Megalopta mura, Santos & Melo, 2014

Santos, L. M. & Melo, G. A. R., 2014, Updating the taxonomy of the bee genus Megalopta (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Augochlorini) including revision of the Brazilian species, Journal of Natural History 49 (11), pp. 575-674: 612-615

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2014.946106

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4333940

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A26E87DD-1975-295B-75BD-FE7EFCBEFA6B

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Megalopta mura
status

sp. n.

Megalopta mura   sp. n.

( Figures 1B View Figure 1 , 3A, 3D ‒ E View Figure 3 , 7E ‒ F View Figure 7 , 8C View Figure 8 , 15B View Figure 15 )

Diagnosis

Different from M. chaperi   by the length of basal area of metapostnotum in relation to metanotum length, its length never a third, and usually a half of metanotum length ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). The female differs from M. amoena   by presence in posterior upper margin of metepisternum of a conspicuously large process covered with velvety pilosity ( Figure 1B View Figure 1 ) and the male by the F6–F11 wider than remaining flagellomeres; basal area of metapostnotum with longitudinal rugulosities present in central area ( Figure 7E View Figure 7 ); S3 longitudinal sulcus slightly impressed ( Figure 8C View Figure 8 ); S4 basally lacking pilosity, the apical margin strongly notched laterally ( Figure 8C View Figure 8 ). Both sexes are distinguished from M. guimaraesi   by the mesoscutum adjacent to parapsidial line with contiguous punctation, punctation becoming sparser towards the mesoscutal lip (<1 pd) ( Figure 3D View Figure 3 ); also the female differs by the scutellum with posterior margin raised in relation to anterior margin of metanotum ( Figure 3E View Figure 3 ); basal area of metapostnotum often brownish in the centre and metallic green in the sides ( Figures 3A View Figure 3 , 7E View Figure 7 ).

Description

Female. (1) Mandible bidentate and with supplementary teeth. (2) Labral elevation with the central area slightly depressed in relation to the sides. (3) Clypeus with surface between punctures on basal and central area smooth. (4) Central portion of supraclypeal area with sparse punctation, punctures separated by ≥ 1 pd. (5) Antenna reddish brown. (6) Upper frons flat, not strongly declivous toward sulcus around median ocellus. (7) Ocellocular distance smaller than the F1 length. (8) Mesoscutum adjacent to the parapsidial line densely punctured, punctures contiguous, punctation becoming sparser towards mesoscutal lip (<1 pd) ( Figure 3D View Figure 3 ). (9) Scutellum with posterior margin raised in relation to anterior margin of metanotum ( Figure 3E View Figure 3 ). (10) Metanotum with integument, in oblique view, not hidden by short plumose pilosity. (11) Basal area of metapostnotum reddish brown with green metallic tints laterally, its length up to 0.6× that of metanotum, with longer longitudinal rugulosities restricted to central area ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). (12) Mesepisternum with contiguous punctation. (13) Metepisternum with dense pilosity, integument not visible through pilosity; posterior upper margin modified into a conspicuously large process covered with velvety pilosity, its diameter at least 0.75× the tegula length ( Figure 1B View Figure 1 ). (14) T1 with dorsal surface of disc sparsely punctured (≥ 1 pd), posterior marginal zone smooth between punctures. Male. (15) Scape with diameter gradually enlarging toward the apex. (16) Flagellum reddish brown; F1–F11 differing in diameter, F6–F11 wider than remaining flagellomeres; F2 about as long as F3; F6–F11, in anterior view, with the anterior and posterior margins depressed, in posterior view, basally with basal glabrous area at same level of remaining surface. (17) Metanotum with integument, in dorsal view, not hidden by short plumose pilosity ( Figure 7E View Figure 7 ). (18) Basal area of metapostnotum metallic green, its length up to 0.5× that of metanotum, longitudinal rugulosities restricted to central area ( Figure 7E View Figure 7 ). (19) Metepisternum with very dense pilosity, the integument not visible through pilosity; posterior upper margin modified into a conspicuously large process densely covered with velvety pilosity, its diameter at least 0.75× the tegula length ( Figure 7F View Figure 7 ). (20) 1st and 2nd tarsomeres of foreleg with longest simple setae shorter than summed length of the three apical tarsomeres. (21) S3 with longitudinal sulcus, slightly impressed posterolateral margin strongly notched ( Figure 8C View Figure 8 ). (22) S4 with medial protruding process, profile of process triangular in lateral view, basal portion glabrous, posterolateral margin notched, notch not extending to basal half of sclerite ( Figure 8C View Figure 8 ).

