Dryinus chenae Xu, Olmi & He, 2007

Xu, Zaifu, Olmi, Massimo & He, Junhua, 2013, <strong> Dryinidae of the Oriental region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) </ strong>, Zootaxa 3614 (1), pp. 1-460: 265-277

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3614.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E75E5224-20F1-431C-A7CB-9EE0D3F25118

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/8860B757-8F46-FED4-48A7-55D7FDE8FB9F

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Dryinus chenae Xu, Olmi & He, 2007
status

 

8. Dryinus chenae Xu, Olmi & He, 2007  

( Plate 76B View PLATE 76 )

Dryinus chenae Xu, Olmi & He 2007: 453   ; Mita 2009b: 48 View Cited Treatment ; Xu et al. 2011g (Suppl.): 13; Mita & Okajima 2012: 153.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 5.1–6.6 mm. Head black, except mandible and clypeus ferruginous; gena of holotype and specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, partly ferruginous; gena of specimen from Japan, Omoto, completely black; anterior margin of face ferruginous in specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve; antenna of holotype with segments 1–8 testaceous; segments 9–10 missing in holotype; antenna of specimen from Japan, Omoto, completely testaceous; mesosoma of holotype black, except posterior collar of pronotum testaceous; mesosoma of specimen from Japan, Omoto, completely black; metasoma brown; legs of holotype testaceous, except coxae black; legs of specimen from Japan, Omoto, brown, except tarsi testaceous. Antenna clavate; holotype with antennal segments 1–8 in following proportions: 11:7:33:18:14:12:10:8 (last two segments missing); antenna of specimen from Japan, Omoto, in following proportions: 16:8:36:19:16:13:11:9:8:10.5; rhinaria present in antennal segments 6–10. Head dull, hairless, slightly convex, with dorsal surface reticulate rugose; ventral surface of head with medial area smooth and lateral areas sculptured by many longitudinal keels; frontal line complete; occipital carina complete, laterally not reaching eyes; holotype with POL = 8; OL = 2.5; OOL = 8; OPL = 2; TL = 2; greatest breadth of the posterior ocelli slightly longer than OPL (3:2); in specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, POL = 7; OL = 3; OOL = 10; OPL = 3; TL = 3; greatest breadth of posterior ocelli as long as OPL. Pronotum shiny, smooth, unsculptured, except many longitudinal striae around and on sides of disc; pronotum with disc humped and posterior collar short; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum and scutellum dull, reticulate rugose. Notauli almost complete, almost reaching posterior margin of scutum (but slightly visible near posterior margin of scutum among areolae). Metanotum of holotype dull, reticulate rugose; metanotum of specimen from Japan, Omoto, almost completely smooth, shiny, unsculptured. Mesopleuron dull, reticulate rugose. Metapleuron dull, strongly transversely striate. Propodeum hairless, with dorsal surface reticulate rugose; posterior surface reticulate rugose, with two complete longitudinal keels; dorsal surface of propodeum about as long as posterior surface. Fore wing with two dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein of holotype about twice as long as proximal part (19:9); in specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, distal part of stigmal vein less than twice as long as proximal part (19:12). Protarsal segments in following proportions: 24:2.5:5.5:17:25. In a specimen from Sri Lanka, Uda Walawe National Park, protarsal segment 1 much longer than segment 4 (25:15). Enlarged claw spatulate ( Plate 76B View PLATE 76 ) with a strong subdistal tooth and one row of 15–18 lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 76B View PLATE 76 ) with three rows of 6–7 (longer) + approximately 48 lamellae without interruption to distal apex. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Type: holotype ♀: CHINA: Hainan, Mt. Jianfengling , 12–15.VII.2006, Tianfei Chen leg. ( SCAU)   . Other material. CHINA: Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve , 16.X.2007, Zaifu Xu leg., 1♀ ( SCAU)   . JAPAN: Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, Ishigaki-jima, Omoto , 22.X.2004, Light trap, M. Hayashi leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b)   . LAOS: Houaphan, Phou Pan , 20°11'N 104°01'E, 1500 m, 2–10.V.2005, native collector, 1♀ ( ELTU) (Mita & Okajima, 2012) GoogleMaps   ; Xiengkhouang, Phou Sam Soum , 2331–2356 m, 9.V.2010, H. Kojima leg., 1♀ ( ELTU) (Mita & Okajima, 2012)   ; SRI LANKA: Uda Walawe National Park , 15.I.1992, ex nymph of Pyrilla perpusilla   , 2♀♀ ( BMNH)   .

Hosts. Lophopidae   : in Sri Lanka: Pyrilla perpusilla (Walker)   .

Distribution. China (Hainan, Guangdong), Japan (Ryukyus), Laos (Houaphan), Sri Lanka (Uda Walawe).

