Zagrammosoma centrolineatum Crawford

Perry, Ryan K. & Heraty, John M., 2021, Read between the lineata: A revision of the tattooed wasps, Zagrammosoma Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), with descriptions of eleven new species, Zootaxa 4916 (1), pp. 1-108 : 39-41

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4916.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:803ED7FD-4A09-44F4-AAE2-6F70A0509E86

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4474162

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BC53327A-FF9C-6C1F-25CF-FCE9D119C275

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Zagrammosoma centrolineatum Crawford
status

 

Zagrammosoma centrolineatum Crawford  

( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 )

Zagrammosoma centrolineata Crawford, 1913: 256   . Holotype ♀ [examined]. Type locality: USA, California, Los Angeles Co. Type depository: USNM type no. 15931- UCRCENT471417.

Zagrammosoma centrolineatum   ; justified emendation by Peck, 1951: 459.

Diagnosis. This is the only species that possesses a wide, dark band dorsally that is continuous from the pronotum to the apex of the gaster. Both Z. latilineatum   ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 ) and Z. seini   ( Fig. 38 View FIGURE 38 ) have wide bands on the mesosoma, but these bands are not as wide as those on Z. centrolineatum   and do not extend onto the gaster. The hind basitarsus is longer than the second tarsomere in Z. centrolineatum   , and shorter than the second tarsomere in both Z. latilineatum   and Z. seini   .

Description. Female - body length 1.31–2.25 mm. Metallic luster on body absent. Scape yellow with black stripe dorsally. Lower face with median stripe absent. Vertex with 2 stripes above compound eye. Gena posteriorly with dark stripes below compound eye. Occiput yellow with 2 dark, vertical stripes. Pronotum with wide median band complete; laterally with 2 black stripes. Mesoscutum with wide median band complete. Prepectus yellow with dorsal margin dark. Propodeum yellow with wide median band. Procoxa and mesocoxa yellow. Metacoxa yellow or, rarely, basally with dark spot. Profemur and mesofemur yellow. Metafemur variable: yellow, with uninterrupted stripe or interrupted stripe dorsally. Fore wing: basal band absent; cubital band present; parastigmal band present, at junction of parastigmal and marginal veins only; stigmal band present, with perpendicular extension greater than that of stigmal apex; postmarginal band present, with perpendicular extension across 75% or more of fore wing width, often across entire width; connection from cubital band to stigmal band present, in a wide, linear band. Hind wing hyaline. Gaster yellow with wide, dark band dorsally.

Upper ocular sulcus absent. Pedicel longer than wide. Funiculars symmetrical: first longer than wide (w:l 0.56–0.75); second longer than wide (w:l = 0.7–0.72).

Pronotum, in dorsal view, bell-shaped, wider than long (w:l = 1.39–1.45); 5 pairs of setae along posterior margin. Mesoscutum reticulate; small, scattered setae present.; intermediate setae absent. Mesoscutellum wider than long (w:l = 1.09–1.14); submedian grooves absent. Hind tibial spur distinctly shorter than basitarsus. Hind basitarsus longer than second tarsomere (bst:2 nd = 1.13–1.28).

Fore wing l:w = 2.51–2.77. Submarginal vein with 7 setae dorsally. Basal fold setose. Cubital fold setose. Admarginal setae present. Uncus originating on stigma by more than own length from stigmal apex.

Male - as female, except: body length 0.79–1.47 mm; body yellow, with wide dark band present only on mesosoma; gaster with interrupted median band, and transverse bands across Gt 4 –Gt 5 ( Fig. 10E View FIGURE 10 ).

Remarks. This species is easy to identify due to the unique body and fore wing pattern and is widespread in the western Nearctic.

Hosts. Reared from lepidopteran leaf miners and an unknown gall. See Table 3. Lepidoptera   : Gracillariidae   , Heliozelidae   .

Distribution. Nearctic: Canada (BC), USA (AZ, CA, NM, OR, TX, UT) ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 ).

Etymology. Named for the dark, broad median band that extends from the anterior margin of the pronotum to the tip of the gaster.

Type material examined. Paratypes: USA: California: Los Angeles Co., Los Angeles, 100m, 34°02’41”N, 118°15’13”W, viii, Koebele, host: Gracilaria elongata   [1?, USNM: UCRCENT425337]. Sonoma Co., 31m, 38°17’23”N, 122°27’37”W, Koebele, host: Lithocolletis mediodorsella   [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425338].

