Rhodnius prolixus, Stal, 1859

Iorio, Osvaldo Di & Turienzo, Paola, 2011, A preliminary bibliographic survey of the insects found in poultry houses from the Neotropical Region, with remarks on selected taxa shared with native birds' nests 2858, Zootaxa 2858 (1), pp. 1-60: 24-31

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2858.1.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/AE0887DE-741E-B04C-FF5B-D5C1949CB392

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Rhodnius prolixus
status

 

Rhodnius prolixus   + Triatoma maculata  

VENEZUELA: Guarico: municipio Valle de la Pascua, 749 exx. R. prolixus   + 4195 exx. T. maculata   , in 102 (29.5%) positive chicken houses of 346 positive houses (Group 1), 287 exx. R. prolixus   + 2291 exx. T. maculata   , in 69 (37.3%) positive chicken houses of 185 positive houses (Group 2) (Gamboa C. & Perez Ríos 1965); Barinas + Portuguesa + Cojedes: in 1 of a total of 520 examined chicken nests ( Tonn et al. 1982).

Rhodnius stali Lent, Jurberg & Galvão, 1993  

BOLIVIA: La Paz: Alto Beni, province of South Yungas, 5+ of 20 examined chicken coops ( De la Riva et al. 2001, following Dujardin et al. 2000); Alto Beni, province of South Yungas: Palos Blancos, 4 exx., in peridomestic site [chicken coop + cereal stores], from 5 infested of 59 examined houses; Entre Rios, 3 exx., in peridomestic site [chicken coop + cereal stores], from 1 infested of 11 examined houses; Ingavi, 22 exx., in peridomestic site [chicken coop + cereal stores], from 1 infested of 16 examined houses; Nuevos Horizontes, 27 exx. in peridomestic [chicken coop + cereal stores], from 2 infested of 33 examined houses ( Matias et al. 2003); Alto Beni, Iniqua, 1 adult, from a chicken coop ( Justi et al. 2010).

Triatoma barberi Usinger, 1939  

MEXICO: Oaxaca: Sola de Vega, l-VIII-1960, R.E. Ryckman, A.E. Ryckman & C.P. Christianson, leg., 33 nymphs, between adobe bricks next to a small thatched chicken house [the adobe wall of the chicken house was also the back wall of an inhabited dwelling] ( Ryckman et al. 1965); chicken houses ( Lent & Wygodzinsky 1979); Magdalena Apazco (21 km NE Oaxaca city), 2 n II, 8 n III, 10 n IV, 20 n V, 25 males, 22 females, from chicken roosts, the 2nd most frequent source of bugs ( Zárate et al. 1980); Jalisco + Nayarit [localities not discriminated], most adults [from a total of 94 specimens], found in chicken roosts ( Martínez-Ibarra et al. 2008).

Triatoma brasiliensis Neiva, 1911  

BRAZIL: Ceará: Jaguaruana municipality [Coberto, Currais do Felipe, Figueiredo do Bruno, and Figueiredo], XI- 2000 to IV-2002, found mainly in hen-houses ( Sarquis et al. 2004)   ; Bahia: Curaça , IX-2002 to XI-2002, 33 exx., from roosts in trees of 92 domiciliary unit infestation visited, 10 exx., from chicken coops of other kind in 25 domiciliary units visited [10.0% chicken coops of the 80 capture sites] ( Walter et al. 2005)   .

Triatoma brasiliensis   + Triatoma pseudomaculata  

BRAZIL: Ceará: Jaguaruana municipality [Coberto, Currais do Felipe, Figueiredo do Bruno, and Figueiredo], XI- 2000 to IV-2002, frequently found in the roofs of hen-houses, always with prevalence of T. brasiliensis ( Sarquis et al. 2004)     .

Triatoma carrioni Larrousse, 1926  

Chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998).

ECUADOR: Loja: Jacapo, VII-2002, 4 n II, in a chicken nest ( Grijalva et al. 2005); in chickens nests in the roofs of houses [domiciliary habitat] ( Cuba Cuba et al. 2007).

Triatoma delpontei Romaña & Abalos, 1947  

ARGENTINA: Córdoba: Dto. San Justo, Dto. Río Primero & Dto. Río Segundo, [circa 1955-1956], regularly found in chicken houses ( Undiano 1957); north of the province, few specimens, in chicken houses (Cichero et al. 1967); ( Cichero et al. 1984).

Triatoma dimidiata   (Latreille in Humboldt & Bonpland, 1811)

MEXICO: in chicken cops ( Zeledón 1985).

HONDURAS: Dto. Franciso Morazán: Santa Lucia, 66 exx., in a chicken house ( Ponce & Zeledón 1973).

