Lasioglossum (Dialictus) disparile (Cresson)

Gibbs, Jason, 2011, Revision of the metallic Lasioglossum (Dialictus) of eastern North America (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Halictini), Zootaxa 3073, pp. 1-216: 83-87

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.1049595

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B5AF6DF4-D3A7-4942-A94F-CC051D8074CF

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9A5987DB-A744-FFE1-0A97-88BDFCE10485

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scientific name

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) disparile (Cresson)
status

 

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) disparile (Cresson)  

( Figures 93–97 View FIGURE 93 View FIGURE 94 View FIGURE 95 View FIGURE 96 View FIGURE 97 )

Halictus disparilis Cresson, 1872: 253   . Ƥ.

Lectotype. Ƥ USA, Texas [Bosque Co.], (G.W. Belfrage); [ ANSP: 21204] designated herein. Examined. Halictus albitarsis Cresson, 1872: 254   . 3. (junior secondary homonym of Hylaeus abitarsis Schenck, 1853   ) Lectotype. 3 USA, Texas [Dallas Co.], (J. Boll); [ MCZ: 547] designated herein. Examined. Dialictus brassicae Mitchell, 1960: 384   . Ƥ

Holotype. Ƥ USA, North Carolina, Faison   , Coastal Plain Vegetable Research Station, 25.iv. 1957, on Brassica (M.H. Farrier)   ; [ NCSU]. Examined.

Halictus albitarsellus Warncke, 1973: 294   (new name for H. albitarsis Cresson   )

Taxonomy. Cockerell, 1907: Halictus albitarsis   , p. 38 (tax. notes); Cockerell, 1937: Halictus (Chloralictus) disparilis   , p. 113 (diagnosis); Michener, 1951: Lasioglossum (Chloralictus) albitarse   , p. 1111, L. (C.) disparile   , p. 1113 (catalogue); Krombein, 1967: Lasioglossum (Dialictus) brassicae   , p. 462 (catalogue); Hurd, 1979: Dialictus albitarsis   , p. 1963, D. brassicae   , p. 1964, D. disparilis   , p. 1966 (catalogue); Moure & Hurd, 1987: Dialictus albitarsis   , p. 89, D. brassicae   , p. 92, D. disparilis   , p. 99 (catalogue); Gibbs (2010 a): Lasioglossum (Dialictus) disparile   , p. 92 (tax. notes, synonymy); Gibbs, 2010 b: Lasioglossum (Dialictus) disparile   , p. 109 (tax. notes).

Diagnosis. Female L. disparile   can be distinguished from all other North American Dialictus   by the diagnostic hair pattern on the declivitous surface of T 1 ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14. T 1 A). The acarinarial fan lacks a dorsal opening and is separated from a dorsal transverse band of appressed hairs by a transverse glabrous area. They are similar to L. albipenne   which lack the dorsal band of appressed hairs ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14. T 1 B).

Male L. disparile   can be recognised by the following diagnostic combination: a strong genal tubercle ( Fig. 95 View FIGURE 95 A) and distinct mesepisternal punctures. Males also have elongate heads (length/width ratio = 1.08–1.13), clypeus brownish yellow distally ( Fig. 95 View FIGURE 95 B), tarsi brownish yellow, and T 2 apical impressed area impunctate.

Redescription. FEMALE. Length 5.26–6.17 mm; head length 1.61 mm; head width 1.49–1.68 mm; forewing length 3.87–4.42 mm.

Colouration. Head and mesosoma bluish green to golden green. Clypeus with apical half blackish brown. Antenna dark brown, flagellum with ventral surface reddish brown to brownish yellow. Tegula amber. Wing membrane subhyaline, venation and pterostigma brownish yellow. Legs brown, except medio- and distitarsi reddish brown. Metasomal terga brown with faint metallic reflections, apical impressed areas pale brownish yellow.

Pubescence. Dull white. Relatively dense. Head and mesosoma with moderately dense woolly hairs (1–2 OD), longest on genal beard, metanotum, and mesopleuron (2–2.5 OD). Paraocular area and gena with moderately sparse subappressed tomentum. Propodeum with plumose hairs on lateral and posterior surfaces (2–2.5 OD). Metasoma with dense, fine hairs. T 1 acarinarial fan large, complete, without dorsal opening, anterior dorsal margin with transverse band of appressed hairs.. T 2 basolaterally and T 3 –T 4 partially obscured by appressed tomentum. T 2 apicolateral and T 3 –T 4 apical margins with dense apical fringes.

