Siphonophoridae Newport, 1844

Wesener, Thomas, 2014, First records of the order Siphonophorida from Madagascar and Mauritius (Diplopoda), Revue suisse de Zoologie 121 (3), pp. 415-423 : 418-420

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5823062

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/943FEE14-7C6D-FFD2-5BEC-FD18C54CEA27

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Siphonophoridae Newport, 1844
status

 

Siphonophoridae Newport, 1844  

Siphonophorida   characterized by a head extended into a sharply acuminate ‘beak’ or rostrum, lower half of it formed by gnathochilarium. Head with four macrosetae. Antennae straight, not elbowed, antennomeres 5 and 6 with large, conspicuous pit containing numerous sensory cones ( Hoffman, 1982). Antennomere 2 of normal length. 104 species in ten genera distributed in America, SE Asia and the Indian subcontinent (including N Pakistan), Australia and New Zealand ( Jeekel, 2001).

MATERIAL EXAMINED: FMNH-INS 3978; 1 ♀; Madagascar, Province Antsiranana, R.S. Manongarivo, 20.4 km SW Antanambao, 14.0467°S, 48.4017°E, 1860 m, montane rainforest; coll. B. L. Fisher, 03.xi.1998, Winkler extraction. Remarks: Colouration marbled greyish, body short and densely pilose. – FMNH-INS 4089; 1 Ƌ GoogleMaps   ; Madagascar, Province Antsiranana, Befingotra (9.2 km WSW), Rés. Anjanaharibe-Sud, 14.7500°S, 49.4667°E, 1280 m, montane rainforest; coll. B. L. Fisher, 05.xi.1994, Winkler extraction. Remarks: Colour similar to FMNH- INS 3978 GoogleMaps   .

SPECIMENS FROM MADAGASCAR ONLY DETERMINED TO ORDER LEVEL

The following specimens were regretfully only sorted to order level. A re-examination of the listed specimens was not possible during the course of this study.

MATERIAL EXAMINED: MNHN “81”; 2 specimens; Madagascar, 1957, 296, Fanovana; 13.vii.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “101”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, 295, Fanovana. Remarks: Potentially Province Toamasina, Fanovana , 18.9250°S, 48.533°E, 720 m, rainforest, now degraded. – MNHN “83”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, 238, Manjakatompo; 4. juillet 1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “85”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, Manjakatompo, forêt ancienne vers 1800-1850 m; juillet 1957, P.A. Remy. Remarks: Potentially Province Antananarivo, Manjakatompo/Ankaratra, 19.3667°S, 47.3000°E, 1800 m, montane rainforest. – MNHN “94”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, 285, Perinet; 5.viii.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “95”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, 285, Perinet; 5.viii.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “86”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, 287, Perinet; 17.viii.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “93”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, 252, Tsinjoarivo; 11.vii.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “87”; 1 specimen; Madagascar, 1957, 251, Tsinjoarivo; 17.vii.1957, P.A. Remy. Remarks: Potentially Province Toamasina, Tsinjoarivo/Fenerive-Est, 17.0500°S, 49.1333°E, 500 m, rainforest. – MNHN “96”; 3 specimens; Madagascar, 1957, 316, Ambodihatafana; 27.viii.1957, P.A. Remy. Remarks GoogleMaps   :

Siphonorhinus sp.   , MHNG Mad 89/21, two males, A = smaller male specimen, B-D = largest male specimen, multi-layer photograph and SEM. (A) Habitus, lateral view. (B) First and second legs, anterior view. (C) Head, lateral view. (D) Posterior gonopods and leg pair 10, anterior view. Abbreviations: L1 = leg 1; L2 = leg 2; L10 = leg 10; pG = posterior gonopod (= leg 9); St = sternite fused to stigmatic plate.

