Patrera quimbaya, Martínez & Brescovit & Villarreal & Oliveira, 2021

Martínez, Leonel, Brescovit, Antonio D., Villarreal, Eduardo & Oliveira, Luiz Fernando M., 2021, An update of morphological and distributional data of the genus Patrera Simon (Araneae: Anyphaenidae: Anyphaeninae) with the description of twenty-five new species from Colombia, Zootaxa 4914 (1), pp. 1-64: 36-37

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4468383

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4469609

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A86D2765-3D50-FFB0-FF1D-FD7AFC76FCCB

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Patrera quimbaya
status

new species

Patrera quimbaya   new species

Figures 18A –G View FIGURE 18 ; 32 View FIGURE 32

Type material. Male holotype from Quebrada Palo Blanco (4°43′40.08″N; 75°34′48.36″W), 1800m, Santuario de Flora & Fauna Otún Quimbaya, Vereda La Suiza, Corregimiento La Florida, [Pereira city], Risaralda, Colombia, VI-VII.2005, A. Sabogal leg. (ICN-Ar-10628). Paratype: one female same data as holotype (ICN-Ar-10629) GoogleMaps   .

Other material examined. COLOMBIA, Risaralda: Santuario de Flora & Fauna Otún Quimbaya, Vereda La Suiza, Corregimiento La Florida , [Pereira city], Quebrada Palo Blanco (4°43′40.08″N; 75°34′48.36″W), 1800m, ♁1, ♀ 3, VI-VII.2005, A. Sabogal leg. (ICN-Ar-10616) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The epithet is a noun in apposition in honor of the extinct Quimbaya civilization, famous for its most emblematic and beautiful gold-piece: the Poporo.

Diagnosis. Males of Patrera quimbaya   n. sp. resemble those of P. boteroi   n. sp. by having the cymbium similarly shaped, S-shaped, long embolus and entire retrolateral tibial apophysis ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 B–D), but can be diagnosed by their short, apically truncated retrolateral tibial apophysis, strongly curved ventrally (longer and apically sharp in P. boteroi   ), cymbium projecting anteriorly forming a thin cap ( Fig. 18C View FIGURE 18 , arrow), rounded ventral tegular process under of the median apophysis (unconspicuous in P. boteroi   ), and tutacular groove thin and long ( Fig. 18 View FIGURE 18 C–E). Females can be differentiated from the remaining species of the genus by the epigynum with lateral borders strongly curved anteriorly; short, twisted, and wide copulatory ducts, and small seminal receptacles close to the spermathecae ( Fig. 18 View FIGURE 18 F–G).

Description. Male (Holotype, ICN-Ar-10628). Carapace yellow with some black setae ( Fig. 18A View FIGURE 18 ). Chelicerae yellow distally redish. Labium and endites yellow. Sternum and legs yellowish. Abdomen yellow with black setae ( Fig. 18A View FIGURE 18 ); ventrally yellow. Spinnerets pale yellow. Total length 7.57, carapace length 3.37, width 2.85, high 1.17. Clypeus height 0.24. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.12, ALE 0.18, PME 0.17, PLE 0.2; AME–AME 0.31, AME–ALE 0.36, PME–PME 0.54, PME–PLE 0.42, ALE–PLE 0.45. Chelicerae 1.09 long, four promarginal teeth; five retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: leg I femur 2.97/ patella 1.51/ tibia 4.16/ metatarsus 3.06/ tarsus 1.49/ total 13.19; II— 3.01/ 1.45/ 3.97/ 3.45/ 1.21/ 13.09; III—2.97/ 1.1/ 2.28/ 2.72/ 1.01/ 10.08; IV 3.38/ 1.15/ 3.13/ 4.33/ 1.15/ 13.14. Leg spination: I—metatarsus v2-0-0, p1-1-0, r1-1-0; II metatarsus v1-0-0, p0-1-0, r1-1-0; III—tibia p0-1-1, r0-1-1, metatarsus, p1-2-2, r1-1-2; IV—tibia v1-2-2, p0-1-1, metatarsus p1-2-2, r1-1-2. Abdomen: length 4.12, epigastric furrow 1.03 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 1.89 from base of spinnerets. Palp: retrolateral tibial apophysis long, apically truncated and ventraly projected; cymbium almost as long as tibia and anteriorly projected; subtegulum longer than wide, with conspicuous distal projection; tegulum longer than wide, with a sclerotized, rounded ventral tegular process under median apophysis; median apophysis very short, curved and medially situated; embolus long, apically filiform with narrow base and basally inserted on the tegulum ( Fig. 18 View FIGURE 18 C–E).

Female (Paratype, ICN-Ar-10629). Coloration as in the male ( Fig. 18B View FIGURE 18 ). Legs yellow. Total length 8.23, carapace length 3.07, width 2.65, high 0.97. Clypeus height 0.12. Eye diameters and interdistances: AME 0.11, ALE 0.18, PME 0.17, PLE 0.18; AME–AME 0.32, AME–ALE 0.43, PME–PME 0.52, PME–PLE 0.4, ALE–PLE 0.44. Chelicerae 1.52 long, three promarginal teeth; five retromarginal denticles. Leg measurements: leg I—femur 3.45/ patella 1.16/ tibia 3.92/ metatarsus 2.94/ tarsus 1.56/ total 13.03; II—2.77/ 1.04/ 2.21/ 2.47/ 0.99/ 9.48; III—3.15/ 1.36/ 3.77/ 2.94/ 1.51/ 12.73; IV—3.41/ 1.15/ 2.95/ 3.84/ 1.11/ 12.46. Leg spination: I—metatarsus v2-0-0, p1- 1-0, r1-1-0; II—metatarsus=I; III—tibia r1-1-1, metatarsus p1-2-2, r1-1-2; IV—tibia p1-1-0, metatarsus p1-1-2, r0-1-2. Abdomen: length 5.13, epigastric furrow 1.14 from tracheal spiracle, spiracle 2.59 from base of spinnerets. Epigynum: hood small and triangular; lateral borders sclerotized, short, and wide; atrium wider than long; internally with copulatory ducts short, coiled and very wide; seminal receptacles small, rounded and medially situated on the copulatory ducts; spermathecae small, oval and posteriorly positioned; fertilization ducts as long as spermathecae length ( Fig. 18 View FIGURE 18 F–G).

Variation. Males (n=2): total length: 7.57–8.08; carapace length: 3.37–3.44. Females (n=4): total length: 7.9– 8.91; carapace length: 3.07–3.28; femur I length: 2.35–3.94.

Natural History. The specimens were collected in the Santuario de Flora y Fauna Otún Quimbaya, in five vegetation formations, two of these of natural growth (secondary late forest and Secondary early forest), and the rest in Robledal, Urapanera and Eucaliptal plantations, being the latter in the western limit of Otún Quimbaya. The vegetation formations are in an altitudinal strip of 1800 meters, and the presence of P. quimbaya   n.sp. in all these phytophygsionomies suggest that this is a generalist species, an assumption that agree with the abundance data obtained during the sampling, where this species was always recorded. The specimens were collected through beating foliage, manually on leaf litter and manual air caught (looking up). This species is sympatric with P. carvalhoi   n. sp. and P. danieale   n. sp. in these areas.

Distribution. Only known from Risaralda department. ( Fig. 32 View FIGURE 32 ).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Anyphaenidae

Genus

Patrera