Orthobula aethiopica, Haddad & Jin & Platnick, 2022

Haddad, Charles R., Jin, Chi & Platnick, Norman I., 2022, A revision of the spider genus Orthobula Simon, 1897 (Araneae: Trachelidae) in the Afrotropical Region. I. Continental species, Zootaxa 5133 (3), pp. 355-382 : 361-364

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5133.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:44C7B333-7D3E-4235-A158-60E70849ED60

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6521600

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/AE2487D1-B52A-FF46-52DF-9310C82AFA18

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Orthobula aethiopica
status

sp. nov.

Orthobula aethiopica sp. nov.

Figs 1, 2 View FIGURES 1–12 , 54–58 View FIGURES 54–58

Diagnosis. Females of O. aethiopica sp. nov. share with those of O. milloti a broad, semicircular anterior ridge in the epigyne, but can be distinguished by the CD being about twice as long as the width of the SBB, while approximately equal to the width of the SBB in O. milloti (compare Figs 54 View FIGURES 54–58 and 90 View FIGURES 90–95 ). Males of O. aethiopica sp. nov. most closely resemble those of O. calceata in the slightly undulating embolus in ventral view ( Figs 57 View FIGURES 54–58 , 68 View FIGURES 65–69 ), but can be distinguished by the shape of the RFA, which is longer and bifid, with a strongly pronounced distal tooth in O. aethiopica sp. nov. ( Fig. 58 View FIGURES 54–58 ), while shorter and hook-shaped in O. calceata ( Fig. 69 View FIGURES 65–69 ).

Etymology. The species name is derived from the country of origin, Ethiopia.

Female (holotype, Addis Ababa, BMNH). Measurements: CL 0.98, CW 0.74, AL 1.03, AW 0.73, TL 1.95, PERW 0.33, MOQAW 0.13, MOQPW 0.15, MOQL 0.14. Length of leg segments: I 0.62 + 0.25 + 0.54 + 0.48 + 0.29 = 2.18; II 0.41 + 0.24 + 0.45 + 0.40 + 0.28 = 1.78; III 0.46 + 0.22 + 0.33 + 0.38 + 0.27 = 1.66; IV 0.62 + 0.23 + 0.54 + 0.57 + 0.31 = 2.27.

Colour: carapace dark brown, with reticulated black mottled pattern; chelicerae dark brown; endites and labium slightly paler brown than chelicerae, cream distally; sternum dark brown, with black mottled margins and faint mottling centrally; palps dark yellow-brown; legs with femora, patellae and tibiae orange-brown, with dense black mottling laterally; distal ends of femora and tibiae, and basal end of patellae, with yellow rings; metatarsi and tarsi yellow, metatarsi with faint black mottling; abdomen black dorsally, with pair of cream anterolateral patches and transverse cream band at midpoint; venter cream, with small mottled grey patch in front of spinnerets; spinnerets cream.

Leg spination: femora and patellae: spineless; tibiae: I plv 5 rlv 4, II plv 4 rlv 4; metatarsi: I plv 4 rlv 4, II plv 4 rlv 4; tarsi: I plv 3 rlv 3, II plv 3 rlv 3.

Epigyne with lateral CO in broad semi-circular anterior epigynal ridge ( Fig. 54 View FIGURES 54–58 ); CD initially curving posteromesally, then bending sharply and diverging slightly before passing round SBB at centre of epigyne; SBB separated by approximately half their width; CD approximately twice as long as width of SBB; BU large and oval, with stalk-like accessory gland on their anteromesal surface; SBB connected to ST I by short looping ducts, entering transversely oval ST I on their mesal surface ( Fig. 55 View FIGURES 54–58 ).

Male (paratype, Addis Ababa, BMNH). Measurements: CL 0.86, CW 0.68, AL 0.87, AW 0.60, TL 1.72, PERW 0.28, MOQAW 0.11, MOQPW 0.16, MOQL 0.14. Length of leg segments: I 0.55 + 0.22 + 0.48 + 0.40 + 0.26 = 1.91; II 0.48 + 0.21 + 0.36 + 0.35 + 0.26 = 1.66; III 0.40 + 0.19 + 0.29 + 0.33 + 0.21 = 1.42; IV 0.49 + 0.22 + 0.42 + 0.51 + 0.27 = 1.91.

Colour: carapace deep orange-brown, with reticulated black mottled pattern; chelicerae orange-brown; endites and labium slightly paler than chelicerae, cream distally; sternum orange-brown, with black mottled margins and mottling centrally; palps deep yellow-brown; anterior legs slightly darker than posteriors; legs with femora, patellae and tibiae yellow-brown, with black mottling laterally; distal ends of femora and tibiae, and basal end of patellae, with yellow rings; metatarsi and tarsi yellow; abdomen black dorsally, with pair of cream anterolateral patches and pair of transverse cream bands at midpoint, separated medially; venter cream, with large grey patch in front of spinnerets and black mottling on epigastric plate; spinnerets cream.

Leg spination: femora and patellae: spineless; tibiae: I plv 5 rlv 4, II plv 4 rlv 4; metatarsi: I plv 4 rlv 4, II plv 4 rlv 4; tarsi: I plv 3 rlv 3, II plv 3 rlv 3.

Palpal femur with small bifid RFA, proximal branch sharply hook-shaped, distal branch tooth-like ( Figs 56, 58 View FIGURES 54–58 ); tibia with small, simple triangular apophysis; retrodistal tegular ridge strongly developed, curving around ventrally to base of embolus ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 54–58 ); embolus narrow, undulating slightly, with weak curve at half its length ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 54–58 ).

Type material. Holotype ♀ and paratype ♂: ETHIOPIA: Oromiya: 51 km E of Addis Ababa [ca. 09°00’N, 39°20’E], 18.VI.1988, leg. A. Russell-Smith (under stones, dry hillside) ( BMNH). GoogleMaps

Paratypes: ETHIOPIA: Amhara: Bahir Dar, Lake Tana , 12°00’N, 37°20’E, XII.1973, leg. G. de Rougemont, 1♂ ( MRAC 158945 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; Oromiya: 17 km E of Addis Ababa [ca. 09°05’N, 39°05’E], 28.V.1988, leg. A. Russell-Smith (under stones, stream valley), 1♂ 2♀ ( BMNH) GoogleMaps .

Habitat and biology. A ground-dwelling species sampled from under rocks in grassy savanna habitats.

Distribution. Only known from central Ethiopia ( Fig. 82 View FIGURE 82 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Trachelidae

Genus

Orthobula