Anastrepha wachiperi Norrbom

Norrbom, Allen L., Muller, Alies, Gangadin, Anielkoemar, Sutton, Bruce D., Rodriguez, Erick J., Savaris, Marcoandre, Lampert, Silvana, Rodriguez, Pedro A., Steck, Gary J., Moore, Matthew R., Nolazco, Norma, Troya, Henry, Keil, Clifford B., Padilla, Anabel, Wiegmann, Brian M., Cassel, Brian, Branham, Marc & Ruiz-Arce, Raul, 2021, New species and host plants of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) primarily from Suriname and Pará, Brazil, Zootaxa 5044 (1), pp. 1-74: 42-43

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Anastrepha wachiperi Norrbom

new species

Anastrepha wachiperi Norrbom   , new species

Figs. 17 View FIGURES 17–18 , 69–71 View FIGURES 67–73 , 118 View FIGURES 98–120 , 141–143 View FIGURES 132–144

Diagnosis. Anastrepha wachiperi   can be distinguished from other species of Anastrepha   by the following combination of characters: setae dark red brown; face tapered ventrolaterally, without brown or white markings; subscutellum and mediotergite entirely orange; C-band and S-band separate; V-band complete, with proximal arm on posterior wing margin extended more than one-third distance to vein CuA+CuP; oviscape 3.6 mm long, 1.05 times as long as mesonotum; aculeus 3.23 mm long; tip very slender, 0.25 mm long, 0.045 mm wide, nonserrate.

In the key of Zucchi et al. (2011) A. wachiperi   runs to A. zernyi   Lima, from which it differs in having darker setae, the C-band and S-band separate, and the aculeus tip nonserrate and not sagittate. The wing resembles most species of the lanceola   clade in shape (the anterior margin relatively straight) and pattern (bands narrow). The shape of the aculeus tip, slightly expanded then gradually tapered, resembles A. perezi Norrbom   and A. mollyae Norrbom   , but is longer. It also somewhat resembles species of the lanceola   clade, but is nonserrate apically and the lateral margin is not concave medially.

One sequence of A. wachiperi   ( MT763872 View Materials ), from the adult specimen from Mitaraka, French Guiana, was included in the COI barcode analysis of Moore et al. (in prep.). The smallest interspecific K2P distance, with A. edentata Stone   , was relatively large (8.3%).

Description. Mostly yellow to orange. Setae dark red brown to black.

Head: Yellow to orange except brown ocellar tubercle. 3–5 frontal setae; 2 orbital setae. Ocellar seta weak, 0.8–1.2 times as long as ocellar tubercle. Facial carina, in profile, straight or concave on dorsal two-thirds. Antenna not extended to ventral facial margin. Palpus in lateral view dorsally curved, evenly setulose.

Thorax: Mostly yellow to orange; without brown markings; with following areas white to pale yellow (not well differentiated in type specimens): postpronotal lobe and lateral margin of scutum bordering it; medial scutal vitta, narrow anteriorly, broadly quadrate posteriorly, extended laterally to dorsocentral seta (distinct only in Villa Carmen females); sublateral scutal vitta from transverse suture to posterior margin, including base of intra-alar seta; scutellum; dorsal margins of anepisternum and katepisternum; katepimeron; and most of anatergite and katatergite. Subscutellum and mediotergite entirely orange. Mesonotum 3.32–3.57 mm long. Postpronotal lobe, notopleuron, scutum and scutellum entirely microtrichose; scutal setulae orange, evenly distributed sublaterally. Chaetotaxy typical for genus. Katepisternal seta pale to moderate red brown, weaker and slightly less than to slightly more than half as long as anepisternal seta.

Legs: Entirely yellow to orange.