Measurements

Approximate body length: (9.8–11.0); intertegular distance: (3.1–4.0); maximum width of head: (2.9–3.1); length of forewing with tegula: (9.2–10.8).

Type material

Holotype female ( DZUP): BRAZIL. Amazonas : ‘BRASIL, Amazonas , Manaus,\ ZF-2 KM 34, Base LBA,\ 09.vii. 2008, 100m, 2°35 ′ 33 ″ S \ 60°12 ′ 52 ″ W arm. luz dossel\ P.C. Grossi col. GoogleMaps   ’. Paratypes (42♀, 9♂): BRAZIL. Acre   : ‘ Brasil, Acre \ Acrelândia \ 10°04 ′ S / 67°25 ′ W’ ‘ Oliveira, Morato GoogleMaps   \ & Cunha leg\ Benzil acetato’ (1♀ INPA). Amazonas   : ‘ BRASIL, Amazonas \ ESENA   Juami-Japurá \ 02°19 ′ 09 ″ S \ 68°25 ′ 16 ″ W’ ‘ 04-17 agosto 2005 \ L.S. Aquino leg.’ (1♀ INPA) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ BRASIL, AM   , Manaus, ZF 2\ km-14. Torre , 023521S-\ 600555W, 19–21.ii.2004 \ luz mista/BL, BLB, lençol’ ‘40 mt alt. J.A. Rafael,\ C.S. Motta, F.F. Xavier Fº\ & A. Silva Fº, S. Trovisco’ (1♂ INPA); ‘ BR AM   Manaus \ ZF-03 Km 23 Res. 1112\ 2°28 ′ 02 ″ S / 59°51 ′ 15 ″ W \ 19/11/ 985 ( RLD)\ KLEIN BERT GoogleMaps   col.’ ‘FAZENDA ESTEIO’ (1♀ INPA)   ; ‘ BRASIL, Amazonas \ BR 174   ZF6 Km 9\ Data. 03.07-86\ Col. M. V   . B. Garcia’ ‘ Megalopta   sp.’ (1♀ MEUFV)   ; ‘ BRAZIL, AMAZONAS   MANAUS\ Fazenda Porto Alegre \ ( Reserva 3114\ 2°23 ′ 00 ″ S / 59°56 ′ 35 ″ W \ 15-16/VIII/1996 \ Hutchings, R GoogleMaps   . W.H. &\ Hutchings, R   . S.G. col.’‘\ Arm. tipo Pennsylvania \ C/ Cianeto de potássio\ (Roger W. Hutchings)\ Luz Negra ( UV-BL)’ (1♀ INPA)   ; ‘ BRASIL, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva Biológica de Campina \ 12.vii.2008, 77m, 2º 35 ′ 27 ″ S \ 60°1 ′ 51 ″ W arm. luz dossel\ P.C. Grossi col.’ (2♀ DZUP); ‘LO-4\ 1500m’ GoogleMaps   Brasil Amazonas \ Reserva Ducke \ Am 010 Km 26’ ‘ 07-18 Dez 2005 \ M.L. Oliveira & E. R   . F. Pereira’ (1♀ INPA)   ; ‘ BRASIL, Amazonas \ Manaus, Res. Ducke \ XI.2003 \ OL1- 700ms Vermelho’ ‘ Arm. Suspensa 20 mts\ A. Henriques et. al. Leg. ’ (1♀ INPA)   ; ‘ BRASIL, AM   , Manaus \ Reserva Ducke, Ig. \ B. Branco, 15–18.iii.2004,’ ‘ Arm. Malaise 04\ A. Henriques et. al.’ (1♀ INPA)   ; ‘ BRASIL, Amazonas, \ Parque Nac. do Jaú \ 17-19/nov./2005 ’ ‘ M.L. Oliveira & E. R   .\ F. Pereira leg.\ campinarana’ (1♀ INPA); ‘ BR, AM   , Pq. Nac. do Jaú \ Rio Carabinami mg. dir\ 1°59 ′ S / 51°32 ′ W \ 11-12/ IV/1994 \ Motta, C. et al. col.’ ‘ Luz mista mercúrio\ Luz negra BL e BLB\ Lençol’ (1♀ INPA) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ Brasil, Amazonas \ PARNA   do Jaú \ 19-III à 05-IV-\ 2003’ ‘ M.L. Oliveira &\ J.A   . Cunha leg.\ Campinarana’ (1♀ INPA)   ; ‘ BRASIL, AM   , Presidente \ Figueiredo , BR 174   , Ramal \ do Km-200, 27.i.2006 ’ ‘ J.A. Rafael, F.F. Xavier, A. Silva Fº, D. M. M Mendes,\ em luz’ (1♂), ( INPA)   ; ‘ Brasil, Amazonas, Pres. Figueiredo \ Am 240, Km 12, Sítio Água Viva ,\ 18-19/X/2006, Luz Mista,\ Motta C.S. & R   . S. Hutchings’ (1♀ INPA)   ; ‘ Brasil, Amazonas , Presidente Figueiredo,\ AM 240   , Km 24,\ 2°1 ′ 2.2 ″ S 59° 49 ′ 35.8 ″ W’ ‘ 14-18.ix.2009, F.F. \ Xavier Filho, Paladini, A.;\ Ciprandi, A.; Leivas, F.’ (1♂ DZUP) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ BRASIL, AM   , Pres. Figueiredo , AM   \ 240 Km 24, Comunidade São \ Francisco , 14–18.ix.2009 \ 2°1 ′ 2.2 ″ S 59°49’35.8 ″ W \ A.C. Pires (leg.) Luz’ (1♀ DZUP). Pará GoogleMaps   : ‘ Brasil, PA\ Capitão Poço \ 19–22.xi.1984 \ V   . O. Becker col’ (1♀ DZUP); ‘ Marajó P. Pedras \ 13.III-1978   ’ ‘ Brasil Pará \ M F Torres’ (1♀ MPEG)   ; ‘ Brasil, Pará \ Serra Norte \ Fofoca \ Col. Noturna \ 18.IX. 1985 ’ ‘ MPEG HYM   \ 11005595’ (1♀ MPEG)   ; ‘ Brasil, Pará \ Serra Norte \ N-1 SERRARIA\ COL. NOTURNA\ 25.X. 1984   ’ ‘ Brasil Pará \ M. F Torres’ ‘ MPEG HYM   \ 11005589’ (1♂ MPEG)   ; ‘ Brasil Pará \ Serra Norte \ SERRARIA\ COL. NOTURNA\ 19-X-1984 ’ ‘ MPEG HYM   \ 11005583’ (1♀ MPEG)   ; ‘ Brasil Pará \ São João de Pirabas \ Japerica \ Ilha Conceição \ 22-XII-1992   ’ ‘ Brasil Pará \ J Dias’ ‘ Armadilha \ de Luz’ (1♀ MPEG)   ; ‘ BRASIL: Pará \ Tucuruí – REMANSÃO\ 03-VIII-1980 \ eq Nunes de Mello’ ‘5598’ (1♀ INPA). Rondônia   : ‘ Brasil, RO, Itapuã \ do Oeste, Flona \ do Jamari , 90m \ 9.146° S 63.012° W \ 5.ix.2012, Cavichioli \ Melo, Rosa & Santos’ ‘ Armadilha \ Luminosa’ (4♀, DZUP). ‘ Ouro Preto \ d’ Oeste, RO,\ 29-X-1987 \ C. Elias, leg.’ ‘ ProjetoPo \ lonoroeste’ (1♂ DZUP) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ BRASIL: RO\ Porto Velho 180m \ 24–30.iv.1989 \ V   . O. Becker col’ (2♀ DZUP)   ; ‘ BRASIL:RO\ Porto Velho 180m \ 2–12.v.1989 \ V   . O. Becker’ (1♀ DZUP). Roraima   : ‘ Brasil, Roraima, Amajari \ Tepequém Trilha Igarapé \ da Anta 03°46 ′ 19.7 ″ N’ ‘ 61°45 ′ 21.6 ″ W 649m 14-\ mai-09 11:00 Grigio, Jr. O\ Salicilato’ ‘MIRR 12685’ (1♀ MIRR) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ Brasil, Roraima, Amajari \ Tepequém Trilha Igarapé \ da Anta 03°46 ′ 19.7 ″ N’ ‘ 61°45 ′ 21.6 ″ W 649m 14-\ mai-09 11:00 Grigio, Jr. O\ Salicilato’ ‘MIRR 12686’ (1♀ MIRR) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ Brasil, Roraima,\ Rorainopólis, Bairro Novo \ Horizonte , 00°56 ′ 25.8 ″ N’‘\6°25 ′ 39.0 ″ W 82m 28-mar-\ 09 Gama Neto, J.L.’‘MIRR 11798’ (1♀ MIRR) GoogleMaps   . FRENCH GUIANA. Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni: ‘FEVRIER’‘ GUYANE \ NOUVEAU CHANTIER\ BAS-MARONI’ (1♀ DZUP)   . PERU. Huanuco: ‘ Tingo Maria \ Huan   . Peru \ Nov. 28 1946 \ Alt. 2200 ft. J.C. Pallister \ Coll. Donor \ Frank Johnson’ (1♀, DZUP). Junín: ‘SATIPO-PERU\ 750 Mr. \ 12.1948’ (1 ♂, RMNH). Loreto   : ‘ Peru, LO   , Maynas, Alpahuayo-Mishana \ KM 28   Ex light trap \ 12vii01 Mario Callegari’ ‘col. CR col’ (3♀, CRC). San Martin   : ‘ PERU, SM   , Tarapoto,\ Meliponário Rasmussen \ Near Taki-Wasi , 386m, 6°28, 819 ′ S, 76°21,315 ′ W Claus Rasmussen leg\ IX-2002 Ex. light.’ ‘col. CR col’ (2 ♀, CRC) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ PERU, SM   , Tarapoto,\ Near Taki-Wasi , 386m, 6°28,819 ′ S, 76°21,315 ′ W \ Claus Rasmussen leg\ II-2003, Rasmussen leg.’ ‘col. CR col’ (1♀, CRC) GoogleMaps   ; ‘ PERU, SM   , Tarapoto,\ Near River Shilcayo \ 0629\ 7622, 350 masl \ April 2003 Rasmussen’ ‘col. CR col’ (1♀, CRC)   . SURINAME. Brokopondo   : ‘ Suriname \ Phedra \ 15 Nov-1946 Ir- Schals’ (1♀, RMNH). Para   : ‘ Suriname \ Zanderij \ O.P. Sardare \ 15 Sept 1961 ’ ‘at light’ (1♂, RMNH). Sipaliwini: ‘ Museum Leiden   \ SURINAME \ Sipalawini \ 13–24. II.1966 \ G P Mees’ (1♂, RMNH). Wageningen: ‘ Museum Leiden \ W   . Suriname Exp. \ Maratakka River \ Cupido (Indian vill.)\ 25.II.1971 \ at light\ D.C. Geijskes’ (1♀, RMNH)   .

