Bufo, Garsault, 1764

Welter-Schultes, F. W. & Klug, R., 2011, Comments on new names and nomenclatural acts of amphibians and non-avian sauropsids established by Garsault 1764 and Laurenti 1768 (response to Dubois & Bour 2010), Zootaxa 2814, pp. 50-58 : 55

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5294664

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5294664

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/CC6687F5-FFBC-CF42-87F6-FD83DF658529

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Bufo
status

 

Bufo

Bufo Garsault, 1764 , was established for a group of species containing Rana bufo Linnaeus, 1758 or one of its synonyms. First species added by Laurenti 1768 (use of the name was in accordance with Garsault's use of the name, it contained Bufo vulgaris Laurenti, 1768 , a junior subjective synonym of Rana bufo Linnaeus, 1758 ), type species Bufo viridis Laurenti, 1768 fixed by Fitzinger 1843.

The fact that Garsault 1764 had used the name for a French animal, while Laurenti 1768 had used the synonymous name for presumably Austrian (his own material) and German animals (Rösel's material), has no influence because in these times the French populations were not classified as a different taxon, there is no expressed evidence to support the assumption that Laurenti 1768 would have used the name Bufo in a much different sense than Garsault 1764 had done it.

We agree that Tschudi 1828 was not an unambiguous type designation (Art. 67.5).

The fact that Bufo vulgaris and Bufo viridis have recently been classified in different genera or subgenera, has no influence on the nomenclatural act of type fixation. The present-day taxonomy has no influence on the nomenclature.

We reject the names used in the subgeneric classification proposed by Dubois & Bour (2010), because their use was based on incorrect nomenclatural assumptions, following which Fitzinger's 1843 type designation was ignored for the present-day classification. The names used in that classification at subgeneric level should be revised and brought in line with the ICZN Code. In our interpretation Rana bufo will not be classified in the (sub)genus Bufo .

If researchers think that it would be more convenient to have Rana bufo as the type for Bufo , and Fitzinger's type fixation should be set aside, this needs to be addressed to the Commission.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Amphibia

Order

Anura

Family

Bufonidae

Loc

Bufo

Welter-Schultes, F. W. & Klug, R. 2011
2011
Loc

Bufo vulgaris

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Bufo viridis

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Bufo

Garsault 1764
1764
Loc

Bufo

Garsault 1764
1764
Loc

Rana bufo

Linnaeus 1758
1758
Loc

Rana bufo

Linnaeus 1758
1758