Wing ( Figs. 69–71 View FIGURES 67–73 ): Length 6.89–7.14 mm, width 2.82–2.90 mm, ratio 2.43–2.48. Apex of vein R 1 at 0.53–0.56 wing length, proximal to level of anterior end of crossvein r-m. Cell c 1.24–1.29 times as long as pterostigma; pterostigma 3.65–4.07 times as long as wide. Vein R 2+3 not sinuous. Crossvein r-m 0.64–0.66 distance from bm-m to dm-m on vein M 1. Vein M 1 moderately curved apically; cell r 4+5 at apex 1.04–1.09 times as wide as at level of dmm, 0.82–0.83 times as wide as maximum subapical width. Cell cu a with distal lobe moderately long, length of cu a 1.59–1.68 times as long as anterior margin, lobe 0.59–0.76 times as long as vein CuA+CuP. Wing pattern mostly orange and moderate brown. C-band mostly orange, cell bc and most of cell c, except base, paler, subhyaline, but cell c without distinct subapical hyaline area, pterostigma mostly orange brown to moderate brown, fork of vein Rs with small brown spot, and cell br with irregular distal brown spot on posterior margin of band. C-band and S-band broadly separated by hyaline area extended to costa. Basal hyaline area in cell dm moderately large. Basal half of S-band mostly orange, anterobasal margin partially narrowly brown in cells r 2+3 and br, posterodistal margin partially to mostly narrowly brown, more broadly posteriorly in cell m 4, extending to or almost to apex of lobe of cell cu a, with or without weak incision in cell m 4; distal section orange, margins in cell cell r 2+3 partially brown and part in cell r 4+5 moderate brown; relatively broad, at apex of vein R 2+3 0.67–0.68 times width of cell r 2+3, not extended to apex of vein M 1, without marginal hyaline areas; hyaline area proximal to apex of band extended to vein R 2+3. V-band with proximal arm slender, mostly brown, orange or faint anteriorly in most or all of cell r 4+5 and anteriorly in cells dm and m 1; separate from S-band; on posterior margin extended three-fifths to two-thirds distance to vein CuA+CuP; distal arm slender, mostly brown, connected to proximal arm; hyaline area between arms of V-band and vein M 1 approximately one-third width of cell cell r 4+5.

Abdomen: Mostly orange, without brown markings.

Female terminalia: Oviscape 3.56–3.90 mm long, 1.05–1.09 times as long as mesonotum, straight in lateral view; entirely orange; spiracle at basal 0.25–0.27. Eversible membrane not dissected. Aculeus ( Fig. 118 View FIGURES 98–120 ) slightly ventrally curved in lateral view, 3.23–3.56 mm long, 0.90–0.92 times oviscape length; in ventral view base distinctly expanded, triangular, 0.20 mm wide, shaft 0.04 mm wide at midlength; tip ( Figs. 141–143 View FIGURES 132–144 ) 0.24–0.30 mm long, 0.07–0.08 times aculeus length, 0.036 –0.042 mm wide at base, 0.040 –0.045 subbasally (at broadest), 6.00–7.50 times as long as wide at base, 5.33–7.14 times as wide at broadest; in ventral view parallel-sided or slightly broadened subbasally, then very gradually tapered to apex, lateral margin of tapered part slightly convex, nonserrate; 0.035 –0.040 mm wide in lateral view, 0.83–1.00 times ventral width. Spermathecae not examined.

Distribution. Anastrepha wachiperi   is known from French Guiana and southeastern Peru (Cusco).

Biology. The host plants and other aspects of the biology of this species are unknown.

Type data. Holotype ♀ ( MHNJP USNMENT01526566), PERU: Cusco: Estación Biológica Villa Carmen , [trail 8, mark 8-2024, 12.90203°S 71.41135°W, 760 m,] trap VC-ML-17A, [27 Jul –] 2 Aug 2013, [M. Macedo] GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: FRENCH GUIANA: Saint-Laurent du Maroni: Maripasoula, Mitaraka , savane roche 2, 2°13’59.8”N 54°27’46.5”W, 471 m, 6m Malaise , 13–20 Aug 2015, P.-H. Dalens MITARAKA/230, 1♀ ( MNHNP USN- MENT00875217) GoogleMaps   . PERU: Cusco: Estacion Biologica Villa Carmen , trail 8, mark 8-1747, 12.90241°S 71.40897°W, 723 m, trap VC-ML-15A, 3–9 Aug 2013, M. Macedo, 1♀ ( USNM USNMENT00744968) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The name of this species is a noun in apposition in honor of the Wachiperi, the indigenous people who live near Villa Carmen biological station, Peru, in recognition of their efforts to preserve the area’s forests.

Comments. This species belongs to the mucronota species group. It is similar to A. edentata   , A. tubifera   , A. mollyae   , and species of the lanceola   clade as indicated in the Diagnosis. In the COI analysis of Moore et al. (in prep.) it runs closest to A. edentata   .


Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History