Austrosphecodes gorgon, Gonçalves & Pereira, 2022

Gonçalves, Rodrigo Barbosa & Pereira, Felipe Walter, 2022, New species of the cuckoo bee genus Austrosphecodes Michener, 1978 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Sphecodini) and a key for Brazilian species, European Journal of Taxonomy 819, pp. 55-89 : 69-72

publication ID

publication LSID


persistent identifier

taxon LSID

treatment provided by


scientific name

Austrosphecodes gorgon

sp. nov.

Austrosphecodes gorgon   sp. nov.

Figs 4 View Fig , 10B View Fig


This species has the T1 mostly impunctate, the anterior surface of the mesoscutum not rugulose, and the metapostnotum trapezoidal. It is similar in size to A. cerberus   sp. nov. and A. tartarus   sp. nov. but the head is not enlarged and the mesoscutum is not sulcate. Differently from A. asmodeus   sp. nov. the body length is more than 7 mm, the anterior surface of the mesoscutum is sparsely punctate (i=pd), the scutellum has a well-defined longitudinal row of punctures, and the terga are lineolate.


Variation in body size was found in females, from 7.0 mm to 8.5 mm (the holotype).


From Greek mythology, grim, dreadful creature. The name is used as a proper noun in apposition.

Material examined

Holotype BRAZIL – Paraná • ♀; “ DZUP \568520” “CURITIBA\ Paraná BRASIL 1–XI–1955 \ Michener e Lange”; deposited in the Coleção Entomológica Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure, Curitiba, Brazil; DZUP 568520 View Materials .  

Paratypes BRAZIL – Paraná • ♂; “ DZUP \568521” “Curitiba–Pr.\ V-1955 \ R. Lange leg.”; DZUP 568521 View Materials   1 ♀; “ DZUP \568522” “Curitiba– Pr. \ VI-1956 \ R. Lange leg.” “Obs. No. 152\ R. Lange ” “ EX –COLEÇÃO\ R.B. LANGE ”; DZUP 568522 View Materials   1 ♂; “ DZUP \568523” “Curitiba– Pr. \ V-1956 \ R. Lange leg.” “Obs. No. 162\ R. Lange ” “ EX –COLEÇÃO\ R.B. LANGE ”; DZUP 568523 View Materials   1 ♂; “ DZUP \568524” “Curitiba– Pr. \ V-1956 \ R. Lange leg.” “Obs. No. 162\ R. Lange ” “ EX –COLEÇÃO\ R.B. LANGE ”; DZUP 568524 View Materials   1 ♀; “ DZUP \568612” “Barigui Curitiba\ PR XI-955\ R. Lange leg”; DZUP 568612 View Materials   1 ♂; “ DZUP \568525” “Brasil, Paraná, Curitiba\ Parque São Lourenço\ março, 2019\ Lepeco, A.”; DZUP 568525 View Materials   .

Additional material

BRAZIL – Minas Gerais • 1 ♂; “ DZUP \568636” “Brasil, MG, 16 km a SE\ de Itamonte, Pq. Nac. \ Itatiaia, 25.x.2011,\ 22.372S 44.704W, 2400m, G. Melo ”; DZUP 568636 View Materials GoogleMaps   .



MEASUREMENTS. Head width 2.0 mm, length 1.7 mm; intertegular distance 1.4 mm; body length about 8.5 mm.

HEAD. Labrum black; Mandible black on base to middle; dark amber on middle to apex; long setae on outer and ventral margin, more concentrated on base. Clypeus black; sulcate; basal margin weakly arcuate in the middle; punctate to densely punctate (i<pd); polished interspaces; sparse setae on middle; row of long plumose whitish setae on apex, more abundant on corners. Supraclypeal area black; densely punctate (i <pd) on corners and few punctate on middle; polished. Paraocular area black; contiguously punctate to rugose; microreticulate; weakly covered with long whitish setae, more abundant near antennae. Antennae mostly black; brownish of ventral surface of flagellomeres; F2–F10 homogeneously covered with whitish pubescence on ventral surface; F1 with less pubescence; scape long, reaching mid ocellus; few long erect setae; punctate; imbricate, more polished apically. Frons black; contiguously punctate to rugose; dull; sparse erect setae; weakly depressed above supraclypeal area. Vertex loosely rugose; dull; rugose-carinate on back of ocelli; sparse erect setae; area between ocelli rugose; dull. Gena weakly covered with long whitish setae on dorsal view; loosely rugose on lateral view; weakly covered with short whitish setae on lateral view.

MESOSOMA. Pronotum imbricate; weakly covered with tomentum; pronotal lobe more polished; black to dark amber; border of pronotal lobe densely covered with tomentum. Posterior margin of pronotum weakly covered with tomentum. Prosternum black; dull; strigate-rugose. Fore leg: coxa black; dark amber on apex; imbricate; few sparse setae; trochanter black do dark brown; imbricate on base, more polished apically; sparse erect setae; femur dark brown; imbricate; few erect setae on outer surface; tibia dark amber, lighter on base and apex; imbricate; tibial spur serrate on apex, with one sharp tooth; tarsi dark brown/dark amber. Mesoscutum black; punctate (i =pd) on middle; anterior border densely punctate; polished; posterior margin densely punctate; anterior border contiguously punctate to rugose; microreticulate; median sulcus weak. Mesepisternum black; coarsely rugose; sparse setae. Mid leg,coxa dark brown; imbricate; weakly covered with whitish setae, more concentrated on apex; trochanter dark brown; lighter on apex; mostly polished; few erect setae; femur dark brown; lighter on apex; mostly polished; few sparse setae; tibia dark brown; weakly covered with whitish setae; imbricate; one simple tibial spur, dark amber; tarsi dark brown. Tegula dark amber; concentric lineolate; polished in the middle. Fore wing with 1 st m–cu reaching 2 nd submarginal cell on 2 nd rs–m. Scutellum black; with a well-defined longitudinal row of punctures; mostly polished; imbricate on posterior margin. Metanotum black; rugulose; covered with tomentum. Metepisternum rugose, with impressed carinae near top; weakly covered with tomentum. Hind leg. Coxa black, apex dark amber; imbricate near base, more polished apically; weakly covered with long erect setae; trochanter dark brown; sparse setae; femur dark brown to dark amber; lighter on base and apex; imbricate; sparse setae; tibia dark brown; weakly covered with whitish setae; two simple tibial spurs, serrate; amber; tarsi dark brown. Hind wing with 5 hamuli. Metapostnotum weakly concave; margin trapezoidal; areolate-rugulose. Latero-dorsal surface gently declivitous, scrobiculate with long hollows. Propodeum rugose; weakly covered with tomentum.

METASOMA. T1 amber; mostly polished. T2 dark amber; imbricate; short setae on anterior margin. T3 dark amber; imbricate; few short setae on anterior margin; sparse long setae. T4 dark amber to black; dark amber on posterior margin; imbricate; sparse long setae. T5 black; imbricate; long setae concentrated on posterior margin. Pygidial plate black; dull; rounded apically. S1 mostly black; imbricate. S2–S4 dark amber with irregular black blots; S5–S6 mostly black; S1–S6 imbricate; sparse long setae; rows of long setae on posterior margins.


Measurements: Head width 2.1 mm, length 1.9 mm; intertegular distance 1.5 mm; body length about 8.5 mm. As the female except as described. Clypeus, supraclypeal area and lower parocular area with scattered plumose setae; vertex very coarsely punctate. Sterna 4–5 with a submarginal row long setae (2 od).


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile


The Culture Collection of Extremophilic Fungi


Museum of Zoology