COSTA RICA: Alajuela: San Rafael de Ojo de Agua , 1964-1968, 40 exx. in hen houses ( Zeledón et al. 1975)   ; San José: Rio Oro (near Santa Ana), 3 nymphs, 2 adults, chicken coop for about 20 chickens ( Zeledón et al. 2001)   ; Heredia: San Rafael, 3 km NE Heredia, Focus 4 (houses 34 y 35), 2001, 371 insects [0+], 2002, 95 insects [0+], all from chicken coop (wood piles); Focus 5 (House 44), 2001, 3 insects [0+], 2002, 59 insects [10+, 16.9%], in a chicken coop (wood piles) ( Zeledón et al. 2005)   .

GUATEMALA: El Progreso, Tulumaje (14º 05’ N, 90º 03’ W), XII-2001, 1 male in one chicken coop; IV-2002, 1 male, in a different chicken coop ( Monroy et al. 2004) GoogleMaps   ; Departamento de Jutiapa, Municipio de Quezada , El Tule, 13 exx., in chicken houses; La Brea, 23 exx., in chicken houses ( Hernández et al. 2006)   .

COLOMBIA: Boyaca: municipality of Boavita, Rio de Abajo , 27 insects from the peridomicile [area located 10 m away from the house, which included the chicken houses and an old kitchen made of stone where food for animals is stored] ( Ramírez et al. 2005)   .

ECUADOR: Guayaquil, in chicken coops ( Zeledón et al. 2005).

Triatoma dimidiata hegneri Mazzotti, 1940  

MEXICO: Quintana Roo: Cosumel Island, Rancho Nuevo, 4/ 5-VII-1965, 1 male, 1 female, 12 undetermined nymphs, in a chicken house under debris consisting of palm leaves, stones and old boards, 21-VII-1965, 3 females, 11 nymphs, in association with stones at the base of a chicken house ( Gonzalez-Angulo & Ryckman 1967); chicken cops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998).

Triatoma dimidiata maculipennis (Stal, 1859)  

MEXICO: Quintana Roo: Cosumel Island, Rancho Nuevo, 4/ 5-VII-1965, 2 males, in a chicken house under debris consisting of palm leaves, stones and old boards [the wing spot on both males were “mancha chica”], 21-VII-1965, 1 female (“mancha chica”), between stones in the foundation of a chicken house; Cosumel Island , San Miguel, 23-VII- 1965, 1 female (“mancha chica”), 5 nymphs, in a pile of stones where chickens roosted   ; Yucatan: Ticul , 18-VII-1965, 9 males, 3 females (“mancha chica”), 3 males, 1 female (“mancha grande”), 81 nymphs, in the huts of natives and chicken houses, 19-VII-1965, 7 males, 4 females (“mancha chica”), 5 males, 1 female (“mancha grande”), 24 nymphs, in a building used for rearing young chickens, 5-8-VIII-1965, 52 males, 30 females (“mancha chica”), 21 males, 14 females (“mancha grande”), 72 nymphs, in native huts and chicken houses; Tekax, 14-VII-1965, 1 male, 1 female (“mancha chica”), 3 females (“mancha grande”), 25 nymphs, in a chicken house; 3 mi N Muna, 15-VII-1965, 1 male, 2 females (“mancha chica”), 7 nymphs, between the rocks and boards in a chicken house contiguous to a native house [and in a pile of rocks in a cow stable] ( Gonzalez-Angulo & Ryckman 1967)   .

Triatoma gerstaeckeri (Stål, 1859)  

UNITED STATES: Texas: in some rather unusual hosts and habitats, i.e., chicken houses ( Ryckman 1986, following Elkins 1951 and/or Packchanian 1939); chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998).

Note: Ryckman (1986) does not discriminate habitats and hosts between Elkins (1951) and Packchanian (1939).

Triatoma guasayana Wygdzinsky & Abalos, 1949  

ARGENTINA: Santiago del Estero: Colonia Dora, IX-1948, M. Gómez leg., 54 females, 56 males, # 714-716 [ IMR], in chicken coops [+ goat yard] ( Abalos & Wygodzinsky 1956, Wygodzinsky & Abalos 1950); “en gallineros” ( Wygodzinsky & Abalos 1959); (Traversa after 1960, following Abalos & Wygodzinsky 1951); ( Martínez & Cichero 1972); ( Carcavallo et al. 1988); Amama, Trinidad, Mercedes, Villa Matilde and Pampa Pozo, 5 exx. in 5 chicken coops, mean 1.0 [+ 9 exx. in 6 trees with chickens], V-1996, T. guasayana   alone in 1 chicken coop, previously positive for T. garciabesi   [+ 3 trees with chicken roosts, one chicken roost tree previously positive for T. garciabesi   ] ( Canale et al. 2000); Amama, 1993–2002, 10 exx. in 7 (3.2%) of 222 examined chicken coops (Vazquez- Prokopec et al. 2005); Santiago del Estero: Atamisqui and/or Cordoba: Quilino: encountered occasionally in the chicken coops ( Lopez et al. 1999); Córdoba: Charbonier, 5 nymphs, in a henhouse (House # 25) [330 days after insecticide treatment made 13/ 20-IV-1971] ( Martínez et al. 1975b); ( Cichero et al. 1984); ( Martínez et al. 1985).

