Conostegia rhodopetala Donn. Smith,

Kriebel, Ricardo, 2016, A Monograph of Conostegia (Melastomataceae, Miconieae), PhytoKeys 67, pp. 1-326: 94-98

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.67.6703

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BDD7D55B-47F9-9B63-197E-4268224A7CE0

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Conostegia rhodopetala Donn. Smith
status

 

Conostegia rhodopetala Donn. Smith  Fig. 101View Figure 101

Conostegia rhodopetala  Donn. Smith, Bot. Gaz. 42: 295. 1906. Type: Costa Rica. San José: La Palma de San José, 1500-1700 m, 22 May 1898, Tonduz 12347 (lectotype: NY!, designated here; isolectotypes: BR!, F!, US!). Other syntypes: COSTA RICA. San José: La Palma de San José, 1500-1700 m, A. Tonduz 9702 ( BR!(2), NY!, US!), H. Pittier 10169 ( BR!(2), M!, US!); Heredia: San Isidro, Rio de Las Lajas,1500 m, H. Pittier 14022 (F!, NY!, US!).

Description.

Trees 3-12 m tall with tetragonal glabrous stems that sometimes have inconspicuous dendritic trichomes particularly noticeable when dry; the nodal line present but faint. Leaves of a pair equal to somewhat unequal in length. Petiole 1-7.1 cm. Leaf blades 7-23.1 × 3-9.8 cm, 3-5 plinerved, with the innermost pair of primary veins diverging from the mid vein 0.5-1 cm above the base in opposite or sub opposite fashion, elliptic to oblong or elliptic ovate, the base acute or obtuse, the apex acute to caudate, the margin entire, glabrous on both surfaces (except some specimens with tiny dendritic trichomes abaxially). Inflorescence a terminal panicle 11-25.7 cm long branched above the base but sometimes appearing branched at the base because of multiple inflorescences arising at opposing meristems at the terminal node, accessory branches present, rachis pink; bracts and bracteoles apparently lacking. Pedicel 2-15 mm. Flowers (5-)6(-7) merous, calyptrate. Floral buds 5-11 × 2.5-5 mm, obovoid pyriform, the base obtuse, the apex apiculate, slightly constricted in the middle, the hypanthium 3.5-4 × 4-4.25 mm, campanu late glabrous. Petals 5-7(-8.3) × 6-8 mm, pink or rarely white, obovate, spreading, the apex emarginate, glabrous. Stamens 12-15(-17), 4.5-6.5 mm long, slightly zygomorphic, the filaments 2.25-3.75 mm, white, anthers 2.5-3.25 × 0.75-1 mm, elliptic to oblong, sagittate at the base, somewhat laterally compressed, yellow, the pore around 0.1 mm wide, terminal to slightly ventrally inclined. Ovary (5-) 6 (-7) locular, inferior, the apex glabrous, forming a collar around the style. Style 4.5-5 mm, bent below the stigma, vertical distance between anther pore and stigma ca. -1 - -0.5 mm, horizontal distance ca. 0-1mm, stigma slightly expanded, 0.75-1 mm wide. Berry 6-7 × 6-7 mm, purple-black. Seeds 0.3-0.55 mm, ovoid to pyramidal, the testa smooth.

Distribution

(Fig. 102View Figure 102). Cloud forests in Costa Rica reaching western Panama, 700-1900 m in elevation.

Conostegia rhodopetala  can be distinguished by being almost entirely glabrous, having pink inflorescences and floral buds, apiculate floral buds and pink petals. It is similar to Conostegia superba  , which as Almeda (2009) recently mentioned has wider leaves and white petals. Schnell (1996) noted a delay in of up to 5-6 months in fruit ripening and a much shorter fruiting than flowering season.

Specimens examined.

COSTA RICA. Alajuela: San Ramón, Reserva Monteverde, Sendero El Camino, Haber and Zuchowski 12398 ( INB, NY); San Carlos, La Tigra, entre la Fila divisoria de agua ( Rincón de Cedral) y cerro Bekom, Herrera et al. 8999 ( CR, MO, NY); vicinity of La Palma, Maxon 445 ( NY); Zapote de San Carlos, Smith 381 ( NY); Guadalupe de Zarcero, cantón de Alfaro Ruiz, Smith 702 ( NY); P. N. Juan Castro Blanco. Cuenca alta del río La Vieja. Colectando a orillas del río y en la fila, Solano et al. 2667 ( INB, NY). Cartago: Jiménez, Pejibaye, Turrialba, Refugio El Copal, Sendero Galbula, Kriebel et al. 5462 ( INB, NY); Volcan Turrialba on road from La Trinidad to Lechería La Central, Schnell 1076 ( NY). Heredia: Vara Blanca on road to Cariblanco, Schnell 1081 ( MO, NY); Vara Blanca de Sarapiquí north slope of Central Cordillera, Skutch 3224 ( NY). Puntarenas: Coto Brus, Sendero Las Tablas camino a Cotoncito, Kriebel and Solano 3176 ( INB, NY). San José: Moravia, P.N. Braulio Carrillo, Cuenca del Sarapiquí, Camino al Bajo de la Hondura, Acosta and Ramírez 389 ( INB, NY); Woods high above Río Cascajal 3 km N.E. of Cascajal, Lent 2177 ( NY); Vicinity of El General, Skutch 2989 ( MO, NY).

PANAMA. Chiriquí: Sendero Rio Hornito, Kriebel and Burke 5760 ( PMA, NY).