Additional material examined. CANADA: British Columbia: Victoria, 31m, 48°25’44”N, 123°21’12”W, 28.viii.1961 [1♀, CNC: CNC 508690]. Victoria, 31m, 48°25’44”N, 123°21’12”W, 31.viii.1961 [1♀, CNC: CNC 508691]. USA: Arizona: Cochise Co., Huachucha Mts., Ash Canyon Rd. 0.5 mi. W. Hwy 92, 1582m, 31°23’12”N, 110°14’17”W, viii.1993, N. McFarland, MT [1♀, CNC: CNC 508692]. Portal, 1451m, 31°54’51”N, 109°08’26”W, 16.iv.1962, H. Willis, ex: gall [1♀, FSCA: UCRCENT424529]. California: Alameda Co., Cedar Mtn., 1125m, 37°33’36”N, 121°36’22”W, 3.iii.1968, host plant: Quercus durata   [1♀, CASC: UCRCENT417567]. Contra Costa Co., Mt. Diablo, 1144m, 37°52’51”N, 121°54’56”W, 7.ii.1977, D. S. Green, host: Cameraria   sp., host plant: Quercus chrysolepis   [1?, EMEC: EMEC 84276]. Glenn Co., 5 mi. N. Elk Creek, 193m, 39°40’44”N, 122°31’38”W, 7.vi.1984, J. D. Pinto [1♁, UCRC: UCRCENT312277]. Humboldt Co., 5.3 mi. SE Ettersburg, 314m, 40°05’25”N, 123°55’25”W, 4.vi.1987, R. K. Velten [1♀, BMNH: NHMUK10370163]. Kern Co., Monolith, 1210m, 35°07’16”N, 118°22’20”W, 15.ix.1968, P. Opler, host: Coptodisca   sp., host plant: Quercus lobata   [1♀, EMEC: EMEC 84275]. Los Angeles Co., 188m, 34°05’9”N, 118°12’28”W, 24.vii.1940, R. H. Smith, Acc. 237, host: Phyllonorycter felinella   [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312274]. Mariposa Co., Yosemite National Park, 2514m, 37°48’48”N, 119°31’49”W, 2.vii.1918, C. Heinrich, Hopk. U.S. 13405d1 [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT416899]. Napa Co., 3 mi. SSW Spanish Flat, 225m, 38°29’51”N, 122°15’11”W, 11.vi.1984, J. D. Pinto [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT485705]. Lake Hennessey, 11km ESE St. Helena, 44m, 38°29’19”N, 122°20’54”W, 17.xii.1991, S. L. Heydon, Bacharis [1♀, UCDC: UCRCENT415863]. Orange Co., 228m, 33°35’31”N, 117°30’46”W, 11.v.1968, E.I. Schlinger, host plant: Platanus   sp. [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312272]. Modjeska Canyon, 390m, 33°42’30”N, 117°38’8”W, 28.ii.1977, D. S. Green, host: Cameraria agrifoliella   , host plant: Quercus agrifolia   [1♀, EMEC: EMEC 84281]. Placer Co. State Insectary105’, 1018m, 39°01’41”N, 120°47’52”W [1♀, UCRC:UCRCENT312273]. Riverside Co., Hwy 74, San Bernardino Natl. Forest., 635m, 33°43’52”N, 116°48’39”W, 20.vi.2014, R. K. Perry, Riparian, Sweep, RP14/009 [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312349 (D4112)]. Idyllwild Park, 1596m, 33°44’37”N, 116°43’26”W, 17.vii.1996, M. Gates, LM96-940, host: leaf miner, host plant: Quercus chrysolepis   [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312269]. Idyllwild Park, 1596m, 33°44’37”N, 116°43’26”W, 17.vii.1996, M. Goeden, host: upper surface blotch mine, host plant: Quercus chrysolepis   [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312270]. Pinyon Flats, E. Side of Santa Rosa Mtns., 1227m, 33°35’5”N, 116°27’24”W, 18.iii.1997, M. W. Gates, LM97-2366, host: upper surface blotch mine, host plant: Quercus turbinella   [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312271]. Sage, 704m, 33°34’56”N, 116°55’59”W, 12.vi.1977, D. S. Green [4♀ 1?, EMEC: EMEC84280, 84282, 84297, 84298, 84316]. Sage, 704m, 33°34’56”N, 116°55’59”W, 12.vi.1977, D. S. Green, host plant: Quercus   [4♀ 1?, EMEC: EMEC84280, 84282, 84297, 84298, 84316]. Sage, 704m, 33°34’56”N, 116°55’59”W, 12.vi.1977, D. S. Green, host plant: Quercus john-tuckeri   [4♀ 1?, EMEC: