Asphondylia rosulata, Dorchin & Joy & Hilke & Wise & Abrahamson, 2015, Dorchin & Joy & Hilke & Wise & Abrahamson, 2015

Dorchin, Netta, Joy, Jeffrey B., Hilke, Lukas K., Wise, Michael J. & Abrahamson, Warren G., 2015, Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Asphondylia species (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of North American goldenrods: challenging morphology, complex host associations, and cryptic speciation, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 174 (2), pp. 265-304: 285-286

publication ID 10.1111/zoj.12234


persistent identifier

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scientific name

Asphondylia rosulata



Host plants

Solidago rugosa   , S. gigantea   .

Gall and biology

This species has several generations a year and forms snap and bud galls ( Figs 11, 12, 14 View Figures 7–14 ), similar to the situation in A. solidaginis   . Snap galls join two or more leaves together, are formed in spring and early summer, and are usually found on leaves very close to the apical bud, rather than on more mature leaves farther down the shoot. In this respect, the galls of A. rosulata   sp. nov. constitute intermediate steps between snap and rosette galls, and the distinction between these two types is not as clear as in A. solidaginis   ( Figs 7, 8, 13 View Figures 7–14 ). As in A. solidaginis   , this species appears to use S. gigantea   as a complementary host, as indicated by our molecular analysis, but the bud galls are found only on the primary host: S. rugosa   . The small rosette galls develop only in apical buds and can be locally very common. These galls are composed of several shortened leaves that surround a single central, rigid chamber made of closely attached leaves ( Fig. 14 View Figures 7–14 ), and are lined by white mycelium on the inside. Adults emerge from these galls from late June to late August.


Characters as in A. monacha   , except for the following. Head: Flagellomere 1/flagellomere 5 ratio = 1.11–1.18 in male (N = 5), 1.38–1.48 in female (N = 5).

Thorax: Wing length 2.62–2.85 mm in males (N = 6), 2.61–2.78 mm in females (N = 6).

Female abdomen: Sclerotized part of ovipositor 2.31– 2.56 as long as sternite 7 (N = 5).

Male terminalia: Aedeagus cylindrical, same width throughout length, tapered at apex.

Larva (third instar)

Orange; integument covered by round, flat bumps. Length 2.18–3.46 mm (N = 3). Antennae about as long as wide; cephalic apodeme slightly longer than head capsule. Spatula ( Figs 40, 41 View Figures 38–44 ) with lateral teeth longer than median teeth, and gap between median teeth much deeper than between lateral and median teeth.

Pupa ( Figs 68, 69 View Figures 62–69 )

Characters as in A. monacha   , except for the following: antennal horns long and slender, almost straight, apices tapered and finely serrated along median margins in frontal view.


Asphondylia rosulata   sp. nov. can be distinguished from other Asphondylia spp.   on goldenrods by its host plant and gall structure. The bud gall resembles that of A. solidaginis   on S. altissima   , and is flatter than that of A. pseudorosa   sp. nov. Pupae are morphologically similar to those of A. solidaginis   , A. pseudorosa   sp. nov., and A. silva   sp. nov., all having antennal horns that are more slender than those of A. monacha   .


The species is named after its gall, which forms a small rosette in apical buds.


We did not find morphological differences among adults from the two types of galls induced by this species, and our molecular analysis indicated that they belong to the same species. The small rosette galls of this species may be mistaken for the superficially similar galls of Rhopalomyia solidaginis   on S. rugosa   but differ from them in being flatter rather than spherical, composed of a smaller number of leaves, and containing a central, rigid larval chamber that is lined by white mycelium, similar to the rosette galls of A. solidaginis   .

Type material

Holotype: ♂, USA, PA, Lewisburg , 26 June 2007, G. Lee and D. Ryan, from Solidago rugosa   leaf snap gall ( TAUI)   . Paratypes: 1 exuviae, USA, MD   , Silver Spring , unspecified date, R   . J. Gagné ( USNM)   ; 1 larva, USA, PA   , Pittsburgh , Weible Road, 15 August 1991, J. Plakidas ( USNM)   ; 1♀, USA, PA   , Lairdsville , 9 August 2006, N. Dorchin; 4 exuviae   , 4♂, 4♀, USA, PA   , Black Moshannon State Forest , 8 July 2007, N. Dorchin and M.J. Wise (1♂, 1♀ USNM, others TAUI)   , 2 larvae, USA, PA   , Lairdsville , 19 July 2007. N. Dorchin & D. Ryan   .

Other material examined

1♂, 1♀, 1 exuviae, USA, PA, Fox Chapel, Squaw Run Road, 25 June 2010, J. Plakidas (Plakidas, private collection)   .


Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará


Museum Donaueschingen


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History