Tonnoira distincta Bravo, Alves & Chagas,

Bravo, Freddy, Chagas, Cinthia & Alves, Veracilda Ribeiro, 2008, Description of two new species of Tonnoira Enderlein from caves in the Brazilian Amazon and comments about the taxonomic status of Tonnoira plumaria Quate (Diptera, Psychodidae, Psychodinae), Zootaxa 1916, pp. 63-68: 65

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.184612

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7C6D4423-FF91-FF8B-FF0A-FF35FA91FAA6

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tonnoira distincta Bravo, Alves & Chagas
status

sp. nov.

Tonnoira distincta Bravo, Alves & Chagas  , sp. nov.

Figs. 1–10View FIGURES 1 – 10

Type material. BRAZIL, Amazonas, Presidente Figueiredo, Gruta Refúgio do Maragua, 02°03´02.64”S 59 ° 57 ´ 47.85 ”W ( Alves et al. 2008 presents some comments about this cavern), 01.IV. 2006, Alves, V. col., holotype male ( INPA); 36 paratype males, same locality, date, and collector as holotype ( INPA, MZUEFS); 29 paratype females, same locality, date and collector as holotype ( INPA, MZUEFS); 12 paratype males and 19 paratype females, same locality, and collector as holotype, 09.II. 2006 ( INPA, MZUEFS); 6 paratype females, Gruta dos Animais, 02°03´02,64”S 59 ° 57 ´ 51.47 ”W, 04.III. 2006, Alves, V. col. ( INPA, MZUEFS); 1 paratype male, Gruta dos Lages, 01º 59 ’ 41.3 ”S 60 º01’ 36.5 ”W, 07.V. 2006, Alves, V. col. ( INPA).

Description. Male. Head ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1 – 10): eyes separated by 0.5 facet diameter ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1 – 10); interocular suture inverted Y shaped ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1 – 10). Antenna: scape cylindrical 2.0X length of pedicel ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1 – 10); pedicel spherical ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1 – 10); flagellum with 14 flagellomeres; all flagellomeres cylindrical ( Figs. 2, 3View FIGURES 1 – 10); first flagellomere 1.2 X length of second ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1 – 10); apiculus present in flagellomere 14 ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 1 – 10); ascoids not visible. Palpus formula = 1.0: 2.6: 2.4: 2.9; last palpomere striated ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1 – 10). Wing ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 1 – 10): Sc short; base of R 2 + 3 not attached to R 4; radial fork basal; and medial fork complete; R 5 ending at wing apex. Male terminalia: hypandrium narrow dorsally with median projection, and ventrally expanded posteriorly with two lateral spines and two arms anteriorly projected ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1 – 10); gonocoxite 0.84 X length of the gonostylus with a tuff of bristles along the interior margin ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1 – 10); gonostyli convergent, with pointed apex ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1 – 10); alveoli present along all of the gonostyle surface; epandrium rectangular with one foramen near the anterior margin. Cercopod 1.1 X length of epandrium, slightly curved ( Fig. 8View FIGURES 1 – 10), with 2 tenacula, one apical and the other subapical ( Fig. 9View FIGURES 1 – 10); sternite 10 smaller than tergite 10 ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 1 – 10); aedeagus asymmetrical ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1 – 10); with two asymmetrical parameres reaching the level of the aedeagus apex ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1 – 10); aedeagal apodeme the same length as aedeagus, longer than wide, wider anteriorly than posteriorly; gonocoxal apodeme not fused at midline ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1 – 10).

Female ( Fig. 10View FIGURES 1 – 10). Similar to male except as follows: apical lobes of subgenital plate of female small, rounded at apex, and separated by a shallow concavity. Cerci blade-like, 2.7 X the total length of genital plate from the anterior border at middle to the lobe apices (distance d). Genital complex as illustrated.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Psychodidae

Genus

Tonnoira