Potentially Province Toamasina, Ambodihatafana , 16.21666°S, 49.4333°E, 795 m, rainforest, now degraded. – MNHN “99”; more than 5 specimens; Madagascar, 1957, Ambila Lemaitso; fin viii.1957 GoogleMaps   , P.A. Remy. Remarks: Potentially Province Toamasina, Ambila-Lemaitso / Andevoranto , 18.8167°S, 49.1333°E, 16 m, coastal rainforest, now degraded GoogleMaps   . – CAS BLF 7385 View Materials ; 1 specimen; Madagascar, Province Fianarantsoa, Forêt d'Analalava , 29.6 km W Ranohira, 22°35'30"S, 045°07'42"E, 700 m, tropical dry forest; coll. Fisher, Griswold et al., 1.-5.ii.2003 GoogleMaps   , yellow pan trap. Remarks: 1 Ƌ, black. – CAS BLF 10501 View Materials ; 7 specimens; Madagascar, Province Toamasina, Ambatovy , 18°51'03"S, 48°19'17"E, 1075 m, montane rainforest; coll. Malagasy ant team, 21.iii.2004 GoogleMaps   , sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood). – CAS BLF 10502 View Materials ; 9 specimens; Madagascar, Province Toamasina, Analamy , 18°48'22"S, 048°20'13"E, 1068 m, montane rainforest; coll. Malagasy ant team, 21.iii.2004 GoogleMaps   , sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood). Remarks: Elongated, whitish, small. – CAS BLF 10627 View Materials MW; numerous specimens; Madagascar, Toamasina, Torotorofotsy , 18°52'15"S, 48°20'51"E, 1070 m, montane rainforest, marsh edge; coll. Malagasy ant team 24.iii.2004 GoogleMaps   , sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood). – FMNH-INS 3990; 1 specimen; Madagascar, Province Fianarantsoa, 8.0 km NE Ivohibe , camp IV, 22.4217°S, 46.8983°E, 1200 m, montane rainforest; coll. B. L. Fisher, 03.-09.xi.1997 GoogleMaps   , pitfall traps. – FMNH-INS 3997; 1 specimen; Madagascar, Province Toliara, S.F. Mandena, 8.4 km NNE Tolagnaro, 24.9522°S, 47.0017°E, 20 m, littoral rainforest; coll. B. L. Fisher, 20.xi.1998 GoogleMaps   , Winkler extraction. – FMNH-INS 13727; 3 specimens; Madagascar, Province Fianarantsoa, 38 km S Ambalavao, Rés. Andringitra , 22.2000°S, 46.9667°E, 1680 m, montane rainforest; coll. B. L. Fisher, 22.x.1993 GoogleMaps   , Winkler extraction. – FMNH-INS 104157; 1 specimen; Madagascar, N of Ambalarondro, 18.41556°S, 48.97136°E, 405 m, rainforest; coll. K. Emberton, 25.ix.2009 GoogleMaps   . – FMNH-INS 104519; 3 specimens; Madagascar, Sahafina , 10 km W of Brickaville, 18.8167°S, 48.9764°E, 186 m; coll. K. Emberton, 19.iii.2009 GoogleMaps   .

SPECIMENS FROM MAURITIUS ONLY DETERMINED TO ORDER LEVEL

MATERIAL EXAMINED: MNHN “98”; more than 5 specimens; 1957, 352 u. 353, Le Vallon [Volton?]; 24.09.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “84”; 1 specimen; 1957, Cocotte   ; 29.ix.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “88”; 1 specimen; 1957, 390, Triamon   ; 9.x.1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “92”; 3 specimen (two different species, one with short, one with elongated rostrum!); 1957, Ile Maurice   ; sept.-oct. 1957, P.A. Remy. – MNHN “97”, several specimens, Ile Maurice   ; sept.-oct. 1957, P.A. Remy   .

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Diplopoda

Order

Siphonophorida

Family

Siphonophoridae

Loc

Siphonophoridae Newport, 1844

Wesener, Thomas 2014
2014
Loc

Siphonophorida

Newport 1844
1844