Kleemannia delicata (Berlese, 1918),

Masan, Peter, 2017, A revision of the family Ameroseiidae (Acari, Mesostigmata), with some data on Slovak fauna, ZooKeys 704, pp. 1-228: 1

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.704.13304

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:111A101E-7405-4C40-8F51-693957A64D97

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/943B116D-C482-6A04-AC61-AA7972EA938B

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Kleemannia delicata (Berlese, 1918)
status

comb. n.

Kleemannia delicata (Berlese, 1918)  comb. n. Plates 35, 36, 37A, 37C, 76A, 76H, 77A

Ameroseius delicatus  Berlese, 1918: 144.

Lasioseius (Lasioseius) gracilis  Halbert, 1923: 369. Syn. n.

Ameroseius (Kleemania)  (sic) gracilis  . - Athias-Henriot 1959: 192.

Ameroseius delicatus  . - Westerboer and Bernhard 1963: 474; Karg 1971a: 230; Bregetova 1977: 158; Castagnoli and Pegazzano 1985: 109; Karg 1993: 227.

Ameroseius gracilis  . - Westerboer and Bernhard 1963: 535; Karg 1971a: 229; Bregetova 1977: 156; Karg 1993: 227; Christian and Karg 2006: 238.

Ameroseius stramenis  Karg, 1976: 538. Syn. n.

Kleemania  (sic) gracilis  . - Luxton 1998: 21.

Type depository.

Of Ameroseius delicatus  - Istituto Sperimentale per la Zoologia Agraria, Firenze, Italy (holotype not designated); of Ameroseius gracilis  - National Museum of Ireland, (cited as Irish National Museum), Dublin, Ireland; of Ameroseius stramenis  - Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany; Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary.

Type locality and habitat.

Of Ameroseius delicatus  - locality not specified (Firenze, Padova, Italy), in hay; of Ameroseius gracilis  - Ireland, Dublin, Albert Model Farm, on sprouting potatoes; of Ameroseius stramenis  - Chile, Santiago Province, Santiago (slide label: El Arrayán), humid leaf litter.

Comparative material.

Chile: 1 ♀ ( ZMB: 41662, holotype) - 9. 10. 1965, El Arrayan (Prov. Santiago), aus dicker Laubschicht, 2997 (labelled Ameroseius stramenis  ). Germany: 1 ♀ ( ZMB: 41009) - Jun. 1958, Müncheberg, Luzerne (labelled Ameroseius plumigera  ); 1 ♀ ( ZSM: Coll. Hirschm./Willm. 1) - Waging am See, Neubau, leg. O. Brandt, M. Postner, det. W. Hirschmann; 78 ♀♀ ( ZSM: Coll. Hirschm./Willm. 2) - 26. 4. 1963, München, Neubau, leg. M. Postner, det. W. Hirschmann; 19 ♀♀ ( ZMB: 41008) - 17. 10. 1963, Kiel, Neubau, leg. F. Bolle, det. G. Rack, redet. G. O. Evans in 1964, 2987, A19/63 (labelled Ameroseius plumigera  ); 4 ♀♀ ( ZSM: Coll. Popp P483/1) - Sep. 1968, Pei Benberg, Neubau, leg. Ludwig, det. Popp; 10 ♀♀ ( ZMH: A26/69) - 14. 7. 1969, Bomlitz, Einfamilienhaus-neubau, leg. H. Wasser, det. G. Rack in 1969 (labelled Kleemannia plumigera  ); 1 ♀ ( ZMH: A41/73) - May 1973, Kassel, Neubau, leg. H. Kühne, det. G. Rack in 1973 (labelled Ameroseius plumigerus  ); 9 ♀♀ ( ZMH: A12/74) - Oct. 1973, Bez. Hannover, Neubau, leg. E. Gersdorf, det. G. Rack in 1973 (labelled Ameroseius plumigerus  ); 2 ♀♀ ( ZMH: A11/74) - 25. 10. 1973, Meinhard-Grebendorf/Niedersachsen, Neubauwohnung, leg. H. Wenderoth, det. G. Rack in 1973 (labelled Ameroseius plumigerus  ); 14 ♀♀ ( ZMH: A53/73) - 5. 11. 1973, Uetze (Niedersachsen), massenhaft in den Räumen einer Firma, leg. U. Zellentin, det. G. Rack in 1973 (labelled Ameroseius plumigerus  ); 38 ♀♀ ( ZMH: A78/89) - 25. 10. 1988, Bergisch-Gladbach, massenhaft in einer Wohnung nach Neuverlegung des Parketts, leg. U. Lambert, det. G. Rack in 1988 (labelled Ameroseius plumigerus  ). Ireland: 1 ♀ ( NMINH: 2013.3.1, holotype) - no collection data (labelled Lasioseius gracilis  ). Italy: 4 ♀♀, 1 ♂ ( ISZA: 190/15, 190/16, 194/18, syntypes) - Firenze, fiorume stalle; 2 ♀♀ ( ISZA: 190/17, syntypes) - Firenze, fenili; 4 ♀♀ ( ISZA: 210/37, 210/38) - Padova, fiorume.

