Buthus zeylensis Pocock, 1900

Kovařík, František, Šťáhlavský, František & Elmi, Hassan Sh Abdirahman, 2020, Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida Scorpiones) Part XXIII Buthus (Buthidae), with description of two new species, Euscorpius 307, pp. 1-32: 27-31

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4648379

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:881B2577-F367-469A-AB81-8AF742E7D00C

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4770197

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/863187DA-DC41-403B-68DE-F9B9FE9C55F2

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Buthus zeylensis Pocock, 1900
status

 

Buthus zeylensis Pocock, 1900   , stat. n.

( Figures 101 View Figures 100–101 , 140–175 View Figures 140–143 View Figures 144–151 View Figures 152–167 View Figures 168–175 , 184–185, 190 View Figures 176–190 , 194, 207–209 View Figures 195–209 , 210,

Tables 2–3 View Table 2 View Table 3 )

Buthus occitanus zeylensis Pocock, 1900: 56–57   .

Buthus occitanus berberensis   (in part): Levy & Amitai, 1980: 16, 21; Fet & Lowe, 2000: 95 (complete references list until 1998).

Buthus berberensis: Lourenço, 2008: 46   ; Sousa et al., 2017: 38 View Cited Treatment (in part).

TYPE LOCALITY AND TYPE REPOSITORY. Somaliland, Zeyla; BMNH.  

MATERIAL EXAMINED. Somaliland, Gerissa, 10°36'01"N 43°26'07"E, 245 m a. s. l. (Locality No. 19SH = 17ST), 11.- 12.IX.2017, 22♂ 7♀ 21juvs. (Nos. 1294, 1295, 1297), FKCP, 1♂ 1♀, RTOC, 3.VII.2019, 8♂ 3♀ 12juvs. (No. 1686), FKCP, leg. F. KovařÍk. GoogleMaps  

DIAGNOSIS. Total length 37–54 mm. Base color yellow dark pattern reduced; telson brown; chelicerae pale yellow without reticulation. Pedipalp movable fingers bear 10–11 rows of granules, with 12 outer and inner denticles and fixed finger with 10–11 outer and inner denticles. Chela of pedipalp narrower in male, its length to width ratio 3.4–3.6 in females and 4.1–4.3 in males. Telson bulbous, with aculeus shorter than vesicle. Pectinal teeth number 25–29 in females and 28–35 in males.

COMMENTS. Levy & Amitai (1980: 21) synonymized Buthus occitanus zeylensis Pocock, 1900   with Buthus occitanus berberensis Pocock, 1900   . They argued that “examination of Pocock´s types and of additional material from Somalia showed that these two forms are in fact the two sexes of the same subspecies, the first the male, the second the female.” We studied in detail a large collection of Somaliland specimens collected during expeditions of 2011–2019; this study, including cytogenetic and DNA analysis, confirmed that these two taxa are valid species. Here, we restore Buthus occitanus zeylensis Pocock, 1900   from synonymy and elevate it to species rank.

COMMENTS ON LOCALITIES AND LIFE STRATEGY. In 2019, two of us (FK, HE) visited the city of Zeyla, the type locality of Buthus zeylensis Pocock, 1900   . It is an extremely hot place, with heavily salted soils. We collected scorpions several km from the city (11°19'31.2"N 43°22'16.9"E) and found there Hottentotta polystictus (Pocock, 1896)   , Microbuthus litoralis (Pavesi, 1885)   (first record for Somaliland), Orthochirus afar KovařÍk et Lowe, 2016   and Parabuthus granimanus Pocock, 1895   (topotypes) but no Buthus   specimens. Buthus zeylensis   is common in Gerissa, a very hot, sandy semidesert area ( Fig. 101 View Figures 100–101 ) where we recorded also H. polystictus   , O. afar   , and P. granimanus   , but also Compsobuthus somalilandus KovařÍk, 2012   , Gint gubanensis KovařÍk et al., 2018   (type locality), and Neobuthus gubanensis KovařÍk et al., 2018   (type locality).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Scorpiones

Family

Buthidae

Genus

Buthus

Loc

Buthus zeylensis Pocock, 1900

Kovařík, František, Šťáhlavský, František & Elmi, Hassan Sh Abdirahman 2020
2020
Loc

Buthus berberensis: Lourenço, 2008: 46

SOUSA P. 2017: 38
LOURENCO 2008: 46
2008
Loc

Buthus occitanus zeylensis

POCOCK 1900: 57
1900