Anastrepha juxtalanceola Norrbom

Norrbom, Allen L., Muller, Alies, Gangadin, Anielkoemar, Sutton, Bruce D., Rodriguez, Erick J., Savaris, Marcoandre, Lampert, Silvana, Rodriguez, Pedro A., Steck, Gary J., Moore, Matthew R., Nolazco, Norma, Troya, Henry, Keil, Clifford B., Padilla, Anabel, Wiegmann, Brian M., Cassel, Brian, Branham, Marc & Ruiz-Arce, Raul, 2021, New species and host plants of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) primarily from Suriname and Pará, Brazil, Zootaxa 5044 (1), pp. 1-74: 23-25

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Anastrepha juxtalanceola Norrbom

new species

Anastrepha juxtalanceola Norrbom   , new species

Figs. 9 View FIGURES 9–10 , 47–50 View FIGURES 43–54 , 85–86 View FIGURES 85–91 , 106–107 View FIGURES 98–120 , 130–131 View FIGURES 121–131 , 155–156 View FIGURES 153–156

Diagnosis. Anastrepha juxtalanceola   can be distinguished from other species of Anastrepha   by the following combination of characters: Setae red brown to dark red brown; subscutellum and mediotergite entirely orange; cell c with subapical hyaline area; C-band mostly orange posterior to pterostigma; oviscape 2.44–2.72 mm long, 0.84– 0.95 times as long as mesonotum; aculeus 2.28–2.47 mm long; tip 0.130 –0.155 mm long, 0.065 –0.070 mm wide, somewhat saddle-shaped, distal 0.34–0.43 triangular, finely serrate. It resembles other species of the lanceola   clade, but differs from most of them, including A. latilanceola Norrbom   which has a similar aculeus tip and is sympatric with A. juxtalanceola   in Suriname and Pará, Brazil, in having shorter terminalia (oviscape 3.00– 3.76 mm long, 1.09–1.22 times mesonotum length in A. latilanceola   ). It further differs from A. kimi Norrbom   , which has only slightly longer terminalia, and A. soroana Fernández & Rodríguez   , which has similar length terminalia, in having a relatively broader aculeus tip and the C-band and S-band often connected. In the key of Zucchi et al. (2011) A. juxtalanceola   runs to A. montei   Lima, but differs in having vein M 1 less strongly curved apically and a less tapered aculeus with a longer, saddle-shaped tip.

Five sequences of A. juxtalanceola   , from four adult specimens from Brownsberg ( MT672225 View Materials , MT672226 View Materials , MT672228 View Materials , MT672228 View Materials ) and one from Berg en Dal ( MT672227 View Materials ), Suriname, were included in the COI barcode analysis of Moore et al. (in prep.). There were four unique sequences. The five sequences of A. juxtalanceola   formed a cluster with five sequences of A. latilanceola   , three sequences of an undescribed species near A. tumbalai   , and one sequence of A. ericki Norrbom   , which also belong to the lanceola   clade. Thus, there is no COI barcode gap for this species. The A. juxtalanceola COI   barcodes display a range of intraspecific K2P distances from 0.0–1.0%. The smallest interspecific K2P distances were ca. 0.5% with A. latilanceola   , A. sp. nr. tumbalai   , and A. ericki   .

Description. Mostly yellow to orange. Setae red brown to dark red brown.

Head: Yellow to orange except brown ocellar tubercle. 3–4 frontal setae; 2 orbital setae, posterior seta well developed. Ocellar seta absent or weak, at most 1.6 times as long as ocellar tubercle. Facial carina, in profile, straight or concave on dorsal two-thirds. Antenna not extended to ventral facial margin. Palpus in lateral view dorsally curved, evenly setulose.

Thorax: Mostly yellow to orange, most of scutum orange to dark orange, often slightly darker on posterior margin; with following areas white to pale yellow: postpronotal lobe and lateral margin of scutum bordering it; medial scutal vitta, slender anteriorly, broadly quadrate posteriorly, extending laterally to dorsocentral seta; sublateral scutal vitta from transverse suture to posterior margin, including base of intra-alar seta; scutellum except extreme base; dorsal margins of anepisternum and katepisternum; katepimeron; and most of anatergite and katatergite. Scutoscutellar suture without brown spot medially. Subscutellum and mediotergite entirely orange. Mesonotum 2.59–3.21 mm long. Postpronotal lobe, notopleuron, and scutellum microtrichose; scutum nonmicrotrichose except postsutural lateral margin; scutal setulae orange, evenly distributed sublaterally. Chaetotaxy typical for genus. Katepisternal seta red brown, relatively well developed, weaker than but 0.43–0.69 times length of anepisternal seta.

Legs: Entirely yellow to orange.

