Craspedophorus cuneatus paromius Basilewsky, 1987

Häckel, Martin, 2017, A contribution to the knowledge of the subfamily Panagaeinae Hope, 1838 from Africa. Part 3. Revision of the Craspedophorus strachani and C. brevicollis groups (Coleoptera: Carabidae), Zootaxa 4330 (1), pp. 1-67: 8-9

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Craspedophorus cuneatus paromius Basilewsky, 1987

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3b. Craspedophorus cuneatus paromius Basilewsky, 1987   new status

( Plate 5 View PLATE 5 , Figs 41–43, Plate 13 View PLATE 13 , Fig. 103)

Craspedophorus strachani Burgeon 1930b: 158   (nec. Hope, 1842), 1935b: 180.

Craspdophorus paromius Basilewsky, 1987: 193   (type locality “Zaïre: Parc national de la Garamba [=Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo]”). Lorenz 2005: 321. Häckel and Farkač 2012: 82.

Type material. Holotype (♂): “Genit. ♂ [printed]/ 87.041.4 [handwritten in black on yellow label]// Holotypus [printed on red label]// Congo Belge, P.N.G. / Miss H. De Saeger / Garamba, 5–IV –1951 / Réc. J. Verschuren. 1542 [printed on white label]// Crasp. / paromius   n. sp. [handwritten in black]/ P. Basilewsky det., 19 [printed on white label]/ [DataMatrix] RMCA Ent / 0 0 0 0 20053 [printed on white label]” ( Plate 5 View PLATE 5 , Fig. 41, MRAC)   . Paratypes. [Bas- Uele District ] 5 (♂ + ♀): “ Paratypus [printed in black on red label]// Crasp. / paromius   n. sp. [handwritten in black]/ P. Basilewsky det., 19 [printed in black on white label]// Musée du Congo / Uele: Tukpwo / - IX-1937 / L. Leconte [printed in black on white label]” ( Plate 5 View PLATE 5 , Fig. 43)   ; 1♂ same data as previous PT except: “ VI-1937 / J. Vrydagh ”   ; 1♂ same data as previous PT except: “ Bambesa ”   ; 1♂: “ Api (Laplume). [Haut-Uele District] 1♂ same data as previous paratypes except: “ Haut-Uele: Moto / 1920 / L. Burgeon ”   ; 1♀ “Faradje / Blommaert”; 1♂: Nyangara- Doruma” / V-1912 /Mme Hutereau”; 1♀: “ Andranga / Mme Hutereau ”; 17 (♂ + ♀): “ Congo Belge, P.N.G. / Miss. H. De Saeger/ Kpaika, 20-IV-1950 / Réc. G. Demoulin 620” ( Plate 5 View PLATE 5 , Fig. 42, Plate 13 View PLATE 13 , Fig. 103), same data as previous paratype except “ PFSK.5/3   , 20-VI-52 / H. DeSaeger. 3656”, same data except “3657”. [Ituri District] 1♂ same data as previous paratypes except: “ Haut-Congo / 1897 / Dr, Védy”   ; 1♂ same data except: “Mahagi- Niaremba / 1935 / Ch. Scops ”   ; 1♀ same data except: “ Niaremba ” ( MRAC).  

Note. C. cuneatus paromius   was originally described as valid species based on 33 specimens collected in north-eastern DR Congo by the upper Uele River (Haut-Uele District and east of the Bas-Uele District) and by upper Ituri River (Ituri District), holotype labeled “Congo Belge P.N.G.”. Garamba National Park is located in the North-East DR Congo (Orientale Province) bordering to South Sudan. Description (in part, see Basilewsky 1987: 193). “Length 17–19 mm. Apterous, elytra fused. Black, mandibles and palps dark brown; each elytron with two large fair yellow maculae, with serrate margins, not reaching elytral margin, humeral macula slightly transverse, compounds of five elongated macular spots on intervals IV to VIII, quite regularly lodged, spots on IV and VI interval prolonged posteriorly; preapical macula, located in apical fourth, compounds as well of five spots on the same intervals, spots on V and VII intervals more elongated than the others. Dorsum sparsely covered by fair yellow setae, moderately long, and almost erected, venter covered more sparsely except middle, where covered more freely. Head medium-elongated, irregularly punctured, more strongly near frontal grooves, which widely and quite deeply impressed; labrum deeply sinuate in the middle posteriorly, with four gross pores, each with seta. Mental process short and very wide, anterior margin truncate and finely sinuate. Distal palpar article very long and kidney-shaped. Antennae long and fine, not dilated, IV article reaches pronotal base. Pronotum transverse, 1.45– 1.48 times wider than long, distinctly stronger narrowing anteriorly than posteriorly, base distinctly wider than anterior margin, which wider than neck; anterior angles very widely rounded, with large lobes, slightly protruded anteriorly; lateral margins regularly and strongly arcuate to pronotal maximal width, which is located markedly behind midlength, then pronotal margins narrowing posteriorly and strongly sinuate, then turned suddenly off, perpendicularly towards base, with a small excavation in front of posterior angles, each with protruded indentation, base straight, not pedunculated; disc moderately convex, markedly separated from lateral rims, which strongly elevated, posteriorly; basilar tips deeply impressed and somewhat less elongated; surface quite grossly punctured, laterally more densely, often merged; lateral rims distinct only to midlength; interspaces without micrsosculpture. Elytra very convex, almost ovoid, maximal width near midlength, 1.41–1.47 times longer than wide, humeri rounded, but moderately marked, margins little more sinuate before apical tuberosity, intervals distinctly convex, regularly punctured, with 4–5 very small setose points on each interval; on humeral elytral macula these points are very separated and more reduced, interspaces with more isodiametric microsculpture; striae quite deeply punctured, but punctuation very separated. Venter strongly grossly punctured, except middle, where punctuation more fine and rugation fair. Metepisterna short, almost squared. Legs quite long...” “...species belongs to C. strachani   group. It resembles C. milzi Duvivier, 1891   , differs from it by its smaller body and elytral colouration, with fair yellow coloured maculae in contrary to orange-reddish maculae in C. milzi   . Antennae somewhat shorter, metepisterna almost squared, not transverse, elytra mostly less acuminated in apex; venter more sparsely covered by setae, which shorter, mainly in the middle, pronotum more sparsely punctured and less rugate, lateral margins less elevated posteriorly; intervals less strongly punctured, aedeagi differ very little. Although C. milzi   occurs in western part of Zaïre (Ubangi, West of Bas-Uele) [=Équateur Province and western Orientale Province, DR Congo], C. paromius   was collected in the East of Bas-Uele an extremely northern Ituri. However the absence of sympatrical occurence of both species supports that C. paromius   is a subspecies of C. milzi   . I do not agree because there are a number of characters that separate these two taxa. A group of cited specimens was determinated and labeled by Burgeon as C. strachani   (1930: 158; 1935: 180), in my opinion a well distinguishable species from the type of that species” [from French]. C. cuneatus paromius   is conspecific to C. cuneatus cuneatus (Alluaud, 1915)   , differing from it in body size and slight differences in elytral colouration. Aedeagi seem similar ( Plate 13 View PLATE 13 , Figs 102, 103).

Distribution. Democratic Congo: Orientale Province.


Royal Museum for Central Africa


Mus�e Royal de l�Afrique Centrale














Craspedophorus cuneatus paromius Basilewsky, 1987

Häckel, Martin 2017

Craspdophorus paromius

Hackel 2012: 82
Lorenz 2005: 321
Basilewsky 1987: 193

Craspedophorus strachani

Burgeon 1930: 158