Occidozyga sp. A-D

Mulcahy, Daniel G., Lee, Justin L., Miller, Aryeh H., Chand, Mia, Thura, Myint Kyaw & Zug, George R., 2018, Filling the BINs of life: Report of an amphibian and reptile survey of the Tanintharyi (Tenasserim) Region of Myanmar, with DNA barcode data, ZooKeys 757, pp. 85-152: 85

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Occidozyga sp. A-D


Occidozyga sp. A-D  


We were unable to identify two of the Tanintharyi specimens to species, an adult female 20.8 mm, adult male 22.1 mm SVL. Dorsal skin lightly rugose; broad mid-dorsal brown stripe bordered by broad parasagittal tan stripes on dorsum; posterior thigh without dark horizontal bar although with sharp delineation between dorsal brown and ventral white; venter immaculate white.

Natural history notes.

Occurred in the same area as the previous two Occidozyga   species.

General Distribution.

Occidozyga   sp. A–B are known from Yangon, Occidozyga   sp. C is known from Bago, and Occidozyga   sp. D is known from Tanintharyi.

Molecular Data.

We included other Occidozyga   from the legacy collection for comparative purposes. These individuals were very different genetically from the Tanintharyi specimens, and some from each other, including individuals from the same geographic regions forming different clades. This is likely a cryptic species complex; therefore, we treat each of these clades as separate, unidentified species, each was placed in its own COIBIN: O.   sp. A from Yangon ( USNM 587386, USNM 587389, and MBM JBS 19932; ADG1328), O.   sp. B from Yangon ( USNM 587395 and USNM 587402; ADG1330), O.   sp. C from Bago ( USNM 587105 and USNM 587107; ADG2685), and our specimens from the Tanintharyi Region as O.   sp. D ( USNM 586928-29; ADG1329).

Specimens examined.

spA-DGM2018: USNM 587386, USNM 587389, JBS 19932; spB-DGM2018: USNM 587395, USNM 587402; spC-DGM2018: USNM 587105, USNM 587107; spD-DGM2018: USNM 586928-29.

Red List status.


Additional dicroglossids.

We sequenced several other dicroglossids for comparison, including three specimens of Hoplobatrachus tigerinus   from Yangon ( USNM 587325, USNM 587404) and Bago (MBM- USNM-FS 35607). These were placed in a 16S clade with specimens from GenBank labeled as H. cf. tigerinus   MS 2009 (AB530502 and AB543600) and MS 2011 (AB671173-81). These specimens are now considered to be H. litoralis   , a recently described species from Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh ( Hasan et al. 2012b), which extends the range of this species into Myanmar. Our 16S sequences range from 2.0-3.5% sequence divergence from the Bangladesh sequences, including one of the paratypes (AB671174). Two specimens of Hoplobatrachus rugulosus   from Sagaing ( USNM 520480, USNM 524038) were sequenced and placed in a 16S clade with other individuals in GenBank identified as H. rugulosus   . We sequenced two individuals of Sphaerotheca breviceps   from Sagaing ( USNM 524020, USNM 537466) that were placed in a 16S clade with individuals in GenBank identified as S. breviceps   .