Belostoma aurivillianum ( Montandon, 1899 )

Ribeiro, Josė Ricardo Inacio, 2007, A review of the species of Belostoma Latreille, 1807 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Belostomatidae) from the four southeastern Brazilian states, Zootaxa 1477 (1), pp. 1-70: 13-14

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1477.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:40401BCD-C731-44C4-9E01-A96FB3F8DF51

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/CC39AC46-C125-7E5B-FF66-12D2FCA09986

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Belostoma aurivillianum ( Montandon, 1899 )
status

 

Belostoma aurivillianum ( Montandon, 1899)  

( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 ; 16B View FIGURE 16 ; 22A View FIGURE 22 )

Zaitha aurivilliana Montandon, 1899: 171   .

Belostoma aurivillianum: Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 190   .

Types.—According to Schnack (1976), B. aurivillianum   was described based on three syntypes. The first male specimen ([?], Colombia) is deposited in MNHN, the second ([?], Venezuela) is in HNHM [not examined], and the third ([?], Brazil) is in NHRS [not examined]. The first specimen is herein designated lectotype   .

Material examined.— BOLIVIA. *1 f ( MACN 52422 View Materials ): Santa Cruz, Buena Vista, “Prov. de Ichilo”, II.1950, ( Martinez ), J. A. de Carlo det. BRAZIL. Amazonas — 1 f ( MACN): Uriariti , Papagaio River , [without date and collector], J. A. de Carlo det. Mato Grosso — *1 f ( MACN): XI.1966, (M. Vianna), J. A. de Carlo det. *3 f ( MNRJ 122 View Materials ): Chapada dos Guimarães, IV.1963, ([?] Machado ), J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1998. * 1 m ( HNHM): Cuiabá , [without date and collector], A. L. Montandon det. 1914. Minas Gerais — 1 f ( DPIC 557 View Materials ): Formiga , Furnas Lake , 01.I.1994, (S. N. Alves), A. L. Melo det. 1 m ( DPIC 670 View Materials ): Serra de Cipó-km 110, [without date], (P. C. Heterovick), A. L. Melo det. Pará — *1 f ( SEMC 6479 View Materials ): [without date], ( Baker ) [?], “J. R. de la Torre- Bueno collection (K.U.)”, J. D. Lattin det. 1951 as B. stolli, N. Nieser   det. 1972. 1 f ( INPA 0020936 View Materials ): “UnB [?]-Mun. Benevides-PA–408”, 14.V.1981, (E. Oliveira), J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1999. 1 m ( INPA 0020991 View Materials ): “UnB [?]-Mun. Benevides-PA-408”, 14.V.1981, (E. Oliveira), J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1999. Paraná — *1 f ( MACN 53945 View Materials ): Arapoti , I.1953, (A. Maller), Campos Seabra collection, J. A. de Carlo det. Roraima — 1 f ( INPA 0020938 View Materials ): Boa Vista , 06.VII.1977, (N. D. Penny), J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1999. * 1 m ( INPA 0020902 View Materials ): Caraçari , 13.V.1977, (N. D. Penny), J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1999. *1 f ( INPA 0020884 View Materials ): Pacaraima- 4° 27’ 04” N, 61° 07’ 56” W, 07.VII.1996, (B. R. Teles and F. Xavier), J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1999. 1 f ( INPA 0020885 View Materials ): Uraricoera River , Ilha de Maracá , 18–28.VIII.1987, (J. A. Rafael, L. S. Aquino, J. F. Vidal, and E. Binda) [at light pitfall], M. E. L. de Souza det. 1987. 1 f ( INPA 0020886 View Materials ): Uraricoera River , Ilha de Maracá , 18–28.VIII.1987, (J. A. Rafael, L. S. Aquino, J. F. Vidal, and E. Binda) [at light pitfall], M. E. L. de Souza det. 1987. 2 m / 1 f ( MZSP): Surumu, IX.1966, (M. Alvarenga and F. M. Oliveira), J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1999. São Paulo — * 1 m ( HNHM): [without date and collector], A. L. Montandon det. 1910. 1 f ( SEMC): São Paulo [?], 1924, [without collector], D. W. Craik det., D. R. Lauck det. 1959. 1 f ( SEMC): Ypirango sic [= Ipiranga], 27.XI.1923, ( R. Spitz), D. W. Craik det., D. R. Lauck det. 1959. 1 m ( MZSP 70061 View Materials ): Mogi das Cruzes, 1932, (M. Vianna), J. A. de Carlo det. 1 m ( MZSP): Ribeirão Preto–“Fac. Medicina”, XI.1954, (M. P. Barretto), M. P. Barretto-1969 collection, J. R. I. Ribeiro det. 1999. * 1 m ( MACN): Santo André, Paranapiacaba, X.1952, (Werum [?]), A. O. Bachmann collection, J. A. de Carlo det. 1 f ( MZSP 70058 View Materials ): São Bernardo do Campo , XI.1928, ( R. Spitz), J. A. de Carlo det. COLOMBIA. 1 m ( MNHN 302-40 View Materials ): [without a more precise locality, date, and collector], A. L. Montandon det. 1899, lectotype GoogleMaps   .

