Rhinophyllinae Baker et al., 2016

Velazco, Paúl M., Voss, Robert S., Fleck, David W. & Simmons, Nancy B., 2021, Mammalian Diversity And Matses Ethnomammalogy In Amazonian Peru Part 4: Bats, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2021 (451), pp. 1-201 : 85-87

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/0003-0090.451.1.1

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scientific name

Rhinophyllinae Baker et al., 2016


Subfamily Rhinophyllinae Baker et al., 2016

Rhinophyllinae comprises one genus and three species that were traditionally classified in the subfamily Carolliinae (Simmons and Voss, 1998; Wetterer et al., 2000; Simmons, 2005; McLellan and Koopman, 2008). However, phylogenetic analyses of molecular data have shown that Rhinophylla is not the sister taxon of Carollia but, instead, is more closely related to the subfamily Stenodermatinae (Baker et al., 2003; Dávalos et al., 2012; Dávalos et al., 2014; Rojas et al., 2016). Although Rhinophyllinae was first proposed by Baker et al. (2003), the name was not made available until the joint publications of Baker et al. (2016) and Cirranello et al. (2016). Bats in this subfamily are characterized by the following characteristics: dorsal fur unicolored; vibrissal papillae surrounding noseleaf joined to form a skin flap; uropatagium relatively short; external tail absent; central tubercle on lower lip flanked by a single large, lobate, padlike tubercle on each side; first and second phalanges of digit IV


External and Craniodental Measurements (mm) and Weights (g) of Rhinophylla fischerae

and R. pumilio from the Yavarí-Ucayali Interfluve

subequal in length; upper molars lacking a protocone; and lower molars lacking a metaconid and resembling lower premolars (McLellan and Koopman, 2008; Cirranello et al., 2016; López-Baucells et al., 2018). Rinehart and Kunz (2006) and McLellan and Koopman (2008) provided a key to the species of Rhinophylla based on external and craniodental characters. We recorded both species that are expected to occur in the Yavarí-Ucayali interfluve.