Xylocopa (Dasyxylocopa) piligera Maidl, 1912

Melo, Gabriel A. R., 2017, Revision of the carpenter bee subgenus Xylocopa (Dasyxylocopa) (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Journal of Natural History (J. Nat. Hist.) 51 (7 - 8), pp. 379-390: 388-390

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2016.1272724

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:339CE18B-37F2-47F5-881D-A8C9C22E42F5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B61C87FC-FFE3-FFF5-3930-FDB3FD19FE19

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Xylocopa (Dasyxylocopa) piligera Maidl, 1912
status

new status

Xylocopa (Dasyxylocopa) piligera Maidl, 1912   new status

( Figures 2b View Figure 2 , 3e, f View Figure 3 , 5 View Figure 5 , 6 View Figure 6 )

Xylocopa piligera Maidl, 1912: 327   . Lectotype male, presently designated, Brazil (NHW; examined).

Xylocopa leucopus Friese, 1925: 16   . Lectotype male, presently designated, Brazil: Minas Gerais, Passa Quatro (ZMB; examined).

Comments

Although Friese’ s X. leucopus   was placed under the synonymy of X. bimaculata   by Hurd and Moure (1963), they considered the possibility that it could be ‘subspecifically distinct’. Later, in his catalog of the New World Xylocopa, Hurd (1978)   included Maidl’ s X. piligera   as an additional synonym of X. bimaculata   . After study of the type material of the two taxa, it was found that they correspond to the same species occurring in the mountains at the borders between the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. Structurally, X. piligera   is most similar to X. bimaculata   , as shown in the identification key above. They differ mostly by details of colour and density of pilosity.

Type material examined

Xylocopa piligera   was proposed based on a series of six males from Brazil and housed in the NHW collection   . The specimen with the labels ‘ Beske \ Brasilien’ ‘piligera\ Maidl ♂ \det   . Fr   . Maidl \ Type’ ‘ Lectotype \piligera\ Det   . J   . S. Moure 1958’ ‘NHMW’ is here designated as lectotype   . Among the remaining specimens, four paralectotypes bear the labels ‘Beske\ Brasilien’ ‘piligera\ Maidl ♂ \det   . Fr   . Maidl \ Type’ and the fifth one only ‘piligera\ Maidl ♂ \det   . Fr   . Maidl \ Type’   . Friese’ s Xylocopa leucopus   was described from an unknown number of males and females. A male in the ZMB collection with the labels ‘ Brasil \ Campinas \1921\ Passa Q. ’ (in which ‘21\ Passa Q. ’ has been handwritten on an original printed label ‘ Brasil \ Campinas \1903 \ Hempel’)   Xylocopa   \leucopus\1909 Friese det.\ ♂ n. Friese’ ‘ Type’ ‘ Coll   .\ Friese’ ‘LIEFT   .’ ‘ LECTOTYPE \ Xylocopa   \leucopus\Friese\ ♂ P. D. Hurd ‘64’ ‘ Xylocopa   \bimaculata\ Friese \ ♂ P   . D. Hurd ‘64’ is here designated as lectotype   . The SDEI collection possesses a male paralectotype bearing the labels ‘ Brasil \ Campinas \1921\ Passa Q. ’ (in which ‘21\ Passa Q. ’ has been handwritten on an original printed label ‘ Brasil \ Campinas \1903\ Hempel’)   Xylocopa   \leucopus\1909 Friese det.\ ♂ n. Friese’ ‘ Coll   . Friese’ ‘ Paralecto \Typus\ Hurd ‘64   ’. There are two additional specimens, one female and one male, from the ZMB collection on loan that might constitute additional paralectotypes   .

Additional material examined

Brazil, Minas Gerais: one male ( ZMB), ‘ Brasil \ Passa Quatro \1823 [sic]\ Zikan’ (in which ‘ Passa Quatro \23\ Zikan’ has been handwritten on an original printed label ‘ Brasil \ S. Leopoldo \1897\ Dutra’) ‘ Xylocopa   \leucopus\ Fr   .\1909 Friese det.\ ♂ ’ ‘Coll.\ Friese’ ; one male ( DZUP), ‘DZUP\028414’ ‘ Brasil, MG, 16 km a SE\ de Itamonte, Pq   . Nac   .\ Itatiaia , 2200 m,\ 22.359°S 44.733°W,\ 25 GoogleMaps   .x GoogleMaps   .2011, D. Luz’   . Rio de Janeiro: one male ( ZMB), ‘ Brasil \ Rio de Janeiro \1897\ Peckolt’ ‘ Xylocopa   \albitarsis\1904 Friese det   .\ ♂ Fr.’ ‘ Type’ ‘MS – Name’ ‘bimaculata\ Fr   .\ Hurd’ ; one male ( DZUP), ‘ Parque Nacional \ das Serra dos Órgaos \ Entre abrigos 2 e 3   .\ Terezopolis – E   . Rio   .\17.XI.949. Aristo-\teles Silva’ ‘ Xylocopa   \bimaculata\ Friese’   . São Paulo: three females ( DZUP), ‘ Brasil, SP, 10 km a SW\de S   . J. Barreiro, Serra \ da Bocaina, 1560 m,\ 22.721°S 44.625°W,\ 23 GoogleMaps   .x GoogleMaps   .2011, G. Melo \ Em ninho’; one male ( DZUP), ‘ Sa   . BOCAINA- 1500 m \S.J. BARREIRO – SP\BRASIL 4-XI-1965 \F.M. Oliveira leg’; one male ( DZUP), ‘CAMPOS DO JORDÃO\S   . Paulo BRASIL\ Fev   . – 1958\K. Lenko leg   .’ ‘ Xylocopa   ♂ \bimaculata\Friese\Pe J. S. Moure 1990   ’.

Biology

A single nest of X. piligera   was found in a wood post of a fence ( Figure 6 View Figure 6 ) in the Serra da Bocaina, in São Paulo. The nest was not opened and therefore its internal structure has not been examined. The use of large pieces of dead wood for nesting purposes is a widespread behaviour in the genus Xylocopa   . The only previous information on the nesting habits of the subgenus X. (Dasyxylocopa) is a report by Silveira et al. (2002) of use of dead stems of Vellozia   ( Velloziaceae   ) for nest construction by what was assumed to be X. bimaculata   , but most likely corresponds to X. fortuita   sp. nov.

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Frank Koch and Michael Ohl for their kind help and support during my stay at the Museum für Naturkunde, in Berlin, and Dominique Zimmermann and Manuela Vizek, for their assistance during a short visit to the Naturhistorisches Museum Wien.

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Genus

Xylocopa

Loc

Xylocopa (Dasyxylocopa) piligera Maidl, 1912

Melo, Gabriel A. R. 2017
2017
Loc

Xylocopa leucopus

Friese H 1925: 16
1925
Loc

Xylocopa piligera

Maidl F 1912: 327
1912