New material from Slovakia.

Trnavská Pahorkatina Wold: 2 ♀♀, 4 ♂♂ - 18. 11. 2005, Horná Streda Village, cellar of a single-family house, decaying potatoes with soil-sand substrate, altitude 170 m, leg. P. Mašán; 9 ♀♀ - 13. 10. 2012, Horná Streda Village, cellar of a single-family house, decaying potatoes with soil-sand substrate, altitude 170 m, leg. P. Mašán.

Remarks.

There are six slides of this species in the Berlese Acaroteca (190/15-17, 194/18, 210/37-38). These slides contain at least 12 specimens, including those of Ameroseius molliculus  (nomen nudum) and Ameroseius dubitatus  , all collected in Italy (Firenze and Padova), and not labelled as „tipico”. Without doubt, those from Firenze belong to the original type specimens of Berlese. They are mostly in bad condition to be examined. However, an examination of the specimens showed specific features also detected in well preserved specimens available for study from Slovakia and other regions of Europe.

Based on an examination of the type specimens, Ameroseius stramenis  Karg, 1976 and Lasioseius gracilis  Halbert, 1923 are considered new junior synonyms of Kleemannia delicata  (Berlese, 1918). The two former species were briefly described in their original descriptions. Halbert (1923) did not inform the number of setae on the dorsum, but his illustration shows 26-27 setae, lacking z6. Karg (1971a, 1993) slightly modified Halbert’s illustration to show 27 setal pairs. I could detect the full complement of 29 pairs of setae in type series of both, delicatus  and gracilis  . The re-description and illustrations given by Westerboer and Bernhard (1963) for delicatus  do not require serious amendment, except for the shape of ventrianal shield. This shield is usually not so regularly subcircular as illustrated, but almost truncate and slightly concave anteriorly. In A. stramenis  , Karg’s (1976) interpretation of curved epistome seems to be apparently atypical for the genus, but I could not confirm it in the single available type specimen loaned from Berlin Collection (the epistome is obscure and not observable). In addition, the female of A. stramenis  was illustrated by Karg as lacking metapodal platelets and one pair of opisthogastric setae (JV4), although both structures were reliably detected in an axamination of the holotype. Examination of numerous specimens from various mueum collections showed that Kleemannia delicata  is fairly common in buildings in Europe and has often been misidentified, mainly as Kleemannia plumigera  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Mesostigmata

Family

Ameroseiidae

Genus

Kleemannia

Loc

Kleemannia delicata (Berlese, 1918)

Masan, Peter 2017
2017
Loc

Lasioseius (Lasioseius) gracilis

Berlese 1917
1917
Loc

Ameroseius delicatus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius (Kleemania)

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius delicatus

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius gracilis

Berlese 1903
1903
Loc

Ameroseius stramenis

Berlese 1903
1903