9. Dryinus choui Olmi, 1993  

( Plate 77A View PLATE 77 )

Dryinus choui Olmi 1993b: 67   ; He & Xu 2002: 266.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 3.9–4.4 mm. Head black, except mandible, clypeus and gena testaceous; antenna brown-testaceous, except distal half of segment 10 testaceous (in specimen from Laos, 20°13.30'N 103°59.26'E, antenna testaceous); mesosoma black, except pronotum testaceous with lateral regions broadly blackish; metasoma brown; legs brown-testaceous, except hind coxae partly black. Antenna clavate; antennal segments in following proportions: 8:5:22:13:11:8:7:7:5:10. Head excavated, dull, granulated; frontal line complete; occipital carina complete; posterior ocelli touching occipital carina; POL = 2; OL = 2; OOL = 7; TL = 2; TL shorter than greatest breadth of posterior ocelli (2:2.5). Pronotum dull, sculptured by numerous longitudinal striae around and on sides of disc; disc rugose, humped; pronotum crossed by two transverse impressions, anterior impression weak and posterior one strong; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum dull, granulated and reticulate rugose; only anterior region of median area not reticulate rugose. Notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.8 length of scutum. Scutellum dull, granulated. Metanotum dull, rugose. Propodeum dull, reticulate rugose, with two complete longitudinal keels on posterior surface; dorsal surface about as long as posterior surface. Fore wing with two dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein longer than proximal part (20:6). Protarsal segments in following proportions: 17:3:5:15:24. Enlarged claw not spatulate ( Plate 77A View PLATE 77 ), with one strong subapical tooth and one row of eight lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 77A View PLATE 77 ) with two rows of 18 lamellae; distal apex with about 14 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Types: holotype ♀: CHINA: Taiwan, Ilan, Tapinshan , 1950 m, 26–28.VII.1983, L.Y. Chou leg. ( TARI)   . Paratype: CHINA: Taiwan, Nantou, Sungkang , 2100 m, XI.1985, Malaise trap, K.S. Lin leg., 1♀ ( AMNH)   . Other material. LAOS: Hua Phan Prov., Mt. Phou Pan , 20°13.30'N 103°59.26'E, 1350–1900 m, 21.V.2010, C. Holzschuh leg., 1♀ ( OLL) GoogleMaps   .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. China (Taiwan), Laos, (Hua Phan).

10. Dryinus exilis Olmi, 1984  

( Plate 77B View PLATE 77 )

Dryinus exilis Olmi 1984: 802   .

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 3.7 mm. Head black, except mandible, clypeus and malar space yellow; mesosoma black; metasoma brown; legs yellow, except clubs of femora and metacoxa brown. Antenna clavate. Head excavated, shiny, smooth, unsculptured, with longitudinal keels on lateral regions; occipital carina complete; temple very prominent; posterior ocelli touching occipital carina. Pronotum shiny, smooth, unsculptured, with lateral regions sculptured by longitudinal keels; crossed by posterior transverse impression; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum shiny, with median region unsculptured and lateral areas weakly granulated. Notauli complete, posteriorly separated; minimum distance between notauli longer than greatest breadth of posterior ocelli (6:3). Scutellum and metanotum shiny, smooth, unsculptured. Propodeum reticulate–rugose, without longitudinal keels on posterior surface. Fore wing with three dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein much longer than proximal part. Fore tarsal segment 1 slightly longer than segment 4. Enlarged claw not spatulate ( Plate 77B View PLATE 77 ), with one subapical tooth and one row of 12 lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 77B View PLATE 77 ) with two rows of 28 lamellae; distal apex with about six lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Type: holotype ♀: LAOS: Salavan (=Wapikhamthong) Prov., Vapy (=Wapi) ( BPBM)   .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Laos (Salavan).

11. Dryinus expolitus Xu, Olmi & He, 2007  

( Plate 77C, F View PLATE 77 )