Comments

The female from Acrelândia, Acre, was collected in a euglossine trap baited with benzil acetate.

Distribution

BRAZIL. Acre: Acrelândia. Amazonas: Japurá, Manaus , Novo Airão , Presidente Figueiredo. Pará : Capitão Poço , São João de Pirabas , Parauapebas, Tucuruí   . Rondônia: Itapuã do Oeste, Ouro Preto do Oeste , Porto Velho   . Roraima: Amajari , Rorainopólis   . FRENCH GUIANA. Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni: Saint-Laurent-du- Maroni   . PERU. Huanuco: Tingo Maria   . Junín: Satipo. Loreto: Maynas. San Martin: Tarapoto. SURINAME. Brokopondo: Phedra   . Nickerie: Wageningen. Para: Zanderij. Sipaliwini: Bven Saramacca ( Figure 15B View Figure 15 ).

Etymology

The specific epithet honours the ‘Mura’, the name for an ethnic group of South American natives, used here as a noun in apposition. They are known for navigating along extensive areas in the rivers Amazonas, Madeira and Purus. In their long history of contact with European settlers, this group has been repeatedly stigmatized and suffered from massacres, as well as demographic, linguistic and cultural losses. Today, they live at indigenous reserves and urban centres in northern Brazil ( Amoroso 2009).

The yanomami species group

Diagnosis

The yanomami species group includes only two species, both described here as new, M. piraha   sp. n. and M. yanomami   sp. n. They can be identified by the following characters: posterior upper margin of metepisternum unmodified, lacking a velvety process; basal areal of metapostnotum smooth laterally and with a few longitudinal rugulosities restricted to mid portion. Megalopta piraha   sp. n. is more widely distributed in the Amazon basin, while M. yanomami   sp. n. is known only from Roraima and a single locality in eastern Pará ( Figure 15C View Figure 15 ).

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

AM

Australian Museum

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

MIRR

Museu Integrado de Roraima

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

LO

Type Collection

SM

Sarawak Museum