Zagrammosoma lineaticeps (Girault)

Perry, Ryan K. & Heraty, John M., 2021, Read between the lineata: A revision of the tattooed wasps, Zagrammosoma Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), with descriptions of eleven new species, Zootaxa 4916 (1), pp. 1-108 : 68-70

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4916.1.1

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Zagrammosoma lineaticeps (Girault)


Zagrammosoma lineaticeps (Girault) View in CoL

( Fig. 28 View FIGURE 28 )

Mirzagrammosoma lineaticeps Girault, 1915: 279–280 View in CoL . Holotype ♀ [examined]. Locality: Mexico, Jilotepec, 1915, coll. A. A. Girault. Depository: USNM type no. 19376.

Zagrammosoma lineaticeps View in CoL ; combination by LaSalle, 1989: 232.

Diagnosis. Zagrammosoma lineaticeps is the only species to possess all six banding areas on the fore wing ( Fig. 28C View FIGURE 28 ). This species is also the only described species to have the hind wing with infuscation along the apical margin ( Fig. 28E View FIGURE 28 ). It is most similar to Z. metallicum but does not possess any metallic coloration (the gaster appears shiny in Fig. 27D View FIGURE 27 , however, this is due to the reflection of the ring light used in photographing the specimens), and the wing patterns are different ( Fig. 28E View FIGURE 28 versus 32C).

Description. Female – body length 1.16–2.1 mm. Metallic luster on body absent. Scape yellow with black stripe dorsally. Lower face with median stripe present. Vertex with 2 stripes above compound eye. Gena posteriorly with dark stripes below compound eye. Occiput yellow with dark median band. Pronotum black with yellow stripe along lateral margin. Prepectus, mesoscutum, mesoscutellum, and propodeum black. Procoxa yellow. Mesocoxa and metacoxa black. Profemur and mesofemur yellow. Metafemur entirely black. Fore wing: basal band present; cubital band present; parastigmal, stigmal, and postmarginal bands present, with perpendicular extension greater than that of stigmal apex; apical band present; connections from basal band to parastigmal band, from parastigmal band to stigmal band, and from stigmal band to postmarginal band present. Hind wing dark along apical margin. Gaster dark.

Upper ocular sulcus present. Pedicel longer than wide. Funiculars symmetrical: first longer than wide (w:l = 0.65–0.75); second longer than wide to wider than long (w:l = 0.87–1.11).

Pronotum, in dorsal view, longer than wide or subequal (w:l = 0.92–0.96); 3–4 pairs of setae along posterior margin. Mesoscutum reticulate; small, scattered setae present; intermediate setae absent. Mesoscutellum longer than wide or subequal (w:l = 0.94–1.0); submedian grooves present, but faint and often difficult to distinguish. Hind tibial spur distinctly shorter than basitarsus. Hind basitarsus longer than second tarsomere (bst:2 nd = 1.07–1.2).

Fore wing l:w = 2.45–2.67. Five setae dorsally. Basal fold setose. Cubital fold setose. Admarginal setae present. Uncus originating on stigma by more than own length from stigmal apex.

Male - unknown.

Remarks. Girault (1915) described Mirzagrammosoma as different from Zagrammosoma based on the absence of submedian grooves on the mesoscutellum and a more elevated vaulted vertex. However, the submedian grooves are present, but faint and difficult to see. The vertex is slightly more elevated than in other species but does not appear more elevated than the vertex found in Z. centrolineatum , Z. multilineatum , or Z. trifurcatum ( Figs. 10A View FIGURE 10 , 34A View FIGURE 34 , 44A View FIGURE 44 ). Girault also described the species as lacking bristle-like setae on the mesoscutellum, however, they are present but smaller and thinner than in other species ( Fig. 28D View FIGURE 28 ). The molecular analysis ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ) recovers Z. lineaticeps within the genus confirming the combination ( LaSalle, 1989).

Hosts. Reared from dipteran and lepidopteran leaf miners. See Table 3. Diptera : Agromyzidae . Lepidoptera :

Gelechiidae , Gracillariidae , Lyonetiidae .