Dryinus expolitus Xu, Olmi & He 2007: 454   ; Mita 2009b: 49 View Cited Treatment ; Mita & Okajima 2012: 153; Xu et al. 2011g (Suppl.): 14.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 3.8–6.2 mm. Head black, except mandible testaceous; clypeus black, except anterior margin whitish (in specimens from Japan, Jokoji and Komi, clypeus testaceous; in specimen from Japan, Imakira-dake, clypeus black, except distal half brown); antenna of holotype brown, except segments 5–10 testaceous and ventral side of segment 1 whitish (antenna of specimen from Japan, Jokoji, testaceous, except segments 4–8 brown; antenna of specimens from Japan, Imakira-dake and Komi, brown, except segments 1–2 and 10 testaceous); mesosoma of holotype black (in specimens from Japan mesosoma black, except lateral margins, posterior collar of pronotum and pronotal tubercle completely or partly testaceous); metasoma of holotype and specimen from Japan, Komi, brown; metasoma of some specimens from Japan partly or totally testaceous; legs of holotype black, except articulations, fore trochanters and distal third of fore coxae testaceous; legs of specimens from Japan, Jokoji and Kamakura, completely testaceous; legs of specimen from Japan, Imakira-dake, testaceous, except procoxa, femora and tibiae brown; legs of specimen from Japan, Komi, testaceous, except coxae, femora and protibia brown. Antenna clavate; antennal segments of holotype in following proportions: 13:7:48:18:19:10:10:8:6:9; antennal segments of smaller specimen from Japan, Imakira-dake, in following proportions: 11:5:22:10:9:8:6:5.5:4.5:8; antennal segments of smaller specimen from Japan, Komi, in following proportions: 9:5:19.5:8.5:6:6:5:5:4.5:7.5. Head dull, hairless, excavated, with dorsal and ventral surface granulated; frontal line incomplete, not present in anterior third of face; in specimen from Japan, Jokoji, face with some tracks of short transverse keels; occipital carina complete, laterally not reaching eyes; ocellar triangle with few irregular keels joining ocelli; holotype with POL = 3; OL = 4; OOL = 11; OPL = 1; TL = 2; greatest breadth of the posterior ocelli longer than TL (3:2). In specimen from Japan, Imakira-dake, POL = 2.5; OL = 3; OOL = 9.5; OPL = 1; TL = 2.5; greatest breadth of posterior ocelli longer than TL (3:2.5). In specimen from Japan, Jokoji, TL as long as greatest breadth of posterior ocelli. In specimen from Japan, Komi, POL = 2; OL = 3; OOL = 8; OPL = 0.5; TL = 2; greatest breadth of posterior ocelli about as long as TL. Pronotum ( Plate 77C View PLATE 77 ) shiny, smooth, with disc granulated; sides of pronotum unsculptured and with many longitudinal striae around disc; pronotum with disc humped and posterior collar short; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum dull, smooth, granulated, with few areolae near posterior margin. Notauli of holotype complete, posteriorly separated; minimum distance between notauli longer than POL (6:3). In specimens from Japan notauli apparently incomplete, hardly visible among areolae present near posterior margin of scutum. Scutellum dull, granulated. Metanotum of holotype with anterior half reticulate rugose and posterior half smooth; in specimens from Japan metanotum partly or totally rugose. Mesopleura dull, reticulate rugose. Metapleura dull, strongly transversely striate. Propodeum hairless, with dorsal surface reticulate rugose; posterior surface reticulate rugose, without longitudinal keels; dorsal surface of propodeum slightly longer than posterior surface (13:8). Fore wing with three dark transverse bands; in holotype (6.25 mm) distal part of stigmal vein much longer than proximal part (21:9); in smaller specimen from Japan, Komi, distal part of stigmal vein more than twice as long as proximal part (2.62); in smaller specimens from Japan distal part of stigmal vein less than twice as long as proximal part (16: 9.5 in specimens from Jokoji). Protarsal segments of holotype in following proportions: 24:4:9:28:43; Protarsal segments of specimen from Japan, Imakira-dake, in following proportions: 26:6:12:29:44; Protarsal segments of specimen from Japan, Komi, in following proportions: 15:3:6:16:27. Enlarged claw not spatulate ( Plate 77F View PLATE 77 ) with one strong subdistal tooth and one row of 9–14 lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 77F View PLATE 77 ) with two rows of approximately 23–36 lamellae; distal apex with at least 24–30 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Type: holotype ♀: CHINA: Hainan, Mt. Jianfengling, 12–15.VII.2006, Tianfei Chen leg. ( SCAU). Other material. JAPAN: Ryukyu Islands, Tokara Islands, Takara-jima, Imakira-dake, 1.VI.2005, J. Kantô leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Iriomote-jima, Komi, 26.XII.2006, T. Ishizaki leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); Ishigaki-jima, Takeda-rindô, 14.VI.2005, M. Satô leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Ishigaki-jima, Shiramizu, 1–3.VII.1993, K. Konishi leg., 1♀ ( NIAES) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Ishigaki-jima, Banna Park, 3–7.III.1995, Malaise trap, T. Matsumura leg., 1♀ ( NIAES) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Iriomote-jima, Ôtomi Path, 19.VI.2005, M. Satô leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Iriomote-jima, Ootomirindô, 8.IV.2005, fogging from Castanopsis cuspidata   ( Fagaceae   ), H. Kojima leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Iriomote-jima, Ushiku-mori, 9.III.1964, Malaise trap, Y. Kurosawa leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Yonaguni-jima, Mt. Urabu-dake, 2.I.2007, T. Ishizaki leg., 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); LAOS: Houaphan, Phou Pan, 20°11'N 104°01'E, 1500 m, 18.V.2004, native collector, 1♀ ( ELTU) (Mita & Okajima, 2012).

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. China (Hainan), Japan (Ryukyus), Laos (Houaphan).

12. Dryinus fulvus Olmi, 1984  

( Plate 77D, G View PLATE 77 )

Dryinus fulvus Olmi 1984: 815   .

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 4.6–5.6 mm. Head black, except mandible, clypeus and anterior region of face yellow; antenna testaceous; mesosoma black, except prothorax reddish (except brown spots on anterior collar of pronotum); metasoma brown-reddish; legs testaceous. Antenna clavate. Head ( Plate 77D View PLATE 77 ) dull, granulated, with few weak longitudinal keels; occipital carina complete; posterior ocelli not touching occipital carina. Pronotum dull, weakly granulated, with numerous keels around disc; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum dull, hairy, granulated, occasionally reticulate rugose near posterior margin. Notauli little visible, incomplete, reaching about 0.5 length of scutum. Scutellum and metanotum dull, granulated. Propodeum reticulate rugose, without longitudinal keels. Fore wing with three dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein longer than proximal part. Protarsal segment 1 slightly longer than segment 4. Enlarged claw not spatulate ( Plate 77G View PLATE 77 ), with one subapical tooth and one row of nine lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 77G View PLATE 77 ) with two rows of approximately 21 lamellae; distal apex with about eight lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Type: holotype ♀: VIET NAM: Kon Tum Prov., Kon Tum ( BPBM)   . Other material. THAILAND: Chiang Mai Prov., Doi Inthanon National Park , 1300 m ( AMNH)   .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Viet Nam (Kon Tum), Thailand (Chiang Mai).