Triatoma guasayana   + Triatoma infestans  

ARGENTINA: Córdoba: Obispo Trejo, 13/ 16-XII-1971, 1 n II T. guasayana   + 1 n I T. infestans   , in a henhouse [40 days after insecticide treatment made 4/ 8-XI-1971] ( Martínez et al. 1975b).

Triatoma infestans Klug   in Meigen, 1834

= Eutriatoma oswaldoi (Neiva y Pinto, 1923) Pinto, 1931   : Mazza 1943b: 1-8 [distr.; hosts; refs.]

PERU: [Arequipa?]: Quishuarani, between Estación de Vitor & Uchumayo, abundant, it can be obtained in chicken houses; Valle de Siguas, San Luis, XII-1943 to I-1944, 2 positive of a total of 9 examined chicken houses; Irrigación de Vitor (contiguous to the Estación de Vitor), “El Cruce,” XII-1943 to I-1944, 2 positive of a total of 7 examined chicken houses ( Herrer & Ayulo 1944); Ica: city of Ica, eggs, adults, in one chicken coop ( Ayulo Robles 1946); southwestern of the country, mean 13.0 bugs per site in 31 (28.7%) of 108 inspected chicken houses ( Del Ponte 1959, following Herrer 1955).

BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz: Dto. Cordillera, Gutierrez, XII-1977, 8 n I, 18 n II, 63 n III, 252 n IV, 642 n V, 491 a, in a chicken coop 3 months old ( Bermudez et al. 1978), a total of 1524 exx., found in one chicken house ( Tonn 1983, Wisnivesky-Colli 1993, following Bermudez et al. 1978); Potosí: Entre Rios de Ajnapa, in 3 chicken houses ( Guillen et al. 1997); Chuquisaca: Zurima (18° 45’ 00’’ S, 65° 04’ 60’’ W), 2 n I, 1 n II, 2 n III, 1 n V, chicken-coop; Serrano (19° 06’ 00’’ S, 64° 22’ 00’’ W), 1 n III, 1 n IV, 1 n V, chicken-coop; Carbajal (19° 21’ 40’’ S, 65° 18’ 14’’ W), 2 males, 2 females, chicken-coop ( Pizarro et al. 2007); Tarija: Palmar Chico, Quebrada Busuy, 8 females, 7 males, from one chicken coop ( Abrahan et al. 2008).

BRAZIL: Goiás: Patrimonio Baixo, 37 n I, 51 n II, 77 n III, 43 n IV, 121 n V, 97 males, 162 females in chichensouse “PB” [30+ (6.2%) of 481 examined]; Gruta de Agua 2, 95 n I, 155 n II, 220 n III, 122 n IV, 105 n V, 78 males, 112 females in chichensouse “ G. De A.2” [2+ (0.4%) of 504 examined]; Mambaí Town , 1 n I, 2 n II, 4 n III, 1 n IV, 8 n V, 5 males, 3 females in chichensouse “UnB 4” [0+ of 24 examined] ( Marsden et al. 1979)   ; Minas Gerais: Municipio de Bambuí , 1958, 4 % positive chicken houses (Dias 1968)   .

[ CHILE] in chicken houses ( Schenone et al. 1985, following Neghme & Schenone 1962).

