Artibeus Leach, 1821

Velazco, Paúl M., Voss, Robert S., Fleck, David W. & Simmons, Nancy B., 2021, Mammalian Diversity And Matses Ethnomammalogy In Amazonian Peru Part 4: Bats, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2021 (451), pp. 1-201 : 89

publication ID 10.1206/0003-0090.451.1.1

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Artibeus Leach, 1821


Genus Artibeus Leach, 1821

The genus Artibeus currently includes 24 species grouped into two subgenera, Artibeus and Dermanura (Hoofer et al., 2008; Redondo et al., 2008; Solari et al., 2009; Cirranello et al., 2016; Simmons and Cirranello, 2020). For decades there has been controversy as to whether three genera ( Artibeus , Dermanura , and Koopmania ), two genera ( Artibeus and Dermanura ), or only one genus ( Artibeus ) should be recognized in classifications of these taxa. Cirranello et al. (2016) and Baker et al. (2016) recently argued for recognition of a single genus with two subgenera, and we follow their recommendations here. Species of Artibeus can be distinguished from other stenodermatines by a combination of the following characteristics: pale middorsal stripe absent; skull relatively short and broad; dental formula I 2/2, C 1/1, P 2/2, M 2–3/2–3; occlusal margins of inner upper incisors each with two subequal lobes; canines well developed and unicuspid; upper premolars each with a large, triangular labial cusp and a low, broad, and somewhat concave lingual basin; and tongue with a band of long-tipped, bifid, anterior mechanical papillae at juncture between anterior and medialposterior mechanical papillae (Marques-Aguiar, 2008a; Cirranello et al., 2016). We recorded all nine species of Artibeus that are expected to occur in the Yavarí-Ucayali interfluve.