Compsobuthus abyssinicus (Birula, 1903)

Kovařík, František, Lowe, Graeme, Plíšková, Jana & Šťáhlavský, František, 2016, Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part VI. Compsobuthus Vachon, 1949 (Buthidae), with a description of C. eritreaensis sp. n., Euscorpius 226, pp. 1-21: 3

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5739441

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D9F2DCCC-E054-4DB8-9695-5715677C8CDC

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5739441

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BD662E6F-FF99-FFCE-FED0-87388283FAA0

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Compsobuthus abyssinicus (Birula, 1903)
status

 

Compsobuthus abyssinicus (Birula, 1903)  

( Figs. 1–4, 15–16, 19–22, 45–46, 77)

Buthus acutecarinatus abyssinicus Birula, 1903: 108   .

Compsobuthus acutecarinatus abyssinicus: Kraepelin, 1913: 127   .

Compsobuthus abyssinicus: Vachon, 1949: 99   (1952: 219); Fet & Lowe, 2000: 124; Kovařík, 2003a: 88– 89; Kovařík, 2003b: 138; Kovařík & Whitman, 2005: 107 (in part); Kovařík & Ojanguren, 2013: 146–147, figs. 777–782, 921–925.

Compsobuthus acutecarinatus: Sissom, 1994: 9   (in part, record from Assab, Eritrea)

Compsobuthus maindroni: Kovařík, 2003b: 138   , fig. 1 (misidentification).

TYPE LOCALITY AND   TYPE REPOSITORY. Ethiopia (Abyssinia), Kachenuha   ; ZISP.

MATERIAL EXAMINED. Ethiopia, 30 km W Metahara, VIII.1982, 2♀; Awash, Metahara env., 08°54'N 39°54'E, 960-1050 m a.s.l. ( Locality 11EA), 2008, 1♀ GoogleMaps   , leg. Trailin, 19.-22.VII.2011, 3♂ 1♀ 3ims., leg. F. Kovařík; Awash, 09°00'34.5"N 40°17'56.5"E, 1012 m a.s.l. (Locality 11 EW) GoogleMaps   , 19.VII.2011, 1♂ 1♀, leg. F. Kovařík; Awash n. p., 08°52'N 40°05'E, 981 m a.s.l. (Locality 11 EX) GoogleMaps   , 20.VII.2011, 1♀ 2juvs before first ecdysis, leg. F. Kovařík; 13°43'10"N 39°55'34"E, 879 m a.s.l. (Locality 12 EI) GoogleMaps   , 18.XI.2012, 1im. 1juv., leg. F. Kovařík; 11°29' 47"N 40°25'07"E, 766 m a.s.l. (Locality 12 EL) GoogleMaps   , 20.XI. 2012, 1♂ 1♀, leg. F. Kovařík; Gewane, 10°09'38"N 40°39'45"E, 631 m a.s.l. (Locality 12 EO) GoogleMaps   , 23.XI.2012, 1♀ ( Fig. 2), leg. F. Kovařík; 09°34'06"N 40°23'45.9"E, 601 m a.s.l. (Locality 12 EQ) GoogleMaps   , 24.XI.2012, 1♂ ( Fig. 1), leg. F. Kovařík; Awash, 09°00'34.5"N 40°17'56.5"E, 1012 m. a.s.l. (Locality 12 EW) GoogleMaps   , 1♀, 25.XI.2012, leg. F. Kovařík; Awash, Metahara env., 08°54'N 39°54'E, 960- 1050 m a.s.l. (Locality 12 EX) GoogleMaps   , 25.XI.2012, 1♀, leg. F. Kovařík; Afar State, Awash, 09°09'03.6"N 40°31'38.8"E, 1378 m a.s.l. (Locality 14 ES) GoogleMaps   , 26.XI.2014, 1♀, leg. F. Kovařík; Afar State, 09°34'06"N 40°23'45.9"E, 601 m a.s.l. (Locality 14EU =12 EQ) GoogleMaps   , 27.XI.2014, 1♀, leg. F. Kovařík; Oromia State, East Shewa, Fantale zone, volcanic crater Fantale near Metahara , 09°00'56.2"N 39°51'21"E, 1050 m a.s.l. 29.XI.2014, ( Locality 14 EV, Fig. 4), 4♂ 3♀ 3juvs.( Fig. 3) GoogleMaps   , leg. F. Kovařík. Somaliland, 4 km S of Borama, Awdal , 09°53'01"N 43°11' 56"E, 1662 m a.s.l., 17.I.2015, 1♂, leg GoogleMaps   . T. Mazuch. All specimens are in the first authors collection ( FKCP).

DIAGNOSIS. Total length 28–40 mm. Sexual dimorphism minor, adult males with chela of pedipalps broader and fingers of pedipalps flexed proximally; there is no difference in length and width of metasomal segments. Base color uniformly reddish to gray. Pedipalps with or without spots. Movable finger of pedipalp bears 10 rows of granules, all without external and with internal accessory granules ( acutecarinatus   group). Pedipalp chela length/width ratio 3.7–3.8 in males and 4.4–4.6 in females. Manus of chela shorter than fixed finger. Trochanter of pedipalps with numerous long setae. Anterior margin of carapace bears eight symmetrically distributed spiniform setae. First to third metasomal segments bear 10 carinae, fourth bears 8 or 10 carinae. All metasomal segments longer than wide. Pectinal teeth number 21–24 in males and 19–23 in females. Sternites and ventral surface of metasoma granulated and with numerous small black setae. Seventh sternite bears four crenulate carinae. Telson bulbous, aculeus shorter than vesicle. Subaculear tubercle present but not spinoid.

COMMENTS ON LOCALITIES AND LIFE STRATEGY. C. abyssinicus   inhabits semi-desert, in the south limited by the town of Metahara, Ethiopia. This area is characterized by volcanic bedrock with lava fields around the lake, and this terrain transitions to sandy semi-desert with scattered volcanic boulders where C. abyssinicus   prefers more rocky areas ( Fig. 4). C. abyssinicus   is often sympatric with Buthus awashensis Kovařík, 2011   , Neobuthus awashensis Kovařík et Lowe, 2012   , and Parabuthus abyssinicus Pocock, 1901   .

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

EX

The Culture Collection of Extremophilic Fungi

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Scorpiones

Family

Buthidae

Genus

Compsobuthus

Loc

Compsobuthus abyssinicus (Birula, 1903)

Kovařík, František, Lowe, Graeme, Plíšková, Jana & Šťáhlavský, František 2016
2016
Loc

Compsobuthus acutecarinatus: Sissom, 1994: 9

SISSOM 1994: 9
1994
Loc

Compsobuthus acutecarinatus abyssinicus:

KRAEPELIN 1913: 127
1913