ARGENTINA: Jujuy: San Salvador de Jujuy, “gallineros” ( Mazza, Basso & Basso 1936); Salta: Luracatao, 1933, “gallineros” (Mazza 1936); Salta city, “gallineros” ( Mazza, Basso & Basso 1936); Catamarca: Catamarca city, 11 nymphs, 21 adults, from 6 chicken houses (Mazza et al. 1938); Catamarca [city], XI-1945, host G. gallus ( Ringuelet 1948)   ; Santiago del Estero: occasionally enter [in] chicken houses ( Usinger et al. 1966); near Santiago del Estero city, maximum obtained of 632 exx. in one chicken coop (Bejarano circa 1978); Amamá, 2 nymphs, chicken coop ( Cecere et al. 1996, 1997); Amamá + Trinidad + Mercedes, II-2001, 218 exx., in 1-3 chicken houses and rosting places ( Ceballos et al. 2002); Amamá, 39 males, 444 females; Mercedes, 12 males, 8 females; Trinidad, 4 males, 2 females, in chicken coops ( Schachter-Broide et al. 2004); Trinidad-Mercedes, X-1993 to XI-1997, 1 ex. in 1 (2.0%) of 43 examined chicken coops ( Cecere et al. 2006); Santiago del Estero: Atamisqui + Córdoba: Quilino, in 20 chicken coops ( Lopez et al. 1999); Chaco: Pampa Avila, 10 females, 8 males, from one chicken coop ( Abrahan et al. 2008); Pampa del Indio, X-2007, in 13 % of chicken houses from a total of 364 examined rural houses ( Gurevitz et al. 2009); Pampa del Indio, 2009, 7 n II-III-IV, 12 n V, 16 females, 32 males, in chicken coops [10 de Mayo, House # 38, 6 n II-IV, 6 n V, 6 females, 6 males, in chickenhouse; Campo Los Toros, House # 20, 11 n V, 11 females, 11 males, in chickenhouse; Fortín Brown, House # 19, 31 n II-IV, 31 n V, 31 males, 31 females, in chickenhouse] ( Ordóñez Krasnowski 2009); Pampa del Indio, 3 nymphs, 1 adult [fig. in page 18], in a chicken coop ( Petherick 2010); Corrientes: Dto. San Luis del Palmar, 2 nymphs, 1 adult, in “Nidal de gallinas”; Dto. Empedrado, 1 adult [male], in “Corral de aves” ( Bar et al. 1997, Damborsky et al. 2001); Dto. San Roque, Colonia Laurel, 1 [operculated egg], in a chicken house ( Bar 2001, Bar et al. 2005); La Rioja: 5 larvae [1+], 15 nymphs, 26 adults [7+], in chicken houses from 5 houses; San Antonio, 3 larvae, 13 nymphs [1+], 14 adults [2+], in chicken houses from 4 houses; Chilecito, 2 larvae [1+], 7 nymphs [1+], 4 adults [3+], in chicken houses from 5 houses; La Rioja city, Escuela Mitre, 8 nymphs [2+], 8 adults [2+], in chicken houses from 4 houses; La Rioja city, Escuela Castro Barros, 3 nymphs, 4 adults [2+], in chicken houses from 2 houses; La Rioja city, Escuela Barrio de la Vega, 2 larvae, 7 nymphs, 13 adults [1+], in chicken houses from 2 houses; El Milagro, 20 larvae, 9 nymphs, 4 adults, in [one] chickenhouse from 1 [examined] house (Mazza et al. 1938); Dto. General Belgrano, San Antonio (35 km from Chepes), numerous specimens, in a chicken coop ( Mazza 1943b, following Mazza et al. 1938); Alto Bayo, 9 females, 10 males, in one chicken coop ( Abrahan et al. 2008); Córdoba: Charbonier, Casa # 16, 2 n V, in henhouse; Casa # 18, 3 n V, in henhouse; Casa # 22, 2 n V, in henhouse; Casa # 23, 1 n V, in henhouse; Casa 35, 2 n IV, 2 a, in henhouse; Casa # 40, 1 n IV, in henhouse; Casa # 47, 1 n IV, in henhouse; Casa # 55, 1 n, 1 a, in henhouse; Casa # 58, 1 a, in henhouse [90 days after insecticide treatment made 4/ 8-XI-1971] ( Martínez et al. 1975a); Rio Cuarto, 21 peridomiciliary foci associated to chicken houses and wood ovens in 17 of 223 houses ( Chassagnade et al. 2004, following Chassagnade et al. 2000), 7 exx. in chicken houses ( Chassagnade et al. 2004); San Juan: San Juan city, adjoining area south of Villa San Francisco, XI-XII- 1993, 2 n I-III, 19 n IV-V, 13 f, 10 m, in chicken coops of 12 examined houses; House of 4 Palms, XII-1994, 1 n III, 2 n V, 1 f, 1 m, in one chicken coop ( Vallvé 1997); San Luis: Dpto. Ayacucho, San Francisco del Monte de Oro, X-2003 to III-2004, 18,7 ± 16,3 captured insects per hour/ man, in 6 positive from a total of 11 examined chichecken coops ( Chartier & Crocco 2007); Entre Ríos: common in poultry houses of the area, following a communication from the Estación Experimental Agropecuaria of Concordia ( Viana et al. 1977 -1978); Villa Elisa, in chicken coops ( Carpintero 1978); Mendoza (Mazza 1936); Buenos Aires: Pdo. General Madariaga, 4 km from General Madariaga, 2 nymphs, 1 adult, in one chicken coop; Pdo. General Pinto, General Pinto, 10 “larvae” [2+], “4 nymphs [1+], adults, # 42023 [ MEPRA] ( Mazza & Jorg 1944); Pdo. Florencio Varela, La Esmeralda, 29-VI-1998, 73 males, 90 females, 96 n V, 3 n IV, 45 n I-III; 6-VII-1998, 222 males, 214 females, 527 n V, 180 n IV, 189 n I-III; 13-VIII-1998, 91 males, 52 females, 336 n V, 119 n IV, 175 n I-III; 20-VIII-1998, 99 males, 177 females, 160 n V, 50 n IV, 32 n I-III, all in a commercial laying hen building, hidden in the space left between the back of the shelter and the wall, in the angles of the brooding cubes and inside crevices of the wood (approximate mean density 9 triatomines per m2); XI-1998, only 12 bugs found after insecticide spraying ( Gajate et al. 2001); Río Negro: San Antonio Oeste, 45 adults, 13 nymphs, in one chicken coop ( Mazza & Miyara 1939).