EMEC84280, 84282, 84297, 84298, 84316]. Sage, 704m, 33°34’56”N, 116°55’59”W, 12.vi.1977, D. S. Green, host: Cameraria   sp., host plant: Quercus lobata   [4♀ 1?, EMEC: 84280, 84282, 84297, 84298, 84316]. Sage, 704m, 33°34’56”N, 116°55’59”W, 12.vi.1977, D. S. Green, host: Phyllonorycter   sp., host plant: Quercus keloggii   [4♀ 1?, EMEC: EMEC84280, 84282, 84297, 84298, 84316]. Santa Rosa Plateau Res., 590m, 33°31’0”N, 117°14’0”W, 11.vii.2001, Quercus   sp., fogging [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT55218]. San Diego Co., Mount Laguna 1/ 2 mile E. Mount Laguna Fire Station off SI, 1846m, 32°51’28”N, 116°24’50”W, 27.viii.1996, M. W. Gates, LM96-1361, host: miner, host plant: Quercus keloggii   / Rhamnus californica   [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312276]. San Mateo Co., San Bruno Mtns., 338m, 37°41’19”N, 122°26’5”W, 21.iii.1968, P. Opler, host plant: evergreen [1♀, EMEC: EMEC 84277]. Santa Barbara Co., Santa Cruz Island, 34°00’12”N, 119°44’40”W, vi.1999, B. Fox [1♀, UCDC: UCDC 00415798]. Santa Cruz Island, Cañada de la Cuesta, 34°01’14”N, 119°50’11”W, 15.iii.1969, J. Powell, host plant: Pinus muricata   [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312275]. Siskiyou Co. 5 mi. SW Mt. Shasta City, 1115m, 41°18’32”N, 122°18’19”W, 22.vii.1969, P. Opler, host: Cameraria   sp., host plant: Notholithocarpus densiflorus   [1♁ 2♀, CASC: UCRCENT417566, EMEC: EMEC 84278, 84279]. Solano Co., 11 km W. Winters, 70m, 38°30’50”N, 122°06’1”W, 22.viii.1990, S. L. Heydon [1♀, UCDC: UCDC 00415799]. 9 km N. Winters, 49m, 38°36’21”N, 121°58’16”W, 15.iv.1990, S. L. Heydon [1♀, UCDC: UCRCENT415862]. Sonoma Co., Healdsburg, 32m, 38°36’37”N, 122°52’10”W, 13.iii.1970, T. Griswold [1?, CASC: UCRCENT417565]. New Mexico: Sandoval Co., Bandelier Natl. Monument, 2010m, 35°47’3”N, 106°16’46”W, viii.1980, W. Pippin, host: Phyllonorycter   sp., host plant:Aspen [1♀, USNM: UCRCENT425339]. Oregon: Wasco Co., Rowena, 42m, 45°40’20”N, 121°16’5”W, 13.viii.1982, P. Hanson [3♀, USNM: UCRCENT416894–96]. Tygh Valley, 338m, 45°14’51”N, 121°10’33”W, 6.v.1938, ID. Lot. No. 40-2913 [1?, USNM: UCRCENT416897]. Texas: Comal Co., New Braunfels, Landa Pk., 192m, 29°42’46”N, 98°07’56”W, 16.iii.1884, T.P. & L. Friedlander & G. Steck [1♀, TAMU: UCRCENT426728]. Utah: Salt Lake Co., Salt Lake, 1360m, 40°46’34”N, 111°53’4”W, 11.viii.1913, Timberlake, 445B [4♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312252, 312266, 312267, 414301]. Salt Lake, 1360m, 40°46’34”N, 111°53’4”W, 11.viii.1913, Timberlake, 445B, host: Cameraria macrocarpella   [4♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312252, 312266, 312267, 414301]. Salt Lake, 1360m, 40°46’34”N, 111°53’4”W, 15.viii.1913, Timberlake, 445B [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT312268]. Salt Lake, 1360m, 40°46’34”N, 111°53’4”W, 2.viii.1913, Timberlake, 445B [1♀, UCRC: UCRCENT414302]. Washington Co., Springdale, 37°11’20”N, 112°59’55”W, 14.vi.1970, host: Phyllonorycter   sp., host plant: Populus   [1♁, USNM: UCRCENT416898].

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

UCDC

R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eulophidae

Genus

Zagrammosoma

Loc

Zagrammosoma centrolineatum Crawford

Perry, Ryan K. & Heraty, John M. 2021
2021
Loc

Zagrammosoma centrolineatum

Peck, O. 1951: 459
1951
Loc

Zagrammosoma centrolineata

Crawford, J. C. 1913: 256
1913