Meranoplus taurus Schoedl, Schoedl,, 2007

Schoedl,, 2007, Revision of Australian Meranoplus: the Meranoplus diversus group., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 370-424: 407-408

publication ID

21287

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/80B648AC-D034-488F-510D-20F688D7F1BF

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Meranoplus taurus Schoedl
status

sp. n.

Meranoplus taurus Schoedl   HNS   sp. n.

(Figs. 50, 51, 76, 88)

HOLOTYPE WORKER. TL 4.15, HL 1.05, HW 1.15, FC 0.80, CS 1.10, SL 0.59, SI 1 51, SI 2 53, PML 0.65, PW 0.93, PMD 1.05, PMI 2 114, ML 0.93, PTLL 0.29, PTLH 0.44, PTDW 0.36, PPLL 0.28, PPLH 0.43, PPI 64.71, PPDW 0.40, PT / PP 91.

Mandible with four teeth. In full face view anterior clypeal margin with few carinulae, bifurcate with anterolateral corners produced into long acute teeth; the latter distinctly surpassing the anterolateral frontal corners. Head almost square, only little wider than long (CI 110), preoccipital margin very shallowly concave. Frontal carinae markedly narrower than head width (FI 144), sinuately converging towards clypeus. With head in profile antennal scrobe reaching beyond middle of lateral side of head, weakly transversely carinulate with distinct additional shagreening, distinctly defined posteriorly against remainder of head. Genae and anterior ventrolateral section of head carinate, preoccipital lobes coarsely reticulate. Eyes relatively large and rather flat (EL 0.27, REL 0.29, with 14 ommatidia in the longest row), situated slightly in front of middle of lateral sides of head, the dorsal ocular margin touching the ventral scrobal margin. Dorsal surface of head densely rugoreticulate, interspaces microsculptured.

Promesonotal shield rugoreticulate, short and distinctly vaulted (PMI 142), somewhat square with bluntly reduced projections. Propodeal spines medium sized in relation to small body (PSL 0.35), situated rather high on lateral sides of the propodeal declivity, acute and in dorsal view slightly arcuate and diverging.

Petiole in lateral view trapezoid, higher than long (PTI 66), dorsum convex and reticulate. Postpetiole reticulate, nodular with triangular antero-basal tooth.

First gastral tergite regularly and densely microreticulate, basally with few additional carinulae. Dorsal surfaces covered with short decumbent and longer erect thin whitish hairs. Distinctly bicolored.

WORKERS (n = 21). TL 3.90 - 4.80, HL 0.99 - 1.20, HW 1.10 - 1.35, FC 0.80 - 0.94, FI 131 - 146, CI 107 - 115, CS 1.04 - 1.28, SL 0.59 - 0.65, SI 1 48 - 53, SI 2 51 - 56, PML 0.65 - 0.88, PW 0.93 - 1.08, PMI 120 - 142, PMD 1.05 - 1.20, PMI 2 107 - 116, ML 0.88 - 1.08, PSL 0.33 - 0.40, PTLL 0.26 - 0.35, PTLH 0.41 - 0.50, PTI 58 - 70, PTDW 0.33 - 0.41, PPLL 0.25 - 0.33, PPLH 0.38 - 0.50, PPI 58 - 70, PPDW 0.38 - 0.46, PT / PP 81 - 97, EL 0.27 - 0.32, REL 0.26 - 0.29. with 14 - 17 ommatidia in the longest row.

ETYMOLOGY

The name refers to the horn-shaped anterolateral clypeal projections (' taurus', Latin for bull).

TYPE MATERIAL

Holotype worker, South Australia: ' S. Aust. William Creek 28 ° 55 ' S 136 ° 20 ' E 5 - Sep- 90, P & I Gee. ' ( SAMA). Paratypes. 14 workers, same data as holotype GoogleMaps   ; 9 workers, same locality data but ' 28.55 S 136.21 E' ( ANIC, NHMW, SAMA)   .

