Glenognatha heleios Hormiga, 1990,

Jimmy Cabra-García & Antonio D. Brescovit, 2016, Revision and phylogenetic analysis of the orb-weaving spider genus Glenognatha Simon, 1887 (Araneae, Tetragnathidae), Zootaxa 4069 (1), pp. 1-183: 120-121

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Glenognatha heleios Hormiga, 1990


Glenognatha heleios Hormiga, 1990 

( Figs. 93–97View FIGURE 93View FIGURE 94View FIGURE 95View FIGURE 96View FIGURE 97, 134)

Glenognatha heleios Hormiga, in Hormiga & Döbel, 1990: 197  , figs. 1–14 (male holotype from Tuckerton, Ocean Co., New Jersey, United States of America, 1.xi.1984, H. Döbel leg., deposited in USNM, examined; Paratypes from the same locality, 6♀ 6♂, 9.x.1984, 3♀ 4♂, 7.xi.1984, H. Döbel leg., deposited in USNM; 1♀ 1♂, 9.x.1984, H. Döbel leg., deposited in AMNH; 1♀ 1♂, 9.x.1984 H. Döbel leg., deposited in MCZ, all examined); Hormiga et al. 1995: 326, figs. 7H –I; Cabra-García et al. 2014: 1029, figs. 1K, 4D, 6 A, 8B; World Spider Catalog 2015.

Diagnosis. Males of G. heleios  can be easily distinguished from all other Glenognatha  species (except G. iviei  ) by the presence of a small pointed basal apophysis on the paracymbium ( Figs. 95FView FIGURE 95, 97HView FIGURE 97); distinguished from G. iviei  by the slightly curved Prt 1 ( Fig. 94 AView FIGURE 94) and by the uncoiled embolus distal portion ( Figs. 95DView FIGURE 95, 97E –GView FIGURE 97). Females resemble those of G. foxi  and G. hirsutissima  by having a basal constriction on the spermathecae ( Figs. 96D –EView FIGURE 96); distinguished from the former by the absence of CFO ( Figs. 94D –FView FIGURE 94) and from the latter by the absence of macrosetae on the ventral surface of femur III.

Description. Male and female described by Hormiga & Döbel (1990). Additional data. Habitus as in Figure 93View FIGURE 93. Femur III and IV without trichobothria. Male and female with three promarginal and four retromarginal teeth ( Fig. 94View FIGURE 94). Male chelicerae with anterior tooth and CFO ( Fig. 94 A –CView FIGURE 94). Palp as in Figures 95E –HView FIGURE 95. Conductor retrolateral apophysis rounded ( Figs. 95B –CView FIGURE 95). Embolus curved prolaterally ( Figs. 97 A, EView FIGURE 97). Female tracheal system as in Figures 96F –HView FIGURE 96. Spermathecae with a basal constriction ( Figs. 96D –EView FIGURE 96). UE entire ( Fig. 96 A –CView FIGURE 96).

Variation. See Hormiga & Döbel (1990).

Distribution. Known in New Jersey state in United States of America ( Fig. 134).

Additional material examined (N = 18). UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: New Jersey: Ocean Co., Tuckerton, [39º36´N, 74º20´W], elev. [1m], 7.xi.1984, H. Döbel leg., 4♂ 7♀ ( USNM)GoogleMaps  ; 28.vii.1984, H. Döbel leg., 3♂ ( USNM)  ; 25.ix.1984, H. Döbel leg., 2♂ ( USNM)  .

New records. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: New Jersey: Oceanville , [39º28´N, 74º27´W], elev. [12m], 26.ix.1949, P. F. Springer leg., 1♀ 1♂ ( AMNH).GoogleMaps 


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


American Museum of Natural History


Museum of Comparative Zoology














Glenognatha heleios Hormiga, 1990

Jimmy Cabra-García & Antonio D. Brescovit 2016

Glenognatha heleios Hormiga, in Hormiga & Döbel, 1990 : 197

Cabra-Garcia 2014: 1029
Hormiga 1995: 326
Hormiga 1990: 197