Wing ( Figs. 47–50 View FIGURES 43–54 ): Length 5.19–5.91 mm, width 2.12–2.45 mm, ratio 2.36–2.50. Apex of vein R 1 at 0.52–0.53 wing length, proximal to level of anterior end of crossvein r-m. Cell c 1.46–1.69 times as long as pterostigma; pterostigma 2.34–3.43 times as long as wide. Vein R 2+3 not sinuous. Crossvein r-m 0.58–0.63 distance from bm-m to dm-m on vein M 1. Vein M 1 moderately strongly curved apically; cell r 4+5 at apex 0.97–1.12 times as wide as at level of dm-m, 0.82–0.88 times as wide as maximum subapical width. Cell cu a with distal lobe moderately to relatively long, length of cu a 1.54–1.74 times as long as anterior margin, lobe 0.59–0.82 times as long as vein CuA+CuP. Wing pattern mostly orange and moderate brown. C-band mostly orange, cell c with hyaline area posteriorly and distally, pterostigma mostly moderate brown, distal margin in cells r 1 and r 2+3 narrowly brown, with small brown spot on fork of vein Rs, with brown spot on posterior margin of band in cell br, and sometimes with irregular elongate mark medially in part of br anterior to cell bm. C-band and S-band narrowly separated or connected along vein R 2+3 and/or vein R 4+5; hyaline marginal spot in cell r 1 subtriangular to subrectangular, with apex aligned proximal to crossvein rm. Basal hyaline area in cell dm moderate sized. Basal half of S-band relatively narrow, mostly orange, anterobasal margin partially to mostly narrowly brown except in cell dm, posterodistal margin mostly narrowly brown, more broadly posteriorly in cell m 4, but not extended to apex of lobe of cell cu a, with or without weak incision in cell m 4; distal section mostly orange, posterior margin in cell cell r 2+3 at least partially narrowly brown and part in cell r 4+5 moderate brown; medium width, at apex of vein R 2+3 0.55–0.70 times width of cell r 2+3, usually slightly broader along vein R 4+5, not extended to apex of vein M 1, without marginal hyaline areas; hyaline area proximal to apex of band extended to vein R 2+3. V-band with proximal arm slender, usually constricted or interrupted in cell cell r 4+5, largely brown, mostly to entirely orange bordering anterior part of crossvein dm-m and in cell r 4+5; separate from S-band although sometimes almost narrowly connected along vein R 4+5; on posterior margin extended one-third to half distance to vein CuA+CuP; distal arm slender, extended to vein R 4+5, more than half to mostly brown, connected to or separated from proximal arm; hyaline area between arms of V-band (if connected) and vein M 1 half width of cell cell r 4+5.

Abdomen: Mostly orange, without brown markings.

Female terminalia: Oviscape 2.44–2.72 mm long, 0.84–0.95 times as long as mesonotum; entirely orange or with apex, at most distal tenth, brown; spiracle at basal 0.24–0.27. Eversible membrane ( Figs. 85–86 View FIGURES 85–91 ) with dorsobasal denticles in suboval pattern, with 15–20 relatively long hooklike denticles in 2–3 V-shaped rows. Aculeus ( Figs. 106–107 View FIGURES 98–120 ) slightly ventrally curved in lateral view, 2.28–2.47 mm long, 0.88–0.95 times oviscape length; in ventral view base distinctly expanded, triangular, 0.12–0.14 mm wide, shaft 0.06–0.07 mm wide at midlength; tip ( Figs. 130–131 View FIGURES 121–131 ) 0.130 –0.155 mm long, 0.05–0.07 times aculeus length, in ventral view slightly expanded, then slightly narrowed and expanded (lateral margin slightly concave medially), distal 0.34–0.43 triangular, finely serrate; 0.065 –0.070 mm wide at widest point (subbasally), 0.055 –0.061 preapically, triangular part 0.91–1.00 times as wide as basal part, 1.97–2.48 times as long as wide; 0.026 –0.032 mm wide in lateral view, 0.43–0.46 times ventral width. Spermathecae not examined.

Male terminalia ( Figs. 155–156 View FIGURES 153–156 ): Epandrium slightly shorter than to as long as high in lateral view, in posterior view with posterodorsal margin without medial V-shaped indentation. Lateral surstylus moderately long, extended beyond prensisetae by 2.00–2.67 times length of prensiseta; in lateral view elongate triangular, apical half slender, posteriorly curved; in posterior view bluntly triangular, medial margin convex, lateral margin straight to slightly concave near midlength. Proctiger with ventral and lateral sclerotized areas connected. Phallus 3.32–3.90 mm long, 1.18–1.41 times as long as mesonotum; glans slender, 0.44–0.50 mm long.

Distribution. Anastrepha juxtalanceola   is known from Brazil (Pará) and Suriname. In Suriname we collected it at Berg en Dal and Brownsberg.

Biology. The host plants and other aspects of the biology of this species are unknown.

