Anastrepha aliesae Norrbom

Norrbom, Allen L., Muller, Alies, Gangadin, Anielkoemar, Sutton, Bruce D., Rodriguez, Erick J., Savaris, Marcoandre, Lampert, Silvana, Rodriguez, Pedro A., Steck, Gary J., Moore, Matthew R., Nolazco, Norma, Troya, Henry, Keil, Clifford B., Padilla, Anabel, Wiegmann, Brian M., Cassel, Brian, Branham, Marc & Ruiz-Arce, Raul, 2021, New species and host plants of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) primarily from Suriname and Pará, Brazil, Zootaxa 5044 (1), pp. 1-74: 9-11

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Anastrepha aliesae Norrbom

new species

Anastrepha aliesae Norrbom   , new species

Figs. 2 View FIGURES 1–2 , 24–27 View FIGURES 19–30 , 75 View FIGURES 74–76 , 99 View FIGURES 98–120 , 122 View FIGURES 121–131 , 147–148 View FIGURES 145–148

Diagnosis. Anastrepha aliesae   is most similar to other species of the pseudoparallela group, from which it can be distinguished by lacking acrostichal setae. It further differs from A. amnis Stone   , A. dissimilis Stone   , A. ethalea (Walker)   , A. limae Stone   , A. nigripalpis Hendel   and A. pastranai Blanchard   in having the scutum mostly nonmicrotrichose, its aculeus tip is more serrate than in A. dissimilis   and A. nigripalpis   , with smaller serrations than in A. ethalea   , and its terminalia length differs from most of these species (oviscape 1.01–1.27 times mesonotum length in A. aliesae   vs. greater than 1.20 in A. amnis   and A. nigripalpis   and less than 0.90 in the other species). The hooklike dorsobasal denticles of the eversible membrane are in a less elongate pattern than in A. amnis   , are more numerous than in A. limae   and less numerous than in A. nigripalpis   . The scutellum is microtrichose, versus mostly nonmicrotrichose in A. chiclayae Greene   , which also has shorter terminalia (oviscape less than 0.90 times mesonotum length) and a relatively broader aculeus tip. The aculeus tip in A. aliesae   is more serrate than in A. asetaocelata Tigrero & Salas   , A. dryas Stone   , A. guevarai Norrbom   , the eversible membrane has fewer dorsobasal denticles than in A. consobrina (Loew)   , and the terminalia are shorter than in all four of those species. In the key of Zucchi et al. (2011) A. aliesae   runs to A. dissimilis   , A. ethalea   , or A. limae   , from which it differs as indicated above, or to A. mixta Zucchi   or A. sodalis Stone   , from which it differs in lacking acrostichal setae and having the aculeus more extensively serrate and lacking a constriction.

Four sequences of A. aliesae   , from two adult specimens from Adjoemakondre ( MT672194 View Materials , MT672195 View Materials ) and two from Coebitie ( MT672196 View Materials , MT672197 View Materials ), Suriname, were included in the COI barcode analysis of Moore et al. (in prep.). There are three unique sequences. The four sequences of A. aliesae   formed a separate cluster (i.e., with a COI barcode gap), with a range in intraspecific K2P distance of 0.0–1.2%. The smallest interspecific K2P distance was 7.0% with A. pastranai   .

Description. Mostly orange. Setae red brown to dark red brown.

Head: Mostly yellow to orange, except ocellar tubercle brown. 2–4 frontal setae; 2 orbital setae, posterior seta well developed. Ocellar seta weak, approximately 1.0 times as long as ocellar tubercle. Facial carina, in profile, straight or concave on dorsal two-thirds. Antenna not extended to ventral facial margin. Palpus in lateral view dorsally curved, evenly setulose.

Thorax: Mostly yellow to orange, most of scutum orange; with following areas white to pale yellow: postpronotal lobe and lateral margin of scutum bordering it; sublateral scutal vitta from transverse suture to posterior margin, including base of intra-alar seta; scutellum except extreme base; dorsal margins of anepisternum and katepisternum; katepimeron; and most of anatergite and katatergite; medial scutal vitta absent. Scutum without brown markings except with diffuse to distinct brown spot medially on scuto-scutellar suture. Subscutellum and mediotergite entirely orange. Mesonotum 2.52–3.00 mm long. Postpronotal lobe, notopleuron, and scutellum entirely microtrichose; scutum nonmicrotrichose except postsutural margin lateral to postsutural supra-alar seta; scutal setulae dark orange, evenly distributed sublaterally. Chaetotaxy typical for genus, except acrostichal seta absent. Katepisternal seta weak, orange, usually poorly differentiated from setulae, at most one-third as long as anepisternal seta.

