Buthidae, C.L.Koch, 1837

de Armas, Luis F., 2020, Scorpions of Puerto Rico and its satellite islands (Scorpiones: Buthidae, Diplocentridae): an аnnotated list, key for genera, and bibliography, Euscorpius 311, pp. 1-8: 2-5

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4648508

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0343EFAE-9A2A-4FC8-A84B-579B22D741B3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A97A87F3-FFEC-FF8D-FFEB-FAF7FD535881

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Buthidae
status

 

Family Buthidae 

Centruroides bani Armas & Marcano Fondeur, 1987  .

DISTRIBUTION. Hispaniola and Mona Island ( Puerto Rico). This species was recorded from Mona Island by Esposito et al. (2017: 27), but without mentioning the material examined. Teruel et al. (2017) synonymizes Centruroides mariaorum Santiago-Blay, 2009  , described from Mona Island, to C. bani  , and added new localities from this small insular territory, as well as notes on its habitat.

Centruroides griseus (C. L. Koch, 1844)  .

DISTRIBUTION. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico, including some satellite islands of the last (Vieques, Culebra, Caja de Muertos, Magueyes). The presence of C. griseus  in Desecheo Island (Torres-González, 1965, cited by Santiago-Blay, 2009: 112) was considered by Teruel et al. (2015: 13) as needed of verification and probably erroneous. The Puerto Rican population was described by Armas (1982) as Centruroides griseus borinquensis  , but later downgraded by him to subspecies ( Armas, 1988: 50). Nevertheless, Santiago-Blay (2009: 112) mentioned it as a subspecies of C. griseus (C. L. Koch, 1844)  , whereas Esposito & Prendini (2019) removed it from the synonymy with C. griseus  , and raised it to the species level, a nomenclatural action overlooked by Crew & Esposito (2020: fig. 11), who again mentioned it as a subspecies of C. griseus  . If C. griseus borinquensis  is a good species, then it would be most strongly demonstrated. Consequently, at this moment caution seems preferable.This is the most common scorpion in Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, also being synanthropic (Santiago-Blay, 2009).

Centruroides jorgeorum Santiago-Blay, 2009  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Puerto Rico: Patillas: Barrio Guardarraya, close to Barrio Pollo. This species was barely described on the basis of a single adult female, which is the only known specimen. On July 28, 2010, personal effort for rediscovering it in the type locality was fruitless. It remains as a species pendant of confirmation (Teruel et al., 2015: 12)  .

Centruroides sasae Santiago-Blay, 2009  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Caja de Muertos Island. This species was described on the basis of a single adult male, which is the only known specimen. Its description is very inadequate and efforts for rediscovering it have been unproductive, because all the collected specimens were C. griseus  ( Armas, 2010; Teruel et al., 2015). In a very recent paper on Caribbean arthropod biogeography, Crew & Esposito (2020: fig. 11) included this dubious species in their analyses, but likely they were in error. Its taxonomical status is pendant of confirmation (Teruel et al., 2015: 12; but also see Armas, 2010: 62).

Isometrus maculatus (De Geer, 1778)  .

DISTRIBUTION. Cosmotropical. This synanthropic species was recorded by Banks (1906) from San Juan, Puerto Rico; Santiago-Blay (2009) mentioned 60 specimens that he alleged were examined, but data on their localities were lacking  .

Microtityus borincanus Teruel, Rivera & Sánchez, 2014  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Puerto Rico: Sabana Grande Municipality: Barrio Susúa, Susúa State Forest (18°05'34"N 66°54'32"W). This species was described on the basis of a single adult female, which is the only known specimenGoogleMaps  .

Microtityus santosi Teruel, Rivera & Sánchez, 2014  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Culebrita Island (18°05'34"N 66°54'32"W). This species was described on the basis of a single adult female, which is the only known specimen. On the apical area of the left comb of the holotype ( Fig. 13View Figures 12−14) there are two egg-like organisms solidly attached, similar to those found on some scorpions and a Colombian schizomid ( Armas, 2003: fig. 2; Delgado-Santa & Armas, 2013: fig. 3B), which were overlooked by Teruel et al. (2014). This enigmatic organism resembles an insect or mite egg, but its real origin is yet unknown. It also has been observed on an Oiclus  sp. ( Diplocentridae  ) from St. Kitts, Lesser Antilles (pers. obs.).

Microtityus vieques Teruel, Rivera & Santos, 2015  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Vieques Island (probably from Monte Pirata, western part of the island). The female holotype and a male paratype are the only known specimens  .

Heteroctenus abudi (Armas & Marcano Fondeur, 1987)  .

DISTRIBUTION. Dominican Republic (Hispaniola Island) and Mona Island ( Puerto Rico). This species was described from Mona Island as Rhopalurus virkkii Santiago-Blay, 2009  , but Esposito et al. (2017) transferred it to Heteroctenus  and synonymized it with H. abudi  , as previously suggested by Teruel & Armas (2012: 216-217).

Tityus alejandroi Teruel, Rivera & Santos, 2015  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Vieques Island, probably from Monte Pirata (eastern part of the island). The only known specimens are the adult male holotype  and two juvenile male paratypes.

Tityus angelesae Santiago-Blay, 2009  .

DISTRIBUTION. Southwestern Puerto Rico. Of this species only two specimens are known: the female holotype from Susúa State Forest, Sabana Grande Municipality , and other female from Juana Diaz, approximately 40 km E of the type locality (Teruel et al., 2015: 10)  .

Tityus estherae Santiago-Blay, 2009  .

DISTRIBUTION. Most parts of Puerto Rico. A redescription of this species and data on its natural history were provided by Teruel et al. (2020).

Tityus juliorum Santiago-Blay, 2009  .

DISTRIBUTION. Mainly northeastern Puerto Rico. According with Teruel et al. (2015: 10-11), an adult female and two immatures collected on south of Sierra de Guardarraya, Patilla, southeastern Puerto Rico, recorded by Armas (2010) as this species, might be T. alejandroi  .

Tityus michelii Armas, 1982  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Puerto Rico: Ponce municipality: Guánica Forest. This is a very rare species of which only limited specimens have been collected (Teruel & Armas, 2006). As pointed out by Teruel & Sánchez (2009: 332), it is probable that some of the 25 adult specimens mentioned by Santiago-Blay (2009: 118) really belong to Tityus riverai  (unfortunately, data of those specimens are unknown)  .

Tityus obtusus ( Karsch, 1879)  .

DISTRIBUTION. Puerto Rico. This species is widely distributed in this island and has been studied from several points of view (Torres-González, 1965, 1967; Armas, 1977, 1982, 2010; Santiago-Blay, 2009; Teruel & Sánchez, 2010).

Tityus riverai Teruel & Sánchez, 2009  .

DISTRIBUTION. Only known from the type locality: Puerto Rico: Río Grande: circa 3 km E of Las Coles , end of the road 968  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Scorpiones

Family

Buthidae

Loc

Buthidae

de Armas, Luis F. 2020
2020
Loc

Tityus michelii

Armas 1982
1982