Labahitha fuscata ( Nakatsudi, 1943 ) Magalhaes & Berry & Koh & Gray, 2022

Magalhaes, Ivan L. F., Berry, James W., Koh, Joseph K. H. & Gray, Michael R., 2022, Labahitha spiders (Arachnida: Araneae: Filistatidae) from islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, European Journal of Taxonomy 805 (1), pp. 1-51 : 6-12

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.805.1693

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B43262BE-6FC4-45D9-8DBF-BF6DCACBF97E

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6383016

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/B67287B2-7C30-FFAA-FE60-AF5891FFF945

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Labahitha fuscata ( Nakatsudi, 1943 )
status

comb. nov.

Labahitha fuscata ( Nakatsudi, 1943) comb. nov.

Figs 2A–B View Fig , 4–6 View Fig View Fig View Fig , 29C View Fig

Filistata fuscata Nakatsudi, 1943: 148 , fig. 1a–c. Female holotype from Palau, Koror Island, Aug.1941, T. Ogata leg., presumably deposited in the Tokyo University of Agriculture ( Ono 2011), not examined.

Filistata fuscata Kishida, 1947: 999 , fig. 2839. Syntypes from Japanese Micronesia, currently untraceable ( Ono 2011), not examined. First considered a junior synonym and homonym of Filistata fuscata Nakatsudi, 1943 by Ono (2011).

Nr. Wandella sp. – Gray 1995: 84, figs 15, 19.

Tricalamus fuscatus – Ono 2011: 185, figs 1–11; 2013: 19.

Notes

Although neither Ono (2011) nor we have examined the type specimens, we have seen plenty of specimens from the type locality and neighbouring islands that tally with the original descriptions of this species. Ono (2013) recorded this species in the Ogasawara Islands in Japan. Gray (1995: fig. 15) was the first to figure the male of this species. See Ono (2011) for a discussion regarding the correct authorship of this species and the priority of Nakatsudi’s (1943) name over Kishida’s (1947).

Diagnosis

The male is similar to that of Labahitha gibsonhilli in the sharp, triangular apex of the paraembolic lamina and the gently curved distal portion of the sperm duct. It differs by the shorter, more stout palpal bulb and the relatively larger paraembolic lamina ( Fig. 5B, J–L View Fig ) (vs palpal bulb longer and slender, with smaller paraembolic lamina in L. gibsonhilli ). Females can be distinguished from all congeners by the very small median receptacles, which are reduced to a bump with pores, placed posteriorly to the larger, oval lateral receptacles ( Fig. 6 View Fig ). The deep brown and uniform colouration is also characteristic ( Fig. 4 View Fig ), although also present in L. ryukyuensis ( Ono 2013) .

Material examined

AUSTRALIA • 1 ♂; Queensland, Torres Strait, Darnley Island ; [9.59747° S, 143.76142° E]; AM GoogleMaps .

BRUNEI • 1 ♀; Tutong, Tasek Merimbun Park HQ ; [4.59444° N, 114.67083° E]; 13 Feb. 2013; J.K.H. Koh leg.; wooden wall crevices; JK 130213.1101 GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; 16 Apr. 2011; JK 110416.1907 GoogleMaps .

FIJI • 1 ♀; Vanua Levu , Lasema ; [16.62682° S, 179.01793° E]; W.M. Mann leg.; MCZ 40200 View Materials GoogleMaps .

MARSHALL ISLANDS • 1 ♀; Kwajalein Atoll, Ennugarret Island ; [9.38452° N, 167.4881° E]; 9 Jul. 1968; J.W. Berry leg.; beating trees in Pandanus forest; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Majuro Atoll, Woja ; [7.09171° N, 171.38268° E]; 26 Jul. 1968; J.W. Berry leg.; in coconut litter; JBJB GoogleMaps .

MICRONESIA • 1 ♀; Caroline Islands , “ Truk Islands ” [ Chuuk Island ], “ Moen Island ” [ Weno Island ]; [7.45575° N, 151.84985° E]; 12 Jun. 1978; J. Berry and Beatty leg.; in crevices on buildings; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Caroline Islands, Yap Island , Yap District, Fedor ; [9.45056° N, 138.06269° E]; 1 Feb. 1980; J.W. Berry leg.; in banana leaves; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Caroline Islands, Yap Island , Yap District, Fedor ; [9.45056° N, 138.06269° E]; 13 Apr. 1980; J.A. Beatty leg.; in web on tree trunk; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Caroline Islands, Yap Island , Yap, near Gilman Point; [9.45056° N, 138.06269° E]; 15 Apr. 1980; webs in crevices on mango tree bark; JBJB GoogleMaps .

NEW CALEDONIA • 2 ♀♀, 1 imm.; Nord , Poum; [20.23333° S, 164.01667° E]; 13 Feb. 1993; N.I. Platnick, R.J. Raven and M.S. Harvey leg.; coastal cliffs; AMNH IFM-0917 , IFM-0918 GoogleMaps .

