Nephtys incisa Malmgren, 1865

Kuş, Sevgi, Kurt, Güley & Çinar, Melih Ertan, 2021, Nephtyidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from the Sea of Marmara and Black Sea, with descriptions of two new species, Zootaxa 5060 (2), pp. 183-214 : 199-202

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5060.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:081DB1D0-CD1D-4B53-ADD8-F2831A67A419

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5633521

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/AB5287C1-FFCD-A915-38B4-AAFAFEA8A1D9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nephtys incisa Malmgren, 1865
status

 

Nephtys incisa Malmgren, 1865  

( Figure 7 View FIGURE 7 )

Nephtys incisa Malmgren 1865: 105   , pl. XII, Fig. 21; McIntosh 1908: 38–39, pl LVII, Figs. 4 View FIGURE 4 , 19, 20; Augener 1913: 203; Pettibone 1963: 198, Figs. 49A, B, 51A; Rainer 1990: 366, Figs. 2A–E View FIGURE 2 ; Rainer 1991: 76, Fig. 3G View FIGURE 3 ; Ravara et al. 2010: 52 View Cited Treatment , Fig. 20.

Material examined. Sea of Marmara: ESFM-POL/2013-1007 , 06 June 2013, station Y1, 40°01’27’’N, 26°13’24’’E, 10 m, mud with dark detritic material, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1136 , 06 June 2013, station Y1, 40°00’32’’N, 26°13’04’’E, 25 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1139 , 07 June 2013, station Y5, 40°20’55’’N, 26°40’38’’E, 25 m, mud, 10 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1143 , 07 June 2013, station Y5, 40°21’21’’N, 26°39’59’’E, 50 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1144 , 07 June 2013, station Y6, 40°26’10’’N, 26°41’51’’E, 10 m, mud, 1 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1149 , 07 June 2013, station Y6, 40°26’03’’N, 26°41’59’’E, 25 m, mud, 10 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1150 , 07 June 2013, station Y8, 40°25’15’’N, 27°03’49’’E, 10 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1160 , 07 June 2013, station Y8, 40°25’27’’N, 27°03’34’’E, 25 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 3 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1163 , 08 June 2013, station Y9, 40°28’09’’N, 27°11’14’’E, 50 m, sandy mud, 2 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1168 , 08 June 2013, station Y11, 40°36’12’’N, 27°05’20’’E, 10 m, sandy mud, 3 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1170 , 08 June 2013, station Y11, 40°35’55’’N, 27°05’25’’E, 25 m, sandy mud with shell fragments, 10 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1172 , 08 June 2013, station Y11, 40°34’50’’N, 27°05’59’’E, 50 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 2 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1178 , station Y12, 40°40’38’’N, 27°16’25’’E, 10 m, fine sand with Spisupa sp. shell fragments, 1 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1179 , 08 June 2013, station Y12, 40°39’44’’N, 27°17’00’’E, 25 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 1 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013- 1188 , 08 June 2013, station Y12, 40°39’44’’N, 27°17’00’’E, 50 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1193 , 10 June 2013, station Y13, 40°45’15’’N, 27°20’49’’E, 50 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM- POL/2013-1196, 08 June 2013, station Y14, 40°24’03’’N, 27°19’23’’E, 10 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 17 specimens; ESFM-POL/2013-1199 , 08 June 2013, station Y14, 40°24’22’’N, 27°20’48’’E, 25 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 3 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1201 , 08 June 2013, station Y15, 40°19’11’’N, 27°33’51’’E, 10 m, sandy mud, 42 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1204 , 08 June 2013, station Y15, 40°19’47’’N, 27°31’40’’E, 25 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 2 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1206 , 09 June 2013, station Y16, 40°18’39’’N, 27°45’43’’E, 25 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 8 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1211 , 09 June 2013, station Y16, 40°24’13’’N, 27°39’47’’E, 41 m, mud with Amphiura filiformis   , 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1214 , 09 June 2013, station Y17, 40°39’09’’N, 27°41’14’’E, 25 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1215 , 10 June 2013, station Y18, Y18, 40°54’28’’N, 27°33’24’’E, 25 m, muddy sand with Lithothamnion sp.   , 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM- POL/2013-1219, 12 June 2013, station Y20, 40°57’51’’N, 27°55’24’’E, 10 m, sandy mud with shell fragments, 3 specimens; ESFM-POL/2013-1222 , 16 June 2013, station Y25, 40°24’48’’N, 28°20’41’’E, 25 m, sandy mud with shell fragments, 2 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1223 , 16 June 2013, station Y26, 40°22’36’’N, 28°39’41’’E, 25 m, mud with Turitella   shell fragments, 4 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1225 , 16 June 2013, station Y27 40°23’30’’N, 29°03’49’’E, 25 m, mud, 2 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1226 , 16 June 2013, Y27, 40°23’30’’N, 29°03’23’’E, 50 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1228 , 17 June 2013, station Y28, 40°57’20’’N, 28°07’21’’E, 25 m, sandy mud, 3 specimens GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1230 , 17 June 2013, station Y29, 40°32’34’’N, 28°46’53’’E, 25 m, muddy sand with Lithothamnion sp.   , 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1231 , 14 June 2013, station Y31, 41°01’25’’N, 28°26’23’’E, 25 m, muddy sand with Lithothamnion sp.   , 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1232 , 19 June 2013, station Y40, 40°41’22’’N, 29°20’58’’E, 25 m, sandy mud with shell fragments, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013-1234 , 19 June 2013, station Y40, 40°41’54’’N, 29°20’46’’E, 50 m, mud with shell fragments, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   ; ESFM-POL/2013- 1235 , 26 June 2013, station Y49, 41°09’15’’N, 29°02’20’’E, 10 m, mud, 1 specimen GoogleMaps   .

