Moselia zonata Stark & Harrison

Stark, Bill P. & Harrison, Audrey B., 2016, The Banded-Wing Moselia (Plecoptera: Leuctridae) Revisited, Illiesia 12 (9), pp. 42-58: 44-51

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4757741

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D7E3EBE2-BAB2-40CF-B0CF-E65701E49C5A

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4765503

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/CD358796-C275-1311-FF16-104AFBD11233

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Moselia zonata Stark & Harrison
status

sp. n.

Moselia zonata Stark & Harrison   , sp. n.

Banded-wing Needlefly

( Figs. 2 View Figs , 3-8 View Figs , 9-40, 42 View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs , 52 View Fig )

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Plecoptera   .speciesfile.org: TaxonName:492220

Moselia infuscata: Gill et al., 2015: 593   (in part), “Banded- wing phenotype”, population 1

Material examined. Holotype ♂, OREGON, Jackson Co., Sheep Creek, Wagner Gap Road, NFD 22 Rd , 10.5 miles SW Talent, 42° 06.442’N, 122° 47.921’W, 22 May 2014, B. Stark, B.C. Kondratieff, J.B. Sandberg, C.J. Verdone ( USNM) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: CALIFORNIA: Butte Co., Butte Creek, Humboldt Rd , above Colby Creek , 40.11138° N, 121.49526° W, 25 May 2014, B.C. Kondratieff, C.J. Verdone, 15♂, 9♀ ( CSUC), 1♂ SEM GoogleMaps   . Del Norte Co., small falls into Patrick Creek, 41° 54.321’ N, 123° 51.357’ W, 24 May 2014, B. Stark, A.B. Harrison, 1♀ ( BPSC). Humboldt Co. , tributary of Willow Creek , 2.7 miles E Berry Summit, Hwy 299, 19 May 1998, S.W. Szczytko, B. Stark, C. R GoogleMaps   . Nelson, I. Sivec, 5♂, 14♀ ( BYUC). 2♀ SEM   . tributary of Willow Creek , 2.5 miles E of Berry Summit, 19 May 1998, B. Stark, I. Sivec, C. R   . Nelson, S.W. Szczytko, 2♂, 1♀ ( BPSC), 4♂, 5♀ ( BYUC). tributary of Willow Creek, 0.5 miles E of Cedar Creek, Hwy 299, 25 April 1987, R   . W. Baumann, B. Stark, C. R   . Nelson, S. Wells, 8♂, 5♀ ( BPSC), 15♂, 15♀ ( BYUC), 3♂, 1♀ SEM   . tributary of Ruby Creek , first stream E of highway crossing, 22 April 1993, G. R   . Fiala, 41♂, 25♀ ( BYUC), 1♂ SEM   . small creek N of Fish Lake , 24 April 1987, R   . W. Baumann, B. Stark, C. R   . Nelson, S. Wells, 15♂, 10♀ ( BYUC), 1♂ SEM   . small stream, 0.5 miles E Cedar Creek, Hwy 299, 25 April 1987, B. Stark, R   . W. Baumann, C. R   . Nelson, S. Wells, 8♂, 5♀ ( BPSC), 2♂ SEM   . Prairie Creek, Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, Drury Parkway at trailhead, 41° 24.459’ N, 124° 01.827’ W, 25 May 2014, B. Stark, A.B. Harrison, 1♂ ( BPSC), 1♂ SEM GoogleMaps   . tributary Prairie Creek , 10.6 miles N Orick, 22 May 1982, B. Stark, D. Ziegler, 1♂ ( BPSC). Siskiyou Co., small stream, 41.90335° N, 123.90345° W, 19 April 2013, C. Kerst, 3♂, 1♀ ( CSUC), 1♂ SEM GoogleMaps   . Tehama Co., South Fork Calf Creek, Hwy 32 at FR 27N06, 26 April 2010, B.C. Kondratieff, R   . W. Baumann, 8♂, 2♀ ( CSUC) 1♂ SEM   . Trinity Co., Bidden Creek , W of Cedar Flat, Hwy 299, 25 April 1987, R   . W. Baumann, B. Stark, C. R   . Nelson, S. Wells, 4♂, 8♀ ( BYUC), 1♂ SEM   . unknown stream, Hwy 36, Mile 12.12, South Fork Mountain , approximate co-ordinates 40.39366° N, 123.41517° W, 2 May 2014, J.J. Lee, 5♂, 6♀ ( JJLC), 1♂, 1♀ SEM GoogleMaps   . OREGON: Curry Co., Fly Catcher Spring, 12 miles E Hwy 101, Hunter Creek Rd , 42° 22’ N, 124° 18’ W, 9 June 2005, R GoogleMaps   .W. Baumann, B.C.