URUGUAY: Soriano: [locality not stated], in chicken coop, Fig. 14.II.16 ( Salvatella et al. 1998).

Note: a total of 52 chicken coops were prospected for triatomines in the city of Buenos Aires, but results were negative ( Manso Soto & Prosen 1951).

Triatoma infestans   + Triatoma platensis  

ARGENTINA: Santiago del Estero: Puente Negro, 10 exx. [ T. infestans   + T. platensis   ], IMR 168b ( Abalos 1948); Puente Negro, 23-III-1944 [ IMR 121], 24-III-1944 [ IMR 124], 19-IV-194 [ IMR 132], 16-VI-1944 [ IMR 168b], 26- IX-1944 [ IMR 217], Abalos & Laserna leg., numerous exx. T. platensis   , together with T. infestans   ( Romaña & Abalos 1947, Abalos & Wygodzinsky 1951); ( Usinger et al. 1966, following Abalos 1948); in chicken coops, co-inhabiting with T. platensis   ( García 1999, following Abalos 1948).

Triatoma infestans   x Triatoma platensis   [hybrid]

ARGENTINA: Santiago del Estero: Puente Negro, [16-VI-1944], 2 exx. [ IMR 168b] + T. infestans   + T. platensis ( Abalos 1948)   .

Triatoma maculata   (Erichson in Schomburgk, 1848)

ARUBA: in chicken pens built of mud heavily infested ( Petana 1978, following Van der Kuip 1966).

VENEZUELA: Guarico: municipio Valle de la Pascua, 4195 exx. [+749 exx. R. prolixus   ], in 102 (29.5%) positive chicken houses of 346 positive houses (Group 1), 2291 exx. [+287 exx. R. prolixus   ], in 69 (37.3%) positive chicken houses of 185 positive houses (Group 2) (Gamboa C. & Perez Ríos 1965); Cojedes: 76.1% relative importance of chicken houses; Portuguesa: 70.2% relative importance of chicken houses; 901 exx. captured in 18 positive sites, mean 50.1 exx. per site ( Tonn et al. 1978); chicken houses ( Lent & Wygodzinsky 1979).

BRAZIL: Roraima: Projeto Passarão, I-1999 to II-2001, 375 exx. in chicken coops of three houses ( Luitgards-Moura 2001); most numerous species found in chicken houses in the peridomicile, presenting a peridomiciliary infestation index of 16.7 (number of annexes with triatomines/number of annexes x 100), and a crowding index of 12500 (number of triatomines captured/number of houses x 100) represented by the peridomiciliary collection of 375 specimens in chicken annexes of only three houses (out of 48 investigated houses); 125 triatomines per chicken house found living in chicken nests, underneath cardboard boxes, wood pieces, stones and bricks ( Luitgards-Moura et al. 2005b, following Luitgards-Moura et al. 2005a); Normandia, Bonfim and Uiramutã Municipalities, many specimens collected in chicken houses ( Luitgards-Moura et al. 2005b).

Triatoma melanosoma Martinez, Olmedo & Carcavallo, 1987  

Chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998).

Note: Original record not found.

Triatoma nigromaculata (Stål, 1859)  

VENEZUELA: occasionally in chicken houses ( Lent & Wygodzinsky 1979, Torrealba et al. 1985); Guaraque (8º 30’ S, 71º 35’ W), in the nest of a setting hen, of which bugs 47 had ingested blood ( Scorza et al. 1994); chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998).

Triatoma nitida Usinger 1939  

GUATEMALA: Dto. Chiquimula: Las Palmas, Olopa, 1 n IV, 2 n V in the first chicken coop; 1 n II, 10 n III, 9 n IV, 17 n V, 22 females, 19 males [2+ nymphs and 3+ adults from 38 dissected insects] in a second chicken coop ( Monroy et al. 2003), 18 males, 17 females, chicken coop ( Bustamante et al. 2004); Dto. Quiché: Canillá, Tuxtunep, 2002, 2 n III, 6 n IV, 10 n V, 5 females, 5 males, in chicken coop # 1; 1 n II, 2 n III, 6 n IV, 7 n V, 2 males in chicken coop # 2; 2 males in chicken coop # 3; 1 n II in chicken coop # 4 ( Monroy et al. 2003).

Triatoma patagonica Del Ponte, 1929  

ARGENTINA: in chicken coops ( Abalos & Wygodzinsky 1956, Wygodzinsky & Abalos 1959, Traversa after 1960, Usinger et al. 1966, Martínez & Cichero 1972, Martínez et al. 1985); occasionally, in chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1988); Chubut: Dolovan, Gaiman, Trelew, in chicken houses made with stone walls ( Bejarano et al. 1967, following Del Ponte, Coscarón & Bachmann pers. com. 20-VII-1965); Las Plumas, I-1982, adults, “gallineros”; Veintiocho de Julio, I-1982, eggs, nymphs, adults, “gallineros” ( Virla de Arguello 1984); chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998); Gaiman + Las Plumas, I-1998 (summer), 4 n I, 3 n II, 21 n III, 45 n IV, 11 females, 5 males, Gaiman, X-1998 (spring), 2 n I, 10 n II, 8 n III, 1 n IV, 1 male, all found in places used by hens for resting [henhouses, wooden boxes, and log piles, boards, bricks, and flat stones] ( Wisnivesky-Colli et al. 2003).