Distribution.— BOLIVIA ( Lauck 1963): Santa Cruz ( Nieser 1975). BRAZIL ( Montandon 1899): Goiás ( Menke & Lauck 1962), Mato Grosso ( Ribeiro 2005), Minas Gerais ( Nieser & Melo 1997), Pará ( Lauck 1963), Paraná ( Ribeiro 2005), Rio de Janeiro ( Ribeiro 2005), Rio Grande do Sul ( Lanzer 1976), Roraima ( Nieser 1975), São Paulo ( Lauck 1963). COLOMBIA ( Montandon 1899). PARAGUAY: Cororó ( De Carlo 1966). SURINAM: Nickerie ( Nieser 1975). VENEZUELA ( Montandon 1899).

Description.–Measurements (m / f). Total length (from apex of head to apex of hemelytra at rest) 32.0– 36.9 / 35.2–37.6; largest width of body 13.8–16.0 / 14.2–16.0; median length of pronotum 6.32–7.20 / 6.56– 7.44; greatest pronotal width 10.56–12.80 / 11.20–12.72.

General coloration dark brown. Dorsum with peculiar brownish golden hairs.

Body elongate with its lateral margins slightly parallel. Length of anteoculus 0.88–1.13 times length of interoculus; length of rostral segment I 0.85–0.97 times length of segment II; anterior frontogenal suture longer than posterior frontogenal suture; clypeus reaching ocular line; vertex with longitudinal median carina; posterior interocular width 1.40–1.64 times length of anteoculus, and 1.45–1.71 times width of eye; eyes rounded. Posterior part of pronotum with distinct longitudinal median carina; lateral foveae usually deep, prominent, producing slight carinae on posterior part of pronotum; greatest pronotal width 1.67–1.78 times its length; scutellum rough, elevated, usually reaching nodal line (0–0.40 mm), with longitudinal median carina; prosternal keel slightly anteriorly curved, pointed at apex ( Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ). Pilosity extending along genital operculum, usually covering about half of connexivum.

Male genitalia ( Fig. 3C–E View FIGURE 3 ).—Dorsal arms slightly parallel, not narrowing gradually toward apex in dorsal view; ventral diverticulum without dorsal caudal protuberance in dorsal and lateral views, and with poorly developed ventroapical protuberance in lateral and ventral views; caudal lateral margins of ventral diverticulum convex, not sinuous in ventral view; width of ventral diverticulum about 1.2 times its length in ventral view.

Variation.—In some specimens from the State of Pará, the prosternal keel is slightly truncated at its apex ( Fig. 3B View FIGURE 3 ). The specimens from the states of Rondônia and São Paulo are smaller (32.0– 32.5 mm), and not similar to ones examined by Lauck (1963), Schnack (1973, 1976), and Nieser (1975). Moreover, the dorsal arms of the phallotheca are relatively larger, rounded at its apex in dorsal view ( Fig. 3F–J View FIGURE 3 ), and the width of ventral diverticulum is equal to its length in ventral view.

Comparative notes.— Schnack (1976) states that the clypeus almost reaches the ocular line; however, in all specimens I examined the clypeus reaches the ocular line; the difference is probably due to a different orientation of the head when measuring. In most specimens the head is declined anteriorly and if one measured the relation of the clypeal/ocular line with the horizontal body axis and not the main horizontal axis of the head itself, one gets the same result as Schnack (1976). Based on Nieser (1975), the differences found in the aspect of phallus of one specimen from Surinam do not agree with those observed by Lauck (1963). Nieser (1975) suggests that the specimen from Surinam represents an undescribed species. The presence of carina on vertex, pronotum, and scutellum, including the general appearance of the dorsal arms of phallotheca ( Fig. 3C– J View FIGURE 3 ) herein reported in B. aurivillianum   , suggest a close relationship between it and B. stollii   ( Fig. 13C–K View FIGURE 13 ). Belostoma stollii   has a better developed carina on the vertex, also on the pronotum and scutellum, whereas in B. aurivillianum   the carina on the vertex is poorly developed.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

NHRS

Swedish Museum of Natural History, Entomology Collections

MACN

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

SEMC

University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Belostomatidae

Genus

Belostoma

Loc

Belostoma aurivillianum ( Montandon, 1899 )

Ribeiro, Josė Ricardo Inacio 2007
2007
Loc

Belostoma aurivillianum: Kirkaldy & Torre-Bueno 1909: 190

Kirkaldy, G. W. & Torre-Bueno, J. R. de la 1909: 190
1909
Loc

Zaitha aurivilliana

Montandon, A. L. 1899: 171
1899