Tegenaria domestica

Bolzern, Angelo, Burckhardt, Daniel & Hänggi, Ambros, 2013, Phylogeny and taxonomy of European funnel-web spiders of the Tegenaria-Malthonica complex (Araneae: Agelenidae) based upon morphological and molecular data, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (Zool. J. Linn. Soc.) 168 (4), pp. 723-848 : 795-797

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1111/zoj.12040

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6984049

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/BD701413-E275-B608-5764-FC63C0A414C1

treatment provided by

Marcus

scientific name

Tegenaria domestica
status

 

TEGENARIA DOMESTICA (CLERCK, 1758)

( FIGS 1A–D View Figure 1 , 2C View Figure 2 , 16W, X View Figure 16 , 17A, B View Figure 17 , 18A–C)

Araneus domesticus Clerck, 1757: 76–79 , pl. 2, tab. 9, figs 1–4, in part.

Aranea domesticus: Linnaeus, 1758: 620 .

Aranea derhamii Scopoli, 1763: 400 .

Aranea longipes Fuesslin, 1775: 61 .

Aranea flava Martini & Goeze , in Lister (1778: 291.)

Aranea tomentosa Martini & Goeze , in Lister (1778: 230).

Aranea annulata Martini & Goeze , in Lister (1778: 230).

Aranea civilis Walckenaer, 1802: 216 .

Tegenaria civilis: Walckenaer, 1805: 49 .

Aranea domestica: Treviranus, 1812: 25 , figs 14–16, 20, 23–27.

Arachne familiaris Audouin, 1826: 315 , pl. 1, fig. 6.

Agelena civilis: Sundevall, 1831: 20 , 1832: 127.

Tegenaria scalaris Krynicki, 1837: 73 .

Tegenaria longipes: C. L. Koch, 1841: 36 , fig. 617.

Agelena familiaris: Walckenaer, 1842: 23 .

Philoica civilis: C. L. Koch, 1850: 26 .

Tegenaria cretica Lucas, 1853: 524 .

Drassina ochracea Grube, 1861: 171 .

Nyssa familiaris: Simon, 1864: 212 .

Tegenaria dubia: Blackwall, 1864: 177 .

Tegenaria testacea Simon, 1870: 278 , female.

Tegenaria domestica: Simon, 1875: 73 .

Tegenaria fontium Simon, 1875: 79 .

Tegenaria modesta Keyserling, 1878: 594 , pl. 14, fig. 17, only male (the female, fig. 18, clearly belongs to Tegenaria pagana ).

Tegenaria detestabilis Pickard-Cambridge, 1877: 275 .

Tegenaria derhamii: Hansen, 1882: 43 , pl. 3, fig. 4.

Coelotes calcaratus Keyserling, 1887: 470 , pl. 6, fig. 32a.

Coelotes plumarius Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 200 , pl. 25, fig. 50.

Mevianops fragilis Mello-Leitão, 1941: 119 , figs 3, 4.

Coelotes amygdaliformis Zhu & Wang, 1991: 2 , figs 8, 9.

Tegenaria domesticoides Schmid, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 111 , 112, fig. 21, pl. I: fig. 1, female, syn. nov.

Draconarius amygdaliformis: Wang, 2003: 520 .

Types

No type material available for Teg. domestica and Teg. modesta .

Sub Tegenaria domesticoides : Holotype. Cape Verde: Santa Antao, Ribeira do Paul , ♀ ( SMF, 37531 , epigyne lacking!), 12.i.1993, Schmidt.

Paratype. Cape Verde: Sao Nicolau , Monte Gordo, ♀ ( SMF, 38579), 20.i.1993, Schmidt .

Other material examined

Austria (1 ♂, 2 ♀) ; Belgium (1♂, 3 ♀) ; Bulgaria (1 ♀) ; Czech Republic (32 ♂, 78 ♀) ; France (22 ♂, 13 ♀) ; Germany (28 ♀, 18 ♂) ; United Kingdom (1 ♂, 1 ♀) ; Greece (1 ♂, 6 ♀) ; Italy (3 ♂, 5 ♀) ; Macedonia (3 ♂, 5 ♀) ; Poland (1 ♂, 1 ♀) ; Portugal (3 ♀) ; Slovakia (1 ♂, 14 ♀) ; Spain (5 ♀) ; Switzerland (1 ♂, 1 ♀) . Asia: China (2 ♂, 7 ♀) ; Japan (2 ♀) ; Lebanon (1 ♂) ; South Indian Ocean (?) (3 ♀) ; Sri Lanka (1 ♀) ; Turkey (2 ♂) ; Tibet (1 ♀) . Australia: (1 ♂, 2 ♀) . North America : USA (6 ♂, 9 ♀) . Central and South America : Argentina (1 ♂, 2 ♀) ; Chile (2 ♂, 1 ♀) ; Costa Rica (1 ♂) ; Ecuador (2 ♀) ; Mexico (1 ♂, 1 ♀) .

