Tainarys

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2017, The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae, Zootaxa 4232 (4), pp. 535-567 : 537-538

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4232.4.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1218CDD3-7F4B-411F-BE24-55464EC26656

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5282393

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/7C5B8799-FF96-5A3C-6D9A-8521FA140EDD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tainarys
status

 

Key to Tainarys species

Adults

1 Forewing with cross-veins between veins Rs and M1+2, as well as M3+4 and Cu1a ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ); lacking surface spinules ( Fig. 31 View FIGURES 22 – 35 ). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 97 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 110 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 123 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 147 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Argentina, Chile..................................... venata

- Forewing without cross-veins ( Figs 8‒16, 18‒21 View FIGURES 8 – 21 )............................................................ 2

2 Apices of veins Rs and M1+2 of forewing curved towards fore margin; vein C+Sc wide ( Figs 18‒21 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ); surface spinules absent or indistinct ( Figs 32‒35 View FIGURES 22 – 35 ). Vertex width/length ratio ± 1.4........................................................3

- Apices of veins Rs and M1+2 of forewing straight or curved backwards, ending at outer wing margin; vein C+Sc narrow ( Figs 8‒16 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ); surface spinules present or absent ( Figs 22‒30 View FIGURES 22 – 35 ). Vertex width/length ratio> 1.5...............................6

3 Forewing with dark patch in the middle, in cells r2 and m2 ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 89 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 111 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 124 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 137 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 148 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Male paramere bent backwards in apical third; inner face bearing 5–8 strongly sclerotized black pegs. Female subgenital plate with dense basal pilosity which becomes gradually sparser towards apex. Argentina, Chile.................. sordida

- Forewing lacking dark patch in the middle, in cells r2 and m2 ( Figs 19‒21 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Male paramere bent backwards from the middle; inner face bearing 8–12 strongly sclerotised black pegs ( Figs 99‒101, 112‒114 View FIGURES 89 – 99 View FIGURES 100 – 114 ). Female subgenital plate with 3–5 transverse rows of densely spaced setae at base which strongly contrast with the other setae ( Figs 149‒151 View FIGURES 140 – 151 )...................... 4

4 Antenna entirely, conspicuously black (7, 49, 77); segment 3 less than a quarter as long as antennal flagellum ( Fig. 77 View FIGURES 64 – 80 ). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 101, 114 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 127 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 139 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 151 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Brazil......................................... nigricornis

- Antenna with at least segment 3 light; segment 3 more than a quarter as long as antennal flagellum ( Figs 75, 76 View FIGURES 64 – 80 )..........5

5 Male and female terminalia as in Figs 100, 113 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 126 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 138 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 150 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Paramere with dorsal margin of apical portion straight. Antennal segment 5 sometimes with rhinarium ( Figs 76, 79 View FIGURES 64 – 80 ). Forewing broad apically ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Brazil, Uruguay......... didyma

- Male and female terminalia as in Figs 99 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 112 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 125 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 149 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Paramere with dorsal margin of apical portion weakly curved. Antennal segment 5 never with rhinarium ( Fig. 75 View FIGURES 64 – 80 ). Forewing narrow apically ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Argentina, Uruguay.............. schini

6 Forewing ( Fig. 16 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ) with extended pattern consisting of large brown patches; vein C+Sc strongly concave, vein Rs sinuous, vein Cu1a weakly curved. Female subgenital plate densely hairy ( Figs 136 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 146 View FIGURES 140 – 151 ). Peru........................... lozadai

- Forewing pattern consisting of brown dots or lacking distinct pattern; venation different ( Figs 8‒15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Setae on female subgenital plate sparse ( Figs 128‒135 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 140‒145 View FIGURES 140 – 151 )...................................................................7

7 Forewing short, less than twice as long as wide ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 7 )................................................ † reposta

- Forewing long, more than twice as long as wide ( Figs 8‒15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 )....................................................8