Note: Original record (prior to 1956) was not found.

Triatoma platensis Neiva, 1913  

ARGENTINA: Catamarca: La Aguada (near the city of Catamarca), abundant specimens, # 55092 [ MEPRA], in one chicken house ( Mazza 1943a); La Rioja: [locality not stated] laboratory colony initiated with specimens collected in chicken coops ( García & Powell 1998); sampled used for mtDNA from a laboratory colony initiated with specimens collected in chicken coops ( García 1999, following García & Powell 1998); Santiago del Estero: Atamisqui and/or Cordoba: Quilino: encountered occasionally in the chicken coops ( Lopez et al. 1999); Entre Ríos: Pronunciamiento, 1978, 30 nymphs, adults, “en gallinero” ( Carpintero 1986); Río Negro: Fortín Uno [south margin of the Río Negro, 15 km from General Roca], in chicken coop ( Bejarano et al. 1967, following Del Ponte, Coscarón & Bachmann pers. com. 20-VII-1965).

URUGUAY: Paysandú: [locality not stated], nymphs, adults, specially in chicken coops ( Franca Rodríguez 1985). Triatoma pseudomaculata Corrêa & Espínola, 1964  

BRAZIL: Bahia: 9 km from Riacho de Santana, a single uninfected adult found in chicken house ( Barrett et al. 1979); in chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998); Curaça, IX-2002 to XI-2002, 23 exx., from roosts in trees of 92 domiciliary unit infestation visited [trees used as chicken roosts 48.0%], 1 ex., in chicken coops of other kind of 25 domiciliary unit infestation visited ( Walter et al. 2005).

Triatoma picturata Usinger, 1939  

Chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998).

Note: Original record not found.

Triatroma protracta (Uhler, 1894)  

UNITED STATES: Utah ( Arends 2003); California ( Arends 2003).

Note: Original records not found.

Triatoma rubrovaria   (Blanchard in Blanchard & Brullé, 1843)

BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul: Caçapava do Sul ,> 30 n V, 1 adult, “em telha de galinheiro” ( Bedin et al. 2009)   .

ARGENTINA: Entre Ríos: Colon, in chicken coop ( Carpintero 1978); Pronunciamiento, together with T. infestans   and Rasahus hamatus   , in a chicken coop ( Carpintero 1981); Pronunciamiento, 1978, various adults, “en gallinero” ( Carpintero 1986).

URUGUAY: Artigas: La Bolsa, X-1990 to XI-1991, in 2 “gallineros” ( Salvatella et al. 1994), 3 nymphs in 2 henhouses close to stone walls ( Salvatella et al. 1995); [locality not stated], chicken coops, Fig. 14.II.21 ( Salvatella et al. 1998).

Triatoma ryckmani Zeledón   & Ponce, 1972

GUATEMALA: El Progreso, Agua Blanca, 73 adults and nymphs of all stages collected in a chicken coop ( Monroy et al. 2004, following Monroy unpublished data); El Progreso, Tulumaje (14º 05’ N, 90º 03’ W), XI-2001, 2 females; XII-2001, 45 n I, 4 n II, 4 females, 2 males; I-2002, 2 n I, 5n II, 2 n III; II-2002, 1 n I; III-2002, 13 n I, 2 n III, 1 n IV; IV-2002, 1 n III; V-2002, 10 n I; VI-2002, 1 n III; VIII-2002, 1 n III; IX-2002, 1 n V; X-2002, 1 n V, 1 male, all in chicken coop (# 1); XI-2001, 5 females, 1 male; XII-2001, 44 n I, 2 n II, 10 females, 4 males; I-2002, 7 n I, 25 n II, 1 female; II-2002, 16 n I, 22 n II, 18 n III, 13 n IV, 5 n V, 3 females; III-2002, 8 n I, 12 n II, 29 n III, 4 n IV, 10 n V, 2 females; IV-2002, 5 n I, 3 n II, 8 n III, 7 n IV, 4 n V, 4 males, 4 females; V-2002, 13 n I, 2 n II, 8 n III, 11 n IV, 2 n V, 2 females; VI-2002, 18 n III, 3 n IV, 4 n V, 3 females, 2 males; VIII-2002, 5 n I, 4 n IV, 1 n V; X-2002, 2 n II, 1 female, 2 males, all in the high density chicken coop (# 2); XII-2001, 2 n II, 3 females; I-2002, 8 n I, 1 n II, 1 female; II-2002, 10 n I, 2 n III; III-2002, 15 n I, 4 n II, 7 n III, 2 n V, 1 male; IV-2002, 1 n II, 1 n III, 1 n IV; V-2002, 2 n I, 3 n II, 4 n III, 2 n IV, 1 n V; VI-2002, 7 n I, 1 n II, 9 n III, 7 n IV, 2 n V, 3 females; VIII-2002, 13 n I, 2 n II, 2 n III, 2 n IV, 4 n V, 1 female, 4 males; IX-2002, 4 n I, 2 n III; X-2002, 2 n I, 1 n II, 1 n III, 1 n V, 3 females, all in chicken coop (# 3); VIII-2001, 1 n IV; X-2001, 1 n V, 2 males; XI-2001, 2 females; XII-2001, 13 n I, 1 male; I-2002, 6 n I, 3 n II, 3 n V, 2 females, 3 males; II-2002, 7 n I, 2 n II, 3 n III, 2 n V, 3 females, 1 male; III-2002, 2 n I, 1 n III; IV-2002, 1 n IV; V-2002, 1 n I, 1 n II, 1 n III, 1 n IV; VI-2002, 1 n III, 1 n IV, 2 n V; VIII-2002, 1 n IV, 1 n V, 1 female; IX-2002, 1 n IV; X-2002, 1 n I, all in the low density chicken coop (# 4) ( Monroy et al. 2004); up to 369 exx. in a single chicken coop ( Zeledón et al. 2010, following Nakagawa et al. 2005).