Diagnosis

Tegenaria domestica shows a distinct RTA (similar to Teg. annae sp. nov.; all other Tegenaria species quite different), a truncated, very distinct terminal end of embolus (comparable but distinctly different in Tegenaria mercanturensis and Tegenaria mirifica ), and the drop-shaped, terminally bifid conductor. The epigyne has a strongly sclerotized posterior sclerite with the anterior margin concave (similar in Teg. annae sp. nov., Tegenaria adomestica Guseinov et al., 2005 , Teg. ferruginea , Teg. parietina , Teg. tridentina ) and a simple, irregularly globular vulva.

Description

Measurements: Male (N = 1): CL 4.35, CW 3.25, STL 2.25, STW 2.0, OL 4.5, OW 2.4. Leg I (5.1, 1.7, 4.95, 5.45, 2.65), II (4.6, 1.65, 4.5, 5.05, 2.45), III (4.5, 1.6, 4.0, 5.0, 2.15), IV (5.65, 1.6, 5.35, 6.8, 2.5). Pedipalp (1.85, 0.61, 0.76, 1.27–1.64), bulbL 0.67. Female (N = 3): CL 4.0–4.1, CW 2.8–2.9, STL 2.0, STW 1.75– 1.85, OL 4.1–4.5, OW 2.75–2.85. Leg I (3.9–4.0, 1.5, 4.0–4.1, 4.9, 2.35–2.5), II (3.75–4.0, 1.35–1.45, 3.5– 3.75, 3.6–3.85, 2.0–2.1), III (3.5–3.8, 1.35–1.4, 3.0–3.2, 3.7–3.75, 1.75), IV (4.5–4.7, 1.45–1.5, 4.0–4.25, 5.0– 5.35, 2.0–2.1). Pedipalp (1.92, 0.77, 1.15, 1.81). EPL 0.38–0.4, EPW 0.60–0.70, ATL 0.1, ATW 0.48. Eyes: PME 0.17, PLE 0.17–0.2, AME 0.13–0.16, ALE 0.16– 0.18. Eye distances: PME–PME 1 x PME, PME–AME 1.5 x PME, PME–PLE 1 x PME, PME–ALE 1 x PME, AME–AME 0.5–1 x AME, AME–ALE 0.5 x AME. CLY1 2–2.5 x AME, CLY2 1.5–2 x ALE.

Male palp: RTA with two branches, lateral branch tusk-like shaped, dorsal branch broad and strongly sclerotized, distally obliquely truncated, lateroventral ridge present, inconspicuously expressed. Broad embolus length about 3/4 x CB, terminally truncated, originating at 9 o’clock position, distal tip at 1– 2 o’clock position. Conductor drop-shaped with distal portion moderately elongated, lateral margin almost completely folded. Terminal end bifid, ventral part short, simple and pointed, dorsal part plate-like. Connection of conductor to tegulum moderately sclerotized. MA and originating at 5–6 o’clock position, strongly protruding, distally with spoon-like sclerite. MA membranously connected to tegulum. Basal part of tegulum barely visible.

Epigyne and vulva: Epigyne medially with a pale, membranous area. Posterior sclerite expressed as sclerotized bar with anterior margin concave, limiting atrial area posteriorly. CO between and laterally of the membranous median area and the posterior sclerite. Epigynal ‘pseudo teeth’ present. Vulva consists of distinguishable CD, RC, and FD. CD very short leading into globular, irregularly formed RC, separated by about their diameter. FD only represented by small, leaf-shaped appendages.