Legs: Entirely yellow to orange.

Wing ( Figs. 24–27 View FIGURES 19–30 ): Length 6.22–6.53 mm, width 2.62–2.78 mm, ratio 2.24–2.39. Apex of vein R 1 at 0.57–0.59 wing length, proximal to level of anterior end of crossvein r-m. Cell c 0.91–1.13 times as long as pterostigma; pterostigma 3.83–5.00 times as long as wide. Vein R 2+3 not sinuous. Crossvein r-m at 0.68–0.72 distance from bm-m to dm-m on vein M 1. Vein M 1 relatively weakly curved apically; cell r 4+5 at apex 1.00–1.17 times as wide as at level of dm-m, 0.93–0.99 times as wide as maximum subapical width. Cell cu a with distal lobe relatively short, length of cu a 1.35–1.49 times as long as anterior margin, lobe 0.53–0.66 times as long as vein CuA+CuP. Wing pattern mostly orange and moderate brown. C-band mostly orange, cells bc and c paler, narrow basal and apical parts of cell c usually darker, pterostigma mostly moderate brown, distal margin of band in cells r 1 and r 2+3 narrowly brown, most of vein Rs, including fork, dark brown, and in cell br often with irregular brown marks in part anterior to cell bm, and with small triangular to elongate brown mark on distal margin of band bordering vein R 2+3. C-band and Sband broadly to narrowly separated by hyaline band from cell bm to costa or connected along vein R 2+3 and/or vein R 4+5. Basal hyaline area in cell dm relatively small. Basal half of S-band relatively broad, mostly orange, anterobasal margin mostly narrowly brown in cells br, r 1, and r 2+3, posterodistal margin narrowly brown anteriorly, more broadly posteriorly in cell m 4, extending into lobe of cell cu a, with weak or no incision in cell m 4; distal section orange, with most of margins and part in cell r 4+5 moderate brown; moderately broad, at apex of vein R 2+3 0.59–0.67 times width of cell r 2+3, not extended to apex of vein M 1, without marginal hyaline areas; hyaline area proximal to apex of band extended to vein R 2+3 or slightly into cell r 1. V-band with proximal arm moderately broad, mostly brown, orange in cell r 4+5 except part or all of proximal margin and bordering anterior half to most of crossvein dm-m; separated from or narrowly connected to S-band along vein R 4+5; on posterior margin extended four-fifths to nine-tenths distance to vein CuA+CuP; distal arm mostly to entirely brown, broadly connected to proximal arm; hyaline area between arms of V-band and vein M 1 absent or small, at most one-third width of cell cell r 4+5.

Abdomen: Mostly orange, without brown markings.

Female terminalia: Oviscape 2.88–3.41 mm long, 1.01–1.27 times as long as mesonotum; entirely orange; spiracle at basal 0.26–0.32. Eversible membrane ( Fig. 75 View FIGURES 74–76 ) with dorsobasal denticles in semicircular pattern, with approximately 80 moderately long hooklike denticles in 7–8 V-shaped rows. Aculeus ( Fig. 99 View FIGURES 98–120 ) ventrally curved in lateral view, 2.74–3.09 mm long, 0.90–0.99 times oviscape length; in ventral view base expanded, triangular, 0.21–0.23 mm wide, shaft 0.11–0.14 mm wide at midlength; tip ( Fig. 122 View FIGURES 121–131 ) 0.35–0.40 mm long, 0.12–0.13 times aculeus length, 0.12–0.13 mm wide at base, 0.13–0.15 mm preapically, 2.69–3.08 times as long as wide; in ventral view gradually tapered, elongate triangular, distal 0.37–0.39 mm finely serrate, 0.97–1.11 times length of tip; 0.050 –0.075 mm wide in lateral view, 0.38–0.58 times ventral width. Spermathecae not examined.

Male terminalia ( Figs. 147–148 View FIGURES 145–148 ): Epandrium about as long as high in lateral view, in posterior view with medial V-shaped indentation in posterodorsal margin. Lateral surstylus without basolateral lobe, relatively long, extended beyond prensisetae by 0.34 times length of prensiseta; in lateral view elongate triangular, apical half slender, nearly straight; in posterior view elongate triangular, apex blunt, medial margin convex basally, straight or slightly concave on apical half, lateral margin slightly convex. Proctiger with ventral and lateral sclerotized areas separated. Phallus 4.14–4.30 mm long, 1.44 times as long as mesonotum; glans 0.50 mm long.