Triatoma sanguisuga (LeConte, 1855)  

= Triatoma sanguisuga ambigua: Thurman, Jr. et al. 1948   .

UNITED STATES: [Kansas: Manhattan], adults flying into hen houses and feeding upon chickens ( Grundemann 1947, following Kimball 1894); in large numbers in chicken houses ( Lent 1935, following Kimball 1896); Florida: Hendry Co., Felda, 18-VI-1947, D.J. Taylor leg., 3 males, 5 females, in chicken house; Marion Co., Citra, 17-VII- 1947, D.J. Taylor leg., 1 nymph, in chicken house (Thurman, Jr. et al. 1948); ( Lent & Wygodzinsky 1979); chicken houses ( Tonn 1985b); ( Arends 2003); Maryland; California; Texas ( Arends 2003).

Triatoma sordida garciabesi Carcavallo Cichero, Martínez, Prosen & Ronderos, 1967  

ARGENTINA: Santiago del Estero: Amama, Trinidad, Mercedes, Villa Matilde and Pampa Pozo, XI-1994 to XI- 1996, 113 exx. in 23 chicken coops, mean = 2.6 [+ 604 exx. in 141 trees with chickens], V-1996, T. garciabesi   alone in 6 chicken coops [+ 28 trees with chicken roosts, two previously positive for T. guasayana   ], T. garciabesi   together with T. guasayana   in 1 chicken coop [and 2 trees with chicken roosts] ( Canale et al. 2000); Chaco: Colonia Benítez, 4-II-1948, Golbach leg., 4 females, 3 males [ IMR 754], “en gallinero” ( Abalos & Wygodzinsky 1951); Santiago del Estero: Atamisqui and/or Cordoba: Quilino: encountered occasionally in the chicken coops ( Lopez et al. 1999); Córdoba ( Cichero et al. 1984).

Triatoma sordida garciabesi   + Triatoma infestans   + Triatoma eratyrusiforme   + Triatoma platensis  

ARGENTINA: Mendoza: Tres Porteñas, I-1937, 1 female T. s. garciabesi   # 43004 [ MEPRA], in a chicken coop (Mazza 1937) + T. infestans (Mazza 1937)   + 1 male T. eratyrusiforme   # 43004 [ MEPRA], in a chicken coop ( Mazza & Jorg 1937) + 4 exx. T. platensis   # 43004 [ MEPRA], in a chicken coop (Mazza & Jorg 1938).

Note 1: The species were treated in different works, and nothing is said about its co-inhabitation. Mazza (1937) states that the specimen of T. s. garciabesi   was mixed among others of T. infestans   in the same chicken coop, but the number of T. infestans   was not stated and/or treated in other work. The same number given to all specimens in the collection MEPRA probably indicates that they were provenient from the same chicken coop.

Note 2: Abalos & Wygodzinsky (1951) attributes the record of T. eratyrusiforme   to Mazza (1937) but the real citation is Mazza & Jorg (1937).

Note 3: all posterior records of T. eratyrusiforme   “in chicken coops” [when in reality it was a single chicken coop] are based in the first of Mazza & Jorg (1937): Abalos & Wygodzinsky (1951, following Mazza [& Jorg] 1937); Abalos & Wygodzinsky (1956); Wygodzinsky & Abalos (1959, following Abalos & Wygodzinsky 1951); Traversa (after 1960, following Abalos & Wygodzinsky 1951); Martínez & Cichero (1972); Carcavallo et al. (1988); Carcavallo et al. (1998).