Description. The largest complete specimen 36 mm long, 2.8 mm wide, with 72 chaetigers. Body wider anteriorly and tapering gradually from middle chaetigers 20–25 to posterior end. Colour cream or light brownish in ethanol. When pharynx everted, prostomium subpentagonal ( Fig. 7A View FIGURE 7 ), anterior margin convex, posterior margin “V” shaped; when pharynx not everted, prostomium subrectangular (0.5 mm long, 0.3 mm wide), with slightly convex anterior and “U” shaped posterior margins. Antennae and palps conical and small (0.1 mm), equal in length, palps arising at ventro-lateral margin of prostomium. One pair of eyes visible only in small specimens. Nuchal organs rounded, conspicuous. One pair of dark brown jaws, triangular ( Fig. 7F View FIGURE 7 ), situated on antero-lateral margin of pharynx. Pharynx with 10 bifid terminal papillae, separated by dorsal and ventral gap. 22 rows of 3–4 small subterminal papillae; middorsal papilla conical (0.4 mm), almost four times longer than subterminal papillae (0.07 mm); midventral papilla absent; proximal region of pharynx smooth. Parapodia biramous, interramal space “U” shaped on anterior and middle chaetigers, becoming “V” shaped towards posterior body. Parapodia of chaetiger 1 small, directed dorsally, reaching level of prostomium, with a lamelliform dorsal and conical ventral cirri (0.08 mm long) and well developed acicular lobes. Neuropodial and notopodial postchaetal lamellae well developed from chaetiger 3 and 5, respectively. Pre- and postchaetal lamellae relatively well developed, but not extending beyond acicular lobes; rounded, as long as acicular lobes in anterior chaetigers ( Fig. 7B View FIGURE 7 ), smaller than acicular lobes in middle and posterior chaetigers ( Figs. 7C–E View FIGURE 7 ). Acicular lobes rounded to oblique in anterior chaetigers, conical in middle region and almost acutely pointed in posterior chaetigers. Dorsal cirri leaf-like in anterior chaetigers, conical in middle and posterior regions. Ventral cirri small (0.1 mm) and conical (half the length of dorsal cirri).

Branchiae recurved, cirriform, first appearing on chaetiger 9–10 (rarely on chaetiger 8–11), absent on last 25–30 chaetigers; heavily ciliated on anterior and middle chaetigers, becoming similar in size to dorsal cirri on last 7–8 posterior chaetigers.

Three types of chaetae present in parapodia: capillary chaetae, barred chaetae and spinulated chaetae. Chaetiger 1 with 15–18 capillary chaetae (500 µm) in neuropodia, arranged in a bundle; 8–10 barred and 6–7 spinulated chaetae with very smooth teeth in notopodia. Noto- and neuropodia of subsequent chaetigers with 11–12 barred chaetae (400 µm) on preacicular position ( Fig. 7G View FIGURE 7 ), and up to 20–22 finely spinulated chaetae (1000 µm) with one lateral row of spines on postacicular position ( Fig. 7H View FIGURE 7 ). Barred chaetae thick and long in anterior chaetigers, bar area of chaetae covering almost 1/3 of total chaetae and becoming thinner towards posterior end (bar area 200 µm on chaetiger 20; 100 µm on chaetiger 60; see arrow in Fig. 7G View FIGURE 7 ).

One reddish-brown acicula per ramus; with straight tip on anterior and middle chaetigers, with curved tip in posterior chaetigers.

Pygidium rounded with one digitiform anal cirrus placed dorsally, as long as the last 3–4 chaetigers.

Remarks. The morphology of the Sea of Marmara specimens of Nephtys incisa   coincides with those in the original and subsequent descriptions.

Distribution. Only found in the Sea of Marmara in the present study. Previously reported from the Atlantic Ocean ( Rainer 1990; 1991; Ravara et al. 2010; Gillet 2017), Mediterranean Sea ( Laborda 2004; Castelli et al. 2008; Ravara et al. 2010; Çinar et al. 2014; Mikac 2015) and Black Sea ( Kurt-Şahin et al. 2017b).

Habitat. From lower intertidal zone up to 1700 m depths ( Rainer 1990; Laborda 2004; Çinar et al. 2014). This species was found in soft bottoms (sand, sandy mud with shell fragments, etc.) between 10–50 m depths in the present study.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Phyllodocida

Family

Nephtyidae

Genus

Nephtys

Loc

Nephtys incisa Malmgren, 1865

Kuş, Sevgi, Kurt, Güley & Çinar, Melih Ertan 2021
2021
Loc

Nephtys incisa

Ravara, A. & Cunha, M. R. & Pleijel, F. 2010: 52
Rainer, S. F. 1991: 76
Rainer, S. F. 1990: 366
Pettibone, M. H. 1963: 198
Augener, H. 1913: 203
McIntosh, W. C. 1908: 38
Malmgren, A. J. 1865: 105
1865