Craspedophorus strachani strachani ( Hope, 1842 )

Häckel, Martin, 2017, A contribution to the knowledge of the subfamily Panagaeinae Hope, 1838 from Africa. Part 3. Revision of the Craspedophorus strachani and C. brevicollis groups (Coleoptera: Carabidae), Zootaxa 4330 (1), pp. 1-67 : 23-24

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Craspedophorus strachani strachani ( Hope, 1842 )


16a. Craspedophorus strachani strachani ( Hope, 1842)

( Plate 1 View PLATE 1 , Figs 1–4, Plate 4 View PLATE 4 , Fig. 32)

Panagaeus strachani Hope, 1842: 94 (type locality “Sierra Leona”). Eudema strachani Gemminger and Harold 1868: 209 . Craspedophorus strachani strachani Burgeon 1930b: 158 , 1935b: 180, Basilewsky 1954: 247, 1968: 93, Lorenz 2005: 321. Häckel and Farkač 2012: 83.

Isotarsus westermanni Laferté-Sénectere, 1851: 221 . (type locality “Guinea”). Epicosmus westermanni Chaudoir, 1861: 340 .

Eudema westermanni Gemminger and Harold 1868: 210 . Craspedophorus westermanni Chaudoir 1879: 93 . Basilewsky 1987: 2000 syn. nov.

Type material. Holotype (♂): labeled “ Strachani / Hope S. L // S. L. [handwritten in black on white labels]// Type [printed in black] Col: 93 / Panagaeus / strachani / Hope [handwritten in black]/ Hope Dept. Oxford [printed in black on white label]// Type / Hope [printed in black] / Anna. Nat. Hist / 10. 1842 / P. 94 [handwritten in black]/ Coll. Hope Oxon. [printed in black on white label]// ( Plate 1 View PLATE 1 , Fig. 3, Plate 4 View PLATE 4 , Fig. 32, OUMNH).

1♂ (lectotype of Isotarsus westermanni LaFerté-Sénectere, 1851 established by Chaudoir 1861: 342): “ Westermanni mihi / in Guinea D. Westermann [handwritten in black on blue upper pinned label]// ♂ [handwritten in black on white second upper pinned label]// Ex Musaeo / Chaudoir [printed in red on white third upper pinned label]// Muséum Paris / ex Coll. / R. Oberthür / 1952 [printed in black on blue lower pinned label]// Type [printed in black on red lowest pinned label]”/// pinned first from left in the series labeled: “ Westermanni / Laferté / Guinée / C. Dejean [handwritten in black on white box label in Chaudoir's Collection]” ( Plate 1 View PLATE 1 , Fig. 4, MNHN).

Additional material examined. 1 (unknown sex): “ W. Afr. [handwritten]// Ex Musaeo / Chaudoir [printed]// Muséum Paris / ex Coll. / R. Oberthür / 1952 [printed]”, 1♂ “ Cape Coast / Castle [handwritten]// Ex Musaeo / Mniszech [printed]// Muséum Paris / ex Coll. / R. Oberthür / 1952 [printed]/// pinned second and third from left in the same series in Chaudoir's Collection ( MNHN). Ivory Coast. 3♂, 2♀: “ Dimbroko [= Dimbokro, Lacs District, N'Zi Region ]” ( MNHN, MRAC) ; 1♀: “André, Bongouanou [Moronou Region]” ( MRAC). Sierra Leone. 1♂, 1♀: “ Sierra Leone ” ( Plate 1 View PLATE 1 , Figs 1, 2, BMNH) ; 2♀: “ Mts. Loma ” ( MRAC) ; 2♂, 1♀: “ Rhobomp ” ( MRAC).

Note. This species is based on a single specimen of Hope Collection deposed in OUMNH and located by Hope to “ Sierra Leona ”. Description (in part, see Hope 1842: 94). “Length 9.5 points, width 3.5 points. Black, antennae with black setae. Pronotum almost hexagonal, anterior angles rounded, posterior abrupted and truncate, disc strongly excavated and punctured, elytra somewhat elongated, striated, punctured, with four yellow maculae, irregularly marginated, body and legs black. Hab. In Sierra Leona ” [from Latin]. “This remarkable species is named after my friend Strachan, some years a resident in the above colony... In the above species each of the four spots cover five interstitial spaces”.

Laferté-Sénectere added in his brief key to species for Isotarsus westermanni (1851: 221). “(Prémiére division): larger species. Antennae longer than midlength of the body, distal attenuated, III article twice than the second. Legs black; (aa) pronotum not convex, margins moreless elevated, (bb) transverse, not too annular, with sinuate margins, (cc) without strangulation at base (peduncle)” [from French]. Chaudoir added (1861: 340). “Specimens collected by Westermann in Guinea are deposed in Dejean´s Collection. They differ from [C.] grossus (Hope?) Murray in their head which is narrower and more punctuated, in their eyes, more convex, in their pronotum, more transverse with anterior angles less protruded, posterior angles more densely opened, and in their elytral colouration with maculae larger, also antennae and palps are darker.” [from French]. This brief description was later supplemented by Chaudoir (1879: 93). “Length 20–21 mm, width 8–9 mm. It resembles tetrastigma ( Chaudoir, 1850) , but markedly differs from it. Pronotum less narrowing towards base, with lateral margins less rounded; disc less grossly punctured, base less sinuate near each margin and peduncle, more regularly arcuate excavated, each posterior angle less indentated on its top, however similar is the marginal concavity in front of it. Elytra equally shaped [as in C. tetrastigma ], throughout also more deeply striated, but striae more finely punctured, intervals as well convex, more finely and densely punctured, covered by shorter setae. Colouration not too equal; humeral fascia more irregularly marginated, serrate, reaching from IV to VIII stria, the external interval only weakly touched, in contrary to preapical macula, with margins very serrate, which compounds of five spots between III and VIII stria, spots on V and VII intervals markedly prolonged as more anteriorly, as more posteriorly in comparison to three other spots, spot on IV interval very short. One specimen, I have, is Laferte's type [ Panagaeus westermanni ] from Dejean's collection, who placed its origin to Guinea; second specimen, although slightly larger, does not differ from the type, coming from the sellout of Edwin Brown's collection, with its origin in West Africa. The holotype of P. strachani , which I have seen in Hope's collection in Oxford, seems belonging to the same species, and if the description is not as insufficient, it must be named according to priority. Labeled Cape Palmas” [from French].

Distribution. Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone.


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle


Mus�e Royal de l�Afrique Centrale














Craspedophorus strachani strachani ( Hope, 1842 )

Häckel, Martin 2017

Eudema westermanni

Basilewsky 1987: 2000
Chaudoir 1879: 93
Gemminger 1868: 210

Isotarsus westermanni Laferté-Sénectere, 1851: 221

Chaudoir 1861: 340

Panagaeus strachani

Hackel 2012: 83
Lorenz 2005: 321
Basilewsky 1954: 247
Burgeon 1930: 158
Gemminger 1868: 209
Hope 1842: 94