Triatoma sordida sordida (Stål, 1859)  

BRAZIL: Bahia: County of Serra do Ramalho, Agrovila 12 farm, 1343 captured bugs, in 106 chicken houses ( Rocha Pires et al. 1999); Goiás: Patrimonio Baixo, 4 n II, 5 n III, 7 n V, 3 males, 4 females in chichensouse “PB” [0+ of 21 examined]; Gruta de Agua 2, 1 n IV, 21 n V, 21 males, 16 females in chichensouse “G. De A.2” [0+ of 48 examined]; Mambaí Town, 11 n I, 8 n II, 11 n III, 1 n IV, 16 n V, 14 males, 12 females in chicken house “UnB 4” [0+ of 67 examined] ( Marsden et al. 1979); Mambaí, in chicken coops ( Marsden 1993); Municipio de Formosa, between JK and Vila Boa (crossing River Canabrava and Route BR-020), 1974-1979, 9+ of 379 exx., from 14 chicken houses ( Mello 1981); Minas Gerais: município de Porteirinha, X-1993, 53.2 % of infested chicken houses from 406 domiciliary units examined ( Diotaiuti et al. 1998); Montalvânia, in low densities, in chicken houses ( Rassi et al. 2003, following Dias 1958); Município de Araguari, Assentamento Ezequias dos Reis: Lote 19, 1 ex. “no galinheiro”; Lote 36, 2 exx. “em ninho de galinha” ( Lemos et al. 2006); 71% from a total of 181 insects, from chicken coops (or other places used by hens to nest) in 4 localities [Espinosa (68 insects) + Mamonas (34 insects) + Januária (42 insects) + Corinto (37 insects)] ( Monteiro et al. 2009); São Paulo: Guaira, Bairro João Preto, 161 nymphs, 17 adults, in “galinheiros e poleiros” ( Forattini et al. 1971b); Mato Grosso: Cuiabá, Fazenda São José, 23-I-1982, 32 barbeiros, “galinheiro”; Fazenda São José, 43 barbeiros, “galinheiro”; Fazenda Boa Sorte, 23-I-1982, 67 barbeiros, “galinheiro”; Fazenda Lobo, 5-II-1982, 16 barbeiros, “galinheiro”; Fazenda Boa Sorte, 5-II-1982, 16 barbeiros, “galinheiro” ( Nince 1983); Paraná: Paiçandu   + Dr. Camargo + Floriano + Floresta + Marialva, VI-1996 to II-2000, in 24 (6.9%) infested chicken coops of 350 examined ( Guilherme et al. 2001).

BOLIVIA: La Paz: Apolo (14º 44’ S, 68º 30’ W), X-1992 & III-1993,16 n I-IV, 8 n V, 7 males, 12 females in 8+ of 25 peridomestic structures [chicken coops and adobe walls surrounding houses] ( Noireau et al. 1995) GoogleMaps   .

ARGENTINA: northeastern, “en gallineros” ( Wygodzinsky & Abalos 1959); frecuent, in chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1988); Corrientes: Capital city, J. Janzi leg., in one chicken house ( Mazza 1943b); Dto. General Paz, 1 nymph, 3 adults, in 1 “corral de ave” of 21 examined ( Oscherov et al. 2000); [Cerrito + Maloyita + Rincón de Vences + Palmar Grande], VIII-1999 to VI-2000, 13 n, 3 adults, in 2 of 25 examined ( Oscherov et al. 2003); Dto. San Roque, Colonia Laurel, 1 n I, 2 n V, 1 male, “en un árbol de eucalipto que hacía las veces de gallinero” ( Bar 2001, Bar et al. 2005); Dto. San Luis del Palmar, 3 eggs, 305 nymphs, 2 adults, in “Corral de aves,” 24 nymphs in “nidal de gallinas”; Dto. Empedrado, 21 nymphs, 2 adults [males], in “Corral de aves” ( Bar et al. 1997, Damborsky et al. 2001); Mburucuyá, Autumn 2007, 1 n I, 18 n V, in 1 of 33 examined chicken coops; Berón de Atrada, 58 eggs, 1 female, in 1 of 25 examined chicken coops ( Bar et al. 2010).

Triatoma sordida   [ sordida   ] + Triatoma infestans  

ARGENTINA: Corrientes: Beron de Astrada + Mburucuya, T. sordida   co-existing with T. infestans   , inside “corrales de aves” ( Bar 2009, following Bar 2007).

Triatoma venosa (Stål, 1872)  

COLOMBIA: Boyacá: municipalities of Guateque and Somondoco , 30 females, 30 males, in chicken coops ( Vargas et al. 2006)   .

Triatoma vitticeps (Stål, 1859)  

Chicken coops ( Carcavallo et al. 1998).

Note: Original record not found.

IMR

Norwegian Institute of Marine Research

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Reduviidae

Genus

Rhodnius

Loc

Rhodnius prolixus

Iorio, Osvaldo Di & Turienzo, Paola 2011
2011
Loc

Eutriatoma oswaldoi (Neiva y

Mazza, S. 1943: 1
1943