Other important characters: Cheliceral promargin with three, retromargin with three to four teeth. Colulus developed as trapezoidal plate with the distal margin medially notched. Female with four to five minor ampullate and cylindrical gland spigots distally on PMS, two to three medially prominent and two laterally. PLS with distal segment as long as basal segment. Tarsal trichobothria on cymbium and palp tarsus absent. Tarsal trichobothria seven to eight. Small teeth on paired claws of leg I 11–12. Leg spination: male palp (2–0–0–0, 2–0–0, 1–2–0–0 or 2–2–0–0), female palp (2–0–0–0, 2–0–0, 2–2–0), leg femora (2–2–1–0 or 2–2–2–0 or 2–2–3–0 or 2–3–2–0, 2–1–2–0 or 2–2–2–0 or 2–3–2–0, 2–2–2–0, 1–2–1–0 or 2–2–1–0), patellae (all 2–0–0), tibiae [2–0–0–2p or 2–1–0–2p+1 or 2–2–1–3p (dorsal spine inconspicuously), 0–2–0–2+1p or 0–2–2–1p+1+1p or 2–1–0–3 or 2–2–0–2 or 2–2–0–3, 2–2–2–1+1p or 2–2–2–2 or 2–2– 2–2p, 2–2–2–1p+1+1p or 2–2–2–1p+2 or 2–2–2–2+1p or 2–2–2–3], metatarsi [0–0–0–3p+1 or 0–1–1–3p+1, 0–1–0–3p+1 (lateral spines only in males), 0–3–3–3p or 0–3–3–3p+1, 0–3–3–3p+1], tarsi (all 0).

Coloration: Margin of carapace continuously darkened, dorsally with two symmetrical longitudinal dark bands. Sternum with distinct pale median band and three symmetrical pairs of pale dots laterally. Opisthosoma dark brownish, anterior with yellowish median band, continuing in broad chevrons posteriad. Legs annulated, sometimes only coxa and proximal part of femora with dark dots. ALS indistinctly darkened, PLS with basal segment darkened, distal segment pale.

Distribution: Reported from all continents. Probably originating from Europe.

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Agelenidae

Genus

Tegenaria

Loc

Tegenaria domestica

Bolzern, Angelo, Burckhardt, Daniel & Hänggi, Ambros 2013
2013
Loc

Draconarius amygdaliformis:

Wang XP 2003: 520
2003
Loc

Coelotes amygdaliformis

Zhu CD & Wang JF 1991: 2
1991
Loc

Mevianops fragilis Mello-Leitão, 1941: 119

Mello-Leitao CF 1941: 119
1941
Loc

Coelotes plumarius

Bishop SC & Crosby CR 1926: 200
1926
Loc

Coelotes calcaratus

Keyserling E 1887: 470
1887
Loc

Tegenaria derhamii:

Hansen HJ 1882: 43
1882
Loc

Tegenaria modesta

Keyserling E 1878: 594
1878
Loc

Tegenaria detestabilis

Pickard-Cambridge O 1877: 275
1877
Loc

Tegenaria domestica: Simon, 1875: 73

Simon E 1875: 73
1875
Loc

Tegenaria fontium

Simon E 1875: 79
1875
Loc

Tegenaria testacea

Simon E 1870: 278
1870
Loc

Nyssa familiaris:

Simon E 1864: 212
1864
Loc

Tegenaria dubia:

Blackwall J 1864: 177
1864
Loc

Drassina ochracea

Grube AE 1861: 171
1861
Loc

Tegenaria cretica

Lucas H 1853: 524
1853
Loc

Philoica civilis: C. L. Koch, 1850: 26

Koch CL 1850: 26
1850
Loc

Agelena familiaris:

Walckenaer CA 1842: 23
1842
Loc

Tegenaria longipes: C. L. Koch, 1841: 36

Koch CL 1841: 36
1841
Loc

Tegenaria scalaris

Krynicki J 1837: 73
1837
Loc

Agelena civilis:

Sundevall JC 1832: 127
Sundevall JC 1831: 20
1831
Loc

Arachne familiaris

Audouin V 1826: 315
1826
Loc

Aranea domestica:

Treviranus GR 1812: 25
1812
Loc

Tegenaria civilis:

Walckenaer CA 1805: 49
1805
Loc

Aranea civilis

Walckenaer CA 1802: 216
1802
Loc

Aranea flava

Lister DM 1778: 291
1778
Loc

Aranea tomentosa

Lister DM 1778: 230
1778
Loc

Aranea annulata

Lister DM 1778: 230
1778
Loc

Aranea longipes

Fuesslin JC 1775: 61
1775
Loc

Aranea derhamii

Scopoli JA 1763: 400
1763
Loc

Aranea domesticus:

Linnaeus C 1758: 620
1758
Loc

Araneus domesticus Clerck, 1757: 76–79

Clerck C 1757: 79
1757