8 Antennal segment 3 shorter than segments 4 and 5 together ( Figs 64‒66 View FIGURES 64 – 80 ), segments 4 and 6 light at base, brown apically. Forewing broadly rounded apically, bearing brown dots at the apices of veins Rs, M1+2, M3+4 and Cu1a ( Figs 8‒10 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ); surface spinules conspicuous, densely irregularly spaced ( Figs 22‒24 View FIGURES 22 – 35 ). Paramere with posterior lobe, lacking sclerotised peg setae on inner face ( Figs 89‒91 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 102‒104 View FIGURES 100 – 114 ). On Astronium , Myracrodruon , Schinopsis ...............................................9

- Antennal segment 3 longer than segments 4 and 5 together ( Figs 67‒71 View FIGURES 64 – 80 ), segments 4 and 6 entirely light (the rhinaria may be visible as dark rings). Forewing often narrowly rounded apically, lacking brown dots at the apices of veins Rs, M1+2, M3+4 and Cu1a ( Figs 11‒15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ); surface spinules forming cellular pattern, indistinct or absent ( Figs 25‒29 View FIGURES 22 – 35 ). Paramere without posterior lobe, bearing sclerotised peg setae on inner face ( Figs 105‒109 View FIGURES 100 – 114 ). On Schinus .......................................... 11

9 Brown dots on forewing sparse; vein Rs weakly curved in apical third ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 89 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 102 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 115 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 128 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 140 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Paramere weakly widening to apex. Female proctiger almost straight dorsally..................... aroeira

- Brown dots on forewing dense; vein Rs strongly curved in apical third ( Figs 9, 10 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Paramere with distinct posterior lobe apically ( Figs 103, 104 View FIGURES 100 – 114 ). Female proctiger concave dorsally ( Figs 129, 130 View FIGURES 128 – 139 ).........................................10

10 Male and female terminalia as in Figs 90 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 103 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 116 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 129 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 141 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Posterior lobe of paramere broadly rounded. Female proctiger strongly concave. Paraguay....................................................................... inopinata

- Male and female terminalia as in Figs 91 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 104 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 117 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 130 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 142 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Posterior lobe of paramere subtriangular. Female proctiger weakly concave. Brazil........................................................................ myracrodrui

11 Meso and metascutellum flattened. Forewing brown or black, sometimes with indistinct pattern ( Figs 11, 12 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ); surface spinules absent ( Figs 25, 26 View FIGURES 22 – 35 )...................................................................................12

- Meso and metascutellum distinctly raised ( Figs 4, 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 ). Forewing yellowish, semi-transparent or yellowish-ochreous, sometimes with brown dots covering the whole wing ( Figs 13‒15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ); surface spinules forming cellular pattern, sometimes indistinct ( Figs 27‒29 View FIGURES 22 – 35 ).............................................................................................13

12 Male and female terminalia as in Figs 92 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 105 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 118 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 131 View FIGURES 128 – 139 . Paramere on inner face with a row of peg setae in apical third. Dorsal outline of female proctiger irregularly undulating, concave. Chile....................................... acuticauda

- Male and female terminalia as in Figs 93 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 106 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 119 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 132 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 143 View FIGURES 140 – 151 . Paramere on inner face with a group of peg setae in apical third. Dorsal outline of female proctiger evenly concave. Brazil.................................................... atra

13 Forewing yellowish, semi-transparent ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 95 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 108 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 121 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 134 View FIGURES 128 – 139 . Argentina (Mendoza) , Chile................................................................................ maculipectus

- Forewing yellowish-ochreous, opaque ( Figs 13, 15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Brazil...................................................14

14 Forewing evenly covered in brown dots ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 94 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 107 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 120 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 133 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 144 View FIGURES 140 – 151 ....... hapla

- Forewing without distinct brown dots ( Fig. 15 View FIGURES 8 – 21 ). Male and female terminalia as in Figs 96 View FIGURES 89 – 99 , 109 View FIGURES 100 – 114 , 122 View FIGURES 115 – 127 , 135 View FIGURES 128 – 139 , 145 View FIGURES 140 – 151 ...... orientalis

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Aphalaridae