13. Dryinus hainanensis Olmi, 1987  

( Plates 77E View PLATE 77 , 78A View PLATE 78 )

Dryinus hainanensis Olmi 1987a: 424   ; He & Xu 2002: 262; Xu et al. 2011g (Suppl.): 14.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 11.6 mm. Head black, except mandible, clypeus, anterior region of face and partly gena testaceous; antenna black, except segments 1–2 testaceous and 6–7 and distal apex of 5 whitish; mesosoma reddish, except propleuron black with dorsal side reddish; petiole and metasoma black; legs reddish, except black spots on protrochanter, protarsus, mesocoxa, meso- and metafemur, meso- and metatibia, meso- and metatarsus. Antenna weakly clavate; antennal segments in following proportions: 16:10:86:38:32:24:19:17:15:17. Head ( Plate 77E View PLATE 77 ) excavated, dull, reticulate rugose; frontal line complete; clypeus anteriorly emarginated; occipital carina complete, laterally reaching eyes; posterior ocelli touching ccipital carina; temple absent; POL = 4; OL = 4; OOL = 16. Pronotum shiny, punctate, unsculptured among punctures, with some striae on lateral regions; disc humped; pronotum crossed by two strong transverse impressions; posterior collar very short; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum, scutellum and metanotum dull, reticulate rugose. Notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.75 length of scutum. Propodeum reticulate–rugose, without longitudinal or transverse keels; dorsal surface about as long as posterior surface. Fore wing with two dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein longer than proximal part (11:6). Protarsal segments in following proportions: 34:6:13:25:47. Enlarged claw ( Plate 78A View PLATE 78 ) with one small subapical tooth and one row of ten lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 78A View PLATE 78 ) with two rows of about 27 lamellae; distal apex with about 20 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Type: holotype ♀: CHINA: Hainan, Tien Fong Mountains (= Mt. Jianfengling ), 20.V.1983, Z. Bouček leg. ( BMNH)   .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. China (Hainan).

14. Dryinus indianus ( Olmi, 1984)  

( Plate 78B View PLATE 78 )

Richardsidryinus indianus Olmi 1984: 922   .

Dryinus   miles Olmi 1987a: 426 (synonymized by Olmi 1993d); type locality: Tien Fong Mts. (=Mt. Jianfengling) (Hainan, China); Olmi 1993d: 42.

Dryinus indianus (Olmi)   : Olmi 1993d: 42; He & Xu 2002: 281; Xu et al. 2011g (Suppl.): 14.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 4.8–7.1 mm. Head black, except mandible, clypeus and malar space testaceous; occasionally malar space black; antenna brown, except segments 1–2, or 1–3 and 10 testaceous (antenna of specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, brown, except segments 1–2 and 9–10 testaceous); mesosoma black, except lateral margins and posterior collar of pronotum reddish (occasionally dorsal side of propleuron reddish); metasoma black, occasionally brown-reddish; legs testaceous; occasionally part of coxae, clubs of femora, tibiae, first protarsal segment and last segment of meso- and metatarsus brown. Antenna clavate; antennal segments in following proportions: 13:6:25:11:10:8:7.5:6.5:6:9; antennal segment 3 less than five times as long as segment 2. Head dull, hairless, excavated, granulated and sculptured by some irregular longitudinal keels; frontal line almost complete, not present only near clypeus; face broad, broader than scutellum (15:12); occipital carina complete, laterally not reaching eyes; POL = 2; OL = 2.5; OOL = 9; OPL = 1; TL = 2.5; greatest breadth of posterior ocelli shorter than TL. Occasionally POL = OL. Pronotum dull, granulated, hairy, with numerous striae around disc; pronotum with disc humped and posterior collar short; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum dull, granulated, with lateral regions reticulate rugose; median region between notauli granulated; in specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, median region granulated, with posterior third rugose. Notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.8 length of scutum. Scutellum dull, granulated. Metanotum dull, rugose. In specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, metanotum granulated, not rugose. Mesopleuron dull, reticulate rugose. Metapleuron dull, strongly transversely striate. Propodeum hairless, reticulate rugose, without longitudinal or transverse keels; dorsal surface of propodeum approximately as long as posterior surface. Fore wing with three dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein much longer than proximal part (18:10). Protarsal segments in following proportions: 17:3:8:17:28. Enlarged claw not spatulate ( Plate 78B View PLATE 78 ) with one strong subdistal tooth and one row of 10–12 lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 78B View PLATE 78 ) with two rows of approximately 23–29 lamellae; distal apex with about 15–16 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Types: ♀ holotype of R. indianus   : INDIA: Maharashtra, Padegaon , 23.X.1968, C. I.E. leg., on Sugar cane ( BMNH)   ; ♀ holotype of D. miles: CHINA: Hainan, Tien Fong Mts. (= Mt. Jianfengling ), 17.V.1983, Z. Bouček leg. ( BMNH)   . Other material. CHINA: Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve , 4–5.X.2004, Zaifu Xu leg.   , 1♀ ( SCAU)   . VIET NAM: Nghe An Prov., Phúc Son ( AMNH)   .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. China (Hainan, Guangdong), India (Maharashtra), Viet Nam (Nghe An).

15. Dryinus indicus (Kieffer, 1914)  

( Plate 78C – F View PLATE 78 )

Mesodryinus indicus Kieffer 1914c: 311   ; Pruthi & Mani 1942: 425; Kurian 1954a: 256; Kelner-Pillault 1958: 146.

Chlorodryinus pallidus R. Perkins   : Pruthi & Mani 1942: 425; Kurian 1954a: 257; Subba Rao 1957: 747.

Chlorodryinus koreanus Móczár 1983a: 192   ; type locality: Pyongyan ( North Korea); syn. nov.

Dryinus indicus (Kieffer)   : Olmi 1984: 810; Fiori 1984: 3; Guglielmino & Olmi 1997: 227, 228; Olmi 1998f: 161; He & Xu 2002: 256; Mita 2009b: 50 View Cited Treatment .

Dryinus flavus Xu & He 1994c: 256   (synonymized by Olmi 1998f); type locality: Mt. Tianmushan (Zhejiang, China); Olmi 1998f: 161.