Type data. Holotype ♀ ( USNM USNMENT00875157), SURINAME: Brokopondo: Brownsberg Nature Park , [Mazaroni top trail, in front of old cabin, 4.95034°N 55.17903°W, 454 m,] trap BNP-ML-08, [27 Oct 2017 –] 11 Feb 2018, A. Gangadin GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: BRAZIL: Pará: Oriximiná, Porto Trombetas, F.N. Saracá-Taquera, 1°51.157’S 56°28.317’W, 91 m, multilure traps, 11–30 Dec 2018, S. Lampert & M. Savaris, 1♂ ( MELQ DZUP460210 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Porto Trombetas, REBIO-Rio Trombetas, Tabuleiro base, 1°21.763’S 56°50.782’W, 65 m, multilure traps, 9–21 Oct 2018, M. Savaris & S. Lampert, 2♂ 2♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526647, USNMENT01113848, USNMENT01113850–51) GoogleMaps   ; same, 22 Oct–6 Nov 2018, 1♀ ( DZUP DZUP460223 View Materials ) 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526637)   ; same, 24 Nov–18 Dec 2018, 2♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526648, USNMENT01113849)   ; same, 19–31 Dec 2018, 1♀ ( MELQ)   ; REBIO-Rio Trombetas, Tabuleiro base, 1°21.759’S 56°50.928’W, 59 m, multilure trap RB-ML-06, 5–18 Nov 2019, M. Savaris, A. L. Norrbom & S. Lampert, 2♂ 1♀ ( MELQ) GoogleMaps   . SURINAME: Brokopondo: Berg en Dal, Bergendal Resort , in front of cabin C-8, 5.14744°N 55.06822°W, 4 m, trap BD-ML-22, 12–26 Oct 2016, A. Muller, 1♀ ( USNM USN- MENT00875158) GoogleMaps   ; Brownsberg Nature Park, Irene Val trail, 4.95606°N 55.1894°W, 349 m, trap BNP-ML-25, 27 Oct 2017 – 11 Feb 2018, A. Gangadin, 1♂ ( USNM USNMENT01526638) GoogleMaps   ; Brownsberg Nature Park, Kumbu Val trail, 4.94471°N 55.19539°W, 417 m, trap BNP-ML-37, 30 Oct–19 Dec 2016, A. Gangadin, 1♀ ( FSCA) GoogleMaps   ; Brownsberg Nature Park, Leo Val trail, near creek, 4.95143°N 55.18627°W, 477 m, trap BNP-ML-30, 31 Oct–20 Dec 2016, A. Gangadin, 2♀ ( NZCS) GoogleMaps   ; Brownsberg Nature Park, Mazaroni top trail, 10 m before end, 4.95125°N 55.17612°W, 457 m, trap BNP-ML-01, 27 Oct 2017 – 11 Feb 2018, A. Gangadin, 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT00875162) GoogleMaps   ; Mazaroni top trail, 50 m from camera trap, 4.95116°N 55.17638°W, 442 m, trap BNP-ML-02, 26 Oct 2017 – 10 Feb 2018, A. Gangadin, 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT00875159) GoogleMaps   ; Brownsberg Nature Park, Witti Creek trail, 4.94146°N 55.17288°W, 287 m, trap BNP-ML-43, 31 Oct–20 Dec 2016, A. Gangadin, 1♂ ( NZCS) GoogleMaps   ; same, 26 Oct 2017 – 10 Feb 2018, 1♀ ( NZCS USNMENT00875156)   ; Witti Creek trail, 4.94555°N 55.17842°W, 411 m, trap BNP-ML-17, 26 Oct 2017 – 10 Feb 2018, A. Gangadin, 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT00875161) GoogleMaps   ; Witti Creek trail, at detour, 4.94293°N 55.17639°W, 352 m, trap BNP-ML-13, 31 Oct–20 Dec 2016, A. Gangadin, 1♀ ( MAAHF) GoogleMaps   ; Brownsberg Nature Park, Witti Creek trail, near mark 0.5 km, 4.94589°N 55.17902°W, 419 m, trap BNP-ML-18, 26 Oct 2017 – 10 Feb 2018, A. Gangadin, 1♂ ( MAAHF) 2♂ 2♀ ( USNM USNMENT01526640–43) GoogleMaps   ; Witti Creek trail, near mark 0.8 km, 4.94399°N 55.1774°W, 352 m, trap BNP-ML-14, 31 Oct–20 Dec 2016, A. Gangadin, 1♀ ( MAAHF) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The name of this species is a Latin adjective, formed from juxta, meaning like or near, combined with lanceola   , the name of a related species.

Comments. This species belongs to the lanceola   clade of the mucronota species group as indicated by the mostly nonmicrotrichose scutum, the wing shape (somewhat elongate, with anterior margin relatively straight) and wing pattern (particularly the hyaline area in cell c, the narrow basal half of the S-band, and the proximal arm of the V-band often constricted or interrupted in cell r), the slender female terminalia and phallus, the long but relatively few dorsobasal denticles on the eversible membrane, the somewhat saddle-shaped aculeus tip, with the lateral margin concave medially, and with the apex triangular and finely serrate. In a preliminary phylogenetic analysis using anchored hybrid enrichment (Wiegmann et al., in prep.), A. juxtalanceola   is grouped with A. lanceola   and A. latilanceola   , the other species of the lanceola   clade included in the analysis. In the COI analysis of Moore et al. (in prep.), A. juxtalanceola   clusters with seven other species of the lanceola   clade.


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology


University, National Zoological Collection of Suriname