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL EXAMINED

Northern Territory: 15 km SW Katherine , 7. iv. 1978 (P. J. M. Greenslade)   ; Tanami Rd 98 km W Stuart Hwy. , 7. vii. 2003 (R. R. Snelling)   ; Tanami Rd 35 km W Stuart Hwy. , 5. vii. 2003 (R. R. Snelling)   . Queensland: Sandringham , 18. - 25. ii. 198 (P. J. M. Greenslade)   . New South Wales: N. Nyngan ' Kapunda' , 6. v. 1987 (P. J. M. Greenslade)   ; c. 45 km W by S of Wilcania , 11. xii. 1973 (R. J. Kohout)   ; 8 km S Conargo , 8. v. 1979 (B. B. Lowery)   ; Lightning Ridge , 10. v. 1961 (B. B. Lowery)   . Victoria: Patho (H. A. Potter)   . South Australia: 2.5 km NW Ninety Nine Dam , Anna Creek Stn. , 1. - 5. iii. 1996 (coll. unknown)   ; Top Camp Well , Hamilton Stn. , 14. - 17. xi. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; Innamincka , 9.5 km NW Patchawara bore , 10. - 14. xi. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; 4.3 km NE Armistice bore , Anna Creek Stn. , 1. - 5. iii. 1996 (coll. unknown)   ; Cordillo Downs Stn. , 3.7 km W Frew well (coll. unknown)   ; Murnpeowie , Mount Moolawatana , 16. - 17. xi. 1994 (R. Tynan)   ; Andamooka , 5.6 km WNW Netting Dam , 10. - 14. xi. 1996 (coll. unknown)   ; 3 km E Myra Mitta bore , 28. iv. 1995 (T. Robinson)   ; Nilpinna Stn. , 4.1 km SSE, Arckaringa WH , 15. - 20. ix. 1996 (coll. unknown)   ; 5.2 km ESE Strangeways Springs , Stuart Creek Stn. , 25. - 30. ix. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; Stuart Creek Stn. , 7.5 km E sheep camp WH (coll. unknown)   ; Anna Creek Stn. , 28 km WNW Backadinna Dam , 2. - 6. x. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; Anna Creek Stn. , 15.6 km SW Backadinna Hill , 2. - 6. x. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; Peake Stn. , 0.9 km NE Four Hills Trig , 1. - 5. iii. 1996 (coll. unknown)   ; 8 km NW Apollo Bore , iv. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; 7.5 km NW Apollo Bore , iv. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; Lake Eyre north , 20. vi. 1991 (P. & I. Gee)   ; Screech-Owl Creek , 27. iv. 1995 (coll. unknown)   ; 15 km SE Balcanoona HS , 19. vii. 1997 (coll. unknown)   ; 3.8 km ESE Coppertop Hill , Peak Stn. , 1. - 5. iii. 1996 (coll. unknown)   ; Woorana WH , 6.2 km S Macumba , 21. - 25. ix. 1996 (coll. unknown)   . Western Australia: 8 km E Gascoyne junction , road turn-off, 4. vii. 1981 (B. Heterick). (82 workers, 2 gynes, in ANIC, JDMP, LACM, NHMW, SAMA)   .

DISCUSSION

M. taurus   HNS   shows very little variability throughout its wide range. However, specimens from a single sample taken at Katherine, Northern Territory are uniformly ferrugineous and have the frontal striation more delicate. Southeastern-most samples, namely from Nyngan, Conargo, Lightning Ridge and Patho differ by the clypeal bifurcation less acutely developed, by the petiole more angulate in profile and by the markedly smaller eyes (REL 0.21 - 0.24), with 13 - 15 ommatidia in the longest row). Both forms are at least very closely related and are here tentatively added to taurus   HNS   . Further material will be needed to decide whether these samples belong to taxa different from taurus   HNS   . Occuring more or less sympatric with angustinodis   HNS   and variabilis   HNS   in central and south-east Australia, except two remote collection sites in the far west and one in the north, respectively. This small species is very distinctive by the large eyes, the clypeal bifurcation and the square promesonotal shield with its reduced blunt projections.

SAMA

Australia, South Australia, Adelaide, South Australian Museum

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

NHMW

Austria, Wien, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

JDMP

JDMP

LACM

USA, California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History