Kondratieff , 10♂, 13♀ ( BYUC), 2♂ SEM   . Jackson Co., Ashland Ski Road seeps, 2.5 miles W Interstate Highway 5, 9 June 2004, B. Stark, R   . W. Baumann , 8♂, 17♀ ( BPSC), 1♂, 1♀ SEM   . Jim Creek , Wagner Gap Road, NFD 22 Rd, 11.1 miles SW Talent, 42.10609 N, 122.7874 W, 22 May 2014, B. Stark, B.C. Kondratieff, J.B. Sandberg, C.J. Verdone, 1♂, 1♀ ( BPSC), 4♂, 2♀ ( CSUC), 1♂ SEM GoogleMaps   . Sheep Creek , Wagner Gap Road, NFD 22 Rd, 10.5 miles SW Talent, 42.11254 N, 122.7858 W, 22 May 2014, B. Stark, B.C. Kondratieff, J.B. Sandberg, C.J. Verdone, 4♂, 2♀ ( BPSC), 4♀ ( CSUC), 1♂ SEM GoogleMaps   . Split Rock Creek , Wagner Creek Road, 12.4 miles SW Talent, 42.17018 N, 122.784174 W, 22 May 2014, B. Stark, B.C. Kondratieff, J.B. Sandberg, C.J. Verdone, 2♂, 1♀ ( BPSC), 6♀ ( CSUC), 1♂ SEM GoogleMaps   . Wagner Creek , Wagner Gap Road, 5.9 miles SW Talent, 42.17018 N, 122.784174 W, 22 May 2014, B.C. Kondratieff, B. Stark, J.C. Sandberg, C.J. Verdone, 9♂, 5♀ ( CSUC) GoogleMaps   . Josephine Co., Lake Creek and seeps along NF-070, 42.09274 N, 123.37444 W, 21 May 2014, B. Stark, B.C. Kondratieff, J.B. Sandberg, C.J. Verdone, 1♂ ( BPSC) GoogleMaps   .

