Pteris tripartita Sw.

Abotsi, Komla Elikplim, Radji, Aboudou R., Rouhan, Germinal, Dubuisson, Jean-Yves & Kokou, Kouami, 2015, The Pteridaceae family diversity in Togo, Biodiversity Data Journal 3, pp. 5078-5078: 5078

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e5078

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B189AE46-7620-E706-248D-D45644C82BD7

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Pteris tripartita Sw.
status

 

Pteris tripartita Sw.  

Pteris marginata   Bory., Litobrochia tripartita   (Sw.) Presl

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 12073; recordNumber: 1096; recordedBy: K. Akpagana; lifeStage: Adult; reproductiveCondition: Fertile; Taxon: nameAccordingToID: The Plant List; scientificName: Pteristripartita Sw.; kingdom: Plantae; phylum: Monilophyta; class: Polypodiidae; order: Polypodiales; family: Pteridaceae; genus: Pteris; specificEpithet: tripartita; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: Sw.; Location: continent: Africa; country: Togo; stateProvince: Plateaux; decimalLatitude: 7.5833333; decimalLongitude: 0.6; geodeticDatum: WGS 1984; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Akpagana; dateIdentified: /11/1986; Event: eventDate: /11/1986; Record Level: institutionID: Herbarium togoense; collectionID: TOGO GoogleMaps  

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 12074; recordNumber: 1096; recordedBy: K. Akpagana; lifeStage: Adult; reproductiveCondition: Fertile; Taxon: nameAccordingToID: The Plant List; scientificName: Pteristripartita Sw.; kingdom: Plantae; phylum: Monilophyta; class: Polypodiidae; order: Polypodiales; family: Pteridaceae; genus: Pteris; specificEpithet: tripartita; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: Sw.; Location: continent: Africa; country: Togo; stateProvince: Plateaux; decimalLatitude: 7.5833333; decimalLongitude: 0.6; geodeticDatum: WGS 1984; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Akpagana; dateIdentified: /11/1986; Event: eventDate: /11/1986; Record Level: institutionID: Herbarium togoense; collectionID: TOGO GoogleMaps  

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 30055; recordNumber: 118; recordedBy: ABOTSI, SODJINOU & MINGOU; Taxon: nameAccordingToID: The Plant List; scientificName: Pteristripartita Sw.; kingdom: Plantae; phylum: Monilophyta; class: Polypodiidae; order: Polypodiales; family: Pteridaceae; genus: Pteris; specificEpithet: tripartita; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: Sw.; Location: continent: Africa; country: Togo; stateProvince: Plateaux; decimalLatitude: 7.58205455; decimalLongitude: 0.62126478; geodeticDatum: WGS 1984; Identification: identifiedBy: K. E. Abotsi; dateIdentified: /05/2013; Event: eventDate: 04-05-13; Record Level: institutionID: Herbarium togoense; collectionID: TOGO GoogleMaps  

Ecological interactions

Native status

Native

Distribution

Togo (Ecological Zone 4), Australia, Taiwan, China, Singapore, Borneo, S-India, Andaman Isl., Nicobar Isl., Sri Lanka, peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Laos, Nepal, Vietnam, Java, Moluccas, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Principe Isl., Sao Tomé, Chagos Arch., Galega Isl., Bioko Isl., Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin, Liberia, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Madagascar, La Réunion, Comores, Seychelles, Mauritius, Angola, Marianas, Fiji, Palau Isl., Micronesia, Marshall Isl., Nauru, Gilbert Isl., Tonga, New Caledonia, American Samoa, Western Samoa, Tuvalu, Society Isl., Austral Isl., Niue, Marquesas Isl., Costa Rica (I), Costa Rica (I), Panama (I), Colombia (I), Venezuela (I), Brazil (I), Ecuador (I), Peru (I), St. Lucia (I), Puerto Rico (I), Jamaica (I), Surinam (I), French Guiana (I), Mexico (I), USA (I)

Notes

Pteris tripartita   is a big fern, terrestrial or epiphytic, with erect, short and thick rhizome, bearing large scales. The fronds are in clumps, 1.5 to 2.5m high (Fig. 18a). The stipe is long (0,3-1,5m), very fleshy and thick. The leaf blade is ovate-deltoid, divided into three equal branches of about 1m long and 25 cm wide. These lateral branches are also divided into similar branches, making the frond pedately shaped. Each branch is bipinnate, with more than 30 pairs of pinnae of (2) 5-25 cm long and 1.3-3 cm wide. The ultimate segments are more or less oblong, straight or falciform, 0.3 to 2 cm long by 3 to 7 mm wide. The ribs form narrow areolae along costae and costulae. They are anastomosed at the ultimate lobes. The leaf blade has a thin texture and a bright green color. Sori extend from sinus to the half of the segment, or almost to the apex (Fig. 18b). This fern usually grows on rich deep soils in tropical rainforests.