Dryinus masneri Olmi 2009a: 128   ; type locality: Kuta (Kyoto, Japan); syn. nov.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 3.6–5.8 mm. Testaceous, except petiole black. In some specimens from Taiwan vertex of head darkened; prothorax and scutum partly brown; metanotum, propodeum, mesopleuron and metapleuron black, except some testaceous areas. In some specimens from Japan mesosoma testaceous with some areas or spots more or less darkened or brown. In holotype of D. masneri   head brown light, prothorax brown and rest of mesosoma black. Antenna clavate, shorter than body; antennal segments of holotype of M. indicus   in following proportions: 11:5:41:25:21:13:10:10:8:11; antennal segments of holotype of Ch. koreanus   in following proportions: 10:6:33:18:15:11:9:7:7:10; antennal segments of holotype of D. masneri   in following proportions: 9:4.5:31:18:16:10:8:7:5.5:8. Proportions of antennal segments 2–3 variable according to the body size (in small specimens about 5:22; in large specimens about 5:41). Head dull, strongly or slightly granulated; frontal line complete, or shortly absent near clypeus (as in specimen from China, Mt. Qingliangfeng); occipital carina incomplete, only present behind and on sides of ocelli; temple prominent; holotype of M. indicus   with POL = 3; OL = 3; OOL = 7; OPL = 1.5; holotype of Ch. koreanus   with POL = 3; OL = 4; OOL = 8; OPL = 3; holotype of D. masneri   with POL = 3; OL = 3; OOL = 6; OPL = 3; greatest breadth of posterior ocelli as long as POL; in specimens from Taiwan POL = 2.5; OL = 3; OOL = 6.5; OPL = 3. Pronotum shiny, smooth, unsculptured, crossed by posterior strong transverse impression and slight anterior transverse impression; anterior and posterior collar short; disc long; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Occasionally lateral regions of pronotum sculptured by some longitudinal striae. Scutum shiny, strongly punctate in holotype of M. indicus   ; in some specimens from Taiwan scutum medially granulated or unsculptured, laterally strongly areolate; in specimen from China, Mt. Lingshan, posterior third of scutum areolate; in two specimens from China, Mt. Longwangshan, posterior half of lateral regions of scutum sculptured by many longitudinal furrows; scutum of holotype of Ch. koreanus   granulated, except anterior surface of median area smooth and unsculptured; scutum of holotype of D. masneri   granulated, with numerous large punctures and irregular keels on lateral regions and on median region near posterior margin. Notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.5–0.7 length of scutum. Scutellum of holotype of M. indicus   shiny, punctate, unsculptured among punctures; scutellum of holotypes of Ch. koreanus   and D. masneri   dull, granulated. Metanotum of holotype of M. indicus   dull, rugose; metanotum of holotypes of Ch. koreanus   and D. masneri   dull, granulated. Propodeum ( Plate 78C View PLATE 78 ) reticulate rugose, without transverse or longitudinal keels, with dorsal surface less than twice as long as posterior surface (27: 20 in holotype of Ch. koreanus   ; 20: 17 in holotype of D. masneri   ); in holotype of D. masneri   posterior surface of propodeum with two longitudinal keels. Fore wing hyaline, without dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein longer than proximal part (23: 7 in the holotype of D. masneri   ; 20: 8 in the holotype of Ch. koreanus   ). Profemur with stalk much shorter than club ( Plate 78D View PLATE 78 ); protibia slender and curved ( Plate 78D View PLATE 78 ). Protarsal segments of holotype of Ch. koreanus   in following proportions: 24:3:6:20:29; Protarsal segments of holotype of D. masneri   in following proportions: 20:3:6:16:24. In holotype of M. indicus   protarsal segment 1 longer than segment 4 (15:12). Segment 3 of protarsus produced into hook. Enlarged claw ( Plate 78F View PLATE 78 ) with one large subapical tooth and one row of 8–11 lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 78F View PLATE 78 ) with two rows of 16–20 lamellae; distal apex with about 7–14 lamellae. Tibial spurs 1, 1, 2.