Additional specimens: CALIFORNIA: Alpine Co., Willow Creek, 6 miles NW Woodfords, 38.827053 N, 119.9033331 W, 27 July 1995, R.L. Bottorff, 1♂ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ SEM. Butte Co., spring tributary Big Chico Creek, Hwy 32, 40° 08’ N, 121° 40’ W, 26 April 2010, R.W. Baumann, B.C. Kondratieff, 12♂, 7♀ ( BYUC) GoogleMaps   , 2♂ SEM. El Dorado Co., Bendorf Spring, NE Grizzly Flat, 3 May 1995, R.L. Bottorff, 7♂, 2♀ (RLBC)   , 1♂ SEM. tributary North Cosumnes River, 11 miles E Grizzly Flat, 38.64018 N, 120.31283 W, 30 June 1986, R.L. Bottorff, 1♂ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ SEM. North Fork Cosumnes River, Sciaroni Crossing, 3 miles N Grizzly Flat, 38.669092 N, 120.533568 W, 20 April 1981, R.L. Bottorff, 1 ♂ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   . Glenn Co., spring fed creek, 3 miles above Salt Creek, 15 March 1984, J. Stanger, 3♂, 1♀ ( BYUC)   , 2♂ SEM. Mendocino Co., Caspar Creek, Jackson Demonstration State Forest, 18 May 1998, B. Stark, C. R. Nelson, S.W. Szczytko, I. Sivec, 1♂, 1♀ ( BPSC)   , damaged paraprocts. Irish Gulch, 1 mile above Hwy 1, 39° 01.37’ N, 123° 59.57’ W, 7 April 2006, L.D. Bottorff, 1♂, 3♀ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ SEM. Mono Co., west source spring on E North Canyon Creek, ca. 7.6 miles ESE Mono Mills, 37.8591 N, 118.8216 W, 1 August 1998, M. Myers, 1♂ ( BYUC) GoogleMaps   . Nevada Co., spring on Sagehen Creek, Sagehen Creek Biological Station, 39.43° N, 120.25° W, 20 June 2009, R.W. Baumann, B.C. Kondratieff, 9♂, 13♀, 2♂ SEM. GoogleMaps   Plumas Co., Domingo Springs, Feather River Rd/Old Red Bluff Rd, 40° 21.672’ N, 121° 20.842’ W, 26 May 2014, B. Stark, A.B. Harrison, 14♂, 6♀ ( BPSC) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ SEM. same site, 8 June 2004, B. Stark, R.W. Baumann, 8♂, 16♀ ( BPSC)   . same site, 25 May 2007, B.C. Kondratieff, R.W. Baumann, 12♂, 13♀ ( CSUC)   . Shasta Co., East Fork Hat Creek, Hwy 89, Lassen Volcanic National Park, 8 June 2004, B. Stark, R.W. Baumann, 1♂ ( BPSC)   , 1♂ SEM. Old Boundary Spring, Lassen Volcanic National Park, 8 June 2004, B. Stark, R.W. Baumann, 31♂, 8♀ ( BPSC)   , 1♂ SEM. Siskiyou Co., Big Springs, Mt. Shasta City Park, 41° 19.692’ N, 122° 19.605’ W, 8 June 2004, B. Stark, R.W. Baumann, 2♂, 2♀ ( BPSC) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ SEM. Black Butte Springs, 41° 23.667’ N, 122° 21.626’ W, 23 May 2014, B. Stark, B.C. Kondratieff, J.B. Sandberg, C.J. Verdone, 3♂, 1♀ ( BPSC) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ SEM. Tehama Co., Bluff Falls, Hwy 89, 8 June 2004, B. Stark, R.W. Baumann, 1♂ ( BPSC)   , 1♂ SEM, damaged paraprocts. Trinity Co., East Fork Trinity Creek at campground, 40.77229° N, 122.92150° W, 17 April 2014, C. Kerst, 2♂, 2♀ ( CSUC) GoogleMaps   . NEVADA: Douglas Co., Corsser Creek, Hwy 207, Kingsbury Glade, 38.94806 N, 119.85004 W, 16 May 2013, R.L. Bottorff, 2♂ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   , 2♂ SEM. Edgewood Creek, Stateline, 38.96315 N, 119.92562 W, 6 June 2014, R.L. Bottorff, 1♂ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   . Elko Co., Jarbidge Mountains, springbrook, 10 July 1999, A.L. Sheldon, 5♂, 7♀ ( BYUC)   , 1♂ SEM. Humboldt Co., Road Creek, E side Santa Rosa Range, 13 miles N Paradise Valley, 41.67881 N, 117.33959 W, 13 June 2013, R.L. Bottorff, 2♂ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   , 2♂ SEM. Left tributary, Rebel Creek, Santa Rosa Range, 28 June 1999, A.L. Sheldon, 18♂, 9♀ ( BYUC)   , 2 ♂ SEM. Singas Creek, Singas Creek Campground, W Paradise Valley, Santa Rosa Range, 41° 41’ N, 117° 64’ W, 15 June 2009, R.W. Baumann, B.C. Kondratieff, 12♂, 8♀ ( BYUC)   , 2♂ SEM. Summer Camp Creek, Summit Lake Mountain, 1 July 1999, A.L. Sheldon, 3♂, 4♀ ( BYUC)   , 2♂ SEM. Washoe Co., small stream from Marlette Lake, Hwy 28, 24 June 2009, B. Stark, C. R. Nelson, A.B. Harrison, K.C. Nye, 3♂, 8♀ ( BPSC)   , 1♂ SEM. Ophir Creek, Mt. Rose Hwy, Tahoe Meadows, 39.30118 N, 119.92132 W, 29 July 2013, L.D. Bottorff, R.L. Bottorff, 1♂ (RLBC) GoogleMaps   , 1♂ SEM. Rock Creek, Granite Range, 2 July 1999, A.L. Sheldon, 5♂, 8♀ ( BYUC)   , 2♂ SEM. Whites Creek, Whites Creek Trailhead, Rd 047, 39.38° N, 119.85° W, 16 June 2009, R.W. Baumann, B.C. Kondratieff, 14♂, 5♀ ( BYUC) GoogleMaps   , 2♂ SEM. OREGON: Jackson Co., McDonald Creek, NFD 22 Rd, 22 May 2014, B.C. Kondratieff, C.J. Verdone, 1♂ ( CSUC)   .

