Patrera yukpa, Martínez & Brescovit & Villarreal & Oliveira, 2021

Martínez, Leonel, Brescovit, Antonio D., Villarreal, Eduardo & Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M., 2021, An update of morphological and distributional data of the genus Patrera Simon (Araneae: Anyphaenidae: Anyphaeninae) with the description of twenty-five new species from Colombia, Zootaxa 4914 (1), pp. 1-64 : 39-41

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4468383

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4469613

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/A86D2765-3D55-FFBC-FF1D-F9B5FC7CFAC3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Patrera yukpa
status

new species

Patrera yukpa new species

Figures 20A–G View FIGURE 20 ; 32 View FIGURE 32

Type material. Male holotype from Finca San Jose , 8km SE of Scorpa Mission (10°00’59”N; 72°57’28”W), 2968m, Serranía del Perijá, La Guajira, Colombia, 1–14.VIII.1968, B. Malkin leg. ( AMNH). GoogleMaps Female and male from San Pedro del Alto, camino a la cueva (10°52′ 28.16″N; 72°44′1.64″W), 1716m, Barrancas, La Guajira, Colombia, 04.XII.2016, M. Gutiérrez col. (ICN-Ar-10648) GoogleMaps .

Other material examined. COLOMBIA, La Guajira: Serranía del Perijá, Finca San Jose , 8km SE of Scorpa Mission, (10°00’59”N; 72°57’28”W), 2968m, ♁1, 27–31.VII.1968, B. Malkn leg. ( AMNH); ♁2, 27–31.VII.1968, B. Malkin leg. ( AMNH) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition, a tribute to Yukpa, an Amerindian village situated in the Serranía del Perijá, on both sides of the border between Colombia and Venezuela, which people speaks a language from the northern branch of the Caribbean linguistic family.

Diagnosis. Males of Patrera yukpa n. sp. resemble those of P. florezi n. sp. and P. wiwa n. sp. by having the cymbium similarly shaped, S-shaped, long embolus and bifid retrolateral tibial apophysis ( Figs 16 View FIGURE 16 C–E, 21C–E), but can be distinguished by the very long retrolateral tibial apophysis with both branches similarly-sized, ventral branch rectangular and dorsal branch slender (longer in P. florezi and shorter in P. wiwa ), with duckbill shape in retrolateral view ( Fig. 20 View FIGURE 20 C–E). Females can be distinguished by their short hood, with ondulations at base ( Fig. 20 View FIGURE 20 F–G).

Description. Male (AMNH, Holotype). Carapace brown-reddish anteriorly and posteriorly orange ( Fig. 20A View FIGURE 20 ). Chelicerae, endites, labium, sternum and legs brown-reddish. Abdomen dorsally cream with small orange spots; ventrally white ( Fig. 20A View FIGURE 20 ). Total length 7.65, carapace length 3.4, width 2.6. Clypeus height 0.12. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.10, ALE 0.14, PME 0.12, PLE 0.14; AME–AME 0.04, AME–ALE 0.06, PME–PME 0.20, PME–PLE 0.14, ALE–PLE 0.04. Chelicerae 1.8 long; five promarginal teeth; five retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: leg I—femur 3.69/ patella 1.1/ tibia 4.0/ metatarsus 3.3/ tarsus 1.3/ total 13.39; II—3.5/ 1.2/ 3.4/ 2.98/ 1.2/ 12.28; III—2.4/ 1.0/ 1.9/ 2.35/ 0.7/ 8.35; IV—3.4/ 1.2/ 2.8/ 3.7/ 0.9/ 12.0. Leg spination: I—tibia v2- 2-0, metatarsus v2-0-0, p0, r0; II—tibia v1-1-2, p0-1-1, r0-1-1, metatarsus v2-0-0, p0, r0; III—tibia p1-1-1, r1-1-1. Abdomen: length 4.1, epigastric furrow 1.1 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 1.8 from base of spinnerets. Palp: retrolateral tibial apophysis bifid and long, with branches of equal length and a thin furrow along of the ventral branch; cymbium shorter than tibia with protuberant tutacular groove; subtegulum longer than wide, with conspicuous distal projection; tegulum longer than wide; median apophysis long, curved and medially situated; embolus long, apically filiform, with narrow base and basally inserted on the tegulum ( Fig. 20 View FIGURE 20 C–E).

Female (Paratype, ICN-Ar-10648). Coloration deteriored because the specimen suffered dehydratation ( Fig. 20B View FIGURE 20 ). Total length 4.42, carapace length 2.31, width 1.17. Clypeus height 0.07. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.08, ALE 0.11, PME 0.12, PLE 0.12; AME–AME 0.19, AME–ALE 0.24, PME–PME 0.35, PME–PLE 0.31, ALE–PLE 0.29. Chelicerae 0.95 long; five promarginal teeth; six retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: leg I—femur 2.38/ patella 0.89/ tibia 2.34/ metatarsus 1.69/ tarsus 0.89/ total 8.21; II—2.19/ 0.84/ 2.07/ 1.59/ 0.81/ 7.53; III—1.63/ 0.68/ 1.33/ 1.40/ 0.48/ 5.54; IV—2.36/ 0.84/ 3.33/ 2.67/ 1.14/ 10.36. Leg spination: I—tibia v2-2- 0, metatarsus v2-0-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; II—tibia v2-2-0, metatarsus v2-0-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; III—tibia d1-0-0, v2-2-0, metatarsus p1-2-2, r1-1-2; IV—tibia v2-2-0, metatarsus v2-0-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0. Abdomen: length 2.52, epigastric furrow unobservable. Epigynum: hood small and with circular grooves at base on the base; lateral borders sclerotized, thin, oblique; atrium triangular; internally with copulatory ducts short and n-shaped; seminal receptacles small and medially situated on the copulatory ducts; spermathecae small, oval and posteriorly positioned; fertilization ducts shorter than spermathecae length ( Fig. 20 View FIGURE 20 F–G).

Distribution. Only know from La Guajira department ( Fig. 32 View FIGURE 32 ).

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anyphaenidae

Genus

Patrera