Chenopodium Vulvaria L.

Paul Carpenter Standley, 1916, Chenopodiaceae, North American Flora, New York: New York Botanical Garden, pp. 20-20 : 20

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Chenopodium Vulvaria L.


26. Chenopodium Vulvaria L. Sp. Pl 220. 1753.

Atriplex Vulvaria Crantz , Inst. 1: 207. 1766.

Chenopodium foetidum Lam. Fl. Fr. 3: 244. 1778.

Chenopodium olidum Curt. Fl. Lond. 5; pl. 20. 1788.

Chenopodium album Kuntze , Taschen-Fl. Leipz. 218. 1867.

Vulvaria vulgaris Bubani , Fl. Pyren. 1: 175. 1897.

Ill-scented annual, much branched from the base and often throughout, the branches ascending, 1.5-4 dm. long, slender or stout, copiously farinose; petioles half as long as the blades or longer, often equaling them; leaf-blades rhombic-ovate to ovate-orbicular, 1-3.5 cm. long and as wide, rounded to acutish at the apex, mostly rounded at the base, entire, thick, copiously farinose beneath, often glabrate on the upper surface; flowers in small glomerules, these in slender or stout, usually dense, paniculate spikes, the inflorescence little branched, usually leafy; calyx densely farinose, the lobes obtuse, rounded on the back, completely enclosing the fruit; pericarp adherent; seed horizontal, depressed-globose, dull, slightly puncticulate, black, 1 mm. broad, the margin rounded.

Type locality: Europe.

Distribution: Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa; sparsely adventive from Quebec and Ontario to Maryland and Wisconsin, and in Florida.

Illustrations: Curt. Fl. Lond. 5: pl. 20; Engl. Bot. pl. 1034; Fl. Dan. pl. 1152; Dodoens, Pempt. 605; Blackw. Herb. pl. 100; Woodv. Med. Bot. pl. 145; Sturm, Deuts. Fl. 75: pl. 14; Britt. & Brown, lll, Fl. ed. 2.f. 1681; Reichenb. Ic. Fl. Germ. 24: pi. 237; Moss, Cambr. Brit. Fl. pl. 157; Hegi, Ill. Fl. pl. 95, f. 3; Pratt, Fl. PI. Great Brit. pl. 175, f. 3; Benth. Ill. Handb. f. 835; Fiori & Paol. Ic. Fl. Ital. f. 1009.