Mysmenopsis Simon, 1898

Dupérré, Nadine & Tapia, Elicio, 2020, Megadiverse Ecuador: a review of Mysmenopsis (Araneae, Mysmenidae) of Ecuador, with the description of twenty-one new kleptoparasitic spider species, Zootaxa 4761 (1), pp. 1-81 : 5-6

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Mysmenopsis Simon, 1898


Mysmenopsis Simon, 1898

Type species: Mysmenopsis femoralis Simon, 1898

Diagnosis. (modified from Lopardo & Hormiga 2015; Dupérré & Tapia 2015).

Males with one or two tibial clasping spurs ( Figs 24 View FIGURES 21–25 , 122 View FIGURES 119–123 ); one or two metatarsal clasping spurs ( Figs 24 View FIGURES 21–25 , 64 View FIGURES 61–65 ); with prolateral row of modified setae on the distal half of tarsus I ( Lopardo & Hormiga 2015: figs 54G, 59D); male palpal tibia either globular or elongated-globular ( Figs 6 View FIGURES 6–10 , 149 View FIGURES 149–153 ); a prolateral cymbium without internal conductor grooves or cymbial fold, but with a distinct tip, and with a hook-shaped paracymbium bent inwards ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 56–60 ). Females often with distal ventral projection on femur I ( Figs 5 View FIGURES 1–5 , 15 View FIGURES 11–15 , 25 View FIGURES 21–25 ), sometimes absent ( Figs 133 View FIGURES 129–133 , 194 View FIGURES 190–194 ); epigynum with a sclerotized protruding or flat epigynal plate; dorsal plate anterior margin extending internally towards the copulatory openings ( Figs 211 View FIGURES 208–215 , 224, 228 View FIGURES 222–229 ); fertilization ducts curving and semi-transparent apically ( Figs 225 View FIGURES 222–229 , 231 View FIGURES 230–233 ).

Composition. (see World Spider Catalog 2019). Herein only the newly species described are mentioned: Mysmenopsis alvaroi n. sp., M. amazonica n. sp., M. angamarca n. sp., M. awa n. sp., M. baerti n. sp., M. bartolozzii n. sp., M. choco , n. sp., M. cube n. sp., M. corazon n. sp., M. guanza n. sp., M. guayaca n. sp., M. hunachi n. sp., M. junin n. sp., M. lasrocas n. sp., M. lloa n. sp., M. otokiki n. sp., M. pululahua n. sp., M. salazarae n. sp., M. shushufindi n. sp., M. tepuy n. sp. and M. tungurahua n. sp.

Distribution. USA, México, Honduras, Costa Rica, Cuba, Jamaica, Trinidad, St. Vincent, Panamá, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil and Peru.