Adult habitus. Male forewing length 5.0- 5.5 mm (n = 17), female 6.5 mm (n = 9). General body color dark brown, dorsum of head brown except for a transverse pale band extending behind ocelli between compound eyes. Pronotal disc mostly pale but with dark brown sutures; anterior and posterior sutures extend about 2/3 of pronotal width; on either side of median suture an irregular pale-brown, gnome, or somewhat C-shaped rugosity occurs ( Figs. 3, 6 View Figs ). Wings brown, but with conspicuous pale humeral markings, and many specimens with an irregular broad pale band extending across wings from stigma to stigma ( Fig. 2 View Figs ). Tibiae mostly pale along posterior margin but with dark bands at the distal and proximal margins.

Male genitalia (n=41). Typical of the genus in most respects, but paraprocts are relatively short and the fin is relatively tall ( Figs. 4, 7 View Figs , 9-32 View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs , 39-40, 42 View Figs ). Paraproct body extending from base to fin apex 335- 395 μm; greatest paraproct height across fin apex 120-148 μm; posterior margin of fin and much of paraproct body pale, anterior and basal margin of paraproct body sclerotized, dark brown. Apical digit of the paraprocts 125-142 μm in length.

Female subgenital plate (n = 6). Median lobe parabolic, partially projecting over tips of heavily sclerotized, blade-like, smooth lateral lobes. Sternum 8 with dark pigment interrupted on midline; sternum 9 sclerotized around lateral and posterior margins, but membranous in the area posterior to the subgenital plate ( Figs. 5, 8 View Figs , 33-36 View Figs ).

Egg. Elongate oval, without collar. Micropyles not detected. Chorionic surface covered with large, hexagonal follicle cell impressions comprised of thin outer walls and a depressed floor bearing clusters of smaller hexagonal units ( Figs. 37-38 View Figs ).

Larva. Unknown.

Etymology. The species name refers to the conspicuous, transverse pale band near the apex of the wings in many specimens. The proposed common name is “Banded- wing Needlefly” ( Stark et al., 2012).

Diagnosis. Male and female adult specimens can often be distinguished from those of M. infuscata   by the apical pale band across the wings ( Fig. 2 View Figs ), however, many specimens apparently lack this marking and it is more conspicuous in fresh specimens. The banded-wing character appears to be restricted to Moselia   populations in the Humboldt/Trinity county area of northern California and the Jackson/Josephine/Curry county area of southern Oregon. Other California and Nevada specimens examined in this study did not display the banded-wing character. In addition, males have a broad, subapical, wing-like expansion (= fin) on the anterior paraproct margin ( Figs. 9-32 View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs ), and the paraproct body, extending from the paraproct base to the base of the apical digit, is approximately 335-395 μm (419-500 μm for M. infuscata   ). The paraproct fin is smoothly curved along the posterior margin from its junction near the hook through the point of greatest fin height; the greatest height of this structure ranges from approximately 120-148 μm (92-127 μm for M. infuscata   ). Fin shape varies among the specimens examined from an almost perpendicular ( Figs. 22, 23, 26 View Figs ) to a more slanted profile of the apical fin margin relative to the longitudinal axis of the paraprocts ( Figs. 9-11 View Figs , 27-32 View Figs ), however, fin shape is relatively uniform at a given location. These data appear to be consistent with the DNA data reported by Gill et al. (2015) for these populations. The distribution of the species encompasses northern California, northern and northwestern Nevada, and extreme southwestern Oregon at the California border ( Fig. 52 View Fig ).

Gill et al. (2015) reported 3% mean sequence divergence for the CO1 gene between specimens we determine as this species from Split Rock Creek, Jackson Co., Oregon, and those from Big Springs, Mt. Shasta City Park, Siskiyou Co., California. They reported the same level of differentiation between the Big Springs, Mt. Shasta City Park population and specimens from Butte Co., California. Specimens from these three populations each have relatively high paraproct fins ( Figs. 33-35 View Figs ) and relatively short paraprocts. In addition, the mean sequence divergence between these three populations and those from Big Spring, Sierra Co., California that we determined as M. infuscata   , is 6% ( Gill et al. 2015). Unfortunately, no genetic data are available for the Oregon and Washington populations of M. infuscata   , or for the Nevada populations of M. zonata   .

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CSUC

California State University, Chico, Vertebrate Museum

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Plecoptera

Family

Leuctridae

Genus

Moselia

Loc

Moselia zonata Stark & Harrison

Stark, Bill P. & Harrison, Audrey B. 2016
2016
Loc

Moselia infuscata:

Gill, B. A. & B. C. Kondratieff & B. P. Stark & J. B. Sandberg 2015: 593
2015