Surface sculpture. Face polished, punctation coarse. Clypeus with punctation moderately sparse (i= 1–2.5 d). Supraclypeal area with punctation moderately sparse (i= 1–2 d). Lower paraocular area and antennocular area with punctation dense (i= 0.5–1.5 d). Upper paraocular area and frons reticulate-punctate. Ocellocular area punctate (i≤d). Gena and postgena weakly carinulate. Mesoscutum polished, weakly imbricate medially, punctation coarse, moderately sparse between parapsidal lines (i= 1–1.5 d), closer laterad of parapsidal line (i≤d), contiguous on anterolateral portion. Mesoscutellum similar to mesoscutum, submedial punctation sparse (i= 1–4 d). Axilla punctate. Metanotum imbricate. Preëpisternum rugose. Hypoepimeral area ruguloso-imbricate. Mesepisternum rugose anteriorly, rugulose posteriorly. Metepisternum with dorsal half rugoso-carinulate, ventral half imbricate. Metapostnotum coarsely rugoso-carinulate. Propodeum with dorsolateral slope rugulose-imbricate, lateral surface imbricate and posterior surface weakly tessellate. Metasoma polished, very weakly coriarious on apical impressed areas, punctation fine and dense throughout (i= 1–2 d).

Structure. Head moderately elongate (length/width ratio = 0.99–1.08). Eyes convergent below (UOD/LOD ratio = 1.13–1.21). Clypeus 2 / 3 below suborbital tangent, apicolateral margins convergent. Antennal sockets close (IAD/OAD <0.5). Frontal line carinate, ending 2–2.5 OD below median ocellus. Gena width dorsally subequal to eye in lateral view. Inner metatibial spur pectinate with 3–4 branches. Metapostnotum moderately elongate (MMR ratio = 1.22–1.32), posterior margin narrowly rounded onto posterior surface. Propodeum with oblique carina moderately strong, lateral carina moderately strong, reaching 2 / 3 distance to dorsal margin.

MALE. Similar to female except for the usual secondary sexual characters and as follows. Length 4.11–4.54 mm; head length 1.31–1.51 mm; head width 1.21–1.34 mm; forewing length 3.03–3.93 mm.

Colouration. Labrum, mandible and distal margin of clypeus yellow. Flagellum with ventral surface orange-yellow. Legs brown, except tibial bases and apices, and tarsi yellow.

Pubescence. Face upper orbital tangent obscured by dense, white appressed tomentum. S 2 –S 3 apical halves and S 4 lateral portion with moderately dense subappressed hairs (1.5 OD).

Surface sculpture. Mesoscutal punctures more widely spaced posteriorly i= 1–3 d). Mesepisternum punctate (i= 1– 1.5 d). Metasomal terga with apical impressed areas impunctate.

Structure. Head elongate (length/width ratio = 1.08–1.13). Eyes convergent below (UOD/LOD ratio = 1.29–1.34). Clypeus 2 / 3 – 3 / 4 below suborbital tangent, apicolateral margins convergent. Antennal sockets distant (IAD/OAD> 1.1). Frontal line carinate, ending 2.5 OD below median ocellus. Pedicel longer than F 1. F 2 length 2.0X F 1. F 2 –F 10 elongate (length/width ratio = 1.54–1.75). Gena with distinct tubercle. Metapostnotum moderately truncate (MMR ratio = 1.21– 1.35), posterior margin rounded onto posterior surface. Propodeum with oblique carina fine.

Terminalia   . S 7 with median lobe narrowly clavate, apex rounded ( Fig. 97 View FIGURE 97 ). S 8 with apicomedial margin weakly convex ( Fig. 97 View FIGURE 97 ). Genital capsule as in Fig. 97 View FIGURE 97 . Gonobase with ventral arms narrowly separated. Volsella roughly ovoid. Gonostylus small, dorsal setae very long, medially oriented. Retrorse lobe elongate, weakly attenuated apically.

Range. Texas north to Kansas, east to North Carolina ( Fig. 92 View FIGURE 92 ). USA: FL, IL, KS, LA, NC, NE, OK, SC, TX.

