Corticium quadripartitum Topsent, 1923, Topsent, 1923

Rützler, Klaus, Piantoni, Carla, Van, Rob W. M. & Díaz, Cristina, 2014, Diversity of sponges (Porifera) from cryptic habitats on the Belize barrier reef near Carrie Bow Cay, Zootaxa 3805 (1), pp. 1-129: 13

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3805.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F0B7652D-6E64-44CE-9181-5A10C8D594C7

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C23A87C6-FFBF-FFD4-FF11-FC841F5FFA06

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Corticium quadripartitum Topsent, 1923
status

 

Corticium quadripartitum Topsent, 1923  

( Figure 5 View FIGURE 5 )

Synonymy and references. Corticium quadripartitum Topsent, 1923: 14   , fig. 3 B.

Material. USNM 1228889, Carrie Bow Cay back reef near reef crest, underside of Acropora palmata   coral rubble, 0.3 m; K. Ruetzler col. 23 Apr 1974.

External morphology. A thin cushion covering about 16 cm 2, 3– 5 mm thick. Surface rough, cork-like to the touch, bumpy, with small (1 mm) oscula slightly elevated, pores in small depressed areas in between. Greenisholive color in life, darker brownish on the oscular bumps.

Skeleton structure. Spicules are condensed in a cortex at the surface and along the canals where they contain a large percentage of candelabras. Throughout the interior of the sponge, spicules are distributed in less dense fashion and are dominated by calthrops, mainly lophocalthrops.

Spicules. Basic calthrops (equiangular tetraxons with equal rays): 50–70 (57) Μm; lophocalthrops (one or more of the rays branch into two, three, or four spines, the latter of which led to the species‘ name): 21–60 (44) Μm; candelabras (lophocalthrops with branching, microspined rays): 26–33 (30) Μm; spheres, rare: 4–6 (5, n= 5).

Ecology. Only one specimen found under coral rock in a high-energy habitat behind the reef crest, 0.3 m.

Distribution. Previously known only from St. Vincent, in the Grenadine (Windward) Islands; now presumed to be Caribbean-wide.

Comments. The siliceous spheres seen in our SEM micrographs were not part of the original species description but they are easily overlooked by light microscopy.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History