Patrera perijaensis, Martínez & Brescovit & Villarreal & Oliveira, 2021

Martínez, Leonel, Brescovit, Antonio D., Villarreal, Eduardo & Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M., 2021, An update of morphological and distributional data of the genus Patrera Simon (Araneae: Anyphaenidae: Anyphaeninae) with the description of twenty-five new species from Colombia, Zootaxa 4914 (1), pp. 1-64 : 35-36

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4468383

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4469605

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/A86D2765-3D51-FFB7-FF1D-FA23FC87FDF7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Patrera perijaensis
status

new species

Patrera perijaensis new species

Figures 17A–C View FIGURE 17 ; 32 View FIGURE 32

Type material. Female holotype from Sabana Rubia, (10°22′8.6″N; 72°52′33.6″W), 3200–3400m, Serranía del Perijá , Cesar, Colombia, 16-20-XII.2016, E. Villarreal, L. Martínez & C. Pinzón leg. (ICN-Ar-10632) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The specific epithet is referring to an Andean formation and type locality called “Serranía del Perijá”. It is the most northern branch of the Andean mountains.

Diagnosis. Females of Patrera perijaensis n. sp., resemble those of P. florezi n. sp. and P. wiwa n. sp., by having the similar shape of hood and n-shaped copulatory ducts ( Figs 16 View FIGURE 16 F–G, 21F–G), but can be diagnosed by having very large and subrounded hood (thinner in P. florezi ), wide copulatory ducts, and larger spermathecae (thinner and smaller respectively in P. florezi ) ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 B–C).

Description. Female (Holotype, ICN-Ar-10632). Carapace yellow, darker in the ocular region ( Fig. 17A View FIGURE 17 ). Chelicerae yellow. Labium pale brown and endites yellow. Sternum yellow. Legs yellow, with some gray patches on all segments. Abdomen yellow with some dark gray patches distribuites on all dorsal and ventral surfaces ( Fig. 17A View FIGURE 17 ). Spinnerets yellow. Total length 6.66, carapace length 3.12, width 2.47, high 1.17. Clypeus height 0.07. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.10, ALE 0.17, PME 0.16, PLE 0.16; AME–AME 0.27, AME–ALE 0.3, PME–PME 0.46, PME–PLE 0.38, ALE–PLE 0.43. Chelicerae 1.2 long; six promarginal teeth; four retromarginal teeth. Leg measurements: leg I—femur 2.89/ patella 1.39/ tibia 3.19/ metatarsus 2.37/ tarsus 1.48/ total 11.32; II—2.83/ 1.30/ 2.85/ 2.23/ 1.35/ 10.56; III—2.23/ 1.04/ 1.9/ 1.88/ 0.96/ 8.01; IV—3.17/ 1.18/ 2.95/ 3.1/ 1.14/ 11.54. Leg spination: I—metatarsus v2-0-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; II—metatarsus v2-0-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; III—tibia d1-0-0 p1-1-1, r1-1-1, metatarsus p1-2-2, r1-1-2; IV—tibia d1-0-0, metatarsus p1-2-2, r1-1-2. Abdomen: length 3.37, epigastric furrow 0.77 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 1.37 from base of spinnerets. Epigynum: hood large; lateral borders sclerotized, thin, and parallel; atrium cylindrical; internally with copulatory ducts short, n-shaped and very wide; seminal receptacles inconspicuou; spermathecae large, oval and posteriorly positioned; fertilization ducts almost as long as spermathecae length ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 B–C).

Natural History. The holotype was collected manually on the necromass of frailejón ( Asteraceae : Espeletia perijaensis Cuatrec. ) in a highly disturbed Páramo ecosystem, at a height of 3200m.

Distribution. Only known from Cesar department ( Fig. 32 View FIGURE 32 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anyphaenidae

Genus

Patrera