Penestomus prendinii, Miller, Jeremy A., Griswold, Charles E. & Haddad, Charles R., 2010

Miller, Jeremy A., Griswold, Charles E. & Haddad, Charles R., 2010, Taxonomic revision of the spider family Penestomidae (Araneae, Entelegynae), Zootaxa 2534, pp. 1-36 : 23

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Penestomus prendinii

sp. nov.

Penestomus prendinii sp. nov. 40E 2-8176-E0B62616DCAB

Figs 12E, 12F, 15A, 15B, 21

Penestomus sp. nov. 2: Miller et al., 2010. GenBank accession numbers FJ948972 View (28 S rDNA), FJ948888 View and FJ948930 View (18 S rDNA), FJ949049 View (Histone H 3), FJ949012 View (cytochrome oxidase I).

Type material. Holotype: ♀, site 65, 37.4 km NE Beaufort West, top of De Jager's Pass, Beaufort West District Farm Spitskop 73 , Western Cape, South Africa, 32°4.124'S, 22°45.365'E, 1449 m, 8 March 2007, L. Prendini & H. Bichard ( AMNH). GoogleMaps Paratypes: 2♀, 4 juveniles, same data as holotype ( AMNH) GoogleMaps .

Etymology. The specific epithet is a patronymic in honor of co-collector Lorenzo Prendini for his contributions to arachnid systematics in South Africa and elsewhere, and for braving gunfire during the collection of this species.

Diagnosis. Female distinguished by the shape of the carapace, which is more rounded laterally (Fig. 15 A), nearly parallel sided in other species (Fig. 9 A), and also flatter than other species. Female further distinguished from other planus group species by the shape of the posterior margin of the AL of the epigynum, which is straight medially, then turns sharply to form lateral corners that project somewhat more posteriorly (Fig. 12 E). The posterior margin of the AL is distinctly recurved in other species (Fig. 12 A) except P montanus , which has an indistinct margin (Fig. 12 C). Male unknown.

Description. Carapace brown, lateral margins somewhat rounded, covered by fine black setae, with broad white setae concentrated posterior to fovea (Fig. 15 A). Sternum dusky pale yellow (Fig. 15 B). Chelicerae brown, with five promarginal teeth, two retromarginal teeth; with fine black setae only. Legs dusky brown basally, anterior legs orange distally, posterior legs yellow distally. Abdomen dark gray dorsally with pair of broad light dorsolateral patches, covered with mixture of fine black and broad white setae (Fig. 15 A).

Epigynum. AL subtriangular, clearly differentiated from surrounding cuticle, posterior margin straight medially, then turns sharply to form lateral corners projecting somewhat more posteriorly; PL approximately 1/4 length of epigynum, grooves slightly diverging posteriorly (Fig. 12 E).

Female macrosetae. Leg I: tibia v1-2 -2, metatarsus v2-2 -2; leg II: tibia v1, metatarsus v2-2 -2; leg III: metatarsus v1-2; leg IV: metatarsus v2-1 -2, tarsus r1.

Paratype female ( AMNH): Total length 5.7, carapace 2.31 long, 1.88 wide, 0.16 high, sternum 1.34 long, 0.69 wide. Leg measurements:

Distribution. Known from Western Cape Province, South Africa (Fig. 21).


USA, New York, New York, American Museum of Natural History