Leuronota maritima (Tuthill, 1944) Halbert & Burckhardt, 2020

Halbert, Susan E. & Burckhardt, Daniel, 2020, The psyllids (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) of Florida: newly established and rarely collected taxa and checklist, Insecta Mundi 2020 (788), pp. 1-88 : 64

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4564694

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2454C96B-5D17-4162-A3BB-296F5C0DC216

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4586029

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/C23E8784-FF90-FFE0-5FA7-9D262E554910

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Leuronota maritima (Tuthill, 1944)
status

new combination

Leuronota maritima (Tuthill, 1944) , new combination

( Fig. 182–184 View Figures 181–184 )

Trioza maritima Tuthill 1944b: 158 .

Materials examined. USA: Florida: Specimens from Brevard, Broward, Collier, Hillsborough, Lee, Manatee, Miami-Dade, Palm Beach, Pasco, and Pinellas counties ( FSCA, dry and slide mounted, ethanol).

Diagnosis. This species is separated easily from the other Florida species of Leuronota by its clear wings, and from Florida species of Trioza it differs as indicated in the generic key.

Distribution. Colombia, Mexico ( Rendón-Mera et al. 2017, Ouvrard 2020), USA (FL) (new record for FL and for the USA reported here).

Host plants. Avicennia germinans (L.) L. ( Acanthaceae ).

Comments. For a number of years, DPI inspectors have noticed a triozid on Avicennia . In 2003, it was identified as Leuronota maritima . The psyllid was described from Mexico and reported from Colombia ( Rendón-Mera et al. 2017).

Specimens at DPI go back to a large series from Manatee County collected on A . germinans on 15.vi.1972 by Frank W. Mead. We also have specimens from Ft. Myers (Lee County) collected on A . germinans on 30.v.1980 by K. Delate, from Hollywood (Broward County) collected on A . germinans on 20.i.1993 by Karolynne Vanyo, from Green Key Park (Pasco County) collected on A . germinans on 25.v.1989 by Cindy Kamelhair, from Miami-Dade County collected on A . germinans (FSCA#s E2003-169, 441, 568, 2174), from North Palm Beach (Palm Beach County) collected on A . germinans (FSCA# E2003-2147), and from Fleming Key (Monroe County) collected in traps in 1979 and 1980.

Although we have specimens dating from nearly 50 years ago, this species has not been reported formally from Florida. We consider it adventive because of the rather sudden appearance of damaging populations on mangroves.

The triozids roll the edges of new leaves ( Fig. 183 View Figures 181–184 ), severely damaging the new growth ( Fig. 184 View Figures 181–184 ). The damaged portion of the leaf eventually turns black and falls off. Immatures ( Fig. 182 View Figures 181–184 ) secrete copious sticky wax inside the rolled leaves. Tuthill (1944b) described the species as Trioza ; however, characters of the head, pronotum, metatibiae and male and female terminalia place this species in Leuronota , as defined by Burckhardt (1988) and Brown and Hodkinson (1988). The immatures ( Fig. 182 View Figures 181–184 ) have the thickened antennal segment 3 also characteristic for Leuronota . Here we formally transfer the species as Leuronota maritima (Tuthill, 1944) , comb. nov. from Trioza .

Nothotrioza Burckhardt, 2013

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Triozidae

Genus

Leuronota

Loc

Leuronota maritima (Tuthill, 1944)

Halbert, Susan E. & Burckhardt, Daniel 2020
2020
Loc

Trioza maritima

Tuthill LD 1944: 158
1944