Patrera wiwa, Martínez & Brescovit & Villarreal & Oliveira, 2021

Martínez, Leonel, Brescovit, Antonio D., Villarreal, Eduardo & Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M., 2021, An update of morphological and distributional data of the genus Patrera Simon (Araneae: Anyphaenidae: Anyphaeninae) with the description of twenty-five new species from Colombia, Zootaxa 4914 (1), pp. 1-64 : 41-45

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4468383

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4469615

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/A86D2765-3D5B-FFB8-FF1D-FA6EFC42FD67

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Patrera wiwa
status

new species

Patrera wiwa new species

Figures 21A–G View FIGURE 21 ; 32 View FIGURE 32

Type material. Male holotype from San Pedro Carmelo (10°52′N; 73°43′W), 1311m, Sierra Nueva Granada, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta , Magdalena, Colombia, 24.IV.1975, J. A. Kochalka leg. ( IBSP 213419 View Materials ). GoogleMaps Paratypes: one male and one female from Sierra Nueva Granada, (10°52′N; 73°43′W), 1311m, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta , Magdalena, Colombia, 24.IV.1975, J. A. Kochalka leg. ( IBNP) GoogleMaps .

Other material examined. COLOMBIA, Magdalena: Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Sierra Nueva Granada, San Pedro Carmelo (10°52′N; 73°43′W), 4100m, ♀ 1, 7.II.1974, J. A. Kochalka leg. ( IBSP 213420 View Materials ) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition honoring to the Wiwa, one of the four Indian tribes that live on the slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

Diagnosis. Males of Patrera wiwa n. sp. resemble those of P. florezi n. sp. and P. yukpa n. sp. by the similarly shaped cymbium S-shaped, long embolus, and bifid retrolateral tibial apophysis ( Figs 16 View FIGURE 16 C-E, 20B–D), but can be diagnosed by their short retrolateral tibial apophysis with the ventral branch shorter than the dorsal one (longer in P. florezi and almost with same length in P. yukpa ), median apophysis short, slender projected retrolaterally (larger and hook-shaped in P. florezi and P. yukpa ) ( Fig. 21 View FIGURE 21 C–E). Females can be distinguished from those of the remaining species of the genus by the long, and thin hood, large copulatory ducts, and rounded and conspicuous seminal receptacles close to the spermathecae ( Fig. 21 View FIGURE 21 F–G).

Description. Male (Holotype, IBSP 213419). Cephalothorax orange, with dorsal darker paramedian bands ( Fig. 21A View FIGURE 21 ). Legs yellow, ventrally orange. Abdomen dorsally cream with dispersed spots, more agglutinated medially; ventrally white ( Fig. 21A View FIGURE 21 ). Total length 5.8, carapace length 2.7, width 2.5. Clypeus height 0.10. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.06, ALE 0.14, PME 0.12, PLE 0.14; AME–AME 0.04, AME–ALE 0.02, PME–PME 0.14, PME–PLE 0.06, ALE–PLE 0.04. Chelicerae 1.1 long, four promarginal teeth; four retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: leg I — femur 3.2/ patella 1.2/ tibia 3.7/ metatarsus 3.1/ tarsus 1.4/ total 12.6; II—3.1/ 1.2/ 3.4/ 3.0/ 1.3/ 12.0; III—2.22/ 0.9/ 1.8/ 2.3/ 0.8/ 8.02; IV—3.0/ 1.0/ 2.8/ 3.43/ 1.0/ 11.23. Leg spination: I—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-1, r1-1-1, metatarsus v2-1-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; II—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-1, r1-1-1, metatarsus v2-1-0, p1-1-0, r1- 1-0; III—tibia v2-2-2, p0-1-1, r1-0-1-1, metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-1, d-1-1, r1-1-1; IV—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-1-1, r1-1- 1-1, metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-1-1, r1-1-1-1-1. Abdomen: length 3.1, epigastric furrow 0.95 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 1.3 from base of spinnerets. Palp: retrolateral tibial apophysis bifid, long, with the ventral branch shorter than the dorsal one; cymbium shorter than tibia, with protuberant tutacular groove; subtegulum longer than wide, with conspicuous distal projection; tegulum longer than wide, with a small, sclerotized ventral tegular process under the median apophysis; median apophysis short, curved and medially situated; embolus long, apically filiform, with narrow base and basally inserted on the tegulum ( Fig. 21 View FIGURE 21 C–E).

Female (Paratype, IBSP 213419). Coloration as in the male, except dorsum of the abdomen with dark brown dorsal spots on medial side ( Fig. 21B View FIGURE 21 ). Total length 8.0, carapace length 3.5, width 2.7. Clypeus height 0.14. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.06, ALE 0.14, PME 0.14, PLE 0.10; AME–AME 0.06, AME–ALE 0.06, PME–PME 0.10, PME–PLE 0.18, ALE–PLE 0.06. Chelicerae 1.3 long; four promarginal teeth; six retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: leg I—femur 3.5/ patella 1.3/ tibia 3.62/ metatarsus 2.9/ tarsus 1.4/ total 12.72; II— 3.5/ 1.3/ 3.4/ 2.8/ 1.3/ 12.3; III—2.4/ 1.1/ 1.7/ 2.3/ 0.8/ 8.3; IV—3.0/ 1.0/ 3.0/ 3.4/ 10.4. Leg spination: I—tibia v2-2-2, p1v-1-1-0, r1v-1-10, metatarsus v2-0-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; II—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-1-0, r1-1-1-0, metatarsus v2- 2-2, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; III—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-0, r1-1-0, metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-1, r1-1-1; IV—tibia v2-2-2, p1-1-1-0, r1-1-1-0, metatarsus v2-2-2, p1-1-1-1-1, r1-1-1. Abdomen: length 4.5, epigastric furrow 1.0 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 2.1 from base of spinnerets. Epigynum: hood long and thin; lateral borders sclerotized, thin, oblique; atrium long, triangular; internally with long, n-shaped copulatory ducts; seminal receptacles small, rounded, medially situated on the copulatory ducts; spermathecae small, rounded, posteriorly positioned; fertilization ducts shorter than spermathecae length ( Fig. 21 View FIGURE 21 F–G).

Distribution. Only known from Magdalena department ( Fig. 32 View FIGURE 32 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anyphaenidae

Genus

Patrera