Linum neomexicanum Greene (1881: 183)

González-Velasco, Juan, Burgos-Hernández, Mireya, Galván-Escobedo, Iris G. & Castillo-Campos, Gonzalo, 2022, Taxonomic update of the flax family in Mexico, Phytotaxa 549 (2), pp. 141-184 : 161-162

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/phytotaxa.549.2.3

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6622797

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/B3008796-0D0E-B60D-FF4B-F924FEBBFDE1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Linum neomexicanum Greene (1881: 183)
status

 

Linum neomexicanum Greene (1881: 183) . ( Fig. 7d View FIGURE 7 ).

Type:— UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. New Mexico: Pinos Altos Mountains, Greene s.n. (holotype ND!, isotypes GH!, KANU, MO!) .

Cathartolinum neomexicanum Small (1907l: 73) .

Description: — Herbs, annual, 15–60 cm in height, glabrous, sometimes glaucous, root thin; stems erect, ascending, branching from the base, glabrous. Leaves entire, basal opposite, distal alternate, elliptical-oblanceolate, 8.0–15.0 × 1.0–1.8(–2.5) mm, sessile, apex subacute to acuminate, 1-nerved, rough, glabrous, stipular glands absent. Inflorescence a cymose panicle, thin, pedicels almost parallel to the stem, 1.0–4.0(–7.5) mm long; bracts 1.5–4.8 mm long, margin entire, apex acute, stipular glands absent; sepals persistent, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2.3–4.1(–5.0) × 1.1–1.5 mm, margin glandular-dentate, apex acute to acuminate; 1-nerved, nervation evident; glabrous, stipular glands absent; petals yellow, oblanceolate, 4.0–7.0 mm long, glabrous; stamens 3.0–5.0 mm long; anthers 0.8–1.3(–1.5) mm long, orange; staminodia absent; styles free, 1.5–3.0 mm long; stigmata capitate, yellow. Fruit triangular-ovoid to widely ovoid, yellow with purple hues in the upper part, 1.7–2.6(3.5) × (1.9–) 2.7–3.5 mm, glabrous, pericarp thick, apex apiculate, dehiscent into 10 segments, false septa partially developed, septa with ciliate margins; seeds elliptical-ovate, pale reddish-brown, 2.0–2.5 × 1.1–1.3 mm.

Distribution: — United States of America; in Mexico, in Baja California, Chihuahua, and Sonora ( Fig. 5b View FIGURE 5 ).

Habitat and ecology: —Cypress-juniper forest, oak-pine forests, pine forests. Elevation 1700–2900 m. Phaeozem, Lithosol, Luvisol, Planosol, Regosol, and Vertisol soil types.

Phenology: —Flowering and fruiting in March–November.

Note: —It is easily distinguished by its thin inflorescence and pedicels parallel to the stem. Within its distribution range, it is the only species with yellow flowers and free styles. However, when reviewing herbarium specimens, several L. pringlei specimens with white flowers were misidentified as L. neomexicanum .

Conservation status: —According to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (2019), L. neomexicanum is Endangered (B2abc(iii)), as it has an AOO of 20 km 2 and ≤ 5 localities are known in the country. However, considering its EOO (159,584.708 km 2) and its distribution in the United States of America it probably can be considered as LC.

Specimens examined: — MEXICO. Baja California: Sierra San Pedro Mártir , 2475 m, 31°02’00”N, 115°27’00”W, 21 July 1970, R. Moran 17895 ( ENCB!) GoogleMaps ; Sierra San Pedro Mártir , 2000 m, 31°04’00”N, 115°33’00”W, 15August 1967, R. Moran & R.F. Thorne 14121 ( ENCB!) View Materials GoogleMaps . Chihuahua: Guachochi, Rejogochi cerro oeste de Valle, 10/September/2002, F. Wyndham 20 (CIIDIR!, MEXU!) ; Sierra Madre , 29 September 1887, C.G. Pringle 1201 ( MEXU!) . Sonora: Agua Prieta, Arroyo Cajón del Diablo , 1772 m, 31°17’19”N, 108°47’49”W, 29 September 2009, T.R. Van Devender et al. 1693 ( MEXU!) GoogleMaps .

ENCB

Universidad de Autonoma de Baja California

MEXU

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

Malpighiales

Family

Linaceae

Genus

Linum

Loc

Linum neomexicanum Greene (1881: 183)

González-Velasco, Juan, Burgos-Hernández, Mireya, Galván-Escobedo, Iris G. & Castillo-Campos, Gonzalo 2022
2022
Loc

Cathartolinum neomexicanum

Small, J. K. 1907: )
1907
Loc

Linum neomexicanum

Greene, E. L. 1881: )
1881