Conostegia centrosperma (Almeda) Kriebel

Kriebel, Ricardo, 2016, A Monograph of Conostegia (Melastomataceae, Miconieae), PhytoKeys 67, pp. 1-326: 153-155

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Conostegia centrosperma (Almeda) Kriebel

comb. nov.

Conostegia centrosperma (Almeda) Kriebel   comb. nov. Fig. 141 View Figure 141

Conostegia centrosperma   (Almeda) Kriebel. Basionym: Miconia centrosperma   Almeda, Brittonia 35(1): 42, f. 1. 1983. Type: Panama. Panamá: along newly cut road from El Llano to Carti-Tupile, 3 mi above Pan-Am Highway, elev. 200 m, 13 March 1973, R. L. Liesner 702 (holotype: CAS!; isotypes: MO!, US).


Small trees 3-7 m tall with flattened and two edged stems when young that become terete with age and which are reddish brown and densely stellulate-lepidote on young branches; the nodal line nodal line evident. Leaves at a node equal to subequal in length. Petiole 0.5-2 cm. Leaf blades 5.25-12.5 × 1.5-4.5 cm, 3-plinerved, with the inner pair of primary nerves diverging from the mid vein 0.4-3 cm above the blade base in opposite, subopposite or alternate fashion, elliptic to elliptic lanceolate, the base acute to decurrent on the petiole, the apex acuminate, the margin entire or slightly denticulate, the adaxial surface glabrous, the abaxial surface reddish brown and densely stellulate-lepidote. Inflorescence a terminal little branched panicle 1.6-4.8 cm long with the branches terminating in three sessile-flowered clusters, accessory branches mostly absent, bracteoles 3-4 mm long, linear-oblong, early deciduous. Floral buds ca. 4-5 × 2-3 mm, campanulate to urceolate. Flowers 5-merous, not calyptrate, but with the calyx lobes fused in bud and rupturing at anthesis (with the style sticking out initially) into irregular persistent lobes ca. 2 mm long, the calyx teeth obsolete or evident as blunt protuberances at or near the torus, the hypanthium 2-3 × 2-3 mm, densely reddish brown and densely stellulate-lepidote. Petals 3.75-4.25 × 2-2.5 mm, white, oblong-obovate, spreading, glabrous, truncate to asymmetrical apically. Stamens 10, 4.5-5.25 mm long, radially arranged around the style, the filament 2.5-3.25 mm, with a geniculation near the apex, white, anthers 1.5-2 × 0.5-0.75 mm, linear oblong, yellow, laterally compressed, the pore ca. 0.2 mm, terminal. Ovary 5-locular, inferior, costate apically and forming a setose collar around the style. Style 6-6.5 mm, exserted and straight, vertical distance from the anther to the stigma ca. 1.75-2 mm from the stigma, horizontal distance absent, the stigma truncate to slightly expanded, 0.65-0.85 mm wide. Berry 3-4 × 3-4 mm, purple black. Seeds ca 0.5 mm, cuneate, angularly ridged with a conspicuous spur on the distal truncate surface.


(Fig. 142 View Figure 142 ). Endemic to central Panama where it has been collected in the foothills of Cerro Jefe and El Llano Cartí Road, 200-750 m elevation.

Almeda (1983) compared Conostegia centrosperma   to Conostegia xalapensis   in the protologue, a species from which Conostegia centrosperma   differs by its non-calyptrate calyx, more lepidote than stellate indument, exserted style, and setose rim around the style base. Almeda (1983) also compared Conostegia centrosperma   to Conostegia fulvostellata   and Conostegia oligocephala   which interestingly also belong to section Geniculatae   . These two species differ from Conostegia centrosperma   in their non rupturing calyx and stellate indument. When Almeda described Conostegia centrosperma   , Conostegia dissitinervia   had not been described. When Conostegia dissitinervia   was described ( Kriebel et al. 2005) its possible relationship to Conostegia centrosperma   was discussed and both taxa were separated in a dichotomous key. These two species form a strongly supported sister pair in the molecular phylogenetic analyses. They can be distinguished by the larger leaves with stellate indument abaxially and longer inflorescences in Conostegia dissitinervia   . In addition to the hyaline calyx of the latter when rupturing, does not leave the evident calyx lobe pieces of Conostegia centrosperma   . Lastly, Conostegia dissitinervia   lacks the setae around the style base present in Conostegia centrosperma   and has an apiculate anther apex that Conostegia centrosperma   lacks.

Specimens examined.

PANAMA. Panamá: P.N. Chagres, sendero El Mono, adentro de la urbanización Altos de Cerro Azul, Kriebel and Burke 5690 ( NY, PMA); vicinity of Cerro Jefe, McPherson 10004 ( CAS); El Llano Cartí Road, 8.5 km from Inter-American Hwy, Mori et al. 4546, 5142 ( CAS).














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