Martin, Jon H. & Lau, Clive S. K., 2011, The Hemiptera-Sternorrhyncha (Insecta) of Hong Kong, China-an annotated inventory citing voucher specimens and published records, Zootaxa 2847, pp. 1-122: 34-36
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Single sample in BMNH, from Podocarpus macrophyllus in the Castle Peak area.
Single sample from Citrus in BMNH (examined by Hodgson), sent from HK by Winney in 1976, where it had earlier been intercepted from Manila ( Philippines). Another HK sample, from unknown host (sent to IIE, ref. A20924 View Materials ) was not present in BMNH at time of this study. This species was proposed as the type of a new genus, Paracerostegia , by Tang (1991) but the genus was regarded as a synonym of Ceroplastes by Hodgson (1994).
Single sample present in PPRD and UCD, from Melicope pteleifolia on Braemar Hill, HK Island. This determination was by courtesy of Ana Peronti. Vouchers from this sample not in BMNH.
Samples in BMNH from “ Euphoria longan ” (now Dimocarpus longan ), Pinus sp. , Psidium guajava , Schefflera heptaphylla [= S. octophylla ] and “mangroves”. Ceroplastes rubens minor Maskell (1897) , a junior synonym of C. rubens , was described from HK on Pinus sinensis and P. thunbergii : syntypes in NZAC and USNM. Reported from HK by Lee & Winney (1981).
Ceroplastes undetermined sp. 1
Single specimen in BMNH from Rhodomyrtus sp. , sent by Hill.
Single sample in BMNH, from Desmos chinensis in Sai Kung Peninsula (NT).
Coccus formicarii (Green, 1896) (Fig. 26)
Two samples in BMNH, from “ Euphoria longan ” (now Dimocarpus longan ) at Castle Peak (NT) and from Schefflera heptaphylla (covered and vigorously attended by ants) at Fei Ngo Shan (NT), with a slide from the latter also in USNM. Lecanium globulosum Maskell (1897) , a junior synonym of C. formicarii , was described from HK on Stillingia sebifera (host not listed by HK Herbarium) and syntypes are in NZAC and UCD. Reported from HK by Lee & Winney (1981).
Single HK sample in BMNH, from stems of Symplocos lancifolia (covered over by ants) on Lantau Island. It is noted that this species has up to 6 stigmatic spines at each cleft.
Vouchers in BMNH from Carica papaya , Cassia sp. , Euphoria longan [now Dimocarpus longan ], Hedera helix , Oxalis sp. , Roystonea regia and Schefflera heptaphylla [= S. octophylla ]. This is an extremely common and polyphagous soft-scale species worldwide.
Coccus undetermined spp
This genus, with its sole known species, was described from HK, where a large colony was found on Aporusa dioica bushes lining the boundary fence at TLF ( Hodgson & Martin, 2001) . The holotype is in BMNH and paratypes are in BMNH, PPRD and USNM . A second large colony on the same host was later discovered at Pak Sha O ( NT), with vouchers in BMNH, PPRD and USNM .
Single sample in BMNH, from Litchi chinensis at TLF.
Fistulococcus pokfulamensis Hodgson & Martin (2005) (Figs 27, 28)
This genus, and its type species, were described from HK, where a large colony was found on Gnetum luofuense at Pok Fu Lam Country Park, HK Island. A second species, F. intsiae from Papua New Guinea, was described in the same paper ( Hodgson & Martin, 2005). The holotype of F. pokfulamensis is in BMNH and paratypes are in BMNH, PPRD and USNM. A second large colony, on the same host, was subsequently discovered at Aberdeen Country Park, HK Island, with vouchers in BMNH and PPRD; a very few further specimens were collected from the same host close to this location in April 2010. In life the adults and nymphs are almost completely hidden by the opaque white secreted wax, with just a hint of ovoid outlines visible with a lens (Fig. 28).
Single large sample collected by the authors from Gnetum luofuense at Tai Tam Country Park, HK Island (vouchers in BMNH, PPRD, USNM).
Described from Sri Lanka on Nothopegia colebrookiana . Single HK sample in BMNH, comprising females in good condition from Zanthoxylum avicennae at Lady Clementi’s Ride, Aberdeen Country Park. The individuals were feeding on the upper surface midribs of their host. The authors have made this cautious determination in comparison with the lectotype of Lecanium bicruciatus (BMNH) .
Described from “ China ” on Callicarpa tomentosa , and the lectotype is in USNM (see ScaleNet). Hodgson (1994: 333), quoting Deitz & Tocker (1980), believed that Maskell’s original material came from HK, although “no host was stated”. Single specimen in BMNH, possibly a paralectotype.
Marsipococcus undetermined sp. 1
Single sample in BMNH, from Rhodomyrtus sp. at Sai Kung (NT). Reported from HK by Lee & Winney (1981), probably quoting this sample.
Paralecanium expansum (Green, 1896) species-group
Four samples in BMNH, from Dendrotrophe frutescens , Ficus microcarpa , Machilus or Litsea , and an undetermined host. Members of the expansum- group are completely without legs, whereas several other species have legs developed to varying degrees. Several varieties and subspecies of P. expansum have been described.
This species was described from Piper nigrum in Sri Lanka [ Ceylon] in 1904. A HK sample from Gnetum luofuense in Tai Tam Country Park agrees closely with syntypes of this species, especially the marginal setae being transversely ovoid and in the characters of the stigmatic clefts and setae. With the type specimens of most Paralecanium species being mature and heavily sclerotic, most determinations in this genus are somewhat cautious. One specimen of the HK sample is newly moulted (teneral), showing all characters exceptionally well, but all the syntypes are mature-sclerotic.
Paralecanium undetermined sp. 1
Observed by the second author, on Kandelia candel in Tai Tam Country Park (IIE ref. 22505) but the location of the material is now unknown.
Paralecanium undetermined sp. 2
A large colony discovered as this contribution went to press, on upper surfaces of the fern Neottopteris nidus at a plant nursery in NT. Specimens do not match other Paralecanium samples from HK or in BMNH, but a few teneral females should aid identification in the future.
The second author has a record of this species being determined by the former CIE, from material submitted by Dennis Hill. However, there are presently no HK vouchers present in BMNH. Although a slide is present in PPRD, from “croton” [assumed to be Codiaeum cultivar], we are uncertain whether this is part of the sample in question.
Single voucher in BMNH, from Machilus sp. on Peel rise, HK Island.
A single small sample, whose only data are “ Hong Kong, 1973”, was sent by Hill and is now in BMNH.
Single sample in BMNH, sent by Hill from Citrus paradisi on HK Island, the record quoted by Lee & Winney (1981).
Vouchers in BMNH, from Cycas sp. , Ixora chinensis , Ixora sp. , Litchi chinensis , Manilkara zapota (= Achras sapota ), Plumeria rubra , Psidium guajava , undetermined Rubiaceae and undetermined Asteraceae . Reported from HK by Lee & Winney (1981), under both Pulvinaria and Chloropulvinaria .
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|Martin, Jon H. & Lau, Clive S. K. 2011|
|Hodgson & Martin 2005|
|Hodgson & Martin 2005|
|Hodgson & Martin 2001|
Ceroplastes rubens minor