateral carinae. Propodeum mostly rugose.

Wings. Fore wing: Stigma length/height 3.3-3.4. Vein r/2RS 1.25-1.45. Vein r/RS+Mb 1.2-1.6. Vein 3RSa/2RS ~ 1.7. Vein 3RSa/2M 0.85-0.89. Vein 3RSa/3RSb ~ 0.4. Vein 1CUa/1CUb 0.8-0.9. Vein 1CUa/2CUa 1.8-1.9. Vein 1cu-a inclivous. Vein 1M weakly curved basally, or weakly, evenly curved. Vein RS+Ma distinctly curved. Vein M+CU virtually straight. Vein 1-1A weakly sinuate at apex. Vein 1a absent. Second submarginal cell trapezoidal. Subbasal cell glabrous, with two parallel rows of short setae subapically. Basal cell mostly glabrous, setose below costal vein and around dark spot near vein 1M. Hind wing: Vein RS bent at basal 0.3, with vein r present. Marginal cell narrowest at base. Vein M+CU/1M 1.6-1.8. Vein M+CU/r-m 1.4. Vein m-cu present, spectral, or partly tubular. Vein m-cu position relative to vein r-m interstitial, or antefurcal. Vein 2-1A absent. Basal cell sparsely setose, bare posteriorly.

Hind legs. Femur length/width 4.6. Length of tibia/tarsi ~ 0.9. Length of basitarsus/tarsi 2-4 ~ 0.7. Sculpture of hind coxa dorsally granulate. Tarsal claws not pectinate. Metasoma. T1 length/apical width ~ 1.1. T2 length/apical width ~ 0.8. T3 length/apical width 0.5-0.6. Mid-longitudinal carina extending until basal ~ 0.7 of T3. Metasoma sculpture T1 rugose, T2 and most of T3 striate-rugose, or sculpture weaker at T3, or remainder terga granular-coriaceous. Ovipositor sheath/hind basitarsus 0.42-0.54. Apex of ovipositor sheaths truncate; apical point absent.

Color. Brownish yellow or brownish orange. Antenna entirely brownish yellow. Legs mostly brownish orange, tibia and tarsi whitish yellow except hind tibia gradually darkening from whitish yellow basally to brownish orange apically. Wings weakly tinged yellow, vein brownish yellow except fore wing veins 1M, 1CU, apex of 1-1A, 2CUb medially, r, and veins of second submarginal cell brown or dark brown. Ovipositor sheaths dark brown.

Male. Essentially as in female. Body length 6.7-7.8 mm; fore wing length 5.3-6.0 mm; antenna with 49-52 segments.

Diagnosis.

Aleiodes santarosensis   is a mainly brownish yellow species, with the whole antenna brownish yellow and whitish yellow tibia and tarsi 1-4 (Fig. 76 View Figures 76–78 ). This is the only species in this study with tibia basally and tarsi 1-4 whitish yellow but without dark brown regions on apex of hind femur and tibia (Fig. 76 View Figures 76–78 ). It is similar to A. brevicarina   , from which is can be distinguished also by the large glabrous regions on the discal and basal cells of fore wing (Fig. 78 View Figures 76–78 ). In contrast, these cells are mostly evenly setose in A. brevicarina   (Fig. 32 View Figures 29–32 ).

Distribution.

Known only from localities in northwest Costa Rica.

Etymology.

The name santarosensis   refers to Santa Rosa National Park in Guanacaste Province of northwest Costa Rica, the type-locality of this species.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Aleiodes