Noronhia humblotiana (H. Perrier)

Hong-Wa, Cynthia, 2016, A taxonomic revision of the genus Noronhia Stadtm. ex Thouars (Oleaceae) in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands, Boissiera 70, pp. 1-292: 125-127

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Noronhia humblotiana (H. Perrier)


34. Noronhia humblotiana (H. Perrier)   Hong-Wa, comb. & stat. nov.

Noronhia mangorensis var. humblotiana H. Perrier   in Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 2: 303. 1949.

Typus: M ADAGASCAR. Prov. Antsiranana: Antakare [Antakarana], [12°54’S 49°08’E], s.d., Humblot 584 (holo-: P [ P00701218]!; iso-: K [ K000233185, K000233186] image seen, S [ S09-36009] image seen) GoogleMaps   .

Trees to 10 m tall, trunk to 15 cm diameter; young twigs cylindrical, 0.6-1.3 mm diameter, glabrous; bark dark to medium gray, smooth. Leaves opposite, persistent; bud scales persistent; blades dark green above, lighter below, ovate to oblong, 4.5- 6.5 3 1.5-4 cm, coriaceous, glabrous, domatia absent, base acute to attenuate, margin flat to slightly revolute, apex acuminate, the acumen 3.5-12 mm long, midrib slightly sunken above, distinctly raised below, secondary veins conspicuous, 6-10 per side, 4-12.5 mm apart, looping 1-3.5 mm from the margin; petiole dark to medium gray, 2-7 3 1-2 mm, entirely woody, glabrous. Flowers fasciculate; pedicel 10-25 mm long, moderately pubescent; calyx moderately pubescent outside, glabrous inside, lobes triangular, 1-2 3 0.9-2 mm; corolla pink to red, urceolate, 4-9.5 mm long, glabrous on both sides, the tube 2.5-6 mm long, lobes ovate, apex obtuse; corona present, 1.5-2.5 mm long, lobed; stamens 1.5-3.5 mm long, anthers obovate, 1.2-1.3 mm long; pistil 2-3.2 mm long, stigma capitate. Fruiting pedicel 12-14 3 0.9-1.1 mm; young fruits green, reddish black when mature, ellipsoid, 9.5 3 7.5 mm, surface rugose, apex flat, style persistent; dry pericarp 0.9 mm thick; endocarp woody.

Noronhia humblotiana   occurs in mid- to high-elevation humid forests in the north, from Marojejy to Bemafo ( Fig. 19). It produces flowers and fruits from October to May.

Based on 17 collections representing 16 localities, the assessment yielded an EOO of 19,257 km 2, an AOO of 60 km 2, and 15 subpopulations representing 13 locations, of which eight occur within protected areas (Ampasindava, Galoko, Loky-Manambato, Makira, Makirovana-Tsihomanaomby, Marojejy, Tsaratanana, and Tsaratanana-Ambohimirahavavy-Corridor Marojejy). Despite a relatively narrow distribution and habitat degradation in some of areas, N. humblotiana   occurs in more than 10 locations, most of which are encompassed within protected areas. Therefore, this species is assigned a preliminary status of “Near Threatened”.

126 Notes

Additional specimens examined

Noronhia humblotiana   can be recognized by its coriaceous leaf blades with lighter-colored venation, fasciculate, long-pedicellate flowers, and rugose fruits. It was described as a variety of N. mangorensis H. Perrier   from which it differs by its flatter and less coriaceous, acuminate (vs. cuspidate) leaf blades, longer pedicels (10-25 mm vs. 5-13 mm), urceolate (vs. cupuliform) flowers, and ellipsoid (vs. ovoid) fruits.

MADAGASCAR. Prov. Antsiranana: Andapa, Antsahamena , Ambodiangezoka , 14°57’58”S 49°42’54”E, 338 m, 9.XI.2003, Antilahimena 2308 ( G, MO) GoogleMaps   ; Antongondriha, massif du Betsomanga , [14°15’S 49°45’E], 700 m, 17.XI.1950 - 20.XI.1950, Humbert & Capuron 24271 ( G, MO, P) GoogleMaps   ; Marojejy PN, 14°27’S 49°47’E, 380 m, 5.X.1988, Miller et al. 3369 ( K, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loc., 14°27’S 49°47’E, 300 m, 2.XII.1989, Miller & Randrianasolo 4645 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loc., 14°26’13”S 49°46’32”E, 460 m, 10.X.1996, Rakotomalaza et al. 729 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Sambava, Anjagoveratra, Anamboafo , forêt de Makirovana , 14°09’14”S 49°57’43”E, 481 m, 20.III.2013, Rakotonirina et al. 84 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Vohémar, Analamazava, 8 km of Ankijabe village , 13°15’43”S 49°35’22”E, 840 m, 25.XI.2004, Ranarivelo et al. 455 ( CAS, MO, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Anjanaharibe-Sud RS, 14°32’45”S 49°35’15”E, 809-1364 m, 25.V-3. VI.1994, Ravelonarivo 138 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Sambava, Bevontro, Morafeno , forêt d’Antsahandroboka , 14°10’22”S 49°17’54”E, 910 m, 6. II.2006, Razakamalala et al. 3197 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Betsomanga, Anjanabe , [14°15’30”S 49°44’00”E], 700 m, 18.XI.1950, Service Forestier 832 ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; Bemafo , [14°12’S 49°06’E], 2000 m, I.1951, Service Forestier 954 ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps   . Prov. Mahajanga: Ambohimiravavy, Bemafo , 1781 m, 1.X.2005, Callmander et al. 395 ( G, MO, P, TAN)   ; Tsaratanana Massif , [13°57’S 48°52’E], 1800-2000 m, 8. V.1974, Gentry 11581 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   .


Distribution, ecology and phenology


Botanische Staatssammlung München


Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants


Royal Botanic Gardens


Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History


Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève


Missouri Botanical Garden


Parc de Tsimbazaza


California Academy of Sciences


Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute


Centre National de la Recherche Appliquée au Developement Rural


"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University


Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium














Noronhia humblotiana (H. Perrier)

Hong-Wa, Cynthia 2016

Noronhia mangorensis var. humblotiana

H. Perrier 1949: 303