Description of Male. Fully winged; length 2.2–3.6 mm. Head black, except mandible, clypeus and anterior region of face testaceous; occasionally also malar space testaceous (in allotype of Ch. koreanus   ); antenna testaceous; mesosoma black; metasoma brown or black; legs testaceous. Antenna filiform; antennal segments in following proportions: 7:7:19:14:14:14:14:12:10:11. Head dull, granulated; frontal line complete; occipital carina incomplete, only present behind and on sides of ocelli, laterally reaching eyes; temple absent; in allotype of Ch. koreanus POL   = 5; OL = 2; OOL = 3; OPL = 1; in other specimens from India, Pusa, POL = 7; OL = 4; OOL = 4; OPL = 1.5. Scutum of allotype of Ch. koreanus   dull, granulated; scutum of males from India, Pusa, dull, granulated, with posterior third rugose. Notauli incomplete, reaching about 0.50 – 0.65 length of scutum (0.65 in allotype of Ch. koreanus   ). Scutellum dull, granulated. Metanotum of allotype of Ch. koreanus   shiny, smooth, unsculptured; metanotum of males from India, Pusa, dull, granulated. Propodeum reticulate rugose, without transverse or longitudinal keels. Fore wing hyaline, without dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein longer than proximal part (16: 7 in allotype of Ch. koreanus   ; 17: 10 in some males from India, Pusa). Genitalia in plate 78E. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Material examined. Types: ♀ holotype of M. indicus   : INDIA: Bihar, Pusa ( MNHN)   ; ♀ holotype of D. flavus   : CHINA: Zhejiang, Mt. Tianmushan , 21.VIII.1987, Xuexin Chen leg. ( ZJUC)   ; female paratype of D. flavus   : CHINA: Zhejiang, Kaihua, Mt. Gutianshan , 22.VII.1986, Xiaoming Lou leg. ( ZJUC)   ; ♀ holotype of D. masneri   : JAPAN: Kyoto Pref., Kuta , 500 m, 11–13.IX.1996, forest, YPT, L. Masner leg. ( CNC)   ; holotype of Ch. koreanus   : NORTH KOREA: South Pyongan Prov., Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 5–6.VIII.1971, S. Horvatovich and J. Papp leg. ( NMNH)   . Paratypes of M. indicus   : INDIA: same locality labe las holotype   , 4♀♀ ( MNHN). Paratypes of Ch. koreanus   : NORTH KOREA: South Pyongan Prov., 14 Km W Pyongyan, Lyong –ak san, 30.VII.1975, J. Papp and A. Vojnits coll   , 1♂ ( NMNH); South Pyongan Prov., 12 Km NE Pyongyan, De-sang san, 7.VIII.1971, S. Horvatovich and J. Papp leg.   , ♂ allotype ( NMNH). Other material. BANGLADESH: Ishurdi, Pabna , 1981, C.I.E   ., 3♀♀ and 1♂, reared from Pyrilla perpusilla (Walker) (BMNH)   . CHINA: Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve , 8–17.VIII.2010, Huayan Chen leg.   , 8♀♀ ( SCAU); Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve, Arboretum , 10–12.IX.2011, YPT, Zaifu Xu leg.   , 4♀♀ ( SCAU); Guangxi, Guilin City, Maoershan National Nature Reserve , 2–10.VIII.2005, Zaifu Xu leg.   , 1♀ ( ZJUC); Guizhou, Mt. Leigongshan , 2.VI.2005, Hongying Zhang leg.   , 1♀ ( SCAU); Henan, Mt. Lingshan , 22.V.2000, Ping Cai leg.   , 1♀ ( ZJUC); Taiwan, Nantou, Meifeng , 2150 m, 22–26.VI.1983, K.S. Lin & S.C. Lin leg.   , 1♀ ( TARI); same locality label, 24–26.VI.1981, K.S. Lin & W.S. Tang leg.   , 2♀♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Nantou, Tungpu , 1200 m, 25–29.IX.1980, L.Y.Chou & T. Lin leg.   , 1♀ ( TARI); same locality label, 5–8.X.1981, T. Lin & W.S. Tang leg.   , 1♀ ( TARI); same locality label, 22–25.XI.1982, K.C. Chou & S.P. Huang leg.   , 1♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Nantou, Wushe , 1150 m, 7–8.X.1982, 19–22.IV.1983, K.C. Chou leg.   , 2♀♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Nantou, Tsuifeng , 2300 m ( TARI); Taiwan , Pingtung , Kenting Park , 22.III.1980, K.S. Lin leg.   , 1♀ ( TARI); Taiwan, Pingtung, Mt. Dahanshan , 1300–1600 m, 9.VI.2010, Xuexin Chen leg.   , 1♀ ( SCAU); Yunnan, Jinghong, Naban River National Nature Reserve , 19–23.VII.2011, YPT, Nasen Wei et al. leg   ., 1♀ ( SCAU); Zhejiang, Mt. Tianmushan , 30.III.2003, Xiaoxia Yu leg.   , 1♀ ( ZJUC); same locality label, 21–25.VII.2011, Huayan Chen & Chengyuan Jin leg.   , 7♀♀ ( SCAU); Zhejiang, Mt. West Tianmushan , 2–4.VI.1990, Junhua He leg.   , 1♂ ( ZJUC); Zhejiang, Ji'an, Mt. Longwangshan , 22.IX.2004, Yun Ma leg.   , 2♀♀ ( ZJUC); Zhejiang, Lin'an, Mt. Qingliangfeng , 11.VIII.2005, Hongying Zhang leg.   , 1♀ ( SCAU). INDIA: Bihar, Pusa   , ♀♀ ( IARI); same locality label, 28.IX.1928, 5.X.1929, on sugarcane, E. Hassan leg.   , two female and 1♂ ( BMNH); same locality label, 1956, on sugarcane, ex Pyrilla     , 1♀ ( BMNH); Haryana, Karnal ( Subba Rao 1957); West Bengal, Nadia District, Plassey , 10.XI.1986, on leaves of sugarcane   , 1♀ ( BMNH). INDONESIA: Sulawesi, Karaenta , 05°01.890'S 119°44.266'E, primary seasonal forest, 250 m, 30.VII–11.VIII.2005, Malaise trap GoogleMaps   , 1♀ ( MNHN); Sumbawa Island, near Pancasila, Gunung Tambora , 1025 m ( RNHL). JAPAN: Ryukyu Islands , Okinawa-jima , Yona , 25–27.V.1974, M. Sato leg.   , 1♀ and 1♂ collected when they were mating ( ELKU) (Mita, 2009); Ryukyu Islands, Tokara Islands , Nakanoshima , Mt. Nanatsu-yama , 5.VI.2004, T. Mita leg.   , 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b); Ryukyu Islands, Ishigaki-jima, Oosato , 24°40'N 124°24'E, reared from Geisha distinctissima (Walker)   , parasitized host collected 9.V.2008, dryinid cocooning 12.V.2008, dryinid adult emergence 2.VI.2008, T. Mita leg. GoogleMaps   and reared, 1♀ ( ELKU). MALAYSIA: Malaya, Negeri Sembilan, Pasoh Forest Reserve ( AEIC). THAILAND: Mae Hong Son Prov., Soppong , 19°27'N 98°20'E, 1500 m, 7–12.V.1996 ( OLL); Nakhon Ratchasima Prov., Pak Chong ( PMA). Palaearctic: JAPAN: Fukuoka Pref., Mt. Hiko , 25–26.VII.1979, K. Maeto leg. GoogleMaps   , 1♀ ( NIAES) ( Mita, 2009b); same locality label, 2–3.V.1983, K. Konishi leg. GoogleMaps   , 1♀ ( NIAES) ( Mita, 2009b); Kagoshima Pref., Yaku-shima, Mt. Tachiudake , 1000 m, 17.VII.1970, K. Yamagishi leg.   , 2♀♀ ( ELMU) ( Mita, 2009b); Yaku-shima, Mt. Miyanoura , 18.X–30.XI.1999, T. Murata leg.   , 1♀ ( ELMU) ( Mita, 2009b); same locality label, 10.VII–8.VIII.2000, K. Nojima leg.   , 1♀ ( ELMU) ( Mita, 2009b); same locality label, 3.IX–10.X.2000   , 2♀♀ ( ELMU) ( Mita, 2009b); Yaku-shima, Shiratani , 600 m, 3.IX–10.X.2000, T. Murata leg.   , 2♀♀ ( ELMU) ( Mita, 2009b); same locality label, 10.VII–8.VIII.2000   , 1♀ ( ELMU) ( Mita, 2009b); Miyazaki Pref., Mt. Takachiho, Kirishima , 13–16.VII.1962, S. Die leg.   , 1♀ ( ELKU) ( Mita, 2009b)   .