Distribution. Nearctic: USA (AZ, CA, TX). Neotropical: Bahamas, Barbados, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (BS, GR, JA, MI, NL, SI, TM, VE), Trinidad & Tobago, USA (FL, PR) ( Fig. 29 View FIGURE 29 ).

Etymology. Lineaticeps is a combination of the Latin linea and New Latin suffix - ceps (-headed), therefore referring to lines on the face, lateral margins of the head, and occiput.

Material examined. BAHAMAS: Grand Bahama Island: Bahamanian Way, 6.4km NW Eight Mile Rock, 1m, 26°36‘55“N, 78°53‘19“W, 16.x.1982, D. M. LaSalle [1♀, CNC: CNC 508734]. Rum Cay: 5m, 23°39‘8“N, 74°50‘33“W, B. Brown, pan trap [1♀, CNC: CNC 508689]. BARBADOS: St. John, 198m, 13°09‘37“N, 59°31‘12“W, 27.x.1978, field, host: Gracillaridae [1♀, BMNH: NHMUK10370139]. COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca: Palmira, 1015m, 3°30‘31“N, 76°19‘11“W, 15.ix.1975, A. Saldarriaga, host: Scrobipalpula sp., host plant: Solanum saponaceum (now bonariense?) [4♀, USNM: UCRCENT425350–425353]. CUBA: Havana: Santiago de Las Vegas, 96m, 22°58‘10“N, 82°23‘9“W, 25.v.1919, P. Cardin, host: serpentine leaf miner, host plant: Tropaeolum majus [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425359]. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Samana, Cayo Levantado, 5m, 19°09‘59“N, 69°16‘44“W, 13.iv.2009, A. & P. Ossipov [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT252450 (D5934)]. Duarte: Pimentel, 40m, 19°11‘10“N, 70°06‘24“W, 8.viii.1978, R.O. Schuster [1♀, UCDC: UCRCENT415864]. EL SALVADOR: San Salvador, 690m, 13°42‘29“N, 89°12‘25“W, 18.v.1953, P.A. Berry, host: Leucoptera coffeella [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425354]. GUATEMALA: Suchitepéquez Dept.: Chocolá, 824m, 14°37‘3“N, 91°25‘29“W, 18.ii.1965, K.G. Eveleens, host: Leucoptera coffeella [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425358]. Zacapa Dept.: San Lorenzo, 1778m, 15°07‘0“N, 89°38‘0“W, ix.1986, M. Sharkey [1♀, CNC: CNC 508685]. HONDURAS: Francisco Morazan: El Zamorano, 792m, 14°00‘23“N, 87°00‘34“W, 2.iv.1996, A. Guillen, host: Phyllocnistis citrella [3♀, UCRC: UCRCENT414299, 414623, 414624]. MEXICO: 26.viii.1985, H. Mirand (no other information provided on label) [1♀, CNC: CNC 508687]. Baja California Sur: Las Barracas, 975m, 23°28‘25“N, 109°27‘8“W, 20.v.1985, P. DeBach, Pan trap [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312284]. Los Frailes, 12m, 23°22‘24“N, 109°26‘1“W, 18.iii.1953, P.H. Arnaud [1♀, CASC: UCRCENT417564]. Guerrero: Barra Vieja, 6m, 16°41‘30“N, 99°37‘37“W, 22.i.1985, J. Garcia, host: leaf miner, host plant: Sida acuta [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425357]. Jalisco: San Buenaventura, 908m, 19°47‘4“N, 104°03‘32“W, 31.iii–5.iv.1997, Iblinam, B97/027 [1♀, TAMU: UCRCENT426730]. Michoacan: 3 mi. N. Nueva Italia, 907m, 19°04‘44“N, 102°04‘59“W, 8.v.1985, J. Woolley & G. Zolnerowich, 85/042 [1?, TAMU: UCRCENT426732]. Nuevo Leon: San Juan, Rio San Juan, 192m, 25°29‘56“N, 99°30‘22“W, 14.vii.1983, A. Gonzalez [4♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312248–312251]. Sinaloa: 