Additional material examined. USA: FLORIDA: 1 Ƥ ( D. brassicae   paratype) Alachua Co., (R.A. Morse); [ CUIC]; ILLINOIS: 1 Ƥ Jo Davies Co., Stockton, 18.vii. 1968 (J.G. Marlin); 1 Ƥ 10 mi W. San Antonio, 10.iv. 1966 (E.R. Jaycox); [ INHS]; KANSAS: 1 Ƥ Douglas Co., Akins prairie, N 38 ˚ 54.361 ʹ W095˚ 9.351 ʹ, 2.viii. 2004 (J. Hopwood); 1 Ƥ Douglas Co., Coyler prairie, N 38 ˚ 49.168 ʹ W095˚ 21.788 ʹ, 9.viii. 2004 (J. Hopwood); [ PCYU]; LOUSIANA: 2 ƤƤ Tallulah, iv; [ NMNH]; NEBRASKA: 1 Ƥ 2 mi E. of Superior, 8.vii. 1959 (W.E. LaBerge & O.W. Isakson); 10 ƤƤ 233 1 mi. W. Of Hebron, 8 vii. 1959 (W.E. LaBerge & O.W. Isakson); 6 ƤƤ 333 5 mi. W. Of Hebron, 8 vii. 1959 (W.E. LaBerge & O.W. Isakson); [ INHS]; NORTH CAROLINA: 1 Ƥ Union Co., N 34.984 W080.449, ix–x. 2003 (R. Jackowski); [ PCYU]; OKLAHOMA: 1 Ƥ Canadian Co., El Reno, N 35.5323 W097.955, 14.iv. 1961 (J.G. Rozen, R. Schrammel) 1 Ƥ Garfield Co., Enid, N 36.39556 W097.878 ° W, 14.iv. 1961 (J.G. Rozen, R. Schrammel); [ AMNH]; SOUTH CAROLINA: 2 ƤƤ 233 Kirksey, 24.vi. 1957 (W.R.M. Mason); [ CNC]; TEXAS: 13 Maverick Co., Quemado, N 28.9478 W 100.6236, 236 m, 25.v. 1952 (M.A. Cazier, W.J. Gertsch, R. Schrammel); 1 Ƥ Wichita Co., Burkburnett, Red River, N 34.0429 W098.3402, 316 m, 26.vi. 1948 (C. Vaurie, P. Vaurie); [ AMNH]; 2 ƤƤ Houston, 22.iv. 1928 (L. Kestchberg); [ CUIC]; 408 ƤƤ Denton Co., N 33.2043 W097.0816, 27.iv. 2002 (H.W. Ikerd); 13 Bastrop Co., Camp Swift, N 30 ˚ 16.9 ʹ W097˚ 18.8 ʹ, 2.v. 2002 (J.L. Neff); [ PCYU].

Floral records. ASTERACEAE   : Engelmannia peristenia   , Erigeron   , Helenium   , Helianthus pauciflorus   , Hymenopappus artemisiifolius   , Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus   , Solidago missouriensis   , Thelesperma filifolium   ; BRASSICACEAE   : Brassica   ; HYDROPHYLLACEAE   : Phacelia congesta   ; LAMIACEAE   : Stachys floridana   ; ONAGRACEAE   : Calylophus serrulatus   .

DNA Barcode. Available. Multiple sequences.

Comments. Uncommon east of the Mississippi river. Common in Texas. Doubtful records of L. disparile   from New Jersey, Ontario, Alberta and Nevada exist ( Michener 1951; Moure & Hurd 1987).

The type specimens of Halictus disparilis Cresson   and Halictus albitarsis Cresson   have not been formally designated. The specimen of Halictus disparilis   indicated above is designated as the lectotype for the purpose of fixing the name to specimen. Some of Cresson’s syntype series include more than one species so designation of a single type specimen is warranted. The type series of Halictus albitarsis   includes males of both L. disparile   and L. connexum   . The specimen selected above is designated as the lectotype of H. albitarsis   to fix the name to a single species. The male of L. disparile   has paler legs than L. connexum   so the name seems more aptly associated with the former species.

The smallest male examined lacked a distinct genal tubercle.

For additional taxonomic notes see Gibbs (2010 a, 2010 b).

ANSP

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

NCSU

North Carolina State University Insect Museum

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

INHS

Illinois Natural History Survey

PCYU

The Packer Collection at York University

NMNH

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

DNA

Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Halictidae

Genus

Lasioglossum

Loc

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) disparile (Cresson)

Gibbs, Jason 2011
2011
Loc

Halictus albitarsellus

Warncke 1973: 294
1973
Loc

Halictus disparilis

Cresson 1872: 253
1872