Distribution. Anastrepha aliesae   is known only from Suriname. We collected it only from the savannah belt (Adjoemakondre, Coebitie, Drie Kokro, Powakka).

Biology. This species was reared from fruit of Passiflora coccinea Aubl.   and P. glandulosa Cav.   ( Passifloraceae   ).

Type data. Holotype ♀ ( USNM USNMENT00875193), SURINAME: Para: road to Coebitie , [near exp. garden, 5.35305°N 55.48938°W, 32 m,] emerged 14 Mar–4 Apr 2016 reared / ex fruit of Passiflora glandulosa   collected 9 Feb 2016, A. Muller F19336 View Materials GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: SURINAME: Marowijne: Adjoemakondre, side road from Paramaribo-Albina road, 5°35’32.5”N 54°15’34.8”W, 33 m, emerged 3 Nov 2017 reared ex fruit of Passiflora coccinea   collected 5 Oct 2017, A. Muller F20617 View Materials , 1♀ ( MAAHF) 3♀ ( USNM USNMENT00875188–90) GoogleMaps   ; Para: Coebitie area , near exp. garden, 5.35305°N 55.48938°W, 32 m, emerged 14 Mar–4 Apr 2016 reared ex fruit of Passiflora glandulosa   collected 9 Feb 2016, A. Muller F19336 View Materials , 1♂ 2♀ ( FSCA) 4♂ 2♀ ( MAAHF) 1♂ 5♀ ( USNM USNMENT00875191–92, USNMENT00875194 View Materials , USNMENT01526353–55) GoogleMaps   ; same locality, emerged 17 Jul 2017 reared ex fruit of Passiflora coccinea   collected 14 Jun 2017, A. Muller F20416 View Materials , 1♀ ( MAAHF) GoogleMaps   ; same, emerged 15 Jan 2018 reared ex fruit of Passiflora coccinea   collected 13 Dec 2017, A. Muller F20753 View Materials , 7♂ 3♀ ( MAAHF) 1♂ 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526518–19)   ; same, emerged 17 Jan 2018 reared ex fruit of Passiflora coccinea   collected 28 Dec 2017, A. Muller F20787 View Materials , 1♂ 1♀ ( MAAHF)   ; same, emerged 4–11 Feb 2019 reared ex fruit of Passiflora coccinea   collected 8 Jan 2019, A. Muller F21713 View Materials , 2♂ 4♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526301–05, USNMENT01526343)   ; Coebitie area, road to Witagron , 5.35816°N 55.49687°W, 41 m, trap CB-ML-01, 17–23 Mar 2016, A. Muller, 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526520) GoogleMaps   ; Drie Kokro , 5°20’31.76”N 55°26’18.17”W, 20 m, emerged 11 Mar 2019 reared ex fruit of Passiflora coccinea   collected 6 Feb 2019, A. Muller, F21844 View Materials , 1♂ ( MAAHF) GoogleMaps   ; same, emerged 11 Mar 2019, 2♂ 1♀ ( NZCS)   ; Powakka , 5.42807°N 55.0425°W, 25 m, emerged 26–30 Jun 2017 reared ex fruit of Passiflora coccinea   collected 30 May 2017, A. Muller F20388 View Materials , 1♂ 1♀ ( CDFA) 1♂ 1♀ ( FSCA) 1♂ 1♀ ( ICAT) 1♂ 1♀ ( NZCS) 1♂ 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526806–07) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. This species is named for Alies Muller, who collected the type series as well as most of the other non-Brownsberg specimens of all of the species collected for the Anastrepha   project in Suriname.

Comments. This species is included in the pseudoparallela species group on the basis of its triangular, finely serrate aculeus tip and its Passiflora   host plants. In a preliminary phylogenetic analysis using anchored hybrid enrichment (Wiegmann et al., in prep.), A. aliesae   is clustered with five species of the pseudoparallela group. In the COI analysis of Moore et al. (in prep.), the four sequences of A. aliesae   form a cluster grouped with A. nigripalpis Hendel   and A. pastranai Blanchard   , two other species of the pseudoparallela group.


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology


University, National Zoological Collection of Suriname