Hosts. Lophopidae   and Flatidae ( Guglielmino & Olmi, 1997)   : in Bangladesh: Pyrilla perpusilla (Walker)  

( Lophopidae   ) ( Fiori, 1984); in India: Pyrilla sp.   ( Lophopidae   ) ( Pruthi & Mani, 1942); Flatida marginella (Olivier)   (= Phromnia marginella   ) ( Flatidae   ) ( Kieffer, 1914a); in Japan (Ryukyu Islands): Geisha distinctissima (Walker)   ( Flatidae   ) ( Mita, 2009b).

Distribution. China (Zhejiang, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Guizhou, Taiwan, Yunnan), India (Bihar, Haryana), Japan (Kyoto, Ryukyus, Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Yaku-shima, Miyazaki), North Korea (South Pyongan), Bangladesh (Ishurdi), Indonesia (Sulawesi, Sumbawa), Malaysia (Malaya), Thailand (Mae Hong Son, Nakhon Ratchasima).

Remarks. Chlorodryinus koreanus Móczár   and Dryinus masneri Olmi   are here synonymized with Dryinus indicus (Kieffer)   following the comparison of the respective types. The comparison showed that the main morpohological character are like in all three species.

16. Dryinus irregularis Olmi, 1984  

( Plate 79A, B View PLATE 79 )

Dryinus irregularis Olmi 1984: 794   .

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 5.0– 5.3 mm. Head of holotype and some specimens from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, black, except mandible yellow; in specimen from Thailand, 19°27'N 98°20'E, mandible and clypeus testaceous; antenna of holotype and specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, brown, except segments 1–2 and partly 3 testaceous; in specimen from Thailand, 19°27'N 98°20'E, antenna totally testaceous; mesosoma black, with lateral regions of pronotum and occasionally also posterior margin of pronotum reddish; in specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, pronotum completely black; metasoma brown or black; legs testaceous, except meso- and metacoxa partly black; occasionally procoxa partly black. Antenna clavate; antennal segments in following proportions: 14:7:26:17:14:11:9:8:6:9. Head dull or shiny, reticulate rugose; frontal line complete; occipital carina complete, laterally not reaching eyes; POL = 6; OL = 3; OOL = 7.5; OPL = 3; TL = 3. Pronotum ( Plate 79A View PLATE 79 ) with median transverse impression and slight posterior impression; disc not humped; anterior surface of pronotum and lateral regions shiny, unsculptured; posterior surface strongly punctate, unsculptured among punctures; posterior transverse impression sculptured by many short longitudinal keels; pronotal tubercle not reaching tegula. Scutum completely reticulate rugose. In specimen from Laos, Ban Houaykong, anterior half of median area of scutum reticulate rugose, posterior half sculptured by many transverse folds. Notauli indistinct, incomplete, reaching about 0.5 length of scutum. In specimen from Laos, Ban Houaykong, notauli complete and posteriorly broadly separated. Scutellum reticulate rugose; in specimen from Thailand, 19°27'N 98°20'E, scutellum smooth and with few strong punctures. In specimen from Laos, Ban Houaykong, scutellum strongly punctate and unsculptured among punctures. Metanotum reticulate rugose. Propodeum reticulate rugose, without transverse keel between dorsal and posterior surface; posterior surface with two complete longitudinal keels; in specimen from Thailand, 19°27'N 98°20'E, posterior surface with two very short longitudinal keels. Fore wing hyaline, without dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein approximately as long as proximal part, or longer (14:10; or 12:11). In holotype and specimen from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, segment 1 of protarsus about twice as long as 4 (23:11). In specimen from Thailand, 19°27'N 98°20'E, protarsal segments in following proportions: 30:3:6:11:18. Segment 3 of protarsus produced into hook. Enlarged claw not spatulate ( Plate 79B View PLATE 79 ) with one strong subdistal tooth and one row of 6–7 lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 79B View PLATE 79 ) with two rows of three (proximal) + 11 lamellae (in holotype); in specimen from Thailand, 19°27'N 98°20'E, segment 5 of protarsus with two rows of seven + six lamellae; in specimens from China, Nanling National Nature Reserve, segment 5 of protarsus with two rows of 10–12 lamellae. Distal apex of segment 5 of protarsus with six–ten lamellae. Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Type: holotype ♀: THAILAND: Chiang Mai Prov., Chiangdao ( BPBM)   . Other material. CHINA: Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve , 1–6.X.2004, 16.X.2007, Zaifu Xu leg., 3♀♀ ( SCAU)   ; Guangdong, Nanling National Nature Reserve, Arboretum , 10–12.IX.2011, YPT, Zaifu Xu leg., 3♀♀ ( SCAU)   . LAOS: South Laos, Ban Houaykong , 18–30.IV.1999, O. Sausa leg., 1♀ ( OLL)   . THAILAND: Mae Hong Son Prov., Soppong , 19°27'N 98°20'E, 1500 m, 7–12.V.1996, 1♀ ( OLL) GoogleMaps   .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. China (Guangdong), Thailand (Chiang Mai, Mae Hong Son), Laos (Ban Houaykong).