PALAU • 1 ♂; Caroline Islands, Koror Island ; [7.34068° N, 134.4792° E]; 17 Mar. 1973; J. Berry and Beatty leg.; in cave entrance rock cracks; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Caroline Islands, Koror Island ; [7.34068° N, 134.4792° E]; 17 Mar. 1973; J. Berry and J. Beatty leg.; in crevices of tree trunk bark; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Caroline Islands, Koror Island , on Entomology Lab building ; [7.34068° N, 134.4792° E]; 7 Mar. 1973; J.A. Beatty leg.; JBJB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; 6 Mar. 1973; J. Berry and J. Beatty leg.; JBJB GoogleMaps .

PAPUA NEW GUINEA • 2 ♀♀; Bismarck Islands ; [5.55234° S, 150.13883° E]; 18 Nov. 1896; ZMB GoogleMaps .

Description

Male (from Palau, Koror Island, Entomology Laboratory, JBJB)

COLOURATION (in ethanol). Carapace grey-brown, with darker irregular patterning in the median postocular area and the weakly defined mid-lateral and lateral marginal bands. Chelicerae, labium, endites and sternum brown. Legs with dark grey-brown pigmentation on femora, paler on tibiae and reduced to absent on remaining segments. Abdomen colour brownish grey with and several indistinct chevrons, but patterning poorly preserved.

HABITUS. Anterior margin of carapace subrounded, sclerotized but apical part with an unsclerotized curved edge. Sternum subrounded, posteriorly bluntly pointed, a pair of posterior sigilla present.

MEASUREMENTS. Total length 3.23. Carapace length 1.37, width 1.13. Clypeus length 0.33. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.05, PME 0.08, ALE 0.09, PLE 0.09, AME–AME 0.05, PME–PME 0.09. Sternum length 0.95, width 0.71. Palp: femur length 0.77, height 0.23; tibia length 0.49, height 0.22. Legs 1423. Leg I: 6.33 (1.63, 0.49, 1.80, 1.42, 0.99). II: 4.63 (1.24, 0.43, 1.14, 1.18, 0.64). III: 4.26 (1.10, 0.39, 0.95, 1.07, 0.75). IV: 5.41 (1.41, 0.49, 1.43, 1.44, 0.64). Abdomen length 1.86, width 0.86.

LEG MACROSETAE. Metatarsus (Mt) I 1 a.vr.

PALP ( Fig. 5 View Fig ). Cymbium horseshoe shaped; bulb enlarged with a median constriction, sperm duct Nshaped with a single coil; tegulum with a large prolateral excavation, its surface adorned with strongly spined short ridges (each typically bispinate); large crest-like paraembolic process with a fimbriated dorsal margin bent more or less prolaterally, and narrowing distally to end in an extension above the embolus; comb-like microtooth arrays present on paraembolic process; embolus slender, slightly curved.

Female (from Palau, Koror Island, Entomology Laboratory, JBJB)

COLOURATION. Carapace similar to male, but anterior margin of carapace pigmented. Abdomen greyish brown with a longitudinal pale patch mid-dorsally and several indistinct pale chevrons laterally. One pair of posterior sternal sigilla present.

MEASUREMENTS. Total length 4.75. Carapace length 1.69, width 1.33. Clypeus length 0.29. Sternum length 0.95, width 0.71. Palp: femur length 0.91, height 0.3; tibia length 0.42, height 0.3. Leg I: 5.71 (1.45, 0.52, 1.49, 1.32, 0.93). II: 4.22 (1.16, 0.49, 0.95, 0.95, 0.67). III: 3.7 (1.05, 0.48, 0.78, 0.85, 0.54). IV: 4.92 (1.41, 0.60, 1.25, 1.05, 0.61). Abdomen length 3.06, width 2.07.

LEG MACROSETAE. Absent. Calamistrum with three rows.

EPIGASTRIC FURROW. Unmodified.

ENDOGYNE ( Fig. 6 View Fig ). Median lobes very small with a few clustered pores; lateral lobes large, ovoid in side view, with scattered pores.

Variation

Male genitalia is similar across islands ( Fig. 5 View Fig ). The shape of the lateral receptacles varies from rounded to oval, and the pores in the lateral receptacles may be concentrated in the ectal side or dispersed throughout the receptacle ( Fig. 6 View Fig ).

Natural history

Specimens have been collected in habitats as diverse as wooden wall crevices, in coconut litter, in crevices on buildings, by beating trees in Pandanus forest, in banana leaves, in web on tree trunk, in webs in crevices on tree bark, in coastal cliffs and in cave entrance rock cracks.

Distribution

Widespread in Micronesia and Melanesia, extending into Borneo and Japan ( Fig. 1 View Fig ).

AM

Australian Museum

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Filistatidae

Genus

Labahitha

Loc

Labahitha fuscata ( Nakatsudi, 1943 )

Magalhaes, Ivan L. F., Berry, James W., Koh, Joseph K. H. & Gray, Michael R. 2022
2022
Loc

Tricalamus fuscatus

Ono H. 2011: 185
2011
Loc

Wandella sp.

Gray 1995: 84
1995
Loc

Filistata fuscata

Kishida K. 1947: 999
1947
Loc

Filistata fuscata

Nakatsudi K. 1943: 148
1943