11 mi. N. La Concha nr. Microondas La Muralla 2, 58m, 22°39‘14“N, 105°27‘54“W, 25.x.1982, J. T. Huber [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT414304]. Tamaulipas: 1.1 mi. W. Gomez Farias, 71m, 22°53‘9“N, 99°02‘48“W, iii.1986, J. C. Schaffner [1♀, TAMU: UCRCENT426729]. Vera Cruz: 18.6mi. S.Tampico, 1m, 22°10‘2“N, 98°08‘0“W, 13.viii.1972,E.E.Grissell, Roadside vegetation [1?, TAMU: UCRCENT426733]. TRINIDAD: Las Cuevas, 10°47‘2“N, 61°23‘20“W,, J. Heraty, swp [1♀, CNC: CNC 508686]. USA: Arizona: Pima Co., Sycamore Canyon, 1205 m, 31°25‘32“N, 111°11‘38“W, 15.viii.1993, M. Sharkey [1♀, BMNH: NHMUK10370167]. California: Orange Co., El Toro Rd, 2m East 133 hwy, 120m, 33°35‘57“N, 117°44‘53“W, 14.iv.1984 [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT414300]. Laguna Canyon, 79m, 33°35‘9“N, 117°45‘48“W, 31.viii.1984, H. Andersen [20♀, UCRC: UCRCENT414599 – 414617, 414622]. San Diego Co., 1 mi. E. Leucadia, Batequitos Lagoon, 8m, 33°05‘15“N, 117°17‘15“W, 8.viii.1979, C. Melton [6♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312278–312283]. Valley Center, 417m, 33°13‘18“N, 117°02‘6“W, 11.xi.1987, H. Andersen [3♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312243, 312244, 414593]. Santa Barbara Co., Coal Oil Point Res., 10m, 34°24‘30“N, 119°52‘40“W, 22–, K. Cheeseman [1♀, CNC: CNC 508688]. Florida: Miami-Dade Co., Dodge Island, 3m, 25°46‘38“N, 80°10‘31“W, 18.iv.1960, C. E. Stegmaier [1♀, BMNH: NHMUK10370168]. Hialeah, 2m, 25°51‘18“N, 80°16‘42“W, 22.ii.1963, C. E. Stegmaier, host: Liriomyza archboldi [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425346]. Monroe Co., Boot Key, 0m, 24°41’45“N, 81°06‘15“W, 27–29.iv.1986, J. LaSalle [1♀, CNC: CNC 508741]. Palm Beach Co., Palm Beach, 2m, 26°42‘37“N, 80°02‘13“W: 19.ii.1900, host: Gelechia sp., host plant: Crotalaria sp. [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425355]; 28.ii.1900, host: Gelechia sp., host plant: Crotalaria sp. [1?, USNM: UCRCENT425356]. Puerto Rico: Peñuelas, 18°03‘39“N, 66°43‘32“W, ix.1960, M. Santiago [2♀, USNM: UCRCENT425347, 425348]. Texas: Cameron Co., Brownsville, 10m, 25°53‘34“N, 97°30‘34“W,, E. R. Oatman, host: Keiferia lycopersicella , host plant: Tomato [5♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312238– 312241, 414303]. Brownsville, 10m, 25°53‘34“N, 97°30‘34“W,, J. D. Pinto, host plant: Tomato [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312242]. Hidalgo Co., Mission-Edinburg, 30m, 26°08‘24“N, 98°12‘0“W, viii.1989, S. Neser, host: Calcomyza lantanae , host plant: Lantana camara [1♀, SANC: SANC-HYMC2889].


Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


University of California, Riverside


R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology


Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute














Zagrammosoma lineaticeps (Girault)

Perry, Ryan K. & Heraty, John M. 2021

Zagrammosoma lineaticeps

LaSalle, J. 1989: 232

Mirzagrammosoma lineaticeps

Girault, A. A. 1915: 280
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