17. Dryinus kiefferi ( Fouts, 1922)  

( Plate 79C View PLATE 79 )

Lestodryinus kiefferi Fouts 1922: 630   ; Baltazar 1966: 203.

Dryinus kiefferi (Fouts)   : Olmi 1984: 796.

Description of Female. Fully winged; length 6.9 mm. Head black, except mandible testaceous; antenna brown, except segments 8–10 yellow; mesosoma black; metasoma black-reddish; legs brown, except coxae black and tarsi testaceous. Antenna clavate. Head flat, hairy, dull, granulated and completely sculptured by numerous longitudinal keels; occipital carina incomplete, not present on sides of occiput, present on ventral side of head, dorsally laterally reaching eyes; temple absent. Pronotum dull, hairy, granulated, with some keels on lateral regions; disc little humped; posterior transverse impression strong; anterior transverse impression weak; posterior collar short. Scutum completely sculptured by longitudinal keels. Notauli complete, little distinct among longitudinal keels of scutum. Scutellum and metanotum dull, reticulate rugose. Propodeum reticulate rugose, with two longitudinal keels on posterior surface. Fore wing with two dark transverse bands; distal part of stigmal vein longer than proximal part. Procoxa shorter than head. Protrochanter less than three times as long as broad. Protarsal segment 1 about twice as long as segment 4. Segment 3 of protarsus produced into hook. Enlarged claw spatulate ( Plate 79C View PLATE 79 ) with one subapical tooth and one row of 13 very long lamellae. Segment 5 of protarsus ( Plate 79C View PLATE 79 ) with two rows of about 39 lamellae extending continuously to distal apex (five lamellae are much longer than others). Tibial spurs 1/1/2.

Male. Unknown.

Material examined. Type: holotype ♀: PHILIPPINES: Luzon Island , Mt. Makiling ( USNM)   .

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Philippines (Luzon).

TARI

Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

BPBM

Bishop Museum

NIAES

National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

NMNH

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

IARI

Indian Agricultural Research Institute

AEIC

American Entomological Institute

PMA

Provincial Museum of Alberta

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Dryinidae

Genus

Dryinus

Loc

Dryinus chenae Xu, Olmi & He, 2007

Xu, Zaifu, Olmi, Massimo & He, Junhua 2013
2013
Loc

Dryinus masneri

Olmi, M. 2009: 128
2009
Loc

Dryinus chenae

Mita, T. 2009: 48
Xu, Z. & Olmi, M. & He, J. 2007: 453
2007
Loc

Dryinus expolitus

Mita, T. 2009: 49
Xu, Z. & Olmi, M. & He, J. 2007: 454
2007
Loc

Dryinus flavus

Olmi, M. 1998: 161
Xu, Z. & He, J. 1994: 256
1994
Loc

Dryinus choui

He, J. & Xu, Z. 2002: 266
Olmi, M. 1993: 67
1993
Loc

Dryinus indianus (Olmi)

He, J. & Xu, Z. 2002: 281
Olmi, M. 1993: 42
1993
Loc

Dryinus hainanensis

He, J. & Xu, Z. 2002: 262
Olmi, M. 1987: 424
1987
Loc

Dryinus

Olmi, M. 1993: 42
Olmi, M. 1987: 426
1987
Loc

Dryinus exilis

Olmi, M. 1984: 802
1984
Loc

Dryinus fulvus

Olmi, M. 1984: 815
1984
Loc

Richardsidryinus indianus

Olmi, M. 1984: 922
1984
Loc

Dryinus indicus (Kieffer)

Mita, T. 2009: 50
He, J. & Xu, Z. 2002: 256
Olmi, M. 1998: 161
Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. 1997: 227
Olmi, M. 1984: 810
Fiori, A. 1984: 3
1984
Loc

Dryinus irregularis

Olmi, M. 1984: 794
1984
Loc

Dryinus kiefferi (Fouts)

Olmi, M. 1984: 796
1984
Loc

Chlorodryinus koreanus Móczár 1983a: 192

Moczar, L. 1983: 192
1983
Loc

Chlorodryinus pallidus

Subba Rao, B. R. 1957: 747
Kurian, C. 1954: 257
Pruthi, H. S. & Mani, M. S. 1942: 425
1942
Loc

Lestodryinus kiefferi

Baltazar, C. R. 1966: 203
Fouts, R. M. 1922: 630
1922
Loc

Mesodryinus indicus

Kelner-Pillault, S. 1958: 146
Kurian, C. 1954: 256
Pruthi, H. S. & Mani, M. S. 1942: 425
Kieffer, J. J. 1914: 311
1914